CONCACAF

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Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (Concacaf)
CONCACAF-logo (2018).svg
CONCACAF member associations map.svg
Abbreviation Concacaf
Predecessor
Formation 18 September 1961; 57 years ago (1961-09-18)
Founded at Mexico City, Mexico
Type Sports organization
Headquarters Miami, Florida, United States
Coordinates 25°46′23″N 80°08′17″W / 25.773°N 80.138°W / 25.773; -80.138Coordinates: 25°46′23″N 80°08′17″W / 25.773°N 80.138°W / 25.773; -80.138
Region
Membership
41 member associations
Official language
Victor Montagliani
General Secretary
Philippe Moggio
Parent organization
FIFA
Affiliations
Website CONCACAF.com

The Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football[1][2] (CONCACAF, /ˈkɒn.kəkæf/ KON-kə-kaf; typeset for branding purposes since 2018 as Concacaf[3]) is the continental governing body for association football in North America, which includes Central America and the Caribbean region. Three geographically South American entities — the independent nations of Guyana and Suriname and the French overseas department of French Guiana — are also members.[4] CONCACAF's primary functions are to organize competitions for national teams and clubs, and to conduct World Cup and Women's World Cup qualifying tournaments.

CONCACAF was founded in its current form on 18 September 1961 in Mexico City, Mexico, with the merger of the NAFC and the CCCF, which made it one of the then five, now six continental confederations affiliated with FIFA. Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles (Curaçao), Nicaragua, Panama, Suriname and United States were founding members.[5]

CONCACAF is the third-most successful FIFA confederation. Mexico dominated CONCACAF men's competition early on and has since won the most Gold Cups since the beginning of the tournament in its current format. The Mexican national team is the only CONCACAF team to win an official FIFA tournament by winning the 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup. While the U.S. is the only country outside Europe and South America to receive a medal in the World Cup, finishing third in 1930, they also reached the 2002 World Cup quarterfinals and the 2009 Confederations Cup final. Between them, Mexico and the U.S. have won all but one of the editions of the CONCACAF Gold Cup. In recent years Costa Rica and Panama have become powers in the region; in 2014, Costa Rica became the 4th CONCACAF country after the United States, Cuba, and Mexico to make the World Cup quarterfinals, while Panama became the eleventh country from the confederation to participate in the World Cup in 2018. The United States has been very successful in the women's game, being the only CONCACAF member to win all three major worldwide competitions in women's football — the World Cup (3), the Olympics (4), and the Algarve Cup (10). Canada is the only other member to win at least one of the major competitions, winning the Algarve Cup in 2016.

Governance[edit]

CONCACAF is led by a General Secretary, Executive Committee, Congress, and several standing committees. The Executive Committee is composed of eight members — one president, three vice-presidents, three members, and one female member.[6] Each of the three geographic zones in CONCACAF is represented by one vice-president and one member. The Executive Committee carries out the various statutes, regulations, and resolutions.

Leadership[edit]

Logo used until 2018

The first leader of CONCACAF was Costa Rican Ramón Coll Jaumet; he had overseen the merger between the North American Football Confederation (NAFC) and the Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol (CCCF). In 1969, he was succeeded in the role by Mexican Joaquín Soria Terrazas, who served as president for 21 years.

His successor Jack Warner was the CONCACAF president from 1990 to 2011, also for 21 years. Warner was suspended as president on 30 May 2011 due to his temporary suspension from football-related activity by FIFA following corruption allegations.[7] Chuck Blazer was the General Secretary during the same period.[8]

On 20 June 2011, Jack Warner resigned from the presidency of CONCACAF, and removed himself from all participation in football, in the wake of the corruption investigation resulting from 10 May 2011 meeting of the Caribbean Football Union.[9] The vice-president of CONCACAF, Alfredo Hawit, acted as president until May 2012.[10]

In May 2012, Cayman Islands banker Jeffrey Webb was installed as President of CONCACAF. On 27 May 2015, Webb was arrested in Zurich, Switzerland on corruption charges in the U.S.

Victor Montagliani, leader of the Canadian Soccer Association, was elected as president of CONCACAF in May 2016.[11]

Current leaders[edit]

Name[12] Nation Position
Victor Montagliani  Canada President
Rodolfo Villalobos  Costa Rica Vice president
Sunil Gulati  United States Vice president
Decio De Maria  Mexico Vice president
Philippe Moggio  Colombia General secretary
Jurgen Mainka  Mexico Deputy General Secretary/ Chief Commercial Officer

Corporate structure[edit]

CONCACAF is located in CONCACAF
Nassau, Bahamas
Nassau, Bahamas
Bridgetown, Barbados
Bridgetown, Barbados
Miami, United States
Miami, United States
Guatemala City, Guatemala
Guatemala City, Guatemala
Kingston, Jamaica
Kingston, Jamaica
Locations of CONCACAF offices

CONCACAF is a non-profit company registered in Nassau, Bahamas.

