|Kelowna, British Columbia
|Branding||Global Okanagan (general)
Global Okanagan News (newscasts)
|Slogan||The Okanagan's Very Own|
|Channels||Digital: 27 (UHF)
Virtual: 2.1 (PSIP)
|Affiliations||Global (O&O; 2009–present)|
(Shaw Television G.P.)
|First air date||September 21, 1957|
|Call letters' meaning||CH British Columbia|
|Former callsigns||CHBC-TV (1957–2012)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
2 (VHF, 1957–2012)
|Former affiliations||CBC (1957–2006)
|Transmitter power||32.6 kW|
CHBC-DT, virtual channel 2 (UHF digital channel 27), is a Global owned-and-operated television station located in Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada. The station is owned by the Shaw Media subsidiary of Shaw Communications. CHBC maintains studio facilities located on Leon Avenue (near Water Street) in Kelowna, and its main transmitter is located near Lambly Creek Road in Central Okanagan; CHBC also operates 18 rebroadcast transmitters across the southeastern part of the province.
On cable, the station is also available on Shaw Cable (corporate sister through parent company Shaw Communications) channel 4 and Telus Optik TV channel 114. There is a high definition feed offered on Shaw Cable digital channel 211.
As a CBC affiliate
The station first signed on the air on September 21, 1957, originally operating as a CBC affiliate. Its signal covered the central Okanagan, broadcasting at 3,700 watts of power from its main studios and transmitter in Kelowna. The station was founded by three local radio stations: CKOV-AM (1210, now CKQQ-FM on 103.1) in Kelowna, CKOK (800 AM, now CKOR) in Penticton and CJIB (107.5 FM, now CKIZ-FM) in Vernon. Due to the mountainous terrain of the area, which impaired the primary signal in certain areas, the station began operating repeaters a few weeks later in Vernon (broadcasting on VHF channel 7, at 310 watts) and Penticton (broadcasting on VHF channel 13, at 300 watts). At the time of the station's sign-on, only 500 homes in the area had television receivers, but that amount rose to 10,000 the following year. The station had ordered two studio cameras, but due to the number of television stations that started up in North America during that period, the station had to make do with one camera on loan for a year until the order was filled. They also relied on 16 mm film, which was developed first by a local photo lab, and then again in-house.
All network programs were originally received on kinescope and 16 mm film, with regular programs airing on a week delay after their airing on CBC stations in other markets, with the National News airing on a day-behind basis. In 1960, the station began receiving programs from the CBC via its microwave link. Local programs and advertisements were produced live to air. Locally produced programs during the station's early days included Kids Bids, The Three R's, Romper Room, Let's Visit, Midday, Focus and Okanagan Magazine. In 1964, CHBC received its first videotape machine, which aided the production of local programming and commercials. Two years later, the station began airing programming in colour via the network, and the station gradually installed more equipment for colour production and transmission, as well as telecine and videotape.
In the late 1960s, CHBC and fellow CBC affiliate CFJC in Kamloops formed BCI-TV, an internal company headed by CHBC for programming and sales of the combined Okanagan/Kamloops markets. The national sales were delegated to All Canada Sales, which provided advertising sales for both stations as a single unit under the name "BCI TV". For years, both stations carried virtually identical programming schedules, apart from local newscasts. In 1970, CHAN-TV in Vancouver reached an agreement with CHBC to provide CTV programming to the area, via a protective service, which protected local advertisers from Vancouver advertisers with cut-ins on the second station. The full conversion to colour broadcasts was completed in 1971, when CHBC purchased a colour studio camera.
