COVID-19 pandemic in Botswana

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COVID-19 pandemic in Botswana
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationBotswana
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseGaborone
Arrival date30 March 2020
(1 year, 2 months, 3 weeks and 4 days)
Confirmed cases61,457 (as of 16 June)[1]
Active cases3,733 (as of 16 June)
Recovered56,798 (as of 16 June)
Deaths
926 (as of 16 June)

This article documents the impacts of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in Botswana.

Background[edit]

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[2][3]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[4][5] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[6][4] Model-based simulations for Botswana indicate that the 95% confidence interval for the time-varying reproduction number R t was stable around 1.0 in September, October and November 2020.[7]

Timeline[edit]

COVID-19 cases in Botswana  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
2020202020212021
MarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAugSepSepOctOctNovNovDecDec
JanJanFebFebMarMarAprAprMayMayJunJun
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-30
3(n.a.) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-31
4(+33%) 1(n.a.)
2020-04-01
4(=) 1(=)
2020-04-02
4(=) 1(=)
2020-04-03
4(=) 1(=)
2020-04-04
4(=) 1(=)
2020-04-05
6(+50%) 1(=)
2020-04-06
6(=) 1(=)
2020-04-07
6(=) 1(=)
2020-04-08
6(=) 1(=)
2020-04-09
13(+117%) 1(=)
2020-04-10
13(=) 1(=)
2020-04-11
13(=) 1(=)
2020-04-12
13(=) 1(=)
2020-04-13
13(=) 1(=)
2020-04-14
13(=) 1(=)
2020-04-15
13(=) 1(=)
2020-04-16
15(+15%) 1(=)
2020-04-17
15(=) 1(=)
2020-04-18
15(=) 1(=)
2020-04-19
20(+33%) 1(=)
2020-04-20
20(=) 1(=)
2020-04-21
20(=) 1(=)
2020-04-22
22(+10%) 1(=)
2020-04-23
22(=) 1(=)
2020-04-24
22(=) 1(=)
2020-04-25
22(=) 1(=)
2020-04-26
22(=) 1(=)
2020-04-27
22(=) 1(=)
2020-04-28
23(+4.5%) 1(=)
2020-04-29
23(=) 1(=)
2020-04-30
23(=) 1(=)
2020-05-01
23(=) 1(=)
2020-05-02
23(=) 1(=)
2020-05-03
23(=) 1(=)
2020-05-04
23(=) 1(=)
2020-05-05
23(=) 1(=)
2020-05-06
23(=) 1(=)
2020-05-07
23(=) 1(=)
2020-05-08
23(=) 1(=)
2020-05-09
23(=) 1(=)
2020-05-10
23(=) 1(=)
2020-05-11
24(+4.3%) 1(=)
2020-05-12
24(=) 1(=)
2020-05-13
24(=) 1(=)
2020-05-14
24(=) 1(=)
2020-05-15
24(=) 1(=)
2020-05-16
24(=) 1(=)
2020-05-17
25(+4.2%) 1(=)
2020-05-18
25(=) 1(=)
2020-05-19
25(=) 1(=)
2020-05-20
25(=) 1(=)
2020-05-21
29(+16%) 1(=)
2020-05-22
30(+3.4%) 1(=)
2020-05-23
30(=) 1(=)
2020-05-24
35(+17%) 1(=)
2020-05-25
35(=) 1(=)
2020-05-26
35(=) 1(=)
2020-05-27
35(=) 1(=)
2020-05-28
35(=) 1(=)
2020-05-29
35(=) 1(=)
2020-05-30
35(=) 1(=)
2020-05-31
35(=) 1(=)
2020-06-01
38(+8.6%) 1(=)
2020-06-02
40(+5.3%) 1(=)
2020-06-03
40(=) 1(=)
2020-06-04
40(=) 1(=)
2020-06-05
40(=) 1(=)
2020-06-06
40(=) 1(=)
2020-06-07