The headquarters of the CONCACAF are located in Miami, United States. Previously it had been the Admiral Financial Center, George Town, Cayman Islands—the home city of former CONCACAF president Jeffrey Webb and prior to that, they were based in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago under the presidency of Jack Warner. The administration office of CONCACAF was previously located in Trump Tower, New York when Chuck Blazer was the General Secretary.

In February 2017, a satellite office was opened in Kingston, Jamaica.[13] In July 2017, a second satellite office was opened in Guatemala City, which is shared with UNCAF,[14] and most recently another satellite office for the FIFA Caribbean Development Office[15][16] was opened in Bridgetown, Barbados' suburb of Welches.[17][18]

Members[edit]

CONCACAF has 41 member associations:[19]

  • 28 from the Caribbean
  • 7 from Central America
  • 3 from North America
  • 3 from South America
Code Association National teams Founded FIFA
affiliation
CONCACAF
affiliation
IOC
member
North American Zone (NAFU)
CAN Canada Canada (M, W) 1912 1913 1961 Yes
MEX Mexico Mexico (M, W) 1927 1929 1961 Yes
USA United States United States (M, W) 1913 1914 1961 Yes
Central American Zone (UNCAF)
BLZ Belize Belize (M, W) 1980 1986 1986 Yes
CRC Costa Rica Costa Rica (M, W) 1921 1927 1961 Yes
SLV El Salvador El Salvador (M, W) 1935 1938 1961 Yes
GUA Guatemala Guatemala (M, W) 1919 1946 1961 Yes
HON Honduras Honduras (M, W) 1935 1951 1961 Yes
NCA Nicaragua Nicaragua (M, W) 1931 1950 1961 Yes
PAN Panama Panama (M, W) 1937 1938 1961 Yes
Caribbean Zone (CFU)
AIA Anguilla Anguilla (M, W) 1990 1996 1996 No
ATG Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda (M, W) 1928 1972 between 1961 and 1973 Yes
ARU Aruba Aruba (M, W) 1932 1988 1986 Yes
BAH The Bahamas Bahamas (M, W) 1967 1968 between 1961 and 1973 Yes
BRB Barbados Barbados (M, W) 1910 1968 1967 Yes
BER Bermuda Bermuda[m 1] (M, W) 1928 1962 1967 Yes
BOE Bonaire Bonaire[m 2] (M, W) 1960 N/A 2014 No
VGB British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands (M, W) 1974 1996 1996 Yes
CAY Cayman Islands Cayman Islands (M, W) 1966 1992 1990 Yes
CUB Cuba Cuba (M, W) 1924 1929 1961 Yes
CUW Curaçao Curaçao (M, W) 1921 1932 1961 No
DMA Dominica Dominica (M, W) 1970 1994 1994 Yes
DOM Dominican Republic Dominican Republic (M, W) 1953 1958 1964 Yes
GUF French Guiana French Guiana[m 2][m 3] (M, W) 1962 N/A 2013 No
GRN Grenada Grenada (M, W) 1924 1978 1978 Yes
GLP Guadeloupe Guadeloupe[m 2] (M, W) 1958 N/A 2013 No
GUY Guyana Guyana[m 3] (M, W) 1902 1970 between 1969 and 1971 Yes
HAI Haiti Haiti (M, W) 1904 1934 1961 Yes
JAM Jamaica Jamaica (M, W) 1910 1962 1963 Yes
MTQ Martinique Martinique[m 2] (M, W) 1953 N/A 2013 No
MSR Montserrat Montserrat (M, W) 1994 1996 1996 No
PUR Puerto Rico Puerto Rico (M, W) 1940 1960 1964 Yes
SKN Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis (M, W) 1932 1992 1992 Yes
LCA Saint Lucia Saint Lucia (M, W) 1979 1988 1986 Yes
SMN Collectivity of Saint Martin Saint Martin[m 2] (M, W) 1999 N/A 2013 No
VIN Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (M, W) 1979 1988 1986 Yes
SMA Sint Maarten Sint Maarten[m 2] (M, W) 1986 N/A 2013 No
SUR Suriname Suriname[m 3] (M, W) 1920 1929 1961 Yes
TRI Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago (M, W) 1908 1964 1964 Yes
TCA Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands (M, W) 1996 1998 1996 No
VIR United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands (M, W) 1992 1998 1987 Yes

M = Men's National Team. W = Women's National Team
N/A: not applicable, not available or no answer.

