CIE 071 Class

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Córas Iompair Éireann 071 class
Northern Ireland Railways 110 class
ŽS class 666
Iarnród Éireann No. 076 in the current Irish rail livery at Rathmore, April 2016
Type and origin
Power typeDiesel-electric
BuilderGeneral Motors Diesel, London, Ontario, Canada
Serial number713736–713753 (CIÉ 071-088)
798072-1, 798072-2 (NIR 111/112)
838084-1 (NIR 113)
Build dateJuly 1976 (CIÉ 071-088)
1978 (JŽ/ŽS) October 1980 (NIR 111/112)
December 1984 (NIR 113)
Total produced18 (CIÉ/IÉ) 3 (NIR) 4 (JŽ/ŽS/SV)
 • UICCo′Co′
Gauge1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge (Serbia)
Length17.37 m (57 ft 0 in)
Loco weight100.6 tonnes (99.0 long tons; 110.9 short tons)
Prime moverEMD 12-645E3B
Engine typeV12 2-stroke diesel
AspirationMechanically-assisted turbocharger
Displacement126.8 litres (7,740 cu in)
Traction motorsD77, 6 off
Cylinder size230 mm × 254 mm (9+116 in × 10 in)
Loco brakeStraight air
Train brakes27-LAV air & vacuum
Performance figures
Maximum speed145 km/h (90 mph)
Power output1,680 kW (2,250 hp)
Tractive effort289 kN (65,000 lbf) maximum
192 kN (43,000 lbf) at 24.3 km/h (15.1 mph) continuous
OperatorsIarnród Éireann
Northern Ireland Railways
Serbian Railways
Numbers071–088 (IÉ)
111–113 (NIR)
LocaleRepublic of Ireland
Northern Ireland

The Córas Iompair Éireann/Iarnród Éireann 071 Class or Northern Ireland Railways 110 Class or Serbian Railways JŽ series 666 is a General Motors Electro-Motive Division EMD JT22CW series diesel-electric locomotive used in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland and Serbia.

Córas Iompair Éireann[edit]

The Córas Iompair Éireann 071 Class locomotives were the principal passenger locomotives on the Irish railway network for twenty years from their introduction in the late 1970s. They displaced the older CIÉ 001 Class and NIR 101 Class locomotives and were themselves replaced in turn by the new 201 Class locomotives.

Currently all the CIÉ locomotives remain in service, being used on freight and permanent way trains. NIR 112 was on long-term loan to Iarnród Éireann from April 2003 until September 2006, when it was returned to Northern Ireland Railways.

The locomotives arrived in Ireland on 2 November 1976 and were purchased to facilitate 90 mph running on the Cork and Belfast lines.[1] A trade dispute resulted in a significant delay in their introduction; the first service was operated on 23 May 1977 hauled by 082 on the 14:30 Dublin Heuston to Cork.[1] The class was originally fitted with an EMD 12-645E3B engine but was upgraded to 12-645E3C specification in 1992, along with the installation of yaw dampers to resolve issues of poor ride quality and bogie cracks at high speeds.[1]

In November 2006, IÉ began an overhaul programme of twelve units only, leaving the fate of their remaining six units in doubt. By 2009 fourteen 071s had received the new 'Freight Livery’ however not all had received an overhaul. Those that received a re-paint into the new livery were: Nos. 071, 072, 073, 074, 075, 076, 079, 080, 081, 082, 083, 085, 086 and 088. On Saturday 14 and 15 November 2009 075 and a Tara Mines train was used in testing of the new bridge at Malahide.

In 2013 an overhaul programme started for all eighteen class members which includes an engine rebuild, refurbished bogies, new panels, new cabs and a new slate grey livery complete with European numbering. As of September 2018, the entire 071 Class has been refurbished. Class members that had been out of use for a number of years have been reinstated into service after overhaul.

In 2016, several members of the class received a commemorative plaque beneath their handbrakes in recognition of their 40 years of service with CIÉ and Iarnród Éireann. Loco 071 was repainted back to its original CIÉ Supertrain livery of black and orange in May 2016, with its first working thereafter being the RPSI diesel tour from Dublin to Waterford and Limerick Junction.

In July 2017, loco 073 was overhauled and repainted back to the original Irish Rail livery dating back to 1987 in order to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the company.

Northern Ireland Railways[edit]

111 At Antrim station with a ballast train In 2015

The Class 110 as they are known by NI Railways[2] is identical to the Class 071. NI Railways has three of these locomotives, which are now mainly used for ballasting duties since their replacement on the Enterprise and other passenger duties. These locomotives are numbered 111, 112, and 113.

In 2007, it was announced that NIR's three locomotives were to be converted to push-pull operation.[3] The DBSO driving trailer for this set was delivered in 2009, leading to speculation that this set was to remain in service after 2010, and even see an increased use in passenger service.

As of 2015 the DBSO has been disposed of, never having been used, and is now preserved at Downpatrick and used as a barrier vehicle for their Class 450 DEMU. The Gatwick Express carriages have also been disposed of to the RPSI, leaving the Class 110 locomotives with no normal passenger duties. They remain in use for permanent way & engineering duties, and empty stock movements.

The class is no longer permitted to haul passenger trains (including for third parties like the RPSI) as of 2023.[4]

111 and 113 have been tested working in multiple, for use on the steep gradients of the Antrim branch line during ballasting operations, where the additional adhesion at low speed during ballasting is required.

