Claas

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CLAAS KGaA mbH
GmbH & Co. KGaA
IndustryAgricultural machinery, Agriculture
Founded1913
FounderAugust Claas
Headquarters,
Area served
worldwide
Key people
Strategy and Corporate Communications, speaker of the executive board
RevenueIncrease € 3.898 bn (2019)[1]
Number of employees
11,448 (2019)
Websitewww.claas.com
LEXION combine harvester
CLAAS XERION
CLAAS LEXION combine harvester
AXION 960 TERRA TRAC

CLAAS is a global agricultural machinery manufacturer founded in 1913 and based in Harsewinkel, Germany, in the federal state of North Rhine Westphalia.

CLAAS is a family business and one of the market and technology leaders in harvesting technology. It is the European market leader in combine harvesters and considered as world market leader in self-propelled forage harvesters. The product range includes also tractors, balers, mowers, rakes, tedders, silage trailers, wheel loaders, telehandlers and other harvesting equipment as well as state-of-the-art farming information technology.[2] CLAAS employs around 11,500 employees worldwide and reported a turnover of roughly 3.9 billion euros in the 2019 financial year. About 78.5 % of sales are generated outside of Germany.[3]

History[edit]

Early days[edit]

The beginnings of the company go back to 1887, when Franz Claas founded a company in Clarholz for the production of milk centrifuges. From about 1900 onwards, he also manufactured other agricultural machinery there, such as straw binders and cutters for mowing machines.

The official foundation of the company took place in 1913, when the son of Franz Claas, August Claas, informed the responsible office in Herzebrock that he was manufacturing straw binders with two locksmiths and one unskilled worker. In 1914 his brothers Franz jun. and Bernhard Claas also joined the company. The company was then continued under the name "Gebr. Claas". The fourth brother, Theo, officially joined the company as a partner in 1940.

Growth period[edit]

After their return from the First World War, the Claas brothers and sisters moved their company to Harsewinkel in 1919, where they bought a disused hard stone factory and continued production. The export of Claas products now also began from Harsewinkel, initially to Holland, France and Belgium.

In 1930, the development of the first CLAAS combine harvester began, initially as machines using the fore-cut principle. The first CLAAS straw baler was produced in 1931. In 1936, the company launched the first combine harvester designed specifically for European harvesting conditions, the combine harvester (ger. Mäh-Dresch-Binder - MDB). This was then mass-produced from 1937. Until the production was stopped due to the war in 1943, approx. 1400 machines were produced.

CLAAS JAGUAR
CLAAS production facility in Harsewinkel
CLAAS tractor, CLAAS forage harvester

At the same time as the 1000th combine harvester was built in 1942, development of the CLAAS SUPER began. This came onto the market in 1946. By the end of production in 1978, more than 65,000 units had been produced by this combine harvester family.

In 1956 a new factory was established in Paderborn. This was now the third location besides the plant in Harsewinkel and the Christopherus-Hütte in Gütersloh-Blankenhagen, which was built in 1948. In 1961, the new CLAAS baler factory in Metz (France) was added, which has been operating under the name Usines Claas France S.A. since 1969.

Helmut Claas, the son of August Claas, became Managing Director for Engineering in 1962. By then CLAAS was already the No. 1 combine harvester manufacturer in Europe. 1969 saw the takeover of Josef Bautz AG in Saulgau with a factory for forage harvesting machinery. One year later, the Speiser company from Göppingen, which specialised in forage harvesting technology. The company continued to grow steadily and presented new products for forage harvesting such as mowers, tedders, windrowers, loader wagons and trailed forage harvesters.[4][5]

In 1978 Helmut Claas took over as chairman of the management board.

Establishment as a global agricultural technology company[edit]

Since the 1990s, the company has strengthened its international presence in non-European countries. New production and sales locations were established in India (1989), the USA (1999), Russia (2005), China (2012/2014) and South America, among others. With the acquisition of a majority stake in Renault Agriculture in 2003, CLAAS expanded its product range to include standard tractors. On February 11, 2003, the 400,000th combine harvester left the production line at the main plant in Harsewinkel.

In 2011 the Lexion 770 sets a Guinness World Record with 675.84 tonnes of grain harvested in eight hours.[6]

With the construction of the new development center for electronics in Dissen, Lower Saxony, CLAAS set the course for another important future field in 2017: the digitalization of agriculture.