  1. ^ Inside the North American zone, but CFU member.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Full CONCACAF member, but not a FIFA member.
  3. ^ a b c South American country or territory, but CONCACAF member.

Bonaire were promoted from an association member to a full member at the XXIX Ordinary CONCACAF Congress in São Paulo on 10 June 2014.

Teams not affiliated to the IOC are not eligible to participate in the Summer Olympics football tournament, as a result, they do not participate in the CONCACAF Men's Pre-Olympic Tournament or the CONCACAF Women's Pre-Olympic Tournament.

Membership relation[edit]

Elections at the CONCACAF Congress are mandated with a one-member, one-vote rule. The North American Football Union is the smallest association union in the region with only three members, but its nations have strong commercial and marketing support from sponsors and they are the most populous nations in the region.

The Caribbean Football Union has the ability to outvote NAFU and UNCAF with less than half of its membership. Consequently, there is a fractious relationship between members of CFU, UNCAF and NAFU.[citation needed] This provoked former Acting-President Alfredo Hawit to lobby for the CONCACAF Presidency to be rotated between the three unions in CONCACAF in 2011.

Trinidad's Jack Warner presided over CONCACAF for 21 years, and there was little that non-Caribbean nations could do to elect an alternative. Under Warner, the CFU members voted together as a unit with Warner acting as a party whip. It happened with such regularity that sports political commentators referred to the CFU votes as the "Caribbean bloc" vote.[citation needed] Warner rejected the idea in 1993 of merging several smaller nations' national teams into a Pan-Caribbean team. His reasoning was that the nations were more powerful politically when separate than when together. He commented that "being small is never a liability in this sport".[20]

Competitions[edit]

The Gold Cup and the Champions League are the two most visible CONCACAF tournaments.[19]

CONCACAF Gold Cup[edit]

The CONCACAF Gold Cup is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF, held since 1991. The Gold Cup is CONCACAF's flagship competition, and the Gold Cup generates a significant part of CONCACAF's revenue.[21]

The Gold Cup determines the regional champion of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. The Gold Cup is held every two years. Twelve teams compete for the Gold Cup — three from North America, five from Central America, and four from the Caribbean. The Central American teams qualify through the Central American Cup, and the Caribbean teams qualify through the Caribbean Cup.

The winners of two successive Gold Cups (for example, the 2013 and 2015 editions) face each other in a playoff to determine the CONCACAF entrant to the next Confederations Cup. If the same team has won the Gold Cup on both relevant occasions, there will be no playoff and that team automatically qualifies for the Confederations Cup.[22]

CONCACAF Nations League[edit]

All men's national teams of member associations are to take part in the Nations League; a competition created in 2017. National teams will be placed into tiers and play matches against teams in the same tier. At the end of each season, several national teams can be promoted to the tier above or relegated to the tier below depending upon their results.

CONCACAF Champions League[edit]

The CONCACAF Champions League, originally known as the CONCACAF Champions' Cup, is an annual continental club association football competition organized by CONCACAF since 1962 for the top football clubs in the region. It is the most prestigious international club competition in North American football. The winner of the Champions League qualifies for the FIFA Club World Cup. The knockout tournament spans February through April.[23]

Sixteen teams compete in each Champions League; 9 from North America, 6 from Central America, and 1 team from the Caribbean. The North American and Central American teams qualify through their national leagues or other national tournaments, while the Caribbean team qualifies through the CFU Club Championship.

The title has been won by 28 different clubs, 17 of which have won the title more than once. Mexican clubs have accumulated the highest number of victories, with 31 titles. The second most successful league has been Costa Rica's Primera División with six titles in total. The most successful club is Club América from Mexico, with seven titles; fellow Mexico side Cruz Azul is just behind with six.

CONCACAF League[edit]

Sixteen clubs from Central America and the Caribbean compete in the 2017-established CONCACAF League. The winner of the competition will be awarded a place in the following year's CONCACAF Champions League.

Current title holders[edit]

Competition Champion Title Runner-up Next edition
Clubs
CONCACAF Champions League Mexico Guadalajara 5th Canada Toronto FC 2019
CONCACAF League Honduras Olimpia 1st Costa Rica Santos de Guápiles 2018
CONCACAF Futsal Club Championship Costa Rica Grupo Line Futsal 1st United States Elite Futsal 2019
Nations Men
CONCACAF Gold Cup  United States 6th  Jamaica 2019
CONCACAF Cup  Mexico 1st  United States 2019
CONCACAF Nations League 2019–20
CONCACAF U-20 Championship  United States 1st  Honduras 2019
CONCACAF U-17 Championship  Mexico 7th  United States 2019
CONCACAF U-15 Championship  Mexico 1st  United States ?
CONCACAF Men's Pre-Olympic Tournament  Mexico 7th  Honduras 2019
CONCACAF Futsal Championship  Costa Rica 3rd  Panama 2020
CONCACAF Beach Soccer Championship  Panama 1st  Mexico 2019
Nations Women
CONCACAF Women's Gold Cup  United States 7th  Costa Rica 2018
CONCACAF Women's U-20 Championship  Mexico 1st  United States 2020
CONCACAF Women's U-17 Championship  United States 4th  Mexico 2020
CONCACAF Girls U-15 Championship  United States 2nd  Mexico ?
CONCACAF Women's Pre-Olympic Tournament  United States 4th  Canada 2020

