Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
|Director of the Central Intelligence Agency|
Seal of the CIA
Flag of the CIA
|Central Intelligence Agency|
|Reports to||Director of National Intelligence|
|Seat||George Bush Center for Intelligence, Langley, Fairfax County, Virginia|
with Senate advice and consent
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||50 U.S.C. § 3036|
|Precursor||Director of Central Intelligence|
|Formation||April 21, 2005|
|First holder||Porter J. Goss|
|Deputy||Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency|
|Salary||Executive Schedule, level II|
The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (D/CIA) is a statutory office (50 U.S.C. § 3036) that functions as the head of the Central Intelligence Agency, which in turn is a part of the United States Intelligence Community. Since February 2017, the D/CIA has been a Cabinet-level position.
The Director reports to the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) and is assisted by the Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The Director is a civilian or a general/flag officer of the armed forces nominated by the President, with the concurring or nonconcurring recommendation from the DNI, and must be confirmed by a majority vote of the Senate.
Before April 21, 2005, the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) headed both the Intelligence Community and the Central Intelligence Agency. In addition, DCI served as an advisor to the President of the United States on intelligence matters and was the statutory intelligence advisor to the National Security Council (NSC). On April 21, 2005, the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) took on the roles as head of the Intelligence Community and principal intelligence advisor to the President and the NSC.
The post of DCI was established in 1946 by President Harry S. Truman; it thus predates the establishment of the Central Intelligence Agency (created by the National Security Act of 1947). After the end of World War II, the Office of Strategic Services was dismantled and its functions were split between the Departments of State and War (now Defense). President Truman soon recognized the inefficiency of this arrangement and created the Central Intelligence Group, which could be considered a smaller precursor to the National Security Council. The following year the National Security Act of 1947 created the Central Intelligence Agency and National Security Council, while formally defining the duties of the Director of Central Intelligence. The duties of the DCI had been further defined over the years by tradition, congressional acts, and Executive Orders.
List of Directors of the Central Intelligence Agency
|No.||Director||Tenure||President(s) served under|
|Position succeeded the Director of Central Intelligence.|
|1||Porter Goss||April 21, 2005 – May 5, 2006||George W. Bush|
|2||Michael Hayden||May 30, 2006 – February 12, 2009|
|3||Leon Panetta||February 13, 2009 – June 30, 2011|
|July 1, 2011 – September 6, 2011|
|4||David Petraeus||September 6, 2011 – November 9, 2012|
|November 9, 2012 – March 8, 2013|
|5||John Brennan||March 8, 2013 – January 20, 2017|
|January 20, 2017 – January 23, 2017||Donald Trump|
|6||Mike Pompeo||January 23, 2017 – April 26, 2018|
|–||Gina Haspel||April 26, 2018 – May 21, 2018|
|7||May 21, 2018 – present|
Living former Directors of Central Intelligence Agency
As of April 2019, there are six living former Directors of Central Intelligence Agency (with all Directors that have served since 2005 still living), the oldest being Leon Panetta (served 2009–2011, born 1938).
served 2005–2006, born November 26, 1938 (age 80)
served 2006–2009, born March 17, 1945 (age 74)
served 2009–2011, born June 28, 1938 (age 80)
served 2011–2013, born November 7, 1952 (age 66)
served 2013–2017, born September 22, 1955 (age 63)
served 2017–2018, born December 30, 1963 (age 55)
- 5 U.S.C. § 5313
- 10 U.S.C. § 528 Officers serving in certain intelligence positions: military status; exclusion from distribution and strength limitations; pay and allowances
- 50 U.S.C. § 403-6 Appointment of officials responsible for intelligence-related activities
- 50 U.S.C. § 3036 Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
- "A Look Back … The National Security Act of 1947 — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
- "Office of Strategic Services facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Office of Strategic Services". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
- "The Organizational Arrangements for the Intelligence Community". www.gpo.gov. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
- "Truman signs the National Security Act - Jul 26, 1947 - HISTORY.com". HISTORY.com. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
- "Porter Johnston Goss". Central Intelligence Agency – Library.
- "Michael Vincent Hayden". Central Intelligence Agency – Library.
- "Leon Edward Panetta". Central Intelligence Agency – Library.
- "David Howell Petraeus". Central Intelligence Agency – Library.
- "John O. Brennan". Central Intelligence Agency – Leadership.
- "Mike Pompeo". Central Intelligence Agency – Leadership.