COVID-19 pandemic in Cambodia

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COVID-19 pandemic in Cambodia
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Cambodia.svg
Map of provinces with confirmed cases
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationCambodia
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseSihanoukville
Arrival date27 January 2020
(4 months and 2 days)
Confirmed cases124
18,607 tests conducted (as of 27 May)
Active cases2
Recovered122
Deaths
0
Territories
12 provinces and Phnom Penh
Government website
Communicable Disease Control Department

The COVID-19 pandemic in Cambodia is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first case in Cambodia was confirmed on 27 January 2020.[1] According to Global Health Security Index's report in 2019, Cambodia ranked 89th out of 195 countries in preparedness for infectious disease outbreak.[2]

Background[edit]

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[3][4]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[5][6] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[7][5]

Timeline[edit]

Preventive measures poster by Communicable Disease Control Department (CDCD)

27 January[edit]

An empty hand sanitizer shelf in Kep on January 28, the day after the first case was confirmed in Cambodia

At 3 p.m, the first case had been confirmed in Sihanoukville on a 60-year-old Chinese man who arrived in 23 January from Wuhan, Hubei with his family. Three other members of his family were placed under quarantine as they did not appear to have symptoms, while he was placed in a separate room at the Preah Sihanouk Referral Hospital.[8][9][10]

10 February[edit]

After two weeks of being treated and kept under observation, he had fully recovered, Health Ministry stated on account of testing negative for the third time by Pasteur Institute of Cambodia. The family were finally discharged and flew back to their home country on the next day as of the 80 Chinese nationals who arrived in Sihanoukville on the same flight as him, most have since returned to China, although the city of Wuhan remains under quarantine.[11][12]

13 February[edit]

The cruise ship MS Westerdam was reportedly taking 1,455 passengers and 802 crew around Asia, 651 of whom were U.S citizens. It was previously docked in Hong Kong, around the time it was badly hit by the virus. The Westerdam arrived in Sihanoukville on 13 February after it had been turned away by four countries due to virus concerns. About 20 passengers on board, who were unwell, took clinical tests but the vast majority had their temperature taken and filled out a form. Most of these passengers then disembarked.[13]

Of 145 Westerdam passengers who stopped in Malaysia by plane on 15 February, an 83-year-old American woman tested positive for the virus, leading to concern that other passengers may also have been infected.[14] By only then, the remaining of 781 passengers were isolated and taken clinical tests, and still, the Westerdam was criticized as it was not designed for quarantine and the passengers were able to socialize.

A comedian based in Oregon who was hired to perform on the Westerdam was said to have flouted the quarantine by sneaking a flight back to Seattle.[15] However, he averred that the quarantine never took place and was cleared by US CDC on both ends.[16]

Later tests on the American woman who had already returned home showed negative as she never had carried the virus after all, US CDC stated on 6 March.[17] While the CDC had not tested the woman directly, it was confirmed that after the patient's initial positive result, two subsequent tests came back negative. It wasn't clear why she initially tested positive for COVID-19, though CDC officials have said she might have had other respiratory illness.

7 March[edit]

The second case of the coronavirus was a 38-year-old man, a Cambodian in Siem Reap. He was among four people (three of the man's relatives and a Japanese woman) placed under quarantine at Siem Reap Provincial Referral Hospital, all of whom had direct contact with a Japanese man in his 40s who left Cambodia on 3 February and tested positive upon arrival in his country at Chubu Centrair International Airport in Tokoname, Aichi. Meanwhile, some 40 other people in the same city had been isolated under medical supervision since indirect contacts with the same Japanese man. The government prompted its decision to close all schools and cancelled the upcoming Songkran in the city.[18][19]

10 March[edit]

The Ministry of Health confirmed the country's third case. At 4:30 p.m, a 65-year-old British woman had tested positive for the virus in Kampong Cham. She was a passenger of a cruise ship named Viking Cruise Journey, which travelled from Ho Chi Minh City to Kampong Cham City.[20]

The woman took a flight from London straight to Hanoi on 2 March then another flight to Ho Chi Minh City with four other people, all British. Arriving to Phnom Penh on 7 March via the cruise, it was reported that a Vietnamese woman, who was seated next to the group on the plane from London, had carried the virus. The group of five were taken samples for testing. Two of them refused, claiming that they were healthy and having no symptoms, until the cruise ship reached Kampong Cham on 9 March.[21]