CONCACAF competitions[edit]

Defunct competitions[edit]

CONMEBOL tournaments[edit]

The following CONMEBOL tournaments have CONCACAF competitors:

National teams

Clubs

Rankings[edit]

Men's national teams[edit]

CONCACAF Ranking Index[edit]

The CONCACAF Ranking Index was announced in March 2018 to seed teams for the CONCACAF Nations League.[24]

Rank Team Pts
1  Mexico 2,047
2  United States 1,853
3  Costa Rica 1,845
4  Panama 1,700
5  Honduras 1,669
6  Jamaica 1,516
7  Canada 1,448
8  Guatemala 1,417
9  Haiti 1,348
10  El Salvador 1,347
11  Trinidad and Tobago 1,339
12  Martinique 1,271
13  Cuba 1,146
14  French Guiana 1,108
15  Guadeloupe 1,089
16  Nicaragua 1,032
17  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1,023
18  Curaçao 1,018
19  Suriname 991
20  Antigua and Barbuda 946
21  Dominican Republic 925
Rank Team Pts
22  Bermuda 924
23  Guyana 914
24  Belize 853
25  Bonaire 799
26  Grenada 795
27  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 793
28  Saint Lucia 773
29  Barbados 731
30  Puerto Rico 693
31  Bahamas 627
32  Dominica 563
33  Aruba 559
34  Cayman Islands 543
35  Turks and Caicos Islands 483
36  Montserrat 435
37  U.S. Virgin Islands 401
38  Saint Martin 352
39  Sint Maarten 336
40  Anguilla 261
41  British Virgin Islands 261

Beach soccer national teams[edit]

Rankings are calculated by Beach Soccer Worldwide (BSWW). Top ten, last updated 13 March 2018

CCF BSWW Country Points
1 13  Mexico 981
2 18  El Salvador 740
3 22  Panama 637
4 29  United States 484
5 35  Bahamas 365
6 43  Costa Rica 287
7 53  Guadeloupe 194
8 56  Trinidad and Tobago 186
9 70  Jamaica 110
10 73  Antigua and Barbuda 81

Club rankings[edit]

Corruption[edit]

At the CONCACAF Congress in May 2012 in Budapest, Hungary, legal counsel John P. Collins informed the members of CONCACAF of several financial irregularities. Collins revealed that Jack Warner, the former CONCACAF President, had registered the $22 million 'Dr. João Havelange Centre of Excellence' development in Port-of-Spain under the name of two companies that Warner owned.[25] In addition, Warner had secured a mortgage against the asset in 2007 which the CONCACAF members were also unaware of; the mortgage was co-signed by Lisle Austin, a former vice-president of CONCACAF.[25] The loan defaulted.

Collins also revealed that CONCACAF, despite most of its income coming from the United States, had not paid any tax to the Internal Revenue Service since at least 2007 and had never filed a return in the United States.[26] Although CONCACAF is a registered non-profit organization in the Bahamas and headquartered in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, they have an administration office in New York, and BDO and CONCACAF invited the IRS to investigate potential liabilities. It is thought that CONCACAF may have to pay up to $2 million plus penalties.[citation needed]

Chuck Blazer stated that a full financial audit into CONCACAF by New-York based consultancy BDO was delayed due to the actions of Jack Warner and his personal accountant, and the accounts could not be "signed off" as a consequence.[26]

In addition, Blazer is to sue CONCACAF for unpaid commission of sponsorship and marketing deals which he had made in 2010 during his time as General Secretary.[25] Blazer received a 10% commission on any deal that he made on behalf of CONCACAF.[27]

The Bermuda FA asked members of CONCACAF to lobby FIFA to remove Blazer from his position on the FIFA Executive Committee. Blazer suggested that it was less to do with financial irregularities and more for his role in the removal of Jack Warner in the Caribbean Football Union corruption scandal: "I spent 21 years building the confederation and its competitions and its revenues and I'm the one responsible for its good levels of income . . . I think this is a reflection of those who were angry at me having caused the action against Warner. This is also a reaction by people who have their own agenda."[27]

