COVID-19 pandemic in South Africa

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COVID-19 pandemic in South Africa
Za-covid-actives.svg
Confirmed active COVID-19 cases in provinces as of 24 July 2021.
Covid-19 cases in South Africa.svg
Confirmed COVID-19 cases by province as of 20 July 2021.
Covid-19 deaths in South Africa.svg
Confirmed COVID-19 attributed deaths by province as of 20 July 2021.
Covid-19 active cases in South Africa.svg
Confirmed COVID-19 active cases by province as of 20 July 2021.
South Africa, deaths, CoViD-19 and excess.png
Excess deaths, natural (green) vs confirmed COVID-19 deaths (purple) as of 17 July 2021.
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationSouth Africa
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseHilton, KwaZulu-Natal
Arrival date5 March 2020
(1 year, 4 months, 3 weeks and 2 days ago)
Confirmed cases2,383,490 +5,683 as of 26 July 2021[1]
Active cases144,020 as of 26 July 2021[2]
Recovered2,169,452 as of 26 July 2021[1]
Deaths
70,018 +243 as of 26 July 2021[1]
Fatality rate2.9%[1]
Test positivity rate24.3% as of 26 July 2021[1]
Vaccinations6,613,704
(2,437,167 complete) as of 26 July 2021[3]
Government website
https://sacoronavirus.co.za
https://vaccine.enroll.health.gov.za

The COVID-19 pandemic in South Africa is part of the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). On 5 March 2020, Minister of Health Zweli Mkhize confirmed the spread of the virus to South Africa, with the first known patient being a male citizen who tested positive upon his return from Italy.[4] The first death to have occurred from the disease was reported on 27 March 2020.

On 15 March 2020, the President of South Africa, Cyril Ramaphosa, declared a national state of disaster,[5] and announced measures such as immediate travel restrictions and the closure of schools from 18 March.[6] On 17 March, the National Coronavirus Command Council was established,[7] "to lead the nation's plan to contain the spread and mitigate the negative impact of the coronavirus".[7][8] On 23 March, a national lockdown was announced, starting on 27 March 2020.[9] On 21 April, a 500 billion rand stimulus was announced in response to the pandemic.[10] Ramaphosa announced that from 1 May 2020, a gradual and phased easing of the lockdown restrictions would begin, lowering the national alert level to 4.[11] From 1 June, the national restrictions were lowered to level 3.[12] The restrictions were lowered to alert level 2 on 17 August 2020.[13] From 21 September 2020, restrictions were lowered to alert level 1.[14]

In December 2020, the country experienced a second wave of COVID-19 infections.[15] The lockdown was tightened from an adjusted level 1 to an adjusted level 3 starting on 29 December 2020. The lockdown was lowered from an adjusted level 3 to an adjusted level 1 starting on 1 March 2021.[16] On 17 February 2021, the national COVID-19 vaccination program was officially rolled out.[17]

On 8 May 2021, local cases of variants of concern Delta (first detected in India, which has a higher transmissibility and reduced neutralisation than South Africa's dominant variant, Beta) and Alpha (first detected in the UK, which has a higher transmissibility and is more lethal than South Africa's dominant variant, Beta) were reported.[18] On 31 May 2021 the country was moved from adjusted level 1 to an adjusted alert level 2, due to a third wave of infections.[19] On 15 June 2021 the country was moved to alert level 3.[20] On 28 June 2021, the country was moved to adjusted level 4, with the Delta variant fast becoming the dominant strain in the country.[21] On 9 July 2021, sixteen months into the pandemic, doctors in Johannesburg described the system there as beyond its breaking point, with insufficient beds and barely enough oxygen.[22] On 25 July the country was moved to adjusted level 3.[23]

As of 17 July 2021 there have been 203446 excess deaths of persons older than 1 years from natural causes since 3 May 2020,[24] with 85-95% of these excess deaths attributable to COVID-19, and the remaining 5-15% probably mainly due to overwhelming of the health services.[25]

Timeline[edit]

COVID-19 cases in South Africa (Click for all data)  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
2020202020212021
MarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAugSepSepOctOctNovNovDecDec
JanJanFebFebMarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJul
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-05 1(n.a.)