11 March[edit]

Following the event, the boat had been docked to provide samples to be tested from all 29 other passengers and 34 crew and were they placed under quarantine in a hotel somewhere in the city.[22] The British patient was transferred to Royal Phnom Penh Hospital in Phnom Penh at her own request, adding that she had been conducted with coordination from WHO.[23]

12 March[edit]

Another cases of two passengers of Viking Cruise Journey were publicly confirmed at noon to have tested positive in a British man, 73 and his wife, 69, bringing up to five the confirmed cases at the time. Due to their ages, the married couple were transferred to Khmer-Soviet Friendship Hospital in Phnom Penh.[24][25]

13 March[edit]

The health officials confirmed two cases in Phnom Penh at 8 p.m sharp, tallying to seven in total. A 49-year-old Canadian and a 33-year-old Belgian were in quarantine in Khmer-Soviet Friendship Hospital.[26] The authorities were trying to locate those who had contacts with the patients.[27]

For the time being, another two visitors to Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum (A British and his friend, a Canadian woman who worked in China) were suspected to have the symptoms and admitted to the said hospital. A British man, however, made an escape but was found later in Kampot and hospitalized there. They were tested negative, assuming it was just a fever they had. Nevertheless, their self-monitoring was needed for any changes.[citation needed]

All cruise ships had since been prohibited to enter the country through K'am Samnar checkpoint and any other checkpoints.[28][29]

14 March[edit]

Resulting from the previous day, at 12:57 p.m, MOEYS published an article, declaring that they would have to shut down all educational institutes in Phnom Penh for a while until further notice, so did an NGO of where the Belgian man had been working at.[30][31]

According to Ministry of Health's press release, Cambodia announced a ban on all entries from Italy, Germany, Spain, France and the United States, thereby all visas would be undeniably suspended. This policy would be held for thirty days, effective on March 17.[32]

15 March[edit]

Iran was added to the list of countries whose nationals were suspended entry to Cambodia, making a total of six. This would take effect on 18 March.[33]

An additional case of COVID-19 was confirmed in Phnom Penh at 5 p.m sharp on a French man, 35. With his wife and his four-month-old baby, the family flew from Paris to Singapore on 13 March. Showing signs of fever, the authorities there took his samples for examination. To wait for the results, he wasn't allowed to go any further, however as a follow-up health checkup was presented, he was informed that he could carry on and the results would be available accordingly.[citation needed]

The family were off, landed at Phnom Penh International Airport on the morning of 14 March. The same day, the test came back positive. As of 15 March, the man was admitted to Khmer-Soviet Friendship Hospital while his wife and child, were staying at home of a relative under medical supervision.[34]

Contacts with the man were found in the plane he boarded, in total of 24 passengers (including him and his family), and another two transporters who drove them home, to be examined. At 9 p.m, a report of 4 more cases were publicized, tallied up to twelve at the end of the day. It included a 4-month-old child of the French patient, a Cambodian from France, and two Khmer Muslims, 35 and 39, who attended a mosque event near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 29 February. The ten mosque event attendees arrived at Preah Vihear (except one, who arrived at Stung Treng) on 3 March and up to 14 March, Malaysia informed that it had found the infected from that gathering. Another 8 people were continually in testing.[35][36]

16 March[edit]

The closures of educational institutions had then been expanded nationwide.[37]

17 March[edit]

Within the span of two days, the total confirmed cases leapt to 33.[38][39] At half past 9 a.m, 12 cases were publicly stated. 11 Khmer were found to be infected in various provinces. They were among 79 people returning from attending a mosque event in Malaysia. One case further referred to a Cambodian man who crossed the border from Thailand in Banteay Meanchey.[40] At 9:00 p.m, nine more cases were included, six more attendees in Malaysia and three Malaysians out of a group of five. Two of the group were put under quarantine at a mosque in Kep.[41] The government mandated the extended closure to karaoke clubs and cinemas and forbid all religious gatherings and concerts.[42][43][44]

18 March[edit]

Four more cases were detected: two Malaysians in Kampot and two more tabligh attendees in Tboung Khmum.[45]

In response to Vietnam's unilaterally shutting down borders with Cambodia without prior notice, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced to suspend all border crossings with Vietnam for a month-long period with the exception of diplomats and official passport holders. The measure would take effect on 20 March to avert inconvenience quarantine requirements for both nations.[46][47]