IE/NIR Locomotive Names[edit]

All three of the named Northern Ireland Railways locomotives are named after former railway companies. Two of the Iarnród Éireann Freight locomotives are named. Details are as follows:

Operator No. Name
IE 071 Great Southern and Western Railway
IE 082 Cumann Na nInnealtoiri / The Institution Of Engineers Of Ireland
NIR 111 Great Northern
NIR 112 Northern Counties
NIR 113 Belfast & County Down

Yugoslavia and Serbia[edit]

The Yugoslavian version of the EMD JT22CW (ŽS series 666) which was used on Tito's Blue Train near Ruma.

Four similar EMD JT22CW-2 locomotives are used by Serbian Railways, designated as ŽS series 666. They were originally intended by Yugoslav Railways for use with Tito's special Blue Train, hence their all blue livery. These locomotives differ from the Irish units in being standard gauge rather than Irish 5 ft 3 in gauge and having a full width car-body.[5][6] After the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the locomotives have been used to haul freight and passenger trains. Three locomotives are currently not operational and awaiting overhaul, while 003 (Sutjeska) started running test rides in January 2015 after an overhaul in Kraljevo. On Friday 23 January 2015 003 re-entered service.[7]

JŽ/ŽS/SV Locomotive Names[edit]

All four Class 666 locomotives of Yugoslav Railways were named after toponyms important to the People's Liberation War.

No. Name
666-001 Dinara
666-002 Kozara
666-003 Sutjeska
666-004 Neretva


Subclass Number built Number range Operators Notes
071 Class 18 071-088 Iarnród Éireann Freight 16 locomotives overhauled in Slate Grey railfreight livery.
071 in original Supertrain livery since May 2016.
073 in original Irish Rail livery since July 2017.
Class 110 3 111-113 Northern Ireland Railways
JŽ/ŽS/SV Class 666 4 001-004 Jugoslovenske Železnice/Železnice Srbije/Srbija Voz Used on Tito's Blue Train.

Additional technical details[edit]

  • Auxiliary Alternator: D14
  • Auxiliary Generator: A-8147M1, 18 kW (24 hp)
  • Power at rail: 1,300 kW (1,700 hp)
  • Storage Battery: 32 cells, 420 ampere hours
  • Bogies: Flexicoil
  • Wheel Diameter: 1,016 mm (40.0 inches)
  • Compressor/Exhauster: Model ABOV
  • Height over horn: 4.04 m (13 ft 3 in)
  • Width: 2.89 m (9 ft 5+34 in)
  • Fuel Tank: 3,600 L (790 imp gal; 950 US gal)
  • Min Turning Radius: 50 m (164.04 ft)
  • Multiple working: To AAR, with all IÉ & NIR GM locos
  • Nos. 111 and 112 were modified by NIR to provide head end power to coaching stock in the early 1990s, however this capability was seldom used and is now isolated.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On Friday 1 August 1980, locomotive 075 was hauling a passenger train which was derailed at Buttevant, County Cork, killing eighteen and injuring 62 people.[8]
  • On 21 August 1983, locomotive 086 was hauling a passenger train which ran into the back of another passenger train near Cherryville Junction, County Kildare. Seven people were killed and 55 were injured.[9]


The 071 Class was available as a 00 gauge Resin kit by Model Irish Railways (MIR) but is no longer made. It included transfers, brass detailing (railings, fans, grills) and flush glazing. Note the paint included is the Golden Brown hue and not the existing deep orange (RAL2011).[10]

Murphy Models have released an '00' gauge ready to run model of the 071 class. This has been available since October 2012.[11]

Both the 071 and 110 class have been produced as player drivable locomotives in the Microsoft Train Simulator add-on, "Irish Enterprise North" by Making Tracks.[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Master of mixed traffic – forty years of Ireland's 'big' GMs". The Railway Magazine. 13 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Questions about 8111 class locomotives". WhatDoTheyKnow. Retrieved 13 June 2023.
  3. ^ "Northern Ireland Railways". Irish Railway Record Society.
  4. ^ "Questions about 8111 class locomotives". What Do They Know?. 11 July 2023.
  5. ^ "Dizel lokomotive". Railfan-Belgrade. Archived from the original on 5 May 2008.
  6. ^ "The Picture Gallery". Archived from the original on 15 May 2007.
  7. ^ "Титова локомотива Сутјеска поново на прузи". RTS (in Serbian). 23 January 2015.
  8. ^ "REPORT OF THE INVESTIGATION into THE ACCIDENT ON THE CIE RAILWAY at BUTTEVANT, CO. CORK on 1st AUGUST, 1980" (PDF). Dublin: Department for Tourism and Transport via Rail Accident Investigation Unit. 11 March 1981. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  9. ^ "REPORT OF THE INVESTIGATION into THE ACCIDENT ON THE CIE RAILWAY near CHERRYVILLE JUNCTION, CO. KILDARE on 21st AUGUST, 1983" (PDF). Dublin: Department for Tourism and Transport via Rail Accident Investigation Unit. December 1984. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  10. ^ "General Motors 071 Class". Steve Johnson's Railway Pages.
  11. ^ "Future plans". Murphy Models.
  12. ^ "• Making Tracks online • - Irish Enterprise Rolling Stock". Archived from the original on 14 May 2008.

External links[edit]