2020-03-06 1(=)
2020-03-07 2(+1)
2020-03-08 3(+1)
2020-03-09 7(+4)
2020-03-10 7(=)
2020-03-11 13(+6)
2020-03-12 16(+3)
2020-03-13 24(+8)
2020-03-14 38(+14)
2020-03-15
61(+23)
2020-03-16
62(+1)
2020-03-17
85(+23)
2020-03-18
116(+31)
2020-03-19
150(+34)
2020-03-20
202(+52)
2020-03-21
240(+38)
2020-03-22
274(+34)
2020-03-23
402(+128)
2020-03-24
554(+152)
2020-03-25
709(+155)
2020-03-26
927(+218)
2020-03-27
1,170(+243) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-28
1,187(+17) 1(=)
2020-03-29
1,280(+93) 2(+1)
2020-03-30
1,326(+46) 3(+1)
2020-03-31
1,372(+46) 5(+2)
2020-04-01
1,380(+8) 5(=)
2020-04-02
1,462(+82) 5(=)
2020-04-03
1,505(+43) 7(+2)
2020-04-04
1,585(+80) 9(+2)
2020-04-05
1,655(+70) 11(+2)
2020-04-06
1,686(+31) 12(+1)
2020-04-07
1,749(+63) 13(+1)
2020-04-08
1,845(+96) 18(+5)
2020-04-09
1,934(+89) 18(=)
2020-04-10
2,003(+69) 24(+6)
2020-04-11
2,028(+25) 25(+1)
2020-04-12
2,173(+145) 25(=)
2020-04-13
2,272(+99) 27(+2)
2020-04-14
2,415(+143) 27(=)
2020-04-15
2,506(+91) 34(+7)
2020-04-16
2,605(+99) 48(+14)
2020-04-17
2,783(+178) 50(+2)
2020-04-18
3,034(+251) 52(+2)
2020-04-19
3,158(+124) 54(+2)
2020-04-20
3,300(+142) 58(+4)
2020-04-21
3,465(+165) 58(=)
2020-04-22
3,635(+170) 65(+7)
2020-04-23
3,953(+318) 75(+10)
2020-04-24
4,220(+267) 79(+4)
2020-04-25
4,361(+141) 86(+7)
2020-04-26
4,546(+185) 87(+1)
2020-04-27
4,793(+247) 90(+3)
2020-04-28
4,996(+203) 93(+3)
2020-04-29
5,350(+354) 103(+10)
2020-04-30
5,647(+297) 103(=)
2020-05-01
5,951(+304) 116(+13)
2020-05-02
6,336(+385) 123(+7)
2020-05-03
6,783(+447) 131(+8)
2020-05-04
7,220(+437) 138(+7)
2020-05-05
7,572(+352) 148(+10)
2020-05-06
7,808(+236) 153(+5)
2020-05-07
8,232(+424) 161(+8)
2020-05-08
8,895(+663) 178(+17)
2020-05-09
9,420(+525) 186(+8)
2020-05-10
10,015(+595) 194(+8)
2020-05-11
10,652(+637) 206(+12)
2020-05-12
11,350(+698) 206(=)
2020-05-13
12,074(+724) 219(+13)
2020-05-14
12,739(+665) 238(+19)
2020-05-15
13,524(+785) 247(+9)
2020-05-16
14,355(+831) 261(+14)
2020-05-17
15,515(+1,160) 264(+3)
2020-05-18
16,433(+918) 286(+22)
2020-05-19
17,200(+767) 312(+26)
2020-05-20
18,003(+803) 339(+27)
2020-05-21
19,137(+1,134) 369(+30)
2020-05-22
20,125(+988) 397(+28)
2020-05-23
21,343(+1,218) 407(+10)
2020-05-24
22,583(+1,240) 429(+22)
2020-05-25
23,615(+1,032) 481(+52)
2020-05-26
24,264(+649) 524(+43)
2020-05-27
25,937(+1,673) 552(+28)
2020-05-28
27,403(+1,466) 577(+25)
2020-05-29
29,240(+1,837) 611(+34)
2020-05-30
30,967(+1,727) 643(+32)
2020-05-31
32,683(+1,716) 683(+40)
2020-06-01
34,357(+1,674) 705(+22)
2020-06-02
35,812(+1,455) 755(+50)
2020-06-03
37,525(+1,713) 792(+37)