40(=) 1(=)
2020-06-08
42(+5%) 1(=)
2020-06-09
42(=) 1(=)
2020-06-10
48(+14%) 1(=)
2020-06-11
48(=) 1(=)
2020-06-12
48(=) 1(=)
2020-06-13
60(+25%) 1(=)
2020-06-14
60(=) 1(=)
2020-06-15
60(=) 1(=)
2020-06-16
60(=) 1(=)
2020-06-17
79(+32%) 1(=)
2020-06-18
79(=) 1(=)
2020-06-19
89(+13%) 1(=)
2020-06-20
89(=) 1(=)
2020-06-21
89(=) 1(=)
2020-06-22
89(=) 1(=)
2020-06-23
89(=) 1(=)
2020-06-24
121(+36%) 1(=)
2020-06-25
121(=) 1(=)
2020-06-26
121(=) 1(=)
2020-06-27
121(=) 1(=)
2020-06-28
175(+45%) 1(=)
2020-06-29
175(=) 1(=)
2020-06-30
227(+30%) 1(=)
2020-07-01
227(=) 1(=)
2020-07-02
227(=) 1(=)
2020-07-03
277(+22%) 1(=)
2020-07-04
277(=) 1(=)
2020-07-05
277(=) 1(=)
2020-07-06
314(+13%) 1(=)
2020-07-07
314(=) 1(=)
2020-07-08
314(=) 1(=)
2020-07-09
314(=) 1(=)
2020-07-10
314(=) 1(=)
2020-07-11
314(=) 1(=)
2020-07-12
399(+27%) 1(=)
2020-07-13
399(=) 1(=)
2020-07-14
399(=) 1(=)
2020-07-15
399(=) 1(=)
2020-07-16
522(+31%) 1(=)
2020-07-17
522(=) 1(=)
2020-07-18
522(=) 1(=)
2020-07-19
592(+13%) 1(=)
2020-07-20
592(=) 1(=)
2020-07-21
592(=) 1(=)
2020-07-22
592(=) 1(=)
2020-07-23
592(=) 1(=)
2020-07-24
686(+16%) 1(=)
2020-07-25
686(=) 1(=)
2020-07-26
686(=) 1(=)
2020-07-27
739(+7.7%) 2(+100%)
2020-07-28
739(=) 2(=)
2020-07-29
804(+8.8%) 2(=)
2020-07-30
804(=) 2(=)
2020-07-31
894(+11%) 2(=)
2020-08-01
894(=) 2(=)
2020-08-02
894(=) 2(=)
2020-08-03
894(=) 2(=)
2020-08-04
894(=) 2(=)
2020-08-05
894(=) 2(=)
2020-08-06
894(=) 2(=)
2020-08-07
894(=) 2(=)
2020-08-08
894(=) 2(=)
2020-08-09
894(=) 2(=)
2020-08-10
1,066(+19%) 2(=)
2020-08-11
1,066(=) 2(=)
2020-08-12
1,066(=) 2(=)
2020-08-13
1,214(+14%) 3(+50%)
2020-08-14
1,214(=) 3(=)
2020-08-15
1,214(=) 3(=)
2020-08-16
1,214(=) 3(=)
2020-08-17
1,308(+7.7%) 3(=)
2020-08-18
1,308(=) 3(=)
2020-08-19
1,308(=) 3(=)
2020-08-20
1,308(=) 3(=)
2020-08-21
1,308(=) 3(=)
2020-08-22
1,308(=) 3(=)
2020-08-23
1,308(=) 3(=)
2020-08-24
1,562(+19%) 3(=)
2020-08-25
1,562(=) 3(=)
2020-08-26
1,633(+4.5%) 6(+100%)
2020-08-27
1,633(=) 6(=)
2020-08-28
1,633(=) 6(=)
2020-08-29
1,633(=) 6(=)
2020-08-30
1,633(=) 6(=)
2020-08-31
1,724(+5.6%) 6(=)
2020-09-01
1,724(=) 6(=)
2020-09-02
1,724(=) 6(=)
2020-09-03
1,724(=) 6(=)
2020-09-04
2,002(+16%) 8(+33%)
2020-09-05
2,002(=) 8(=)
2020-09-06
2,002(=) 8(=)
2020-09-07
2,126(+6.2%) 9(+12%)
2020-09-08
2,126(=) 9(=)
2020-09-09
2,126(=) 9(=)
2020-09-10
2,252(+5.9%) 10(+11%)
2020-09-11
2,252(=) 10(=)
2020-09-12
2,252(=) 10(=)
2020-09-13
2,252(=) 10(=)
2020-09-14
2,463(+9.4%) 11(+10%)
2020-09-15
2,463(=) 11(=)
2020-09-16
2,463(=) 11(=)
2020-09-17
2,567(+4.2%) 13(+18%)
2020-09-18
2,567(=) 13(=)
2020-09-19
2,567(=) 13(=)
2020-09-20
2,567(=) 13(=)
2020-09-21
2,567(=) 13(=)
2020-09-22
2,567(=) 13(=)
2020-09-23
2,567(=) 13(=)
2020-09-24
2,921(+14%) 16(+23%)
2020-09-25
2,921(=) 16(=)
2020-09-26
2,921(=) 16(=)
2020-09-27
2,921(=) 16(=)
2020-09-28
