CONCACAF Gold Cup

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CONCACAF Gold Cup
Concacaf goldcup logo.png
Organising bodyCONCACAF
Founded1963; 55 years ago (1963)[1]
RegionNorth America, Central America and the Caribbean
Number of teams12 (later 16 in 2019)
Qualifier forCONCACAF Cup
Current champions United States (6th title)
Most successful team(s) Mexico (7 titles)
WebsiteCONCACAF Gold Cup
2019 CONCACAF Gold Cup

The CONCACAF Gold Cup (Spanish: Copa de Oro de la CONCACAF) is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF, determining the continental champion of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean.

The Gold Cup is held every two years. Before 2015, when the Gold Cup did not fall in the same year as the FIFA Confederations Cup, the winner, or highest-placed team that is a member of both CONCACAF and FIFA, qualified for the next staging of that tournament. Beginning in 2015, the winners of two successive Gold Cups (the 2013 and 2015 editions in the first instance) face each other in CONCACAF Cup – a playoff to determine the CONCACAF entrant to the next Confederations Cup. If the same team has won the Gold Cup on both relevant occasions, there will be no playoff and that team will automatically qualify for the Confederations Cup.[2]

History[edit]

Winners of the CONCACAF Gold Cup up to 2017

Championships before CONCACAF[edit]

Before the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) was formed in 1961, association football in the region was divided into smaller, regional divisions. The two main bodies consisted of the Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol (CCCF) founded in 1938 (consisting of Central America and most of the Caribbean) and the North American Football Confederation (NAFC) founded in 1946 (consisting of the North American nations of United States, Mexico, Canada, and Cuba). Each confederation held its own competition, the CCCF Championship and the NAFC Championship. The CCCF held 10 championships from 1941–1961, Costa Rica winning seven (1941, ’46, ’48, ’53, ’55, ’60, ’61), and one each by El Salvador (1943), Panama (1951) and Haiti (1957). The NAFC held four championships in 1947 and 1949 and later, after 41 years of absence, in 1990 and 1991 for the North American zone as the North American Nations Cup with Mexico winning two (47 & ’49) and Canada winning one (1990) before the introduction of the CONCACAF Gold Cup. [3]

CONCACAF Championship (1963–1989)[edit]

CONCACAF was founded in 1961 through the merging of NAFC and CCCF which resulted in a single championship being held for the continent. The first CONCACAF tournament was held in 1963 in El Salvador with Costa Rica becoming the first champion. The CONCACAF Campeonato de Naciones, as it was called, was held every two years from 1963 to 1973. The second tournament was held in Guatemala in 1965 when Mexico defeated the host country in the final of a six-team tournament. The 1967 competition was held in Honduras and saw a third champion crowned, Guatemala. Costa Rica won their second title as hosts in 1969, knocking off Guatemala, while two years later, Mexico won their second championship as the tournament moved to Trinidad & Tobago, the first time in the Caribbean. In 1973, the tournament kept the same format of six teams playing a single round-robin, but there were bigger stakes attached: CONCACAF’s berth in the FIFA World Cup tournament in 1974. In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, the host country pulled off a shocking upset by winning the tournament and claiming a spot in the World Cup in West Germany.

With the Campeonato de Naciones doubling as the final World Cup qualifying tournament, the next two editions were held in Mexico City and Tegucigalpa, Honduras in 1977 and 1981, respectively. In each case the host country was crowned champion and earned a spot in the World Cup. In 1985 and 1989, the winner of the World Cup qualifying tournament was again crowned Confederation champion. Canada and Costa Rica were named champions in 1985 and 1989, receiving a trophy.[4][better source needed]

CONCACAF Gold Cup (since 1991)[edit]

In 1990, CONCACAF brought the CONCACAF Championship to an end and created the CONCACAF Gold Cup, with the United States hosting the first competition in 1991, and hosting or co-hosting every subsequent iteration of the tournament (as of 2019). The host country was the inaugural champion of the eight-team tournament. Mexico dominated the remainder of the decade, winning three consecutive CONCACAF Gold Cup titles in 1993, 1996 and 1998.

In 1996, the Gold Cup field included its first guest team, the defending FIFA World Cup Champions Brazil. Guests were invited to participate in the six Gold Cup tournaments from 1996 to 2005. Starting with the 2000 Gold Cup, the tournament field was increased to twelve teams and for the 2007 tournament, the Gold Cup again was contested exclusively by nations within CONCACAF.

