CHN analyzer

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A modern CHN Analyzer constructed in 2011.

A CHN Analyzer (also known as a carbon hydrogen and nitrogen analyzer) is a scientific instrument which is used to measure carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen elemental concentrations in a given sample with accuracy and precision.[1] Sample sizes are most often just a few milligrams, but may differ depending on system. For some sample matrices larger mass is preferred due to sample heterogeneity. These analysers are capable of handling a wide variety of sample types, including solids, liquids, volatile and viscous samples, in the fields of pharmaceuticals, polymers, chemicals, environment, food and energy.[2]

This instrument calculates the percentages of elemental concentrations based on the principle of "Dumas method," using flash combustion of the sample to cause an instantaneous oxidization into simple compounds which are then detected with thermal conductivity detection or infrared spectroscopy.[3] Separation of interference is done by chemical reagents.

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  1. ^ "CHN Analysis". Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  2. ^ "CHNS Elemental Analysers" (PDF). April 2008. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  3. ^ "CHNS (O) Analyzer". Archived from the original on 2009-07-09. Retrieved 2019-04-22.