Jack Warner presided over CONCACAF for 21 years. Warner was one of the most controversial figures in world football. Warner was suspended as president on 30 May 2011 due to his temporary suspension from football-related activity by FIFA following corruption allegations.[7] A power struggle developed at CONCACAF following the allegations against Warner. The allegations against Warner were reported to the FIFA Ethics Committee by Chuck Blazer, the secretary general of CONCACAF. The acting president of CONCACAF, Lisle Austin, sent Blazer a letter saying he was "terminated as general secretary with immediate effect".[28] Austin described Blazer's actions as "inexcusable and a gross misconduct of duty and judgement" and said the American was no longer fit to hold the post.[29] The executive committee of CONCACAF later issued a statement saying that Austin did not have the authority to fire Blazer, and the decision was unauthorized.[28] On 20 June 2011, Jack Warner resigned from the presidency of CONCACAF, all posts with FIFA, and removed himself from all participation in football, in the wake of the corruption investigation resulting from 10 May 2011 meeting of the Caribbean Football Union.[9] The vice-president of CONCACAF, Alfredo Hawit, acted as president until May 2012.[10]

Indicted CONCACAF individuals[edit]

Several CONCACAF officials have been indicted.[30][31]

Name Nationality FIFA position CONCACAF position Regional or national position Status Ref.
Chuck Blazer  United States Former General Secretary Guilty plea [30][31]
Alfredo Hawit  Honduras Vice-President President Arrested [32]
Eduardo Li  Costa Rica member-elect of executive committee member of executive committee President of the
Costa Rican Football Federation
Arrested [30][31]
Costas Takkas  Cayman Islands Attaché to the President Former General Secretary of the
Cayman Islands Football Association
Arrested [30][31]
Daryan Warner  Trinidad and Tobago 
 Grenada
Son of Jack Warner Guilty plea [30][31]
Daryll Warner  Trinidad and Tobago 
 United States
former development officer Son of Jack Warner Guilty plea [30][31]
Jack Warner  Trinidad and Tobago Former Vice President former President former Minister of National Security Bailed [33]
Jeffrey Webb  Cayman Islands Vice President President President of the
Cayman Islands Football Association
Bailed [30][31]

Hall of fame[edit]

Source:[34]

  1. ^ a b c Inducted in 2015
  2. ^ a b c d Inducted in 2013

Team of the Century[edit]

The CONCACAF Team of the Century was announced as part of the festivities associated with the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France.[35]

  1. GK — Antonio Carbajal (Mexico)
  2. DF — Marcelo Balboa (USA)
  3. DF — Gilberto Yearwood (Honduras)
  4. DF — Bruce Wilson (Canada)
  5. DF — Gustavo Pena (Mexico)
  6. MF — Ramon Ramirez (Mexico)
  7. MF — Magico Gonzalez (El Salvador)
  8. MF — Tab Ramos (USA)
  9. FW — Julio Cesar Dely Valdes (Panama)
  10. FW — Hugo Sanchez (Mexico)
  11. FW — Hernan Medford (Costa Rica)

President's award[edit]

2013
2015

World Cup participation[edit]

Legend
  •  1st  – Champion
  •  2nd  – Runner-up
  •  3rd  – Third place[38]
  •  4th  – Fourth place
  • QF – Quarterfinals
  • R16 – Round of 16 (since 1986: knockout round of 16)
  • GS – Group stage (in the 1950, 1974, 1978, and 1982 tournaments, which had two group stages, this refers to the first group stage)
  • 1S – First knockout stage (1934–1938 Single-elimination tournament)
  •    — Did not qualify
  •     — Did not enter / withdrew / banned
  •     — Hosts

World Cup results[edit]

Only eleven CONCACAF members have ever reached the FIFA World Cup since its inception in 1930, six of them accomplishing the feat only once. No team from the region has ever reached the final at the World Cup, but the United States reached the semifinals in the inaugural edition, for which they were awarded third place. CONCACAF members have reached the quarterfinals five times: Cuba in 1938, Mexico as hosts in 1970 and 1986, the United States in 2002, and most recently, Costa Rica in 2014. Jamaica is the smallest country to ever win a World Cup match, by virtue of their 2–1 victory over Japan in 1998.

