3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||323.83 g/mol|
|Appearance||Green crystalline solid|
|Melting point||268 to 270 °C (514 to 518 °F; 541 to 543 K) decomposes|
|Safety data sheet||External MSDS|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Pararosaniline, Basic Red 9, or C.I. 42500 is an organic compound with the formula [(H2NC6H4)3C]Cl. It is a magenta solid with a variety of uses as a dye. It is one of the four components of basic fuchsine. (The others are rosaniline, new fuchsine and magenta II.) It is structurally related to other triarylmethane dyes called methyl violets including crystal violet, which feature methyl groups on nitrogen.
It is prepared by the condensation of aniline and para-aminobenzaldehyde. Alternative it arises from the oxidation of 4,4'-bis(aminophenyl)methane in the presence of aniline.
- It is used to dye polyacrylonitrile fibers.
- Pararosaniline is used as a colorimetric test for aldehydes, in the Schiff test. It is the only basic fuchsine component suitable for making the aldehyde-fuchsine stain for pancreatic islet beta cells.
- It has use as a Antischistosomal GB 908634 (1962 to Parke Davis & Co).
- Thomas Gessner and Udo Mayer "Triarylmethane and Diarylmethane Dyes" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2002, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim.doi:10.1002/14356007.a27_179
- Horobin RW, Kiernan JA (2002) Conn's Biological Stains, 10th ed. Oxford: BIOS.
- Mowry, RW; Emmel, VM (1978). "Aldehyde fuchsin staining, direct or after oxidation: problems and remedies, with special reference to pancreatic B cells, pituitaries and elastic fibers". Stain Technology. 53: 141–154. doi:10.3109/10520297809111457.
- Colour Index 3rd Edition Volume 4 (PDF), Bradford: Society of Dyers and Colourists, 1971, p. 4388, archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-19.
- Gessner, T.; Mayer, U. (2002), "Triarylmethane and Diarylmethane Dyes", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 6th Edition, Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, doi:10.1002/14356007.a27_179.
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