2020-06-04
40,792(+3,267) 848(+56)
2020-06-05
43,434(+2,642) 908(+60)
2020-06-06
45,973(+2,539) 952(+44)
2020-06-07
48,285(+2,312) 998(+46)
2020-06-08
50,879(+2,594) 1,080(+82)
2020-06-09
52,991(+2,112) 1,162(+82)
2020-06-10
55,421(+2,430) 1,210(+48)
2020-06-11
58,568(+3,147) 1,284(+74)
2020-06-12
61,927(+3,359) 1,354(+70)
2020-06-13
65,736(+3,809) 1,423(+69)
2020-06-14
70,038(+4,302) 1,480(+57)
2020-06-15
73,533(+3,495) 1,568(+88)
2020-06-16
76,334(+2,801) 1,625(+57)
2020-06-17
80,412(+4,078) 1,674(+49)
2020-06-18
83,890(+3,478) 1,737(+63)
2020-06-19
87,715(+3,825) 1,831(+94)
2020-06-20
92,681(+4,966) 1,877(+46)
2020-06-21
97,302(+4,621) 1,930(+53)
2020-06-22
101,590(+4,288) 1,991(+61)
2020-06-23
106,108(+4,518) 2,102(+111)
2020-06-24
111,796(+5,688) 2,205(+103)
2020-06-25
118,375(+6,579) 2,292(+87)
2020-06-26
124,590(+6,215) 2,340(+48)
2020-06-27
131,800(+7,210) 2,413(+73)
2020-06-28
138,134(+6,334) 2,456(+43)
2020-06-29
144,264(+6,130) 2,529(+73)
2020-06-30
151,209(+6,945) 2,657(+128)
2020-07-01
159,333(+8,124) 2,749(+92)
2020-07-02
168,061(+8,728) 2,844(+95)
2020-07-03
177,124(+9,063) 2,952(+108)
2020-07-04
187,977(+10,853) 3,026(+74)
2020-07-05
196,750(+8,773) 3,199(+173)
2020-07-06
205,721(+8,971) 3,310(+111)
2020-07-07
215,855(+10,134) 3,502(+192)
2020-07-08
224,665(+8,810) 3,600(+98)
2020-07-09
238,399(+13,734) 3,720(+120)
2020-07-10
250,687(+12,288) 3,860(+140)
2020-07-11
264,184(+13,497) 3,971(+111)
2020-07-12
276,242(+12,058) 4,079(+108)
2020-07-13
287,796(+11,554) 4,172(+93)
2020-07-14
298,292(+10,496) 4,346(+174)
2020-07-15
311,049(+12,757) 4,453(+107)
2020-07-16
324,221(+13,172) 4,669(+216)
2020-07-17
337,594(+13,373) 4,804(+135)
2020-07-18
350,879(+13,285) 4,948(+144)
2020-07-19
364,328(+13,449) 5,033(+85)
2020-07-20
373,628(+9,300) 5,173(+140)
2020-07-21
381,798(+8,170) 5,368(+195)
2020-07-22
394,948(+13,150) 5,940(+572)
2020-07-23
408,052(+13,104) 6,093(+153)
2020-07-24
421,996(+13,944) 6,343(+250)
2020-07-25
434,200(+12,204) 6,655(+312)
2020-07-26
445,433(+11,233) 6,769(+114)
2020-07-27
452,529(+7,096) 7,067(+298)
2020-07-28
459,761(+7,232) 7,257(+190)
2020-07-29
471,123(+11,362) 7,497(+240)
2020-07-30
482,169(+11,046) 7,812(+315)
2020-07-31
493,183(+11,014) 8,005(+193)
2020-08-01
503,290(+10,107) 8,153(+148)
2020-08-02
511,485(+8,195) 8,366(+213)
2020-08-03
516,862(+5,377) 8,539(+173)
2020-08-04
521,318(+4,456) 8,884(+345)
2020-08-05
529,877(+8,559) 9,298(+414)
2020-08-06
538,184(+8,307) 9,604(+306)
2020-08-07
545,476(+7,292) 9,909(+305)
2020-08-08
553,188(+7,712) 10,210(+301)
2020-08-09