3,172(+8.6%) 16(=)
2020-09-29
3,172(=) 16(=)
2020-09-30
3,172(=) 16(=)
2020-10-01
3,172(=) 16(=)
2020-10-02
3,172(=) 16(=)
2020-10-03
3,172(=) 16(=)
2020-10-04
3,172(=) 16(=)
2020-10-05
3,172(=) 16(=)
2020-10-06
3,172(=) 18(+12%)
2020-10-07
3,172(=) 18(=)
2020-10-08
3,219(+1.5%) 18(=)
2020-10-09
3,219(=) 18(=)
2020-10-10
3,219(=) 18(=)
2020-10-11
4,547(+41%) 18(=)
2020-10-12
4,843(+6.5%) 20(+11%)
2020-10-13
4,843(=) 20(=)
2020-10-14
4,843(=) 20(=)
2020-10-15
5,242(+8.2%) 20(=)
2020-10-16
5,242(=) 20(=)
2020-10-17
5,242(=) 20(=)
2020-10-18
5,242(=) 20(=)
2020-10-19
5,609(+7%) 21(+5%)
2020-10-20
5,609(=) 21(=)
2020-10-21
5,609(=) 21(=)
2020-10-22
5,923(+5.6%) 21(=)
2020-10-23
5,923(=) 21(=)
2020-10-24
5,923(=) 21(=)
2020-10-25
5,923(=) 21(=)
2020-10-26
6,283(+6.1%) 21(=)
2020-10-27
6,283(=) 21(=)
2020-10-28
6,283(=) 21(=)
2020-10-29
6,642(+5.7%) 24(+14%)
2020-10-30
6,642(=) 24(=)
2020-10-31
6,642(=) 24(=)
2020-11-01
6,642(=) 24(=)
2020-11-02
6,642(=) 24(=)
2020-11-03
6,642(=) 24(=)
2020-11-04
6,642(=) 24(=)
2020-11-05
7,835(+18%) 27(+12%)
2020-11-06
7,835(=) 27(=)
2020-11-07
7,835(=) 27(=)
2020-11-08
7,835(=) 27(=)
2020-11-09
7,835(=) 27(=)
2020-11-10
7,835(=) 27(=)
2020-11-11
7,835(=) 27(=)
2020-11-12
8,225(+5%) 27(=)
2020-11-13
8,225(=) 27(=)
2020-11-14
8,225(=) 27(=)
2020-11-15
8,225(=) 27(=)
2020-11-16
9,103(+11%) 30(+11%)
2020-11-17
9,103(=) 30(=)
2020-11-18
9,103(=) 30(=)
2020-11-19
9,594(+5.4%) 31(+3.3%)
2020-11-20
9,594(=) 31(=)
2020-11-21
9,594(=) 31(=)
2020-11-22
9,594(=) 31(=)
2020-11-23
9,992(+4.1%) 31(=)
2020-11-24
9,992(=) 31(=)
2020-11-25
9,992(=) 31(=)
2020-11-26
10,258(+2.7%) 31(=)
2020-11-27
10,258(=) 31(=)
2020-11-28
10,258(=) 31(=)
2020-11-29
10,258(=) 31(=)
2020-11-30
10,742(+4.7%) 34(+9.7%)
2020-12-01
10,742(=) 34(=)
2020-12-02
10,742(=) 34(=)
2020-12-03
11,531(+7.3%) 34(=)
2020-12-04
11,531(=) 34(=)
2020-12-05
11,531(=) 34(=)
2020-12-06
11,531(=) 34(=)
2020-12-07
12,058(+4.6%) 36(+5.9%)
2020-12-08
12,058(=) 36(=)
2020-12-09
12,058(=) 36(=)
2020-12-10
12,501(+3.7%) 37(+2.8%)
2020-12-11
12,501(=) 37(=)
2020-12-12
12,501(=) 37(=)
2020-12-13
12,501(=) 37(=)
2020-12-14
12,873(+3%) 38(+2.7%)
2020-12-15
12,873(=) 38(=)
2020-12-16
12,873(=) 38(=)
2020-12-17
13,014(+1.1%) 38(=)
2020-12-18
13,014(=) 38(=)
2020-12-19
13,014(=) 38(=)
2020-12-20
13,014(=) 38(=)
2020-12-21
13,622(+4.7%) 38(=)
2020-12-22
13,622(=) 38(=)
2020-12-23
13,622(=) 38(=)
2020-12-24
14,025(+3%) 40(+5.3%)
2020-12-25
14,025(=) 40(=)
2020-12-26
14,025(=) 40(=)
2020-12-27
14,025(=) 40(=)
2020-12-28
14,025(=) 40(=)
2020-12-29
14,025(=) 40(=)
2020-12-30
14,700(+4.8%) 40(=)
2020-12-31
14,805(+0.71%) 42(+5%)
2021-01-01
14,805(=) 42(=)
2021-01-02
14,805(=) 42(=)
2021-01-03
14,805(=) 42(=)
2021-01-04
15,440(+4.3%) 45(+7.1%)
2021-01-05
15,440(=) 45(=)
2021-01-06
15,440(=) 45(=)
2021-01-07
16,050(+4%) 48(+6.7%)