It was reported that Thailand unilaterally closed Cambodian-Thai provincial border crossing, An Ses-Preah Vihear.[citation needed]

The government had established a national committee for combating the COVID-19, it had duties to set national policy and strategy related to the fight against the COVID-19 and control the impact of the virus on politics, economy, and society at national and international levels. The committee was obliged to direct the implementation of the strategic plan in preventing, containing and controlling the spread of the virus.[48]

19 March[edit]

Ten more cases were detected: two wives of the infected men, two more tabligh attendees, and six Malaysians.[49]

20 March[edit]

The Ministry of Health announced an additional 4 confirmed cases: a Malaysian, and three Cambodians, one of whom was infected from an attendee from Malaysia and had no recent travel record overseas.[50]

21 March[edit]

Two more cases were confirmed at 9 p.m, a 67-year-old and an 80-year-old Frenchmen who arrived Sihanoukville as tourists on 18 March. 37 people suspected to have contacts with were put under quarantine.[51]

22 March[edit]

Having tested negative for a few times, a 65-year-old patient, British woman was reported that she fully recovered. She was said to be discharged later that day.[citation needed]

After bilateral meetings between Cambodia and Thailand was resulted in agreement upon closing all borders starting from 23 March for 14 days. An exception was made at Poipet-Aranyaprathet border crossing where only heavy-duty trucks were allowed under strict conditions. [52]

At 10 p.m, more 29 people linked in the same tourist group of the cases confirmed the previous night, plus two Cambodian guides were detected of the virus. The tourist group arrived Cambodia on March 11, visiting four provinces. As the tour ended in Sihanoukville on 18 March, the group had stayed in Independence Hotel and was scheduled to depart from Phnom Penh on 21 March.[53]

23 March[edit]

At 19:30, three new cases were recorded to include a mother of a 4-month-old child whom she and her infant had been placed under treatment at the Kantha Bopha Children's Hospital and other two Cambodians.[54]

24 March[edit]

The Health Ministry registered four new cases, risen up to 91. A British couple and an American couple were passengers of Viking Cruise Journey where the rest of them, 24 people were cleared and would depart for home from Phnom Penh via charter flights the next day.[55] It also added that four patients, two from Tboung Khmum and another two from Battambang, were all tested negative twice and ready to be discharged.[56]

25 March[edit]

Cambodia recorded five new cases, two from the French tourist group and 3 Cambodians with no recent foreign travels.[57]

Four more patients, three from Phnom Penh and one from Tboung Khmum, had made complete recovery for that day.[58]

174 Chinese nationals had been quarantined in Svay Rieng upon their arrival from Phnom Penh by bus after two of them exhibited high temperatures.[59] [60]

26–31 March[edit]

Reportedly around 40 thousand workers from Thailand had returned home. The local authorities were ordered to pay close attention and getting them informed on preventive measures and self-quarantine themselves for two weeks.[61]

On 26–28 March, two Indonesians taking off from Thailand and a Cambodian family of four who went on a trip to France were added to confirmed cases.[62][63][64]

On 29–31 March, six cases were added to the total of 109 at the month's end.[65][66] [67]

Eleven patients from Koh Kong, Banteay Meanchey, Phnom Penh, Kampong Chhnang, Battambang and Siem Reap was reported to have recovered from the disease.[68][69] [70]

On 28 March, The government mandated to impose travel restrictions to Cambodia, effective on 30 March. It stated that it would suspend visa exemption policy and issuance of tourist visa, e-visa and visa on arrival to all foreigners for a period of one month. Any foreign individual entering the country must obtain a prior visa from Cambodian missions abroad and provide a medical certificate, issued no more than 72 hours prior to arrival time and proof that he/she holds at least 50 thousand dollars for medical coverage.[71]

The authorities had traced 340 people who had indirect contacts with infected French tourist group in Siem Reap.[72]

On 30 March, all casinos were ordered to close temporarily starting from 1 April.[73]

1-9 April[edit]

In a span of nine days, Cambodia counted 9 new cases, most notably on 9 April, a discharged patient was found to be relapsing two days after.[74][75][76][77][78] Moreover, 48 patients reportedly had recovered, mostly in Sihanoukville, adding up to 68 in total.[79][80]

To ensure the nation's food security during the outbreak, rice exports would be halted from 6 April.[81]

