CIE 201 Class

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Córas Iompair Éireann C class
(later 201 Class)
23.10.93 Carrick-on-Suir 231 (6033165179).jpg
Type and origin
Power type Diesel-electric
Builder Metropolitan-Vickers, Dukinfield Works, Manchester
Build date 1956–1957
Total produced 34
Specifications
Configuration:
 • UIC Bo′Bo′
Gauge 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
Length 12.8 m (42 ft 0 in) over buffers
Width 2.9 m (9 ft 6 in)
Height 4.3 m (14 ft 1 in)
Loco weight 61.5 t (60.5 long tons; 67.8 short tons)
Fuel capacity 300 imp gal (1,400 l; 360 US gal)
Prime mover Crossley ESTVee8;
Re-engined '69-'80 with EMD 645E by CIÉ at Inchicore Works, Dublin
Engine type Crossley V8
EMD 8-cylinder
Generator DC
Traction motors DC Metropolitan Vickers MV137CW, 4 o
Cylinders 8
Transmission Diesel electric
Train brakes vacuum brake and air[1]
Performance figures
Maximum speed 80 mph (130 km/h)
Power output Crossley: 410 kW (550 hp)
EMD: - 820 kW (1,100 hp)
Tractive effort 153 kN (34,000 lbf) (max)
Career
Operators Córas Iompair Éireann
Iarnród Éireann
Class C; later 201
Numbers 201–234
Withdrawn 1973–1986
Disposition Three preserved, remainder scrapped

The Córas Iompair Éireann 201 Class was a class of 34 diesel electric locomotives manufactured by Metropolitan-Vickers at their Dukinfield Works in Manchester. They were a smaller, lighter and less powerful version of the 001 Class and were originally intended for branch line passenger and freight (mixed traffic) duties. They were introduced in 1956 and, although their duties changed over the years, were in regular service on the Irish railway network until the mid-1980s.

Service history[edit]

C205 of this class at Kilkenny Station in 1963.
Locomotive 202 propels a push–pull train at Leixlip Louisa Bridge, April 1982.

Unfortunately, these locomotives suffered from two distinct problems:

  • During the late 1950s and early 1960s, following the publication of the Andrews Report, CIÉ followed a path of large-scale closures of branch lines, leaving them without a purpose.
  • The locomotives were of insufficient power for their duties and their Crossley engines suffered reliability problems.

Replacement engines: Because of the problems with the Crossley engines attempts were made to fit the locomotives with more suitable equipment. Between 1965 and 1980, Maybach MD650 engines of 980 horsepower (730 kW) were fitted in Nos. 233 and 234. From 1969, however, a permanent solution was found by fitting the entire class with General Motors engines, a similar process that was also undergone by the 001 Class).

New Duties: From 1969 the class were given new duties, being partnered with former 2600 class diesel multiple units converted to four-car push-pull carriage rakes to operate the suburban services around Dublin. In 1984 the Dublin suburban lines over which they worked were electrified and new electric multiple units operated the renamed Dublin Area Rapid Transit (DART) system.

The first member of the class to be withdrawn was No. B201, being bomb damaged in 1973.[2] The remaining members of the class, except those sold to NIR, were withdrawn over the two years following the opening of the DART system having completed 30 years service for their operators.

Numbering[edit]

When built, these locomotives were numbered C201-C234, and as locomotives were re-engined, they were renumbered B201-B234 to reflect their increased power. However, the prefix letter was later dropped.

Livery[edit]

Over the years the class has carried six different liveries. When introduced they were painted an all-over silver livery which unfortunately dirtied quickly and was not a good advert for dieselisation. This was followed by all-over CIE green livery with a thin lighter green band on the lower panels, giving a uniform appearance to the train sets. In the next change black became the base colour with just a white relief around the top panel, which opened to a squared-off 'V' between the cab windows. Some locomotives received large yellow panel to the cab fronts to aid visibility. With the adaptation by CIE of its "Black and Tan" scheme in the mid-1960s, the locomotives received this livery with a white line at roof level to match the coaches. The last CIE livery was of Golden Brown with a very broad black band covering the upper panels at the level of, and as wide as, the cab windows. Those locomotives sold to NIR carried their blue livery.

NIR use[edit]

Northern Ireland Railways No. 105 near Whitehead

After withdrawal from CIÉ, six locomotives were sold to Northern Ireland Railways, which designated them 104 Class. They entered traffic for NIR in 1986–1987, except 105. Originally, CIÉ 224 was intended to become 105, but it was subsequently rejected by NIR and replaced by 218, which only entered traffic in 1991. 224 was left stored with NIR until it was scrapped in January 1996.