The 2007 Gold Cup hosts successfully defended their title beating Mexico in the final 2–1 in Chicago; Canada and Guadeloupe shared third place. Mexico won the 2009 Gold Cup by beating the United States 5–0. In the 2011 Gold Cup, Mexico defeated the USA 4–2 in the final while the USA won the 2013 Gold Cup by beating Panama 1–0.

Since the formation of the Gold Cup in 1991, the CONCACAF Championship has been won seven times by Mexico, six times by the United States, and once by Canada. Runners-up include Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama, and Jamaica.

In January 2017, Victor Montagliani announced the expansion of the Gold Cup from 12 to 16 teams, starting with the 2019 tournament.[5]

Results[edit]

CONCACAF Gold Cup
# Year Hosts Final Third place match Number of teams
Winners Score Runners-up Third Place Score Fourth Place
1 1991
Details
 United States
United States
0–0 a.e.t.
(4–3 pen.)

Honduras

Mexico
2–0
Costa Rica
8
2 1993
Details
 United States
 Mexico

Mexico
4–0
United States
 Costa Rica 1–1
a.e.t.
(1)

Jamaica
8
3 1996
Details
 United States
Mexico
2–0
Brazil

United States
3–0
Guatemala
9
4 1998
Details
 United States
Mexico
1–0
United States

Brazil
1–0
Jamaica
10
5 2000
Details
 United States
Canada
2–0
Colombia
Not Held 12
 Peru
 Trinidad and Tobago
6 2002
Details
 United States
United States
2–0
Costa Rica

Canada
2–1
South Korea
12
7 2003
Details
 United States
 Mexico

Mexico
1–0
a.s.d.e.t.

Brazil

United States
3–2
Costa Rica
12
8 2005
Details
 United States
United States
0–0 a.e.t.
(3–1 pen.)

Panama
Not held 12
 Colombia
 Honduras
9 2007
Details
 United States
United States
2–1
Mexico
 Canada
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe
12
10 2009
Details
 United States
Mexico
5–0
United States
 Costa Rica
 Honduras
12
11 2011
Details
 United States
Mexico
4–2
United States
 Honduras
 Panama
12
12 2013
Details
 United States
United States
1–0
Panama
 Honduras
 Mexico
12
13 2015
Details
 United States
 Canada

Mexico
3–1
Jamaica

Panama
1–1 a.e.t.
(3–2 pen.)

United States
12
14 2017
Details
 United States
United States
2–1
Jamaica
Not held 12
 Costa Rica
 Mexico
15 2019
Details
 United States 16

(1) Costa Rica and Jamaica shared third place.

Teams in italics are guest nations.

Performance by country[edit]

The following table shows cumulative top four results for all editions of the CONCACAF Gold Cup. The Third Place column lists third-place match winners, and teams eliminated in semi-finals in years without a third-place match.

Team Winners Runners-up Third place Fourth place
 Mexico 7 (1993, 1996, 1998, 2003, 2009, 2011, 2015) 1 (2007) 3 (1991, 2013, 2017)
 United States 6 (1991, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2013, 2017) 4 (1993, 1998, 2009, 2011) 2 (1996, 2003) 1 (2015)
 Canada 1 (2000) 2 (2002, 2007)
 Panama 2 (2005, 2013) 2 (2011, 2015)
 Jamaica 2 (2015, 2017) 1 (1993) 1 (1998)
 Brazil 2 (1996, 2003) 1 (1998)
 Honduras 1 (1991) 4 (2005, 2009, 2011, 2013)
 Costa Rica 1 (2002) 3 (1993, 2009, 2017) 2 (1991, 2003)
 Colombia 1 (2000) 1 (2005)
 Peru 1 (2000)
 Trinidad and Tobago 1 (2000)
 Guadeloupe 1 (2007)
 Guatemala 1 (1996)
 South Korea 1 (2002)

Records and statistics[edit]

All-time table[edit]