2021-01-08
16,050(=) 48(=)
2021-01-09
16,050(=) 48(=)
2021-01-10
16,050(=) 48(=)
2021-01-11
16,768(+4.5%) 59(+23%)
2021-01-12
16,768(=) 59(=)
2021-01-13
16,768(=) 59(=)
2021-01-14
17,365(+3.6%) 71(+20%)
2021-01-15
17,365(=) 71(=)
2021-01-16
17,365(=) 71(=)
2021-01-17
17,365(=) 71(=)
2021-01-18
18,630(+7.3%) 88(+24%)
2021-01-19
18,630(=) 88(=)
2021-01-20
18,630(=) 88(=)
2021-01-21
19,654(+5.5%) 105(+19%)
2021-01-22
19,654(=) 105(=)
2021-01-23
19,654(=) 105(=)
2021-01-24
19,654(=) 105(=)
2021-01-25
20,658(+5.1%) 124(+18%)
2021-01-26
20,658(=) 124(=)
2021-01-27
20,658(=) 124(=)
2021-01-28
21,293(+3.1%) 134(+8.1%)
21,293(=) 134(=)
2021-02-01
22,738(+6.8%) 148(+10%)
22,738(=) 148(=)
2021-02-04
23,503(+3.4%) 163(+10%)
23,503(=) 163(=)
2021-02-08
24,435(+4%) 179(+9.8%)
24,435(=) 179(=)
2021-02-11
24,926(+2%) 202(+13%)
24,926(=) 202(=)
2021-02-15
25,802(+3.5%) 226(+12%)
25,802(=) 226(=)
2021-02-18
26,524(+2.8%) 254(+12%)
26,524(=) 254(=)
2021-02-22
27,721(+4.5%) 300(+18%)
27,721(=) 300(=)
2021-02-25
28,371(+2.3%) 310(+3.3%)
28,371(=) 310(=)
2021-03-01
30,727(+8.3%) 332(+7.1%)
30,727(=) 332(=)
2021-03-04
31,746(+3.3%) 359(+8.1%)
31,746(=) 359(=)
2021-03-08
32,912(+3.7%) 413(+15%)
32,912(=) 413(=)
2021-03-11
34,098(+3.6%) 424(+2.7%)
34,098(=) 424(=)
2021-03-15
34,999(+2.6%) 447(+5.4%)
34,999(=) 447(=)
2021-03-18
35,815(+2.3%) 458(+2.5%)
35,815(=) 458(=)
2021-03-22
37,559(+4.9%) 485(+5.9%)
37,559(=) 485(=)
2021-03-25
38,466(+2.4%) 506(+4.3%)
38,466(=) 506(=)
2021-03-29
39,848(+3.6%) 568(+12%)
39,848(=) 568(=)
2021-04-01
40,878(+2.6%) 591(+4%)
40,878(=) 591(=)
2021-04-05
41,710(+2%) 616(+4.2%)
41,710(=) 616(=)
2021-04-09
42,674(+2.3%) 636(+3.2%)
42,674(=) 636(=)
2021-04-12
43,444(+1.8%) 663(+4.2%)
43,444(=) 663(=)
2021-04-15
44,075(+1.5%) 671(+1.2%)
44,075(=) 671(=)
2021-04-19
44,702(+1.4%) 684(+1.9%)
44,702(=) 684(=)
2021-04-22
45,855(+2.6%) 691(+1%)
45,855(=) 691(=)
2021-04-27
46,600(+1.6%) 702(+1.6%)
2021-04-28
46,600(=) 702(=)
2021-04-29
46,934(+0.72%) 712(+1.4%)
46,934(=) 712(=)
2021-05-03
47,851(+2%) 724(+1.7%)
47,851(=) 724(=)
2021-05-06
48,417(+1.2%) 734(+1.4%)
48,417(=) 734(=)
2021-05-10
49,041(+1.3%) 751(+2.3%)
49,041(=) 751(=)
2021-05-14
49,656(+1.3%) 761(+1.3%)
49,656(=) 761(=)
2021-05-17
50,800(+2.3%) 774(+1.7%)
50,800(=) 774(=)
2021-05-20
51,620(+1.6%) 784(+1.3%)
51,620(=) 784(=)
2021-05-24
52,865(+2.4%) 809(+3.2%)
52,865(=) 809(=)
2021-05-27
53,771(+1.7%) 831(+2.7%)
53,771(=) 831(=)
2021-05-31
54,973(+2.2%) 849(+2.2%)
54,973(=) 849(=)
2021-06-03
56,217(+2.3%) 866(+2%)
56,217(=) 866(=)
2021-06-07
58,095(+3.3%) 885(+2.2%)
58,095(=) 885(=)
2021-06-10
59,480(+2.4%) 896(+1.2%)
59,480(=) 896(=)
2021-06-14
61,457(+3.3%) 926(+3.3%)
2021-06-15
61,457(=) 926(=)
Sources: various news sources and state health department websites. See Timeline Table and Timeline narrative for sources.