A planned return of 150 Cambodian workers from Malaysia was turn down on 7 April by the government to tighten safety for its country.[82]

Massage parlours and health spas were ordered nationwide to temporarily shut down from 7 April.[83]

Khmer New Year celebrations scheduled 13–16 April were cancelled, implementing no-holiday policy to all employees and officials.[84][85] The government promised to provide US$70 a month to any laid-off worker whose factories were suspended operations.[86][87] For those who go on holidays would have to take quarantine for two weeks without pay when they return to work.[88]

An act was issued on 8 April to prohibit travels across provinces and between districts outside the capital with exceptions for goods transporters, armed forces and civil servants starting midnight on the 10th and would last a week until 16th.[89][90]

21 May[edit]

After a month long streak of no new cases, the Ministry of Health reported a new imported case of a man travelling from the Philippines. The other 62 passengers on the flight are quarantined at a hotel in Phnom Penh.[91]

Case details[edit]

COVID-19 cases in Cambodia  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases

Jan Jan Feb Feb Mar Mar Apr Apr Last 15 days Last 15 days

Date
# of cases
# of recoveries
01/27
1
02/10
1 1
03/07
2(+100%) 1
03/10
3(+50%) 1
03/11
3 1
03/12
5(+66.67%) 1
03/13
7(+40%) 1
03/14
7 1
03/15
12(+71.43%) 1
03/16
12 1
03/17
33(+175%) 1
03/18
37(+8.82%) 1
03/19
47(+27.03%) 1
03/20
51(+8.51) 1
03/21
53(+3.92%) 1
03/22
84(+58.49%) 2(+100%)
03/23
87(+3.57%) 2
03/24
91(+4.6%) 6(+200%)
03/25
96(+5.49%) 10(+66.67%)
03/26
98(+2.08%) 11(+10%)
03/27
98 11
03/28
102(+4.08%) 13(+18.18%)
03/29
103(+0.98%) 21(+61.54%)
03/30
107(+3.88%) 23(+9.52%)
03/31
109(+1.89%) 23
04/01
109 25(+8.7%)
04/02
110(+0.92%) 34(+36%)
04/03
114(+3.64%) 35(+2.94%)
04/04
114 49(+44.12%)
04/05
114 50(+2.04%)
04/06
114 53(+6%)
04/07
115(+0.88%) 58(+9.43%)
04/08
117(+1.74%) 63(+8.62%)
04/09
118(+0.85%) 68(+7.94%)
04/10
119(+0.85%) 72(+5.88%)
04/11
120(+0.84%) 75(+4.17%)
04/12
122(+1.67%) 77(+10%)
04/13
122 77
04/14
122 91(+18.18%)
04/15
122 96(+5.49%)
04/16
122 98(+2.08%)
04/17
122 98
04/18
122 103(+5.1%)
04/19
122 105(+1.94%)
04/20
122 107(+1.9%)
04/21
122 110(+2.8%)
04/25
122 117(+6.36%)
04/26
122 117
04/27
122 119(+1.71%)
05/02
122 120(+0.84%)
05/12
122 121(+0.83%)
05/16
122 122(+0.83%)
05/21
123(+0.82%) 122
05/22
123 122
05/23
124(+0.81%) 122

Source from Communicable Disease Control Department

Confirmed cases by provinces, gender, age and nationality

Province
Cases Re⁠coveries
Banteay Meanchey
4 4
Battambang
8 8
Kampong Cham
16 16
Kampong Chhnang
3 3
Kampot
2 2
Kandal
2 2
Kep
4 4
Koh Kong
2 2
Phnom Penh
30 28
Preah Vihear
2 2
Siem Reap
7 7
Sihanoukville
40 40
Tboung Khmum
4 4
Classi⁠fication Cases
All 124
Sex Male 85
Female 39
Age 80 and above 1
70-79 7
60-69 40
50-59 18
40-49 16
30-39 31
20-29 9
10-19 1
0-9 1
n/d 0
Nationality
Cases
53
40
13
 UK
5
3
3
2
2
 USA
2
1