Product portfolio[edit]

CLAAS is well known as harvest specialist. Currently CLAAS offers combine harvesters in various different sizes. The largest model series is the LEXION, which has been produced since 1995 and is now in its fourth generation. The LEXION 8900 has a maximum output of 790 hp and is available with tyres or crawler tracks (TERRA TRAC) on the front axle. Both options allow a top speed of 31 mph respectively 40 km/h. The cutterbars are up to 13.79 meters wide and the grain tank holds up to 18,000 liters. Claas offers also the two smaller combine product families, the TUCANO and AVERO.[7]

The Claas forage harvester is called Jaguar. Claas is considered as world market leader in the silage chopper market.[8]

Claas produces and sells tractors from 47 hp to 530 hp. The XERION is the biggest tractor in the CLAAS product range. The XERION is easy to recognize with four equally sized wheels.

The AXION model series is available from 205 hp (AXION 800) to 445 hp in the AXION 960. Since 2019 Claas offers the AXION 900 series optional with a track system, called TERRA TRAC, instead of the rear wheels.

Combine harvesters Self-propelled forage harvesters Tractors Balers Wheel loaders Telehandlers Forage harvesting machinery
LEXION 8000-5000 JAGUAR 990-930 XERION 5000-4200 QUADRANT 5300-4000 TORION 1914-535 SCORPION 1033-635 DISCO
LEXION 780-740 JAGUAR 870-840 AXION 960-920 ROLLANT 620-375 CORTO
LEXION 670-620 JAGUAR cutting systems AXION 870-800 VARIANT 485-450 VOLTO
TUCANO 580-560 ARION 660-610 LINER
TUCANO 450-320 ARION 550-510 CARGOS 9600-740
AVERO 240/160 ARION 460-410
cutting bars ATOS 350-220
ELIOS 240-210
NEXOS 250-210
LEXION 760 in grain harvest

Company locations[edit]

CLAAS is an international company active worldwide.

Headquarter in Harsewinkel, Germany[edit]

Harsewinkel hosts the company's administration and a major factory.

Harsewinkel plant was opened in 1919. Combine harvesters have been manufactured here since 1936. To date, over 400,000 have been built. Claas produces also forage harvesters and the big XERION tractor in Harsewinkel. Between 2000 and 2003, the factory was expanded so that not only finished machines but also individual components for other Claas plants can be produced.[9] The machines manufactured at the main plant in Harsewinkel are transported about half by rail and half by truck. The choice of the means of transport depends mainly on the destination country. To Western Europe (especially Germany, France, Spain), transport is mainly by road. To the seaports of Bremen and Hamburg as well as to Southeast and Eastern Europe (especially Poland, Romania and former CIS states) rail transport is predominant. The importance of rail traffic is reflected in the fact that as early as 1967, a 3.1-kilometer-long connecting railway was built, leading from the Ibbenbüren - Gütersloh line of the Teutoburger Wald-Eisenbahn (TWE) to the company's own Harsewinkel-West works station.[10]

Bad Saulgau, Germany[edit]

CLAAS in Bad Saulgau develops, tests and manufactures forage harvesting machines and attachments. In addition the chopper unit of the JAGUAR comes from this production site. Bad Saulgau site is also home to a test center for forage harvesting technology and the CLAAS Group's Competence Center for Tractor-Implement-Automation TIM.[11]

Le Mans, France[edit]

Following the acquisition of a majority stake in Renault agriculture, CLAAS has also been offering a complete range of tractors since 2003.[12] All CLAAS tractor models except of the big XERION are manufactured at the Le Mans factory, two hours' drive southwest of Paris.[13]

Metz, France[edit]

At the CLAAS plant in Metz, 400 employees manufacture balers for the agricultural industry. Since the start of production in 1958, over 300,000 have been manufactured. Each type of baler is produced in its own welding and sheet metal processing line. This saves costly retooling and enables the simultaneous production of all models.[14]

Törökszentmiklós, Hungary[edit]

800 employees work at the Hungarian location Törökszentmiklós, southwest of Budapest. It has been part of the CLAAS Group since 1997 and has developed into the competence center for cutterbars and drum mowers.[15]

Omaha, Nebraska and Columbus, Indiana in USA[edit]

CLAAS machines have been harvesting in North American fields since the 1950s. Since the founding of the CLAAS of America (COA) sales company in 1979 and the subsequent laying of the foundation stone in Columbus, Indiana, in 1981, sales have been handled by CLAAS dealers. With the growing business in the USA, the spare parts department in Columbus, which is responsible for the entire USA and Canada, has also been greatly expanded.