Of those that entered service, some had very short lives working for their new owners. They were stored as soon as any problems arose (e.g. a seized engine or traction motor), and the whole class was formally withdrawn in 1993 (107/109) or 1995 (the others). The locomotives involved, their new numbers and their withdrawal are set out below:

NIR number Ex-CIÉ number Stored Scrapped
104 216 September 1994 August 1997
105 218 November 1993 August 1997
106 227 March 1995 Preserved (see below)
107 228 June 1987 January 1996
108 230 December 1994 August 1997
109 234 August 1987 March 1993

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 21 October 1974, locomotive B202 was hauling an empty passenger train when it ran away driverless from Connolly station and collided with a passenger train at Gormanston, County Meath, A third passenger train, hauled by locomotive B219 was struck by the wrecked trains. Two people were killed and 29 were injured.[3]
In Boyle with an extra train.

Preservation[edit]

C231 At DCDR
  • Two 201 Class locomotives, numbers 226 and 231, have been preserved by the Irish Traction Group[4] 226 was the first mainline diesel to be preserved in Ireland. C231 is currently based at the Downpatrick and County Down Railway, painted in CIÉ Green livery, whilst 226 is undergoing restoration at Carrick-on-Suir. [3]
  • A third example, NIR 106/CIÉ 227 was preserved privately and displayed at Cahirciveen, County Kerry [4] [5] and carries the number C202, which was supposedly the number of the locomotive hauling the last train from Cahirciveen in 1960 but it was in fact both 227 and 201 which worked the last up and down trains. Irish Rail recovered the engine for reuse in its 141/181 class locomotives. This locomotive and its three remaining siblings were stored in a unprotected site on NIR. Metal theft at this stage rendered it and its sisters a write off as far as ever running again was concerned. Whilst scrapping of its sisters was taking place this locomotive was further stripped of almost all internal equipment (compressor, exhauster, air tanks, cooler fan, etc) before being moved to Cahirsiveen in 1997. The locomotive was cosmetically restored and repainted in silver and renumbered C202. The almost empty engine room was floored with plywood. While in Cahirsiveen the body suffered extensive corrosion from 7 years of open air display near the sea and its windows were smashed again.[6] An arson attack on the locomotive as well as its "eye sore" appearance on the landscape meant that scrapping was becoming very likely. In around 2004, the locomotive was saved from scrapping by a member of the now defunct "A15r [sic] Group and moved from Caherciveen to a site used by a heritage railway, the Waterford and Suir Valley Railway, at Bilberry, Waterford with the intention of being restored as part of a scheme to reopen the New Ross railway. However, during her time in Bilberry the locomotive was further vandalised. The plywood floor was ripped up and any remaining traction motor cable was cut out by metal thieves. The locomotive also suffered further deterioration due to being stored in the open with rainwater entering through broken windows and rotten roof panels. In 2010, the locomotive was relocated to a more secure site near Kilmacow village, and traveled the 10 km journey to this premises in Kilmacow by road on a low loader. It is believed that the wish of the current owners is still that 227 will be restored at least cosmetically, but this seems unlikey. As of July 2016, the locomotive remained in its derelict state at the Kilmacow site along with several other Bord na Mona locomotives and a Wickham inspection car.[5][6][7]

Models[edit]

  • The C Class is available as a brass and white metal 00 gauge kit from No Nonsense Kits [7], now acquired by Phoenix Paints.
  • A resin version is available from Silver Fox Models.[8]
  • A Rapid Prototyped N Scale body is available from Valve Design.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The locomotives were originally vacuum braked only, but were later retrofitted with air brakes. Note the lack of air brake pipes between the buffers on http://www.rmweb.co.uk/community/index.php?/gallery/image/5620-cie-c227-bray-14-09-1957/ compared to http://i.ytimg.com/vi/LUPcZ0dY8VU/maxresdefault.jpg
  2. ^ "B201 in Inchicore, 1973". Retrieved 2009-12-08. 
  3. ^ "REPORT OF INQUIRY INTO THE COLLISION THAT OCCURRED AT GORMANSTON RAILWAY STATION ON 21ST OCTOBER, 1974" (PDF). Dublin: Department of Transport and Power via Rail Accident Investigation Unit. January 1975. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "ITG Owned Locomotives". Irish Traction Group. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-15. 
  5. ^ I personally witnessed locomotive in the corner of the yard in Kilmacaow
  6. ^ https://www.google.ie/maps/place/52%C2%B018'52.8%22N+7%C2%B008'54.1%22W/@52.3146815,-7.1485529,234m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m2!3m1!1s0x0:0x0
  7. ^ https://www.google.ie/maps/@52.3148225,-7.1462812,3a,90y,259.64h,94.45t/data=!3m4!1e1!3m2!1s0UEOarYCM9jL_UIPRz6d0Q!2e0
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ [2]
  • Strickland, David C. (September 1983). Locomotive Directory. Camberley, Surrey: Diesel and Electric Group. p. 165. ISBN 0-906375-10-X. 

External links[edit]