The following table shows the CONCACAF representatives at each edition of the World Cup, sorted by number of appearances:

Team Uruguay
1930
Italy
1934
France
1938
Brazil
1950
Switzerland
1954
Sweden
1958
Chile
1962
England
1966
Mexico
1970
Germany
1974
Argentina
1978
Spain
1982
Mexico
1986
Italy
1990
United States
1994
France
1998
South Korea
Japan
2002
Germany
2006
South Africa
2010
Brazil
2014
Russia
2018
Qatar
2022
Canada
Mexico
United States
2026
Total inclusive
WC Qual.
 Mexico GS GS GS GS GS GS QF GS QF R16 R16 R16 R16 R16 R16 R16 16 19
 United States 3rd R16 GS GS R16 GS QF GS R16 R16 10 20
 Costa Rica R16 GS GS QF GS 5 16
 Honduras GS GS GS 3 14
 El Salvador GS GS 2 13
 Cuba QF 1 13
 Haiti GS 1 14
 Canada GS 1 14
 Jamaica GS 1 12
 Trinidad and Tobago GS 1 14
 Panama GS 1 11
Total 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 4 3 4 3 TBD TBD 42

World Cup hosting[edit]

CONCACAF nations have hosted the FIFA World Cup three times.

The 1970 FIFA World Cup took place in Mexico, the first World Cup tournament to be staged in North America, and the first held outside Europe and South America. Mexico was chosen as the host nation in 1964 by FIFA's congress ahead of the only other submitted bid from Argentina.[39] The tournament was won by Brazil. The victorious team led by Carlos Alberto, and featuring players such as Pelé, Gérson, Jairzinho, Rivelino, and Tostão, is often cited as the greatest-ever World Cup team.[40][41][42][43] They achieved a perfect record of wins in all six games in the finals.[44] Despite the issues of altitude and high temperature, the finals produced attacking football which created an average goals per game record not since bettered by any subsequent World Cup Finals.[45][46][47] The 1970 Finals attracted a new record television audience for the FIFA World Cup[48] and, for the first time, in colour.[49][50]

In 1986, Mexico became the first country to host the FIFA World Cup twice when it stepped in to stage the 1986 FIFA World Cup after the original host selection, Colombia, suffered financial problems.[39] Colombia was originally chosen as hosts by FIFA in June 1974. However, the Colombian authorities eventually declared in November 1982 that they could not afford to host the World Cup because of economic concerns. Mexico was selected on 20 May 1983 as the replacement hosts, beating the bids of Canada and the United States, and thereby became the first nation to host two World Cups. This second World Cup in Mexico came 16 years after the first one in 1970.

The United States won the right to host the 1994 FIFA World Cup, defeating bids from Brazil and Morocco.[51] The vote was held in Zurich on 4 July 1988, and only took one round with the United States bid receiving a little over half of the votes by the Exco members.[51] FIFA hoped that by staging the world's most prestigious football tournament there, it would lead to a growth of interest in the sport – one condition FIFA imposed was the creation of a professional football league; Major League Soccer, starting in 1996. The U.S. staged a hugely successful tournament, with average attendance of nearly 69,000 breaking a record that surpassed the 1966 FIFA World Cup average attendance of 51,000 thanks to the large seating capacities the American stadiums provided for the spectators in comparison to the smaller venues of Europe and Latin America. To this day, the total attendance for the final tournament of nearly 3.6 million remains the highest in World Cup history, despite the expansion of the competition to 32 teams at the 1998 World Cup.[52][53]

Canada, Mexico, and the United States have won the bidding to host the 2026 FIFA World Cup, competing against a Moroccan bid.[54]

Women's World Cup results[edit]

The following table shows the CONCACAF representatives at each edition of the FIFA Women's World Cup, sorted by number of appearances.

Team China
1991
Sweden
1995
United States
1999
United States
2003
China
2007
Germany
2011
Canada
2015
France
2019
Total inclusive
WC Qual.
 United States 1st 3rd 1st 3rd 3rd 2nd 1st 7 7
 Canada GS GS 4th GS GS QF 6 7
 Mexico GS GS GS 3 7
 Costa Rica GS 1 7
Total 1 2 3 2 2 3 4 14

Other international tournaments[edit]

FIFA Confederations Cup[edit]

Team 1992
Saudi Arabia
1995
Saudi Arabia
1997
Saudi Arabia
1999
Mexico
2001
South Korea
Japan
2003
France
2005
Germany
2009
South Africa
2013
Brazil
2017
Russia
2021
Total
 Canada × GS 1
 Mexico 3rd GS 1st GS 4th GS 4th 7
 United States 3rd 3rd GS 2nd 4
Total 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 12

Copa América[edit]

Mexico has finished runners up twice and 3rd place three times at the Copa América making El Tri the most successful non-CONMEBOL nation. The US national team have reached the semifinal stage in the South American tournament twice, followed by Honduras who have reached it once. Costa Rica has reached the quarter finals twice.