March 2020[edit]

On 30 March, the first three cases in the country were confirmed.[8] On 25 March a 78-year-old woman who was suspected of having COVID-19 died in Ramotswa.[9] A few days after her death, the results came back positive making it the fourth case of COVID-19 in Botswana. In a live broadcast on BTV vice president Slumber Tsogwane said tracer teams had picked up 14 other people who had been in contact with the deceased and that testing had been conducted on them. The results of those who were in contact with the deceased were announced by the then Minister of Health and wellness Dr. Lemogang Kwape who also announced the first three cases. At the end of the month the death toll stood at 1, the number of confirmed cases had reached 4 and there were three active cases.

April 2020[edit]

There were two new COVID-19 tests a week later and on 19 April 2020 Dr. Kwape announced that there were five new COVID-19 cases, two of which came from the United Kingdom and three of which were locally transmitted, making the locally transmitted cases at that time 6.

On 22 April, two more cases were confirmed in the Metsimotlhabe-Molepolole region, bringing the total number of cases to 22. Both new cases were reported to be locally transmitted, raising the total number of locally transmitted cases to 8 at that time.[10] On 28 April there was one more locally transmitted case.

According to the Ministry of Health contact tracing has commenced in Molepolole, Metsimotlhabe, Mahalapye, Bobonong and Siviya, all of which have coronavirus cases. As of 1 May 2020, 7675 tests have been made, members of the National Assembly and the president and the vice-president were found negative.

In a televised speech, President Masisi extended the national lockdown by a week and a further two weeks during which the lockdown would be sequentially eased. According to the president all 21 COVID-19 patients are asymptomatic and on their way to a full recovery. The results of those who were in contact with the deceased were announced by the Minister of Health and wellness Dr. Lemogang Kwape whom also announced the first three cases, Kwape announced that 7 of the 14 were found positive bringing the total number of cases at that time to 13.[11]

On 29 April, Botswana recorded a total of 5 recoveries.[12]

By the end of April the total number of confirmed cases reached 23, an increase by 19 from March. The death toll remained unchanged. There were 17 active cases, 14 more than at the end of March.[13]

May 2020[edit]

Three more recovered patients were announced on 1 May 2020.[14] On Thursday 7 May 2020 Botswana recorded on more COVID-19 recovery. On Friday 8 May 2020 00:00 GMT+2 Botswana's 35 day lockdown period came to an end, the end of this period marks the beginning of the ease of the COVID-19 restrictions put in place by government for a further three weeks, with the return to work phases starting on 8 May 2020 and ending on 14 May. On Monday 11 May 2020, Botswana recorded 1 more case.[15] As of 12 May 2020 there have been 11,495 tests performed. Five more patients recovered, leaving six active cases.[16] One more patient tested positive on 17 May, raising the number of active cases to 7.[17] On 21 May four more positive tests were announced while two infected patients recovered, bringing the active cases at that time to 9. A day later on Friday 22 May 2020, Botswana recorded one case bringing the total number of new cases reported in the week beginning Sunday 17 May to six. On 24 May there were five additional cases, raising the total number to 35 and the number of active cases to 15.

By the end of May the total number of confirmed cases reached 35, an increase by 12 from April. The death toll remained unchanged. There were 14 active cases, a decrease by 18% from the end of April.[18]

June 2020[edit]

On 1 June there were three more confirmed cases, on 2 June two more confirmed cases, on 8 June two more confirmed cases, and on 10 June six more confirmed cases. From the start of the outbreak to 10 June 48 patients had tested positive, 9 of whom were locally transmitted and 39 coming from abroad. 40 were male while 8 were female.

As of 14 June 2020 there have been a total of 24,800 tests performed.[19]

On 12 June 2020, 12 new cases of COVID-19 were reported from the "Greater Gaborone" lockdown zone. The Botswana COVID-19 Presidential Task Force had decided to put the zone under lockdown for the second time from Saturday 13 June. This meant that schools and other non-essential services were re-closed, no movement without permits as was during the initial lockdown.[20] On 15 June the Task Force announced that it would end the lockdown period from Tuesday 16 June 00:00 local time as they had successfully used contact tracing to identify known contacts. Of 16 people tested, 10 tested negative, with 6 awaiting results. This decision restores travel in and out of all zones with an inter-zonal permit required where necessary.[21]

On 13 and 14 June there were 17+2 new confirmed cases, bringing the total number of cases since the start of the outbreak to 79. The number reported on 13 June was the highest daily number of cases so far. On 19 June ten more confirmed cases were reported, raising the total number of cases to 89.

On 24 June 32 more cases were confirmed, the highest number in a single day so far, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 121. The majority, 92 persons, agreed to be repatriated to receive care in their home countries. 25 patients had recovered in Botswana, one person had died, and three cases were still active.