Rank Team Part P W D L F A +/- Points Best result
1  Mexico 22 105 70 20 15 232 65 +157 230 Champions (10x) (1965, 1971, 1977, 1993, 1996, 1998, 2003, 2009, 2011, 2015)
2  United States 16 85 62 13 10 157 59 +98 199 Champions (6x) (1991, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2013, 2017)
3  Costa Rica 19 92 39 27 26 146 93 +53 144 Champions (3x) (1963, 1969, 1989)
4  Honduras 19 83 31 20 32 112 101 +11 113 Champions (1x) (1981)
5  Canada 16 63 24 20 19 73 76 -3 92 Champions (2x) (1985, 2000)
6  Guatemala 18 69 19 20 30 82 88 -6 77 Champions (1x) (1967)
7  El Salvador 16 64 19 17 28 71 95 -24 74 Second Place (1963, 1981)
8  Trinidad and Tobago 15 59 17 14 28 74 96 -22 65 Second Place (1973)
9  Panama 9 42 13 17 12 61 50 +11 56 Second Place (2005, 2013)
10  Jamaica 12 49 16 8 25 51 85 -34 56 Second Place (2015, 2017)
11  Haiti 13 53 14 12 27 47 75 -28 54 Champions (1x) (1973)
12  Brazil 1 3 14 8 2 4 22 9 +13 26 Second Place (1996, 2003)
13  Cuba 10 34 5 6 23 27 95 -68 21 Fourth Place (1971)
14  Curaçao 5 21 5 5 14 27 61 -34 20 Third Place (1963, 1969)
15  Colombia 1 3 13 5 2 6 14 17 -3 17 Second Place (2000)
16  Guadeloupe 3 12 4 1 7 12 18 -6 13 Fourth Place (2007)
17  Martinique 5 14 3 2 9 11 30 -19 11 6th Place (2002)
18  South Africa 1 1 4 1 3 0 7 6 +1 6 7th Place (2005)
19  Peru 1 1 4 1 1 2 7 7 +0 4 Fourth Place (2000)
20  South Korea 1 2 7 0 4 3 5 9 -4 4 Fourth Place (2002)
21  Ecuador 1 2 1 0 1 2 2 +0 3 9th Place (2002)
22  Suriname 2 9 0 1 8 8 26 -18 1 6th Place (1977)
23  Nicaragua 4 15 0 1 14 6 42 -36 1 6th Place (1967)
24  French Guiana 1 3 0 0 3 2 10 -8 0 12th Place (2017)
25  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1 2 0 0 2 0 8 -8 0 9th Place (1996)
26  Belize 1 3 0 0 3 1 11 -10 0 12th Place (2013)
27  Grenada 2 6 0 0 6 1 25 -24 0 11th Place (2011)

1 Guest Nations.

Media coverage[edit]

In the United States, the CONCACAF Gold Cup airs on Fox Sports (since 2007) and Univision Deportes (since 2000). In Mexico it airs on Televisa and TV Azteca. In Canada it switched to TSN in 2017, after years on Sportsnet.

Official songs[edit]

Like most international football tournaments, the CONCACAF Gold Cup has featured official songs for each tournament since 2002. Unlike most larger tournaments, such as the FIFA World Cup, the songs were usually mainstream music released at around the same year of each tournament, in English and/or Spanish (the tournament's official languages) and the official language of the host country.

Year Official Song/Anthem(s) Language(s) Performer(s) Home country
2002 "More Than a Woman" English Aaliyah  United States
2003 "That Don't Impress Me Much (Greatest Hits version)" English Shania Twain  Canada
2005 "Broken Home" English Fan 3  United States
2007 "Hit Me Up" English Gia Farrell  United States
"Baila la Copa"[a] Spanish Osé  Venezuela
2009 "Know Your Enemy" English Green Day  United States
2011 "More (RedOne Jimmy Joker Remix)" English Usher  United States
2013 "Cups" English Anna Kendrick  United States
"Superhero" English Sophia & A-Lo  Canada
2015 "Sun Goes Down" English Robin Schulz with Jasmine Thompson  England (Thompson)
 Germany (Schulz)
"All The Way" English
Spanish
Reykon with Bebe Rexha  Colombia (Reykon)
 United States (Rexha)
"You Are Unstoppable" English Conchita Wurst  Austria
2017 "The Arena"
"Don't Let This Feeling Fade"
English Lindsey Stirling  United States
"Bia Beraghsim" English Mahan Moin  Sweden
"Levántate" Spanish Gale  Puerto Rico
"Thunder"
"Whatever It Takes"
English Imagine Dragons  United States
2019 "Kobotama" English Sam Renascent  Belgium

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Was also used for the 2007 Copa América

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup - Technical Report" (pdf). CONCACAF. 12 November 2007. p. 4. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  2. ^ "2013, 2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup winners will play one-off match for 2017 Confederations Cup berth". MLS Soccer. April 5, 2013.
  3. ^ http://www.goldcup.org
  4. ^ "1985 Gabriel Kafaty Cup". Flickr. 3 April 2009. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Montagliani happy with 2016, sees big things for CONCACAF in new year". Jamaica Observer. 5 January 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017. Of course the Gold Cup is this year and it is the last edition of 12 teams as we will increase it to 16 for the 2019 version.

External links[edit]