FIFA Futsal World Cup[edit]

Nation 1989
Netherlands
1992
Hong Kong
1996
Spain
2000
Guatemala
2004
Chinese Taipei
2008
Brazil
2012
Thailand
2016
Colombia
Years
 Canada R1 1
 Costa Rica R1 R1 R1 R2 4
 Cuba R1 R1 R1 R1 R1 5
 Guatemala R1 R1 R1 R1 4
 Mexico R1 1
 Panama R2 R1 2
 United States 3rd 2nd R1 R2 R1 5
Nations 2 2 2 3 2 3 4 4

FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup[edit]

1995
Brazil
(8)
1996
Brazil
(8)
1997
Brazil
(8)
1998
Brazil
(10)
1999
Brazil
(12)
2000
Brazil
(12)
2001
Brazil
(12)
2002
Brazil
(8)
2003
Brazil
(8)
2004
Brazil
(12)
2005
Brazil
(12)
2006
Brazil
(12)
2007
Brazil
(16)
2008
France
(16)
2009
United Arab Emirates
(16)
2011
Italy
(16)
2013
French Polynesia
(16)
2015
Portugal
(16)
2017
The Bahamas
(16)
Total Participations
 Bahamas R1
11th
1/19
 Canada R1
7th
QF
7th
QF
7th
3/19
 Costa Rica R1
15th
R1
16th
2/19
 El Salvador R1
14th
R1
14th
4th QF
6th
4/19
 Mexico 2nd R1
11th
QF
8th
R1
15th
R1
13th
5/19
 Panama R1
14th
1/19
 United States 2nd 4th 3rd R1
7th
QF
6th
QF
7th
QF
5th
R1
8th
R1
10th
R1
10th
R1
13th
R1
13th
R1
10th
13/19

See also[edit]

Resolutions[edit]

Awards:
  • CONCACAF Awards — In November 2013, CONCACAF announced that they would create annual awards for the best players, coaches, and referees.[55]

CONCACAF presidents[edit]

