COVID-19 pandemic in Senegal

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COVID-19 pandemic in Senegal
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationSenegal
First outbreakFrance
Index caseDakar
Arrival date2 March 2020
(2 months, 4 weeks and 2 days)
Confirmed cases3,348 (as of 29 May) [1]
Active cases1,560 (as of 26 May)
Recovered1,565 (as of 26 May)
Deaths
36 (as of 26 May)

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Senegal on March 2, 2020.

Background[edit]

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[2][3]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[4][5] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[6][4]

Timeline[edit]

COVID-19 cases in Senegal  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases

Mar Mar Apr Apr May May Last 15 days Last 15 days

Date
# of cases
2020-03-02
1(+1) (+)
1(=)
2020-03-04
4(+2) (+100%)
4(=)
2020-03-10
5(+1) (+25%)
5(=)
2020-03-12
10(+5) (+100%)
10(=)
2020-03-15
24(+14) (+140%)
24(=)
2020-03-19
36(+12) (+50%)
2020-03-20
47(+9) (+25%)
2020-03-21
56(+9) (+19%)
2020-03-22
67(+11) (+20%)
2020-03-23
79(+12) (+18%)
2020-03-24
86(+7) (+8.9%)
2020-03-25
99(+13) (+15%)
2020-03-26
105(+6) (+6%)
2020-03-27
119(+14) (+13%)
2020-03-28
130(+11) (+9%)
2020-03-29
142(+12) (+9%)
2020-03-30
162(+20) (+14%)
2020-03-31
175(+13) (+8%)
175(=)
2020-04-02
195(+20) (+11%)
2020-04-03
207(+12) (+6%)
2020-04-04
219(+12) (+6%)
219(=)
2020-04-06
226(+12) (+5%)
2020-04-07
237(+11) (+5%)
2020-04-08
244(+7) (+3%)
2020-04-09
250(+6) (+2%)
2020-04-10
265(+15) (+6%)
2020-04-11
278(+13) (+5%)
2020-04-12
280(+2) (+1%)
2020-04-13
291(+11) (+4%)
2020-04-14
299(+8) (+3%)
2020-04-15
314(+15) (+5%)
2020-04-16
335(+21) (+7%)
2020-04-17
342(+7) (+2%)
2020-04-18
350(+8) (+2%)
2020-04-19
367(+17) (+5%)
2020-04-20
377(+10) (+3%)
2020-04-21
412(+35) (+9%)
2020-04-22
442(+30) (+7%)
2020-04-23
479(+37) (+8%)
2020-04-24
545(+66) (+14%)
2020-04-25
614(+69) (+13%)
2020-04-26
671(+57) (+9%)
2020-04-27
736(+65) (+10%)
2020-04-28
823(+77) (+10%)
2020-04-29
882(+59) (+8%)
2020-04-30
933(+51) (+6%)
2020-05-01
1024(+91) (+10%)
2020-05-02
1115(+91) (+9%)
2020-05-03
1182(+67) (+6%)
2020-05-04
1271(+89) (+8%)
2020-05-05
1329(+58) (+5%)
2020-05-06
1433(+104) (+8%)
2020-05-07
1492(+59) (+4%)
2020-05-08
1551(+59) (+4%)
2020-05-09
1634(+83) (+5%)
2020-05-10
1709(+75) (+5%)
2020-05-11
1886(+177) (+10%)
2020-05-12
1995(+109) (+6%)
2020-05-13
2105(+110) (+6%)
2020-05-14
2189(+84) (+4%)
2020-05-15
2310(+121) (+6%)
2020-05-16
2429(+119) (+5%)
2020-05-17
2480(+51) (+2%)
2020-05-18
2544(+64) (+3%)
2020-05-19
2617(+73) (+3%)
2020-05-20
2714(+97) (+4%)
2020-05-21
2812(+98) (+4%)
2020-05-22
2909(+97) (+3%)
2020-05-23
2976(+67) (+2%)
2020-05-24
3047(+71) (+2%)
2020-05-25
3130(+83) (+3%)
2020-05-29
3,348(+7%)
Sources: various news sources and state health department websites. See Timeline Table and Timeline narrative for sources.


On 2 March 2020, a 54-year-old man from France was the first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Senegal,[7] living in the Almadies Arrondissement of Dakar, having been tested positive at the Pasteur Institute in Dakar.[7] He had travelled on Air Senegal on 29 February 2020.[7] Senegal became the second Sub-Saharan country to report confirmed cases after Nigeria.[citation needed]

The second confirmed case of COVID-19 was a French expat who came to Dakar from France. They are quoted as being in a "comfortable" condition.[8]

By 4 March, the number of cases rose to four, with both cases being foreign nationals.[9] The first case was the wife of the first case in Senegal, who arrived in the country on 19 February. The other case was a Briton from London, who came to Senegal on 24 February.[citation needed]

Basketball Africa League postponed the start of their inaugural season on 6 March 2020, which would have taken place in Dakar.[10] This came as fear mounted over religious events and travel, especially those related to the Grand Magal, a Mouride festivity which occurs in Touba.[11]

On 10 March, Senegalese Health Minister Abdoulaye Diouf Sarr told local press that the government would call off religious events if advised to do so. On the same day, a Senegalese national returning from Italy confirmed positive, becoming the fifth case in the country.[12]

On 12 March, five more cases were announced in Senegal, which were family members of a confirmed case of the Senegalese national returning from Italy.[13] One of the victims was in the holy city of Touba, despite many people being convinced by clerics that they were immune to the coronavirus.[14]

As of 15 March, there were 24 confirmed cases in Senegal.[15] Senegal imposed travel restrictions, banned cruise ships, and closed schools for three weeks in response to the coronavirus. They also banned public gatherings for a month, including Muslim and Christian pilgrimages.[16]

On 23 March, Senegal declared a state of emergency.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "COVID-19 Dashboard by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU)". 24 May 2020.
  2. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  3. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  6. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. ^ a b c "Coronavirus : Le Sénégal enregistre son premier cas". Le Quotidien (in French). 2 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Second case of coronavirus in Senegal as African sports shelved". RFI. 5 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Senegal confirms third and fourth coronavirus cases". Reuters. 4 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Basketball Africa League postpones start of inaugural season". NBA.com (Press release). 3 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  11. ^ Paquette, Danielle & Tall, Borso (6 March 2020). "Coronavirus fears rise in Senegal as thousands travel for religious festivals". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Senegal confirms fifth case of COVID-19". aa.com.tr. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Senegal announces 5 new coronavirus cases". News24. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Coronavirus hits Senegal's holy city as cleric declares faithful are immune". Africanews. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Senegal orders all schools closed in response to coronavirus". Reuters. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  16. ^ Magome, Mogomot Si (15 March 2020). "Several African nations roll out measures to fight virus". Yahoo News. Associated Press. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Ivory Coast, Senegal declare emergencies, impose curfews in coronavirus response". Reuters. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.