On 28 June 54 more cases were confirmed, the highest number reported in a single day so far, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 175. There were 52 more positive tests on 30 June, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 227. Most of these, 181 persons, had agreed to be repatriated to their home countries. 28 of the remaining 46 patients had recovered, one had died, and 17 remained active cases (an increase by 21% from the end of May).[22]

July 2020[edit]

There were 48 new confirmed cases on 3 July, raising the total number of cases to 275. Three days later 39 further cases were reported, raising the total number to 314. This rose by 85 to 399 on 12 July: the highest number of daily confirmed cases so far. There were 123 new cases on 16 July, the highest daily increase so far, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 522. Three days later there were 70 more positive tests, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 592. Four days later, on 23 July, there were 89 cases, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 681. 58 more cases were confirmed on 27 July, raising the total number to 739. The same day the death toll doubled to two.[23] Two days later the number of confirmed cases increased by 65 to 804 (including the transferred out cases). Most of the 577 new cases during the month were repatriated to their home countries (483 persons). Of the remaining 94 new cases, 35 recovered, bringing the total number of patients having recovered in Botswana to 63. There were 75 active cases at the end of the month (an increase by 341% from the end of June).[24]

On 31 July 00:00 GMT+2 the Greater Gaborone zone had came under lock down for the third time after an uptick of COVID-19 locally transmitted cases. The lockdown is expected to take a period of two weeks.[25] This followed an increase of locally transmitted cases in Gaborone as well as elsewhere in the country, resulting in 90 new cases announced on 31 July.[26] The total number of confirmed cases was 894.

August 2020[edit]

On 6 August a doctor and his wife tested positive at Bamalete Lutheran Hospital, while a patient at the same hospital died from suspected COVID-19.[27] The following day members of the Presidential COVID-19 task force were tested for coronavirus. Ten of the 46 tests carried out among the task force were positive. Members testing positive included Dr Kereng Masupu (coordinator) and Dr Mogomotsi Matshaba (scientific advisor).[28] Professor Mosepele (deputy coordinator), who tested negative, tendered his resignation from the task force but later withdrew it.[29]

There were 172 new cases on 7 August, the highest number of infections announced in a single day so far. Three days later 148 new cases were reported, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 1214. A fatality was announced on 13 August, raising the death toll to three.[30] The same day 94 new cases were reported, of which 67 were citizens and 27 were foreign nationals.[31] The total number of confirmed cases rose to 1308.

On 16 August there were 134 new cases, raising the total number of cases to 1442. This rose to 1562 on 22 August after 120 new cases were confirmed (73 locals and 47 foreigners).[32]

71 new cases and three deaths were reported on 24 August, raising the total number of cases to 1633 and the death toll to 6. The three fatalities reported on 24 August were a three-month-old baby and two adult women.

There were 91 new cases on 28 August, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 1724.

September 2020[edit]

On 4 September the number of confirmed cases rose by 278 to 2002; the highest daily increase so far. The death toll increased to 8. On 7 and 10 September another 124 and 126 cases were announced, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 2252. The death toll increased to 10.[33]

On 14 September there were 211 new cases, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 2463. The death toll rose to 11. Two days later 104 more cases were reported, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 2567. The death toll rose to 13.[34]

There were 354 new cases on 24 September, the highest number of daily reported cases so far and bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 2921. The death toll rose to 16.[35][36]

Three days later, the total number of confirmed cases rose by 251 to 3172. The death toll remained unchanged.[37]

October 2020[edit]

By 4 October the number of cases had grown to 4400, of which 2250 remained active, 834 had recovered and 1298 transferred to other countries.[38] The following day the number of cases increased by 120 to 4520, of which 3 were transferred to other countries and the number of active cases rose to 2367. There were no new recoveries.

Two COVID-19 deaths were reported on 6 October, bringing the death toll to 18.[39][40]

On 11 October the number of confirmed cases increased to 4833 while the death toll rose to 20. Of the 4833 cases, 2642 remained active, 853 had recovered and 1318 patients had been transferred to other countries.

On 15 October the number of confirmed cases increased to 5242, of which 905 had recovered, 2989 remained active and 1328 patients had been transferred to other countries. The death toll remained unchanged.[41]

On 19 October the number of confirmed cases increased to 5609, of which 915 had recovered, 3338 remained active and 1335 patients had been transferred to other countries. The death toll increased to 21.[42]

On 19 October the number of confirmed cases increased to 5923, of which 927 had recovered, 3630 remained active and 1345 patients had been transferred to other countries. The death toll remained unchanged.[43]

On 25 October the number of confirmed cases increased to 6283 of which 1353 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll remained unchanged. Four days later the number of confirmed cases rose to 6642 of which 1357 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll increased to 24.[44]

November 2020[edit]

On 5 November the number of confirmed cases increased to 7835 of which 1394 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll increased to 27.[45] Six days later the number of confirmed cases rose to 8225. The death toll remained unchanged.[46]

On 15 November the number of confirmed cases increased to 9103 of which 1435 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 30. Four days later the number of confirmed cases increased to 9594 and the death toll rose to 31.[47] On 22 November the number of confirmed cases increased to 9992, of which 1461 had been to transferred to other countries.[48] Three days later the number of confirmed cases increased to 10258.

On 29 November the number of confirmed cases increased to 10742.