559,858(+6,670) 10,408(+198)
2020-08-10
563,598(+3,740) 10,621(+213)
2020-08-11
566,109(+2,511) 10,751(+130)
2020-08-12
568,919(+2,810) 11,010(+259)
2020-08-13
572,865(+3,946) 11,270(+260)
2020-08-14
579,140(+6,275) 11,556(+286)
2020-08-15
583,653(+4,513) 11,677(+121)
2020-08-16
587,345(+3,692) 11,839(+162)
2020-08-17
589,886(+2,541) 11,982(+143)
2020-08-18
592,144(+2,258) 12,264(+282)
2020-08-19
596,060(+3,916) 12,423(+159)
2020-08-20
599,940(+3,880) 12,618(+195)
2020-08-21
603,338(+3,398) 12,843(+225)
2020-08-22
607,045(+3,707) 12,987(+144)
2020-08-23
609,773(+2,728) 13,059(+72)
2020-08-24
611,450(+1,677) 13,159(+100)
2020-08-25
613,017(+1,567) 13,308(+149)
2020-08-26
615,701(+2,684) 13,502(+194)
2020-08-27
618,286(+2,585) 13,628(+126)
2020-08-28
620,132(+1,846) 13,743(+115)
2020-08-29
622,551(+2,419) 13,981(+238)
2020-08-30
625,056(+2,505) 14,028(+47)
2020-08-31
627,041(+1,985) 14,149(+121)
2020-09-01
628,259(+1,218) 14,263(+114)
2020-09-02
630,595(+2,336) 14,389(+126)
2020-09-03
633,015(+2,420) 14,563(+174)
2020-09-04
635,078(+2,063) 14,678(+115)
2020-09-05
636,884(+1,806) 14,779(+101)
2020-09-06
638,517(+1,633) 14,889(+110)
2020-09-07
639,362(+845) 15,004(+115)
2020-09-08
640,441(+1,079) 15,086(+82)
2020-09-09
642,431(+1,990) 15,168(+82)
2020-09-10
644,438(+2,007) 15,265(+97)
2020-09-11
646,398(+1,960) 15,378(+113)
2020-09-12
648,214(+1,816) 15,427(+49)
2020-09-13
649,793(+1,579) 15,447(+20)
2020-09-14
650,749(+956) 15,499(+52)
2020-09-15
651,521(+772) 15,641(+142)
2020-09-16
653,444(+1,923) 15,705(+64)
2020-09-17
655,572(+2,128) 15,772(+67)
2020-09-18
657,627(+2,055) 15,857(+85)
2020-09-19
659,626(+1,999) 15,940(+83)
2020-09-20
661,211(+1,585) 15,953(+13)
2020-09-21
661,936(+725) 15,992(+39)
2020-09-22
663,282(+1,346) 16,118(+126)
2020-09-23
665,188(+1,906) 16,206(+88)
2020-09-24
667,049(+1,861) 16,283(+77)
2020-09-25
668,529(+1,480) 16,312(+29)
2020-09-26
669,498(+969) 16,376(+64)
2020-09-27
670,766(+1,268) 16,398(+22)
2020-09-28
671,669(+903) 16,586(+188)
2020-09-29
672,572(+903) 16,667(+81)
2020-09-30
674,339(+1,767) 16,734(+67)
2020-10-01
676,084(+1,745) 16,866(+132)
2020-10-02
677,833(+1,749) 16,909(+43)
2020-10-03
679,716(+1,883) 16,938(+29)
2020-10-04
681,289(+1,573) 16,976(+38)
2020-10-05
682,215(+926) 17,016(+40)
2020-10-06
683,242(+1,027) 17,103(+87)
2020-10-07
685,155(+1,913) 17,248(+145)
2020-10-08
686,891(+1,736) 17,408(+160)
2020-10-09
688,352(+1,461) 17,547(+139)
2020-10-10
690,896(+2,544) 17,673(+126)
2020-10-11
692,471(+1,575) 17,780(+107)
2020-10-12
693,359(+888) 17,863(+83)
2020-10-13
694,537(+1,178) 18,028(+165)