Details of the confirmed cases in Cambodia

Case Date confirmed Age Gen⁠der National⁠ity Detection location Treatment facility Previous country been to Status Note Source
1 27 January 2020 60 Male  China Sihanoukville Preah Si⁠hanouk Referral Hospital  China Dis⁠charged (10 February) Arrived from Wuhan on 23 January with his family. [8]
2 7 March 2020 38  Cambodia Siem Reap Siem Reap Referral Hospital No Dis⁠charged (30 March) To have person-to-person spread from his employer, a Japanese man in his 40s. [18]
3 10 March 2020 65 Female  United Kingdom Kampong Cham Kampong Cham Pro⁠vincial Hospital  Vietnam Dis⁠charged (22 March) Case 3-⁠5 were passengers of Viking Cruise Journey. Boarded the same plane from London to Hanoi. Possibly infected from a Vietnamese woman.
Case 4 and 5 are married couple.
[20]
Royal Ph⁠nom Penh Hospital
4 12 March 2020 73 Male Khmer-Soviet Friendship Hospital Dis⁠charged (29 March) [24]
5 69 Female
6 13 March 2020 49 Male  Canada Phnom Penh  Thailand Discharged (18 April) A staff of Canadian International School, Koh Pich Campus. [27]
7 33  Belgium Undisclosed Dis⁠charged (2 April) Identity requested to be concealed.
8 15 March 2020 35  France  Singapore  Singapore Dis⁠charged (27 April) Arrived from Singapore on 14 March. Possibly infected in France. [34][36]
9 4 months Phnom Penh National Pediatric Hospital Dis⁠charged (3 April) Child of case 8. Spread from his father.
Kantha Bopha Hospital IV
10 39  Cambodia Khmer-Soviet Friendship Hospital  France Dis⁠charged (4 April) Identity covered by the government. Later revealed to be a senior official of Foreign Affairs.
11 35 Preah Vihear Preah Vihear Provincial Hospital  Malaysia Dis⁠charged (10 April) Attendees of a mosque event in Malaysia. Arrived Cambodia on 3 March.
12 39 Dis⁠charged (29 March)
13 17 March 2020 38 Banteay Meanchey Banteay Meanchey Provincial Hospital  Thailand Dis⁠charged (30 March) Based in Serei Saophoan. [40][41]
14 41  Malaysia Dis⁠charged (27 March) Attendees of a mosque event in Malaysia.

Case 23 is a Malay translator, workplace in Kep.