During the 1970s and 1980s, the ownership of the station changed, beginning with the purchase of CKOK's one-third ownership by general manager Roy Chapman, which he later sold to CHAN. Selkirk Communications brought CJIB, and along with it, its 33% stake. CKOV sold its stake in equal parts to both CHAN and Selkirk, which resulted in both companies each owning 50% of the station. In 1987, CHBC president and general manager Ron Evans spearheaded a campaign as part of its adopted branding as "The Okanagan's Very Own CHBC", in order to compete with the 40 television station signals that were being distributed by cable operators within the market. As a result, the station increased its local programming and advertisements, and CHBC increased its involvement in the 55 communities that it served. This commitment has been recognized and rewarded through the improvement of its ratings and nods from many industry awards; CHBC was often held-up as a Canadian model for its ability to identify with the community it served during this era.
When Maclean-Hunter took over Selkirk in 1989, CHAN's parent company Western International Communications (WIC) purchased Selkirk's stake to take full control of CHBC. In 1998, the Griffiths family's stake in WIC was sold to a joint venture between Shaw Communications and Canwest. After months of negotiations, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) approved the split of WIC's assets between Canwest, Corus Radio and Shaw Communications. CHBC and sister station CHAN-TV were sold to Canwest in 2000. When Canwest acquired CHBC, it assumed the same role in selling advertising and providing programming, primarily from its CH television system.
As a CH/E! O&O
In late 2003, the CBC notified CHBC that it did not intend to renew its affiliation agreement with the station after it expired in August 2005. In response, the station filed an application with the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission in 2004 to disaffiliate from the CBC; the CRTC gave approval to the disaffiliation on February 28, 2005. CBC Television's Vancouver O&O CBUT subsequently added a new rebroadcast transmitter in Kelowna, broadcasting on UHF channel 45. After its BCI-TV partner CFJC-TV received similar approval to disaffiliate from the CBC, both stations switched affiliations on February 27, 2006 and continued the operation of BCI-TV with new programs supplied from Canwest's secondary CH television system.
CHBC was the only Canwest-owned CH station to not use the CH brand on-air, opting to brand by its call letters instead, with its newscasts being titled CHBC News. The local newscast branding remained in use following CH's rebranding as E! in 2007. All programming on CHBC outside of locally produced shows were branded under the "E!" name.
In November 2008, CHBC announced that it would move the production facilities for its newscasts from its studios in Kelowna to sister station CHEK in Victoria, to be produced from a virtual set, with production being taken over by Vancouver sister CHAN-TV. In addition, the noon newscast was cancelled.
As a Global O&O
On February 5, 2009, Canwest announced it would explore "strategic options", including a possible sale, for CHBC and its other E! owned-and-operated stations, stating that "a second conventional TV network [was] no longer key to the long-term success" of the company. Although for a time it was reported that CHBC might cease operations, Canwest ultimately decided to convert it into a Global owned-and-operated station on August 31, 2009. The Global Television Network's programming was already available in the Okanagan region through CHAN-TV out of Vancouver, which has operated a semi-satellite in the region, CHKL-TV (channel 5), since the early 1980s. Station management later reversed its decision to move the studio segments to Victoria due to viewer complaints. The half-hour 11:00 p.m. newscast would later be expanded to one hour to make up for the loss of the half-hour noon newscast, while the 5:00 p.m. news began with a half-hour lifestyle-oriented newscast that was anchored by Doris Janssen.
CHBC and CHAN are expected to continue to operate separately for the foreseeable future, due in large part to the two stations' highly rated local and provincial newscasts. However, the two stations' schedules and advertising are virtually identical, including local news programming outside of the supper hour. More specifically, CHBC simulcasts CHAN's programming at all times, with the exception of daily Kelowna-based newscasts seen exclusively on CHBC and its scheduling of the network's national evening newscast Global National, which CHBC airs at 6:00 p.m. (whereas CHAN airs the programme at 5:30 p.m.). Initially, there were also very minor differences within the two stations' primetime schedules, however both CHAN and CHBC began airing a common primetime schedule by the fall of 2011 if not sooner.
On July 7, 2010, CHBC introduced a new virtual set that is controlled out of the master control facilities at CHAN's studios in Vancouver. The station dropped the E!-era graphics it used for its newscasts and implemented a package used by Global's O&Os; however, the station's newscasts continued to be branded as CHBC News until April 2013, when its newscasts were retitled as Global Okanagan News.
