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Compile (company)

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Compile Co., Ltd
Privately held limited company
Industry Video game industry
Fate Dissolved after bankruptcy
Predecessor Programmers-3, Inc.
Successor Compile Heart, Compile Maru
Founded 7 April 1982 (1982-04-07)
Founder Masamitsu Niitani
Defunct 2003
Headquarters Japan
Products Video games
Services Video game development

Compile Co., Ltd. (株式会社コンパイル, Kabushikigaisha Konpairu) was a Japanese video game developer, most notable for having developed the Puyo Puyo series, based on their Madou Monogatari franchise, until its bankruptcy in 2002. After that, key staff, including former director Masamitsu "Moo" Niitani, moved to Compile Heart, the company's spiritual successor, whereas shoot-'em-up staff moved to MileStone Inc.[1] In April 2016 Niitani started a new company, COMPILE〇, and launched the game Nyoki Nyoki: Tabidachi Hen for Nintendo 3DS on the Nintendo eShop with a follow-up scheduled for Nintendo Switch.

Puyo Puyo

Compile debuted their most successful title, Puyo Puyo, on the MSX computer in 1991. Puyo Puyo is a falling-block puzzle game similar to Tetris (1984). The object of the game is to create groups of four or more "Puyos" of the same color as they fall from the top of the screen. This simple yet addictive concept was expanded on in a series of sequels over the course of two decades.

Puyo Puyo reached North America and the PAL region in graphically altered form under the title of Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine for the Mega Drive/Genesis, as well as on the Super Nintendo (as Kirby's Avalanche in North America and Kirby's Ghost Trap in the PAL region). However, the series' unaltered appearance was Puyo Pop, a title used for games that were released on the PC Engine, Neo Geo Pocket Color and Game Boy Advance.

As part of Compile's restructuring in 1998, the rights to Puyo Puyo were sold to Sega, but Compile's franchise right would remain until their bankruptcy in 2002, thus allowing Sega to publish Puyo Puyo~n and Puyo Puyo BOX. Later Puyo Puyo games were developed by Sonic Team, who created Puyo Pop Fever.

Shoot 'em ups

Until 1993, Compile focused much of their development efforts on the shoot 'em up genre. In the 1990s, a few Compile personnel left the company to work for another video game development company, 8ing/Raizing (est. 1993). There they contributed to such games as Mahou Daisakusen (1993) and Battle Garegga (1996).

Some employees who stayed with Compile until its end reincorporated as MileStone Inc. in April 2003, and continued to develop new shooters.

Some of Compile's most famous shoot-'em-up games include:

First released on the MSX computer in 1986, Zanac combined fast action with an innovative AI system, which changes based on your style of play. Zanac received a true sequel, Zanac EX and an NES port. There was also a parody of Zanac called Gun*Nac, released by Nexoft for the NES in 1991. Similar to Konami's own Parodius games, Gun Nac brought humor to the gameplay of the original by replacing the enemies with carrot-throwing rabbits and letting the player purchase weapons in a fast food store at the end of each stage. In 2001, Compile released an updated version for the PlayStation titled Zanac X Zanac, which included an original sequel entitled Zanac Neo.
Aleste was first released on the MSX2 and then ported to the Master System. A sequel, Aleste 2, was also released for the MSX2. Musha Aleste (titled M.U.S.H.A. in the US) was released on the Mega Drive in 1990. The game takes place in a unique Japanese futuristic setting. Super Aleste came out in 1992 for the Super Famicom and was retitled Space Megaforce in North America. Aleste is now available on cellular phones, courtesy of Aiky.
Gunhed (retitled Blazing Lazers for North America) was released in 1989 and soon became a showpiece for NEC's PC Engine console.
Developed jointly by Compile and Naxat Soft under the common label Nazac, Seirei Senshi Spriggan and Spriggan Mark 2 were respectively released in 1991 and 1992 for the PC Engine CD-ROM system.