15 63 Phnom Penh Khmer-Soviet Friendship Hospital Dis⁠charged (29 March)
16 64 Dis⁠charged (27 March)
17 75 Kampong Chhnang Kampong Chhnang Provincial Hospital Dis⁠charged (12 May)
18 28 Dis⁠charged (7 April)
19 38 Battambang Battambang Provincial Hospital Discharged (25 March)
20 41 Dis⁠charged (24 March)
21 42
22 45 Dis⁠charged (15 April)
23 30 Kep Kep Provincial Hospital Dis⁠charged (1 April)
24 61 Tbong Khmum Tboung Khmum Provincial Hospital Dis⁠charged (24 March)
25 40 Siem Reap Siem Reap Provincial Hospital Dis⁠charged (2 April)
26 27 Phnom Penh Khmer-Soviet Friendship Hospital Dis⁠charged (29 March)
27 40 (relapsed on 9 April)
Discharged (15 April)
28 36 Kampong Chhnang Kampong Chhnang Provincial Hospital Dis⁠charged (29 March)
29 58  Malaysia Kep Kep Provincial Hospital Dis⁠charged (10 April)
30 61 Dis⁠charged (1 April)
31 66 Dis⁠charged (25 April)
32 57  Cambodia Koh Kong Koh Kong Provincial Hospital Dis⁠charged (26 March) Attendees of a mosque event in Malaysia.
33 53 Tboung Khmum Tboung Khmum Provincial Hospital Dis⁠charged (24 March)
34 18 March 2020 60  Malaysia Kampot Kampot Provincial Hospital Dis⁠charged (4 April) [45]
35 64
36 71  Cambodia Tboung Khmum Tboung Khmum Provincial Hospital Discharged (25 March) Attendees of a mosque event in Malaysia.
37 52
38 19 March 2020 35 Female Battambang Bat⁠tambang Provincial Hospital No Dis⁠charged (4 April) To have person-to-person spread from her husband, Case 22. [49]
39 41 Dis⁠charged (15 April) To have person-to-person spread from her husband, Case 21.
40 60 Male Kandal Kandal Pro⁠vincial Hospital  Malaysia Dis⁠charged (4 April) Attendee of a mosque event in Malaysia.
41 34 Phnom Penh Chak Angre Krom Hospital Dis⁠charged (29 March) Religious worker from Kampot, had stayed in Phnom Penh for a few days.
42 26  Malaysia Kampong Cham Kampong Cham Provincial Hospital Discharged (6 April) Religious workers temporarily in Kang Meas.
43 34 Dis⁠charged (12 April)
44 34 Discharged (15 April)
45 51
46 58 Dis⁠charged (12 April)
47 62 Dis⁠charged (5 April)
48 20 March 2020 39 Discharged (6 April) [50]
49 33  Cambodia Phnom Penh Chak Angre Krom Hospital No Discharged (25 March) To have person-to-person spread from someone who attended the mosque event.
50 38 Battambang Battambang Provincial Hospital  Malaysia Dis⁠charged (18 April) Attendees of a mosque event in Malaysia.
51 48 Dis⁠charged (20 April)
52 21 March 2020 67  France Sihanoukville Preah Si⁠hanouk Provincial Hospital Possibly
 France
Discharged (8 April) A tourist group arrived Cambodia on 11 March. For the final tour in Sihanoukville, they had stayed at Independent Hotel on 18 March and planned to depart on 21 March. [51]
53 80 Dis⁠charged (16 April)
54 22 March 2020 48 Female Dis⁠charged (11 April) [53]
55 59 Dis⁠charged (2 April)
56 66 Discharged (14 April)
57 61 Dis⁠charged (2 April)
58 63
59 52 Dis⁠charged (4 April)
60 62 Dis⁠charged (2 April)
61 66 Dis⁠charged (4 April)
62 59 Discharged (9 April)
63 63
64 76 Dis⁠charged (4 April)
65 60 Discharged (14 April)
66 63 Dis⁠charged (4 April)
67 60 Discharged (14 April)
68 69 Dis⁠charged (2 April)
69 69 Discharged (14 April)
70 59
71 66 Male Dis⁠charged (2 April)
72 57 Dis⁠charged (4 April)
73 70
74 70
75 63 Discharged (8 April)
76 63 Discharged (9 April)
77 63 Dis⁠charged (4 April)
78 52 Dis⁠charged (2 April)
79 64 Dis⁠charged (20 April)
80 62 Discharged (9 April)
81 61 Discharged (14 April)
82 58
83 39  Cambodia No Dis⁠charged (4 April) Tour guides to the group above.
84 33 Discharged (14 April)
85 23 March 2020 45 Male Kampong Cham Kampong Cham Pro⁠vincial Hospital Discharged (10 April) To have person-to-person spread from Malaysian(s) while both attended a local event in Kang Meas from 12 to 16 March. [54]
86 36 Koh Kong Koh Kong Provincial Hospital Dis⁠charged (11 April) To have person-to-person spread from his friend, Case 32
87 28 Female  France Phnom Penh Kantha Bopha Hospital  Singapore Dis⁠charged (27 April) Mother of Case 9. Currently nursing the child in the same hospital.
88 24 March 2020 61 Male  United Kingdom Kampong Cham Kampong Cham Provincial Hospital  Vietnam Discharged (18 April) Passengers of Viking Cruise Journey.

Case 90 and 91 are married couple.