December 2020[edit]

On 2 December the number of confirmed cases increased to 11531, of which 1521 had been transferred to other countries, while the death toll rose to 34.[49]

On 6 December the number of confirmed cases increased to 12058, of which 1532 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 36.

On 11 December the number of confirmed cases increased to 12501, of which 1570 had been transferred to other countries.[50] The death toll rose to 37. Three days later the number of confirmed cases increased to 12873, of which 1593 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 38.[51] Two days later the number of confirmed cases rose to 13014, of which 1600 had been transferred to other countries.[52]

On 20 December the number of confirmed cases increased to 13622 of which 1640 had been transferred to other countries.[53]

On 23 December the number of confirmed cases increased to 14025 of which 1685 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 40.

On 29 December the number of confirmed cases increased to 14700 of which 1759 had been transferred to other countries. Two days later the number of confirmed cases increased to 14877 of which 1786 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 42.[54]

January 2021[edit]

On 3 January the number of confirmed cases increased to 15440 of which 1827 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 45. The Minister of Health and Wellness Edwin Dikoloti announced that the 501.V2 variant first identified in South Africa on 18 December had reached Botswana.[54] According to the Director of Health Services, Dr Malebogo Kebabonye, cases of the variant appeared to be overrepresented in the Maun area.[55]

On 6 January the number of confirmed cases increased to 16050 of which 1879 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 48.[56] Two days later the number of confirmed cases increased to 16768 of which 1925 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 59.[55]

On 11 January the number of confirmed cases increased to 17365 of which 1955 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 71.

On 15 January the number of confirmed cases increased to 18630 of which 2026 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 88.[57]

On 18 January the number of confirmed cases increased to 19654 of which 2106 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 105.[58]

On 22 January the number of confirmed cases increased to 20658 of which 2143 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 124.[59]

On 25 January the number of confirmed cases increased to 21293 of which 2188 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 134.

On 29 January the number of confirmed cases increased to 22738 of which 2219 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 148.

February 2021[edit]

On 1 February the number of confirmed cases increased to 23503 of which 2230 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 163.

On 5 February the number of confirmed cases increased to 24435 of which 2270 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 179.[60]

On 8 February the number of confirmed cases increased to 24926 of which 2299 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 202.[61]

On 12 February the number of confirmed cases increased to 25802 of which 2321 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 226.[62]

On 15 February the number of confirmed cases increased to 26524 of which 2327 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 254.[63]

On 19 February the number of confirmed cases increased to 27721 of which 2329 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 300. Most cases occurred in population agglomerations such as Gaborone, Francistown, Selebi Phikwe, Maun, Mochudi and Molepolole.[64]

On 22 February the number of confirmed cases increased to 28371 of which 2340 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 310.[65]

On 26 February the number of confirmed cases increased to 30727 of which 2353 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 332.[66]

March 2021[edit]

On 1 March the number of confirmed cases increased to 31746 of which 2354 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 359.[67]

On 5 March the number of confirmed cases increased to 32912 of which 2375 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 413.

On 8 March the number of confirmed cases increased to 34098 of which 2379 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 424.[68]

On 9 March Botswana received a shipment of 30,000 doses of AstraZeneca's Covishield vaccine, donated by India.[69]

On 12 March the number of confirmed cases increased to 34999 of which 2384 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 447.[70]

On 15 March the number of confirmed cases increased to 35815 of which 2386 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 458.[71]

On 19 March the number of confirmed cases increased to 37559 of which 2389 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 485.[72]

On 22 March the number of confirmed cases increased to 38466 of which 2389 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 506.[73]

Mass vaccination began on 26 March, initially with 30,000 doses donated by India and 33,600 doses purchased through the COVAX facility.[74] The number of confirmed cases increased to 39851 of which 2389 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 568.[75]

On 29 March the number of confirmed cases increased to 40878 of which 2389 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 591.[76]

April 2021[edit]

On 2 April the number of confirmed cases increased to 41710 of which 2397 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 616.[77] Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 13690 persons had received their first inoculation.[78]

On 5 April the number of confirmed cases increased to 42674 of which 2444 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 636.[79]

On 9 April the number of confirmed cases increased to 43444 of which 2446 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 663.[80]

By 10 April, 31628 persons had received their first inoculation. Two deaths potentially linked to the vaccine were being investigated.[81][82]

On 12 April the number of confirmed cases increased to 44075 of which 2451 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 671.[83]

On 16 April the number of confirmed cases increased to 44702 of which 2453 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 684.[84] Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 35040 persons had received their first inoculation.

On 19 April the number of confirmed cases increased to 45855 of which 2461 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 691. Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 41612 persons had received their first inoculation.[85]

On 23 April the number of confirmed cases increased to 47068 of which 2468 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 702. Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 47160 persons had received their first inoculation.[86]

On 26 April the number of confirmed cases increased to 49409 of which 2475 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 712.[87] Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 48411 persons had received their first inoculation.

On 30 April the number of confirmed cases increased to 50333 of which 2482 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 724. Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 49882 persons had received their first inoculation.

