|Privately held limited company|
|Industry||Video game industry|
|Fate||Dissolved after bankruptcy|
|Successor||Compile Heart, Compile Maru|
|Founded||7 April 1982|
|Services||Video game development|
Compile Co., Ltd. (株式会社コンパイル Kabushikigaisha Konpairu) was a Japanese video game developer, most notable for having developed the Puyo Puyo series, based on their Madou Monogatari franchise, until its bankruptcy in 2002. After that, key staff, including former director Masamitsu "Moo" Niitani, moved to Compile Heart, the company's spiritual successor, whereas shoot-'em-up staff moved to MileStone Inc. In April 2016 Niitani started a new company, COMPILE〇, and launched the game Nyoki Nyoki: Tabidachi Hen for Nintendo 3DS on the Nintendo eShop with a follow-up scheduled for Nintendo Switch.
Compile debuted their most successful title, Puyo Puyo, on the MSX computer in 1991. Puyo Puyo is a falling-block puzzle game similar to Tetris (1984). The object of the game is to create groups of four or more "Puyos" of the same color as they fall from the top of the screen. This simple yet addictive concept was expanded on in a series of sequels over the course of two decades.
Puyo Puyo reached North America and the PAL region in graphically altered form under the title of Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine for the Mega Drive/Genesis, as well as on the Super Nintendo (as Kirby's Avalanche in North America and Kirby's Ghost Trap in the PAL region). However, the series' unaltered appearance was Puyo Pop, a title used for games that were released on the PC Engine, Neo Geo Pocket Color and Game Boy Advance.
As part of Compile's restructuring in 1998, the rights to Puyo Puyo were sold to Sega, but Compile's franchise right would remain until their bankruptcy in 2002, thus allowing Sega to publish Puyo Puyo~n and Puyo Puyo BOX. Later Puyo Puyo games were developed by Sonic Team, who created Puyo Pop Fever.
Shoot 'em ups
Until 1993, Compile focused much of their development efforts on the shoot 'em up genre. In the 1990s, a few Compile personnel left the company to work for another video game development company, 8ing/Raizing (est. 1993). There they contributed to such games as Mahou Daisakusen (1993) and Battle Garegga (1996).
Some employees who stayed with Compile until its end reincorporated as MileStone Inc. in April 2003, and continued to develop new shooters.
Some of Compile's most famous shoot-'em-up games include:
- First released on the MSX computer in 1986, Zanac combined fast action with an innovative AI system, which changes based on your style of play. Zanac received a true sequel, Zanac EX and an NES port. There was also a parody of Zanac called Gun*Nac, released by Nexoft for the NES in 1991. Similar to Konami's own Parodius games, Gun Nac brought humor to the gameplay of the original by replacing the enemies with carrot-throwing rabbits and letting the player purchase weapons in a fast food store at the end of each stage. In 2001, Compile released an updated version for the PlayStation titled Zanac X Zanac, which included an original sequel entitled Zanac Neo.
- Aleste was first released on the MSX2 and then ported to the Master System. A sequel, Aleste 2, was also released for the MSX2. Musha Aleste (titled M.U.S.H.A. in the US) was released on the Mega Drive in 1990. The game takes place in a unique Japanese futuristic setting. Super Aleste came out in 1992 for the Super Famicom and was retitled Space Megaforce in North America. Aleste is now available on cellular phones, courtesy of Aiky.
- Gunhed (retitled Blazing Lazers for North America) was released in 1989 and soon became a showpiece for NEC's PC Engine console.
- Developed jointly by Compile and Naxat Soft under the common label Nazac, Seirei Senshi Spriggan and Spriggan Mark 2 were respectively released in 1991 and 1992 for the PC Engine CD-ROM system.
Video games developed by Compile
|Alien Crush||1988||Pinball||PC Engine SuperGrafx||NAXAT Soft|
|Championship Lode Runner||1985||Platform, Puzzle||SG-1000||Douglas E. Smith|
|Choplifter||1985||Horizontal shooter||MSX||Dan Gorlin|
|Devil's Crush||1990||Pinball||PC Engine SuperGrafx||NAXAT Soft|
|Ghostbusters||1990||Run and gun||Mega Drive||Activision|
|Jaki Crush||1992||Pinball||Super Nintendo Entertainment System||NAXAT Soft|
|Legacy of the Wizard||1987||Action RPG||NES||Falcom|
|Lode Runner||1984||Platform, Puzzle||MSX||Douglas E. Smith|
|R-Type||1988||Horizontal shooter||Sega Mark III||Irem|
|Safari Hunting (Tranquilizer Gun)||1983||Maze||SG-1000||Sega|
|Zanac Ex||1986||Vertical shooter||MSX2||Compile|
|Zanac X Zanac||2001||Vertical shooter||PlayStation||Compile|
- Compile page
- Alky page
- Compile Station Compile portal by D4 Enterprise,inc.
- MileStone official website - The official web site of MileStone, a game design firm founded by former Compile employees (Japanese)
- Mono Omou Ishi (Thinking Stone) - MileStone's official English-language web log (no longer updated)
- Compile Heart official home page - The official web site of Compile Heart, a game design firm founded by former Compile employees
- Kelesis Home Page: COMPILE SHOOTING GAME HISTORY - It's all translated from French so the writing's a little awkward, but there's a complete history of everything Compile, and tons of pictures.
- SHMUPS! - Has features on Aleste 1 and 2, MUSHA, and others. Best all around shooter site on the Internet too.
- Complete Aleste Shrine - Mostly devoted to MUSHA.
- Arcane Lore - Homepage of shooter fan Zach Keene, has an extremely indepth FAQ for Zanac X Zanac.