Related links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The organization shall be called "The Confederation of North, Central America and Caribbean Association Football" or "Concacaf" and shall be composed of National Associations belonging to Northern America, Central America and the Caribbean. STATUTES OF THE CONFEDERATION OF NORTH, CENTRAL AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN ASSOCIATION FOOTBALL. Edition 2015. Article 1, Section 1. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  2. ^ Spanish: Confederación de Fútbol de Norte, Centroamérica y el Caribe, pronounced [komfeðeɾaˈsjon de ˈfuðβol de ˈnoɾte ˈsentɾoaˈmeɾika j el kaˈɾiβe]; French: Confédération de football d'Amérique du Nord, d'Amérique centrale et des Caraïbes, pronounced [kɔ̃fedeʁasjɔ̃ də futbɔl dameʁik dy nɔʁ dameʁik sɑ̃tʁal e dɛ kaʁaib]. Dutch uses the English name.
  3. ^ Straus, Brian (March 7, 2018). "New-Look Concacaf Unveils Format, Rules for Nations League Competition". SI.com. Retrieved April 7, 2018. 
  4. ^ Concacaf Main | CONCACAF Home | About Us | National Associations. Concacaf.com. Retrieved on 14 October 2011.
  5. ^ "Ramón Coll, electo Presidente de la Confederación de Futbol de América del Norte, América Central y el Caribe". La Nación (Google News Archive). 23 September 1961. 
  6. ^ "Executive Committee". CONCACAF. 
  7. ^ a b "Bin Hammam and Warner suspended after FIFA investigation". CNN. 29 May 2011. 
  8. ^ Chuck Blazer resigns CONCACAF post – ESPN / AP, 6 October 2011
  9. ^ a b FIFA announces Jack Warner resignation 20 June 2011. Fifa.com (20 June 2011). Retrieved on 14 October 2011.
  10. ^ a b "Concacaf Suspends Its Acting President on Eve of Gold Cup". The New York Times. 4 June 2011. 
  11. ^ "Canadian wins CONCACAF presidency". Retrieved 15 June 2017. 
  12. ^ FIFA.com. "FIFA Associations and Confederations – CONCACAF – FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved 15 June 2017. 
  13. ^ "CONCACAF opens new office in Caribbean to support growth". www.concacaf.com. 28 February 2017. Retrieved 8 March 2018. 
  14. ^ "New CONCACAF Office Opens in Guatemala". www.concacaf.com. Retrieved 8 March 2018. 
  15. ^ Lindsay, Morissa (May 29, 2018). "FIFA's 'home'". Barbados Today. Retrieved May 30, 2018. 
  16. ^ Writer, Staff (May 30, 2018). "FIFA Regional Office open for business". The Barbados Advocate Co. Retrieved May 30, 2018. 
  17. ^ Stuart, Ezra (May 10, 2018). "Major milestone". Barbados Daily Nation Newspaper. Retrieved May 30, 2018. 
  18. ^ Agard, Rachelle (May 30, 2018). "FIFA in B'dos". Barbados Daily Nation Newspaper. Retrieved May 30, 2018. 
  19. ^ a b "CONCACAF". CONCACAF. 
  20. ^ "Warner Rejects Idea Of Caribbean Team". Jamaica Gleaner. 4 August 1993. 
  21. ^ "2016 COPA? Webb: CONCACAF 'exploring the possibility of hosting Copa America'". bigapplesoccer.com. 
  22. ^ "2013, 2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup winners will play one-off match for 2017 Confederations Cup berth". MLS Soccer. 5 April 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  23. ^ "CONCACAF CHAMPIONS LEAGUE REGULATIONS 2013/2014, Rule 3.7" (PDF). concacaf.com. 
  24. ^ "CONCACAF Launches New Ranking Index". CONCACAFNationsLeague.com. The Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football. 2 March 2018. Retrieved 2 March 2018. 
  25. ^ a b c "CONCACAF finances laid bare". thisislondon.co.uk. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  26. ^ a b Panja, Tariq (23 May 2012). "Concacaf Soccer Body Tells Members About Financial Mismanagement". Bloomberg. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  27. ^ a b "Fifa Exco member Chuck Blazer accused of financial irregularities". Guardian. 22 May 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  28. ^ a b "Chuck Blazer 'survives sacking attempt', says Concacaf". BBC News Online. 1 June 2011. 
  29. ^ "Concacaf bans president Austin after Blazer 'sacking'". BBC News Online. 4 June 2011. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f g "Nine FIFA Officials and Five Corporate Executives Indicted for Racketeering Conspiracy and Corruption". United States Department of Justice. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g "Fifa corruption: arrests made following hotel raid". The Daily Telegraph. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
  32. ^ "Fifa arrests: Two Fifa vice-presidents detained at Zurich hotel". BBC News Online. 3 December 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2015. 
  33. ^ Rupert Neate, Owen Gibson and agencies (28 May 2015). "Jack Warner : former Fifa kingpin spends night in jail after corruption arrest". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  34. ^ "CONCACAF hall of fame". CONCACAF.com. 
  35. ^ "Balboa, Ramos named to CONCACAF "Team of the Century"", Soccer America, 14 May 1998.
  36. ^ "CONCACAF to honor D.C. United forward Carlos Ruiz with first-ever President's Award". DCUnited.com. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  37. ^ "CONCACAF Announces 2015 Hall of Fame Inductees and President's Award Recipients". CONCACAF. 15 April 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  38. ^ There was no Third Place match in 1930; The United States and Yugoslavia lost in the semifinals. FIFA recognizes the United States as the third-placed team and Yugoslavia as the fourth-placed team using the overall records of the teams in the 1930 FIFA World Cup.
  39. ^ a b "Host Announcement Decision" (PDF). FIFA. 2 December 2010. 
  40. ^ "The Story of the 1970 World Cup". BBC. 12 May 2010. 
  41. ^ "Brazil's 1970 winning team voted best of all time". Reuters. 9 July 2007. 
  42. ^ "The Boys from Brazil: On the trail of football's dream team". The Independent. 10 April 2010. 
  43. ^ "The 10 Greatest Football teams of all time". Daily Mail. 1 May 2009. 
  44. ^ "Netherlands' perfect winning streak can match historic feat of Brazil 1970". Goal.com. 7 July 2010. Archived from the original on 12 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  45. ^ "Castrol index tournament legends". Castrol Performance Index. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  46. ^ "Perfect farewell to Pelé's last appearance in a World Cup". Brasil 2014: World Cup Portal. Archived from the original on 12 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  47. ^ "World Championship – Jules Rimet 1970 Cup Technical study" (PDF). FIFA. 
  48. ^ Dunmore, Tom (2011). Historical Dictionary of Soccer. Scarecrow Press. p. 13. 
  49. ^ "1970 FIFA World Cup Mexico". FIFA. Archived from the original on 13 September 2008. 
  50. ^ "40 years since first World Cup in colour". TVlicensing.co.uk. 
  51. ^ a b "FIFA World Cup host announcement decision" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. p. 2. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  52. ^ "FIFA World Cup competition records" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. p. 2. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  53. ^ "Previous World Cups", FIFA.com. Retrieved 21 November 2013
  54. ^ Los Angeles Times (7 July 2013). "CONCACAF president is pushing hard to land 2026 World Cup". latimes.com. 
  55. ^ "Inaugural CONCACAF Awards to Be Presented in December". CONCACAF.com. 26 November 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 

External links[edit]