Video games developed by Compile

Title Year Genre Original platform(s)
Aleste 1988 Vertical shooter MSX
Aleste 2 1989 Vertical shooter MSX2
Aleste Gaiden 1989 Vertical shooter MSX2
Arle no Bouken: Mahou no Jyueru 2000 JRPG Game Boy Color
Blazing Lazers (Gunhed) 1989 Vertical shooter PC Engine
Blitz Runner 1997 Platform runner Windows PC
C-So! 1985 Platformer MSX, SG-1000
Casino Games 1988 Gambling Master System
Champion Billiards 1986 Sports SG-1000
Columns 1991 Puzzle MSX, FM Towns
Comet Summoner 1998 Platformer Windows PC
DiscStation Bessatsu i miss you. 1999 Disk magazine Saturn, PlayStation
Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine 1993 Puzzle Mega Drive
Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine 1994 Puzzle Master System, Game Gear
E.I. - Exa Innova 1984 Vertical shooter MSX
Final Justice 1985 Vertical shooter MSX
GG Aleste 1991 Vertical shooter Game Gear
GG Aleste II (Power Strike II) 1993 Vertical shooter Game Gear
Ghostbusters 1990 Platformer Mega Drive
Godzilla: Gojira-Kun 1985 Platformer MSX
Golvellius: Valley of Doom 1987 Action adventure MSX
Gorby no Pipeline Daisakusen 1991 Puzzle Famicom, MSX2, FM Towns
Gun-Nac 1990 Vertical shooter Famicom
Guardic 1986 Fixed shooter MSX
Gulkave 1986 Horizontal shooter SG-1000, MSX
Guru Logi Champ 2001 Puzzle Game Boy Advance
The Guardian Legend 1988 Action adventure, Vertical shooter Nintendo Entertainment System
Hustle Chumy 1984 Platformer SG-1000, MSX
Jagur-5: Golden Triangle 1987 Action adventure MSX
Kirby's Avalanche (Kirby's Ghost Trap) 1995 Puzzle Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Lunar Ball 1985 Sport Nintendo Entertainment System
Madou Monogatari 1-2-3 1990 JRPG MSX
Madou Monogatari A.R.S 1993 JRPG PC-9800 series
Madou Monogatari I: 3tsu no Madoukyuu 1993 JRPG Game Gear
Madou Monogatari II: Arle 16-Sai 1994 JRPG Game Gear
Madou Monogatari III: Kyuukyoku Joou-sama 1994 JRPG Game Gear
Madō Monogatari: Hanamaru Daiyōchienji 1996 JRPG Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Madou Monogatari 1998 JRPG Saturn
M.U.S.H.A. 1990 Vertical shooter Mega Drive
Mystic Arts 1998 Platform Windows PC
Nazo Puyo 1993 Puzzle Game Gear
Nazo Puyo 2 1993 Puzzle Game Gear
Nazo Puyo Arle no Roux 1994 Puzzle Game Gear
Parlour Games (Family Games) 1987 Table games Master System
Pochi to Nyaa 2002 Puzzle Sega NAOMI
Power Strike (Aleste) 1988 Vertical shooter Master System
Power Strike II 1993 Vertical shooter Master System
Puyo Puyo 1992 Puzzle Mega Drive, Sega System C
Puyo Puyo 1993 Puzzle Game Gear
Puyo Puyo DA! 1999 Puzzle Sega NAOMI, Dreamcast
Puyo Puyo Gaiden: Puyo Wars 1999 Puzzle Game Boy Color
Puyo Puyo Tsu 1994 Puzzle PlayStation (console), Sega System C
Puyo Puyo Tsu 1995 Puzzle Saturn
Puyo Puyo SUN 1999 Puzzle Nintendo 64, Sega Titan, Saturn
Puyo Puyo~n 1999 Puzzle Dreamcast
Randar no Bouken 1988 JRPG MSX
Randar II: Revenge of Death 1989 JRPG MSX
Randar no Bouken III: Yami ni Miserareta Majutsushi 1990 JRPG MSX
Robo Aleste 1992 Vertical shooter Mega-CD
Rune Master 1989 JRPG MSX
Rune Master II 1990 JRPG MSX
Rune Master: War among Three Empires 1991 JRPG MSX
Rude Breaker 1996 Vertical shooter PC-9800 series
Seirei Senshi Spriggan 1991 Vertical shooter PC Engine SuperGrafx
Shadowrun 1996 RPG Mega-CD
Sonic Classics (includes Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine) 1995 Puzzle Mega Drive
Spriggan Mark 2 1992 Horizontal shooter PC Engine SuperGrafx
Super Aleste 1992 Vertical shooter Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Super Puyo Puyo 1993 Puzzle Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Super Nazo Puyo: Rulue no Roux 1995 Puzzle Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Super Nazo Puyo 2: Rurou no Tetsuwan Hanjouki 1996 Puzzle Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Swing 1985 Maze MSX
Tales of the Float Land 1998 JRPG Windows PC
Waku Waku Puyo Puyo Dungeon 1998 Action role-playing game Saturn
Wander Wonder 2000 JRPG Windows PC
Warau Salesman 1991 Adventure MSX, PC-9800 series
Warau Salesman 1993 Point-and-click Adventure Mega-CD
Zanac 1986 Vertical shooter MSX
Title Year Genre Platform(s) Original developer
Alien Crush 1988 Pinball PC Engine SuperGrafx NAXAT Soft
Borderline 1983 Vertical shooter SG-1000 Sega
Championship Lode Runner 1985 Platform, Puzzle SG-1000 Douglas E. Smith
Choplifter 1985 Horizontal shooter MSX Dan Gorlin
Devil's Crush 1990 Pinball PC Engine SuperGrafx NAXAT Soft
Ghostbusters 1990 Run and gun Mega Drive Activision
Jaki Crush 1992 Pinball Super Nintendo Entertainment System NAXAT Soft
Legacy of the Wizard 1987 Action RPG NES Falcom
Lode Runner 1984 Platform, Puzzle MSX Douglas E. Smith
N-Sub 1983 Fixed shooter SG-1000 Sega
R-Type 1988 Horizontal shooter Sega Mark III Irem
Safari Hunting (Tranquilizer Gun) 1983 Maze SG-1000 Sega
Zanac Ex 1986 Vertical shooter MSX2 Compile
Zanac X Zanac 2001 Vertical shooter PlayStation Compile


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