CGR 3rd Class 4-4-0 1898

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

CGR 3rd Class 4-4-0 1898
South African Class 03 4-4-0 1898
CGR 3rd Class 4-4-0 1898.jpg
Works picture of a 3rd Class Wynberg Tender of 1898
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerCape Government Railways
(H.M. Beatty)
BuilderNeilson and Company
Serial number5282-5287
Build date1898
Total produced6
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte4-4-0 (American)
 • UIC2'Bn2
Driver1st coupled axle
Gauge3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Cape gauge
Leading dia.28 12 in (724 mm)
Coupled dia.54 in (1,372 mm)
Tender wheels37 in (940 mm)
Wheelbase39 ft 9 18 in (12,119 mm)
 • Engine18 ft 8 34 in (5,709 mm)
 • Leading5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm)
 • Coupled7 ft (2,134 mm)
 • Tender10 ft (3,048 mm)
Length:
 • Over couplers47 ft 10 14 in (14,586 mm)
Height12 ft 8 in (3,861 mm)
Axle load12 LT 19 cwt (13,160 kg)
 • Leading12 LT 6 cwt (12,500 kg)
 • 1st coupled12 LT 17 cwt (13,060 kg)
 • 2nd coupled12 LT 19 cwt (13,160 kg)
Adhesive weight25 LT 16 cwt (26,210 kg)
Loco weight38 LT 2 cwt (38,710 kg)
Tender weight28 LT (28,450 kg)
Total weight66 LT 2 cwt (67,160 kg)
Tender type3-axle
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity4 LT (4.1 t)
Water cap2,200 imp gal (10,000 l)
Firebox typeRound-top
 • Firegrate area15.7 sq ft (1.46 m2)
Boiler:
 • Pitch6 ft 6 in (1,981 mm)
 • Diameter4 ft 1 in (1,245 mm)
 • Tube plates10 ft 4 in (3,150 mm)
Boiler pressure160 psi (1,103 kPa)
Safety valveRamsbottom
Heating surface964.75 sq ft (89.628 m2)
 • Tubes879.22 sq ft (81.682 m2)
 • Firebox85.53 sq ft (7.946 m2)
CylindersTwo
Cylinder size16 in (406 mm) bore
24 in (610 mm) stroke
Valve gearStephenson
CouplersJohnston link-and-pin
Performance figures
Tractive effort13,653 lbf (60.73 kN) @ 75%
Career
OperatorsCape Government Railways
South African Railways
ClassCGR 3rd Class, SAR Class 03
Number in class6
NumbersCGR 12-17, SAR 012-017
NicknamesWynberg Tender
Delivered1898
First run1898
Withdrawnc. 1932

The Cape Government Railways 3rd Class 4-4-0 of 1898 was a South African steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in the Cape of Good Hope.

In 1898, the Cape Government Railways placed six 3rd Class Wynberg Tender locomotives with a 4-4-0 American type wheel arrangement in service. They were intended for passenger service on the suburban lines in Cape Town.[1][2][3]

Simon's Town line[edit]

The original 1864 suburban line from Salt River to Wynberg was extended to Muizenberg in 1882, to Kalkbaai in 1883 and all the way to Simon's Town in 1890.[4][5]

The resulting increase in suburban traffic led to a requirement for more locomotives, while the additional distance to be covered necessitated the introduction of larger and more powerful locomotives with a larger fuel and water capacity than that of the existing 2nd Class 4-4-0 Wynberg Tanks of 1882.[1]

Manufacturer[edit]

H.M. Beatty

Cape Government Railways (CGR) Chief Locomotive Superintendent Michael Stephens retired in 1895. Shortly after being appointed as his successor in 1896, H.M. Beatty drew up detailed designs for a new 3rd Class passenger locomotive for suburban service in Cape Town.[1][2]

For his first locomotive design as Chief Locomotive Superintendent, Beatty decided on a larger version of the 3rd Class 4-4-0 which had been introduced on the CGR in 1889. An order for six of these engines was placed with Neilson and Company in Glasgow. The locomotives were delivered in 1898, numbered in the range from 12 to 17.[1][2]

The locomotives became known as the Wynberg Tenders. They were designed with reverse running in mind, with a weatherboard mounted on the tender front to protect the crew from the elements when running tender first and with a cowcatcher and headlight mounted on the rear end of the tender.[1]

Service[edit]

When the Union of South Africa was established on 31 May 1910, the three Colonial government railways (CGR, Natal Government Railways and Central South African Railways) were united under a single administration to control and administer the railways, ports and harbours of the Union. Although the South African Railways and Harbours came into existence in 1910, the actual classification and renumbering of all the rolling stock of the three constituent railways were only implemented with effect from 1 January 1912.[4][6]

In 1912, the locomotives were considered obsolete by the SAR, designated Class 03 and renumbered by having the numeral "0" prefixed to their existing numbers. In SAR service, they continued to work suburban trains. Two of them, numbers 015 and 016, were scrapped in 1916 but, despite being considered obsolete, the other four survived in service until after 1931.[2][6]

They remained working on the Simon's Town line until the trains became too heavy for them. They were then used to work the Malmesbury line until they were withdrawn from service.[3]

Works numbers[edit]

The works numbers, original numbers and renumbering of the Cape 3rd Class of 1898 are listed in the table.[1][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Holland, D.F. (1971). Steam Locomotives of the South African Railways. 1: 1859–1910 (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-7153-5382-0.
  2. ^ a b c d Paxton, Leith; Bourne, David (1985). Locomotives of the South African Railways (1st ed.). Cape Town: Struik. p. 18. ISBN 0869772112.
  3. ^ a b Espitalier, T.J.; Day, W.A.J. (1944). The Locomotive in South Africa - A Brief History of Railway Development. Chapter II - The Cape Government Railways (Continued). South African Railways and Harbours Magazine, January 1944. pp. 9-12.
  4. ^ a b The South African Railways - Historical Survey. Editor George Hart, Publisher Bill Hart, Sponsored by Dorbyl Ltd., Published c. 1978, pp. 13, 25.
  5. ^ Statement Showing, in Chronological Order, the Date of Opening and the Mileage of Each Section of Railway, Statement No. 19, ref. no. 200954-13
  6. ^ a b c Classification of S.A.R. Engines with Renumbering Lists, issued by the Chief Mechanical Engineer’s Office, Pretoria, January 1912, pp. 25-26. (Reprinted in April 1987 by SATS Museum, R.3125-6/9/11-1000)