May 2021[edit]

On 3 May the number of confirmed cases increased to 50903 of which 2486 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 734. Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 49959 persons had received their first inoculation.

On 7 May the number of confirmed cases increased to 51538 of which 2497 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 751.[88] Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 53375 persons had received their first inoculation.

On 10 May the number of confirmed cases increased to 52162 of which 2506 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 761.[89] Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 56101 persons had received their first inoculation.

On 14 May the number of confirmed cases increased to 53318 of which 2518 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 774.[90] Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 71500 persons had received their first inoculation.

On 17 May the number of confirmed cases increased to 54151 of which 2531 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 784.[91] Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 88907 persons had received their first inoculation. The same day the Ministry of Health and Wellness announced that the variant first identified in India on 5 October had reached Botswana on 24 April and that so far two cases had been identified.[92]

On 21 May the number of confirmed cases increased to 55402 of which 2537 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 809. Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 120055 persons had received their first inoculation.[93]

On 24 May the number of confirmed cases increased to 56313 of which 2542 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 831. Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 132782 persons had received their first inoculation.[94]

On 28 May the number of confirmed cases increased to 57516 of which 2543 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 849.[95] Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 142864 persons had received their first inoculation.

On 31 May the number of confirmed cases increased to 58764 of which 2547 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 866.[96] Since the start of vaccination on 26 March, 147275 doses of vaccine had been administered.

June 2021[edit]

On 4 June the number of confirmed cases increased to 60648 of which 2553 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 885.[97] Since the start of vaccinations on 26 March, 149268 doses of vaccine had been administered.

On 7 June the number of confirmed cases increased to 62040 of which 2560 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 896. Since the start of vaccinations on 26 March, 150019 doses of vaccine had been administered.

On 11 June the number of confirmed cases increased to 64021 of which 2564 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 926.[98] Since the start of vaccinations on 26 March, 150749 doses of vaccine had been administered.

On 14 June the number of confirmed cases increased to 65815 of which 2568 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 940.[99] Since the start of vaccinations on 26 March, 151315 vaccine doses had been administered and 23018 persons had been fully vaccinated.

On 18 June the number of confirmed cases increased to 68387 of which 2579 had been transferred to other countries. The death toll rose to 1069.[100] Since the start of vaccinations on 26 March, 152383 vaccine doses had been administered and 48510 persons had been fully vaccinated.

Vaccination[edit]

Prevention[edit]

As a precautionary measure the government has banned gatherings of more than 50 people and the entry of people from countries deemed high-risk.[101][102] On 24 March, the government announced that borders would be closed, save for twelve designated entry points.[103] Citizens of Botswana are permitted to return but must be quarantined for 14 days. There is concern, however, that people may still enter Botswana illegally from Zimbabwe by avoiding official border crossings.[104]

All schools were closed from 20 March. Teaching resumed on 2 June.[105]

The pandemic and travel restrictions disrupted what was to be Botswana's first elephant hunting season since 2014[106] and affected the diamond industry.[107]

On 31 March the president of Botswana, Mokgweetsi Masisi gave a speech and declared a State of Public Emergency for the purpose of taking appropriate and stringent measures to address the risks posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. The president said that a 21-day State of Public Emergency would not be sufficient to employ the necessary measures to fight the pandemic. The State of Public Emergency would have come into effect from Thursday, 2 April 2020 until Thursday, 30 April 2020, days later the president wanted to extend the 28 day State of Public Emergency to a six month long State of Public Emergency which will end on Friday, 2 October 2020. The president summoned the National Assembly in order for the MPs to vote on the six-month extension. On Thursday, 9 April 2020 the National assembly voted in favour of the six-month extension by acclamation. The full presidential speech can be found here: Botswana's response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

With effect from 1 May 2020, wearing a face mask is compulsory when leaving one's home.[108]

On 20 May the extreme social distancing brought in on 2 April came to an end. It was replaced by a zoning strategy combined with 13 check points between zones. There are nine COVID-19 zones: Boteti, Chobe, Ghanzi, Greater Francistown, Greater Gaborone, Greater Palapye, Greater Phikwe, Maun, Kgalagadi. On 31 July the Greater Gaborone zone came under lock down.[citation needed]

On 12 June Stanbic Bank Botswana was ordered temporarily to close its Gaborone head office and Fairgrounds branch following a positive test for COVID-19 from an employee.[109] After comprehensive testing with negative results they were able to open again on 17 June (head office) and 18 June (branch).[110]

Also on 12 June, Gaborone Private Hospital (GPH) was ordered to close following eight patients testing positive. All eight tests were later declared negative by the COVID-19 Task Force Team after additional testing and the hospital was allowed to open again from 15 June.[111] GPH has subsequently insisted on its original positive test results.[112] The disagreement over test protocols, outcomes and use of accredited laboratories risked escalating to a matter of national security.[113]

From 24 December to 31 January a nationwide curfew was in place nightly from 7pm to 4am.[114][115]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

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