Committee on Data for Science and Technology

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Committee on Data
for Science and Technology
Abbreviation CODATA
Formation 1966
Type INGO
Location
Region served
Worldwide
Official language
English, French
President
Geoffrey Boulton[1]
Parent organization
International Council for Science (ICSU)
Website CODATA Official website

The Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) was established in 1966 as an interdisciplinary committee of the International Council for Science. It seeks to improve the compilation, critical evaluation, storage, and retrieval of data of importance to science and technology.

CODATA sponsors the CODATA international conference every two years.

Task Group on Fundamental Constants[edit]

CODATA is best known for (and sometimes confused with) its Task Group on Fundamental Constants. Established in 1969, its purpose is to periodically provide the international scientific and technological communities with an internationally accepted set of values of the fundamental physical constants and closely related conversion factors for use worldwide.

The first such CODATA set was published in 1973.[2] Later versions are named based on the year of the data incorporated; the 1986 CODATA (published April 1987) used data up to 1 January 1986.[3] All subsequent releases use data up to the end of the stated year, and are necessarily published a year or two later: 1998 (April 2000),[4] 2002 (January 2005),[5] 2006 (June 2008)[6] and the sixth in 2010 (November 2012).[7] The latest version is Version 7.0 called "2014 CODATA" published on 25 June 2015.[8]

The CODATA recommended values of fundamental physical constants are published at the NIST Reference on Constants, Units, and Uncertainty.[9]

Schedule[edit]

Since 1998, the task group has produced a new version every four years, incorporating results published up to the end of the specified year.

In order to support the upcoming redefinition of the SI base units, expected[10] to be adopted at the 26th General Conference on Weights and Measures in the fall of 2018, CODATA will make two special releases.[11]

The first, incorporating all data up to 2017-07-01, will determine the final numerical values of h, e, k, and NA that will be used for the new SI definitions.

A second, with a closing date of 2018-07-01 (6 months ahead of the usual schedule) will be used to produce a new 2018 CODATA simultaneously with the formal adoption of the new SI. This is necessary because the redefinitions have a significant (mostly beneficial) effect on the uncertainties and correlation coefficients reported by CODATA.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Message from President Geoffrey Boulton. Retrieved 25/06/2015.
  2. ^ Cohen, E. R.; Taylor, B. N. (1973). "The 1973 least-squares adjustment of the fundamental constants" (PDF). Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data 2 (4): 663–734. Bibcode:1973JPCRD...2..663C. doi:10.1063/1.3253130. 
  3. ^ Cohen, E. R.; Taylor, B. N. (1987). "The 1986 CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants". Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards 92 (2): 1–13. doi:10.6028/jres.092.010. 
  4. ^ Mohr, P. J.; Taylor, B. N. (1999). "CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 1998" (PDF). Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data 28 (6): 1713–1852. Bibcode:1999JPCRD..28.1713M. doi:10.1063/1.556049. 
  5. ^ Mohr, P. J.; Taylor, B. N. (2005). "CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2002" (PDF). Reviews of Modern Physics 77 (1): 1–107. Bibcode:2005RvMP...77....1M. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.77.1. 
  6. ^ Mohr, P. J.; Taylor, B. N.; Newell, D. B. (2008). "CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2006" (PDF). Reviews of Modern Physics 80 (2): 633–730. arXiv:0801.0028. Bibcode:2008RvMP...80..633M. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.80.633. 
  7. ^ Mohr, P. J.; Taylor, B. N.; Newell, D. B. (2012). "CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2010". Reviews of Modern Physics 84 (4): 1527–1605. arXiv:1203.5425. Bibcode:2012RvMP...84.1527M. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.84.1527. 
  8. ^ Mohr, Peter J.; Newell, David B.; Taylor, Barry N. (2015). "CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2014". Zenodo. arXiv:1507.07956. doi:10.5281/zenodo.22826. 
  9. ^ CODATA (2015). "CODATA Recommended Values of the Fundamental Physical Constants: 2014". NIST. 
  10. ^ Wood, B. (3–4 November 2014). "Report on the Meeting of the CODATA Task Group on Fundamental Constants" (PDF). BIPM. p. 7. [BIPM director Martin] Milton responded to a question about what would happen if ... the CIPM or the CGPM voted not to move forward with the redefinition of the SI. He responded that he felt that by that time the decision to move forward should be seen as a foregone conclusion. 
  11. ^ Mohr, Peter J.; Newell, David B.; Taylor, Barry N. (2015). "CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2014 – Summary". Zenodo. doi:10.5281/zenodo.22827. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]