2020-10-14
696,414(+1,877) 18,151(+123)
2020-10-15
698,184(+1,770) 18,309(+158)
2020-10-16
700,203(+2,019) 18,370(+61)
2020-10-17
702,131(+1,928) 18,408(+38)
2020-10-18
703,793(+1,662) 18,471(+63)
2020-10-19
705,254(+1,461) 18,492(+21)
2020-10-20
706,304(+1,050) 18,656(+164)
2020-10-21
708,359(+2,055) 18,741(+85)
2020-10-22
710,515(+2,156) 18,843(+102)
2020-10-23
712,412(+1,897) 18,891(+48)
2020-10-24
714,246(+1,834) 18,944(+53)
2020-10-25
715,868(+1,622) 18,968(+24)
2020-10-26
716,759(+891) 19,008(+40)
2020-10-27
717,851(+1,092) 19,053(+45)
2020-10-28
719,714(+1,863) 19,111(+58)
2020-10-29
721,770(+2,056) 19,164(+53)
2020-10-30
723,682(+1,912) 19,230(+66)
2020-10-31
725,452(+1,770) 19,276(+46)
2020-11-01
726,823(+1,371) 19,411(+135)
2020-11-02
727,595(+772) 19,465(+54)
2020-11-03
728,836(+1,241) 19,539(+74)
2020-11-04
730,548(+1,712) 19,585(+46)
2020-11-05
732,414(+1,866) 19,677(+92)
2020-11-06
734,175(+1,761) 19,749(+72)
2020-11-07
735,906(+1,731) 19,789(+40)
2020-11-08
737,278(+1,372) 19,809(+20)
2020-11-09
738,525(+1,247) 19,845(+36)
2020-11-10
740,254(+1,729) 19,951(+106)
2020-11-11
742,394(+2,140) 20,011(+60)
2020-11-12
744,732(+2,338) 20,076(+65)
2020-11-13
746,945(+2,213) 20,153(+77)
2020-11-14
749,182(+2,237) 20,206(+53)
2020-11-15
751,024(+1,842) 20,241(+35)
2020-11-16
752,269(+1,245) 20,314(+73)
2020-11-17
754,256(+1,987) 20,432(+118)
2020-11-18
757,144(+2,888) 20,556(+124)
2020-11-19
759,658(+2,514) 20,671(+115)
2020-11-20
762,763(+3,105) 20,759(+88)
2020-11-21
765,409(+2,646) 20,845(+86)
2020-11-22
767,679(+2,270) 20,903(+58)
2020-11-23
769,759(+2,080) 20,968(+65)
2020-11-24
772,252(+2,493) 21,083(+115)
2020-11-25
775,502(+3,250) 21,201(+118)
2020-11-26
778,571(+3,069) 21,289(+88)
2020-11-27
781,941(+3,370) 21,378(+89)
2020-11-28
785,139(+3,198) 21,439(+61)
2020-11-29
787,702(+2,563) 21,477(+38)
2020-11-30
790,004(+2,302) 21,535(+58)
2020-12-01
792,299(+2,295) 21,644(+109)
2020-12-02
796,472(+4,173) 21,709(+65)
2020-12-03
800,872(+4,400) 21,803(+94)
2020-12-04
805,804(+4,932) 21,963(+160)
2020-12-05
810,449(+4,645) 22,067(+104)
2020-12-06
814,565(+4,116) 22,206(+139)
2020-12-07
817,878(+3,313) 22,249(+43)
2020-12-08
821,889(+4,011) 22,432(+183)
2020-12-09
828,598(+6,709) 22,574(+142)
2020-12-10
836,764(+8,166) 22,747(+173)
2020-12-11
845,083(+8,319) 22,952(+205)
2020-12-12
852,965(+7,882) 23,106(+154)
2020-12-13
860,964(+7,999) 23,276(+170)
2020-12-14
866,127(+5,163) 23,451(+175)
2020-12-15
873,679(+7,552) 23,661(+210)
2020-12-16
883,687(+10,008) 23,827(+166)
2020-12-17
892,813(+9,126) 24,011(+184)
2020-12-18