[56]
89 79 Female Discharged (9 April)
90 59 Male  United States Discharged (18 April)
91 62 Female
92 25 March 2020 64 Male  France Sihanoukville Preah Sihanouk Provincial Hospital Possibly
 France
Dis⁠charged (4 April) From a tourist group, Case 52-82 [57]
93 60 Female Discharged (14 April)
94 27 Male  Cambodia Phnom Penh Chak Angre Krom Hospital No Discharged (8 April) Based in Poipet.
95 59 Kandal Kandal Provincial Hospital Discharged (10 April) To have person-to-person spread from Case 40
96 37 Siem Reap Siem Reap Provincial Hospital Dis⁠charged (27 April) Driver for the French tourist group.
97 26 March 2020 41 Male  Indonesia  Thailand Discharged (14 April) Medically tested in Thailand. [63]
98 44
99 28 March 2020 62  Cambodia Phnom Penh Chak Angre Krom Hospital  France Dis⁠charged (11 April) The family went on a trip to France. The man, Case 99 was back home on 15 March before the rest (his wife, Case 100 and his children, Case 101-102), later on 24 March. [62]
100 61 Female Dis⁠charged (7 April)
101 39 Male Discharged (14 April)
102 37 Female Discharged (8 April)
103 29 March 2020 36 Female Banteay Meanchey Banteay Meanchey Provincial Hospital Undisclosed Discharged (16 May) A casino staff. Possibly had contacts with Thai national. [65]
104 30 March 2020 30 Male No Dis⁠charged (7 April) A casino staff. [66]
105 36 Phnom Penh Khmer-Soviet Friendship Hospital  Japan Discharged (8 April) Arrived Cambodia on 28 March. Based in Kampong Cham.
106 20 Female  United Kingdom Dis⁠charged (25 April) A college student. Arrived Cambodia on 28 March.
107 61 Male  France  Guyana Dis⁠charged (16 April) Arrived Cambodia on 22 March.
108 31 March 2020 39 Female  Cambodia Siem Reap Siem Reap Provincial Hospital No Dis⁠charged (7 April) Wife of Case 25, to have person-to-person spread from her husband [67]
109 12 Male Dis⁠charged (19 April) Child of Case 108
110 2 April 2020 58 Sihanoukville Undisclosed hotel Dis⁠charged (2 May) Hospitality manager for the French tourist group. [74]
111 3 April 2020 67  France Undisclosed, Possibly  France Discharged (14 April) From the tourist group, Case 52-82 [92]
112 67 Female Discharged (9 April)
113 59 Discharged (14 April) From another tourist group of four people.
114 40 Male  Malaysia Kampong Cham Kampong Cham Provincial Hospital  Malaysia Discharged (6 April) A religious worker temporarily in Kang Meas.
115 7 April 2020 27 Female  Vietnam Phnom Penh Khmer-Soviet Friendship Hospital  Vietnam Dis⁠charged (25 April) A tourist went to Vietnam on 2 March via Bavet and back to Cambodia on 10 March. She has a boyfriend, a Chinese national who departed on 3 April and tested positive later in China. [75]
116 8 April 2020 47 Male  Cambodia Chak Angre Krom Hospital No Discharged (21 April) A friend of the Chinese man whose boyfriend of Case 115. [76]
117 45 Female Wife of Case 116.
118 9 April 2020 30  China Khmer-Soviet Friendship Hospital Unspecified Dis⁠charged (25 April) A tourist who had direct contacts with Case 115 and her boyfriend. [77]
119 10 April 2020 34  Vietnam Dis⁠charged (19 April) A tourist stayed on Diamond Island. [93]
120 11 April 2020 31  China Dis⁠charged (25 April) A tourist and a friend of Case 118. [93]
121 12 April 2020 24  Vietnam Chak Angre Krom Hospital A tourist staying in Boeng Keng Kang 1. [94]
122 50 Male  Canada Discharged (21 April) A casino staff and husband of Case 121.
123 21 May 2020 26  Cambodia Khmer-Soviet Friendship Hospital  South Korea
 Philippines
In-patient Arrived via transit from South Korea through the Philippines on 20 May. Based in Kampot Province. [91]
124 23 May 2020 39 Female  United States
 South Korea
In-patient Arrived on 8 May via transit from United States through South Korea. Based in Sen Sok, Phnom Penh. [95]


Humanitarian assistance[edit]

On 23 March, a team of seven specialist physicians from southern China's Guangxi with medical supplies, including ventilators, medical masks, protective suits, test kits, and infrared temperature sensors, had landed in Phnom Penh to assist tackling the pandemic.[96][97]

In April 2020, Vietnam donated Cambodia with $100,000 medical supplies.[98]

Reception[edit]

Concerns were raised about the lack of widespread testing; testing had been restricted to travellers or those with contact to known COVID-19 cases. "Regular flu" cases were not being tested.[99]

On 30 March Human Rights Watch criticized local authorities for engaging in "inflammatory rhetoric against vulnerable groups and foreigners", including having specifically referred to groups (such as Khmer Islam) as the subject of positive cases in a 17 March Facebook post (which incited discriminatory comments), and having blamed foreigners for its spread.[100] It has also criticized the country for using emergency measures to restrict freedoms, including "baseless" arrests of critics and opposition supporters for "incitement" or dissemination of "fake news", including members of the Cambodian National Rescue Party, and an online journalist who merely quoted a speech by Prime Minister Hun Sen on social media.[101]

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External links[edit]