CHBC-DT presently broadcasts 15½ hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 2½ hours on weekdays, and 1½ hours each on Saturdays and Sundays). CHBC currently produces an hour-long early evening newscast at 5:00 p.m. on weeknights, a half-hour newscast at 5:30 on Saturday and Sunday evenings, and a half-hour newscast at 6:30 and an 11:00 p.m. newscast seven nights a week (the latter airs for an hour on weeknights and a half-hour on weekends). CHBC had previously aired 22½ hours per week of local programming until September 2009. The minimum amount of local programming currently required by the station's licence as of 2009 is seven hours per week.
Due to corporate cutbacks instituted by Canwest in September 2009, CHBC stopped utilizing live newsgathering services in Vernon, Kelowna and Penticton; in addition, the station's 5:00 p.m. newscast and a weekly half-hour programme titled Okanagan Now, which was dedicated to events happening around the Okanagan region. CHBC began broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition (over its HD feed on Shaw Cable 211) on July 6, 2011. Five days later on July 11, 2011, the station began using its live newsgathering resources once again and restored an hour-long 5:00 p.m. newscast to its schedule.
|Station||City of license||Channel||ERP||HAAT||Transmitter Coordinates||Digital/Analog||CRTC Application|
|CHBC-DT-1||Penticton||32 (UHF)||3 kW||365.3 m||Digital|||
|CHBC-DT-2||Vernon||20 (UHF)||3 kW||184.6 m||Digital|
|CHBC-TV-3||Oliver||8 (VHF)||0.22 kW||-76 m||Analog|
|CHBC-TV-4||Salmon Arm||9 (VHF)||0.486 kW||-302.8 m||Analog|
|CHBC-TV-5||Enderby||16 (UHF)||2.4 kW||-220.1 m||Analog|
|CHBC-TV-6||Celista||3 (VHF)||0.009 kW||NA||Analog|
|CHBC-TV-7||Penticton||7 (VHF)||0.005 kW||NA||Analog|
|CHBC-TV-8||Canoe||6 (VHF)||0.009 kW||NA||Analog|
|CHBC-TV-9||Apex Mountain||13 (VHF)||0.001 kW||NA||Analog|
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|2.1||1080i||16:9||CHBC||Main CHBC-DT programming / Global|
On October 15, 2012, CHBC flash cut the digital signals of its main Kelowna transmitter and its rebroadcasters in Penticton and Vernon into operation on UHF channels 27, 32 and 20. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display CHBC's virtual channel on its main transmitter as channel 2.2 (indirectly corresponding to its analogue-era VHF channel 2).
All of station's transmitters must convert to digital broadcasts before August 31, 2016, as part of a promise that Shaw Media made to the CRTC during its acquisition of Canwest.
- Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2006-25
- "Canwest may sell TV stations". cbc.ca, February 5, 2009.
- "Canwest closing TV stations in Alberta, B.C.". cbc.ca, July 22, 2009.
- Don Plant, Fade to black, Kelowna Daily Courier, November 13, 2008. Accessed online August 22, 2010.
- Clark, Andrew (October 6, 2009). "Canwest Global Communications files for bankruptcy protection". The Guardian (England). Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- Shaw Completes Purchase of Canwest Broadcasting Assets Marketwire press release 2010-10-10
- CHBC News @ 5 Returns to Global Okanagan, Broadcaster Magazine, July 6, 2011.
- RabbitEars TV Query for CHBC
- SHAW IS UPGRADING ITS OVER-THE-AIR TELEVISION TO DIGITAL
- Digital Television - Office of Consumer Affairs (OCA)
- CHBC-DT ("Global Okanagan") official website
- Canadian Communications Foundation - CHBC-TV History
- Query the REC's Canadian station database for CHBC-DT
- Query TV Fool's coverage map for CHBC