The production company CLAAS Omaha (COL) has been manufacturing LEXION combine harvesters since 1999. COL is also jointly responsible for product development of the US machines. The plant is located in the largest grain growing areas in the USA and was initially operated in cooperation with Caterpillar - since 2002 fully owned by CLAAS. Today, the LEXION combine harvesters are no longer sold exclusively through Caterpillar dealers, but also through other distribution channels.[16] Until 2019 the combines produced in Omaha had a yellow and black paint. With the start of the production of the new LEXION model series for the north american market at the factory in Omaha, Nebraska color scheme changed to the typical CLAAS green-white-red.

CLAAS LEXION 740.jpgCLAAS LEXION 740 .jpg

Krasnodar, Russia[edit]

The factory in Krasnodar, located in the granary of Russia, started operations in 2005. This makes CLAAS the first major agricultural engineering manufacturer to operate its own production facilities in Russia. The production facility in Krasnodar is designed for a capacity of 1,000 machines per year and is to develop into a local center of excellence in agricultural engineering. In 2015, the company invested a further 120 million euros in the expansion of the plant. Combine harvesters are produced there on state-of-the-art equipment across the entire vertical range of manufacture including metalworking, painting and assembly.[17]

Sunchales, Argentina[edit]

As early as the 1950s, CLAAS sold harvesting machines to Argentina. The local subsidiary has existed since 2000 in Sunchales, Provinz Santa Fé. In addition, five further spare parts and service centers ensure that CLAAS service is guaranteed throughout Argentina.

In 2006 the possibility that Claas Argentina set up a factory in Argentina was tangible and by 2013, began to produce the Tucano combine, with a motor of 270 to 360 HP (Class VI or VIII). At the same time, the company advances in the increase of the assembly capacity and a greater participation of the national pieces in its integration.

In the town of Ameghino (Buenos Aires), it manufactures heads and other equipment and components.

Models produced: Claas Tucano 570[18] / Claas Tucano 470[19] / Claas Tucano 560[20]

Chandigarh, India[edit]

CLAAS opened a plant near Chandigarh in 2008. It is located 300 km north of New Delhi, in the middle of the most fertile areas of northern India. The plant is designed for a capacity of around 900 combine harvesters per year, mainly the CROP TIGER combine harvester is produced there. The CROP TIGER is produced in both wheeled and TERRA TRAC tracked versions. With the crawler tracks it is particularly suitable for wet soils and is therefore sold in South India, Sri Lanka, South Korea and other South-East Asian countries. The wheeled version of the CROP TIGER is mainly used in dry conditions such as in North India, the Middle East and Africa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ {https://www.claas-gruppe.com/blueprint/servlet/blob/1900026/cbcecb316639b4d9dfcc2801bdcc0ce5/geschaeftsbericht-2019-data.pdf}
  2. ^ "Rödl & Partner advises CLAAS of America, Inc. ("CLAAS") and the..." www.roedl.com. Retrieved 2020-01-09.
  3. ^ "Geschäftsbericht 2019". www.claas-gruppe.com. Retrieved 2020-01-09.
  4. ^ "Claas Maschinenfabrik". www.landtechnik-historisch.de. Retrieved 2020-01-09.
  5. ^ "Topics". www.claas-group.com. Retrieved 2020-01-09.
  6. ^ "Combine Harvesting (Wheat) - Team in Eight Hours". Guinness World Records. Guinness World Records. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  7. ^ https://www.claas.co.uk/products/combines
  8. ^ https://www.agupdate.com/agriview/news/business/claas-hits-jaguar-milestone/article_0abbc98b-87aa-565a-998f-379972007e23.html
  9. ^ "Locations Germany". www.claas-group.com. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  10. ^ Renner, Robert (04.07.2017). "FLEXIBLE SHUTTLEZÜGE ÜBERZEUGEN MARKTFÜHRER CLAAS". www.captrain.de. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  11. ^ "Locations Germany". www.claas-group.com. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  12. ^ "Claas übernimmt Renault vollständig". profi (in German). 2010-09-20. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  13. ^ "Standorte Europa". www.claas-gruppe.com. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  14. ^ "Locations Europe". www.claas-group.com. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  15. ^ "Locations Europe". www.claas-group.com. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  16. ^ "Standorte Amerika". www.claas-gruppe.com. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  17. ^ "Locations Europe". www.claas-group.com. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  18. ^ http://pesadosargentinos.blogspot.com.ar/2015/11/claas-tucano-570.html
  19. ^ http://pesadosargentinos.blogspot.com.ar/2014/12/claas-tucano-470.html
  20. ^ http://pesadosargentinos.blogspot.com.ar/2016/06/claas-tucano-560.html

External links[edit]

Media related to Claas at Wikimedia Commons