901,538(+8,725) 24,285(+274)
2020-12-19
912,477(+10,939) 24,539(+254)
2020-12-20
921,922(+9,445) 24,691(+152)
2020-12-21
930,711(+8,789) 24,907(+216)
2020-12-22
940,212(+9,501) 25,246(+339)
2020-12-23
954,258(+14,046) 25,657(+411)
2020-12-24
968,563(+14,305) 25,983(+326)
2020-12-25
983,359(+14,796) 26,276(+293)
2020-12-26
994,911(+11,552) 26,521(+245)
2020-12-27
1,004,413(+9,502) 26,735(+214)
2020-12-28
1,011,871(+7,458) 27,071(+336)
2020-12-29
1,021,451(+9,580) 27,568(+497)
2020-12-30
1,039,161(+17,710) 28,033(+465)
2020-12-31
1,057,161(+18,000) 28,469(+436)
2021-01-01
1,073,887(+16,726) 28,887(+418)
2021-01-02
1,088,889(+15,002) 29,175(+288)
2021-01-03
1,100,748(+11,859) 29,577(+402)
2021-01-04
1,113,349(+12,601) 30,011(+434)
2021-01-05
1,127,759(+14,410) 30,524(+513)
2021-01-06
1,149,591(+21,832) 31,368(+844)
2021-01-07
1,170,590(+20,999) 31,809(+441)
2021-01-08
1,192,570(+21,980) 32,425(+616)
2021-01-09
1,214,176(+21,606) 32,824(+399)
2021-01-10
1,231,597(+17,421) 33,163(+339)
2021-01-11
1,246,643(+15,046) 33,579(+416)
2021-01-12
1,259,748(+13,105) 34,334(+755)
2021-01-13
1,278,303(+18,555) 35,140(+806)
2021-01-14
1,296,806(+18,503) 35,852(+712)
2021-01-15
1,311,686(+14,880) 36,467(+615)
2021-01-16
1,325,659(+13,973) 36,851(+384)
2021-01-17
1,337,926(+12,267) 37,105(+254)
2021-01-18
1,346,936(+9,010) 37,499(+394)
2021-01-19
1,356,716(+9,780) 38,288(+789)
2021-01-20
1,369,426(+12,710) 38,854(+566)
2021-01-21
1,380,807(+11,381) 39,501(+647)
2021-01-22
1,392,568(+11,761) 40,076(+575)
2021-01-23
1,404,839(+12,271) 40,574(+498)
2021-01-24
1,412,986(+8,147) 40,874(+300)
2021-01-25
1,417,537(+4,551) 41,117(+243)
2021-01-26
1,423,578(+6,041) 41,797(+680)
2021-01-27
1,430,648(+7,070) 42,550(+753)
2021-01-28
1,437,798(+7,150) 43,105(+555)
2021-01-29
1,443,939(+6,141) 43,633(+528)
2021-01-30
1,449,236(+5,297) 43,951(+318)
2021-01-31
1,453,761(+4,525) 44,164(+213)
2021-02-01
1,456,309(+2,548) 44,399(+235)
2021-02-02
1,458,958(+2,649) 44,946(+547)
2021-02-03
1,463,016(+4,058) 45,344(+398)
2021-02-04
1,466,767(+3,751) 45,605(+261)
2021-02-05
1,470,516(+3,749) 45,902(+297)
2021-02-06
1,473,700(+3,184) 46,180(+278)
2021-02-07
1,476,135(+2,435) 46,290(+110)
2021-02-08
1,477,511(+1,376) 46,473(+183)
2021-02-09
1,479,253(+1,742) 46,869(+396)
2021-02-10
1,482,412(+3,159) 47,145(+276)
2021-02-11
1,484,900(+2,488) 47,382(+237)
2021-02-12
1,487,681(+2,781) 47,670(+288)
2021-02-13
1,490,063(+2,382) 47,821(+151)
2021-02-14
1,491,807(+1,744) 47,899(+78)
2021-02-15
1,492,909(+1,102) 48,094(+195)
2021-02-16
1,494,119(+1,210) 48,313(+219)
2021-02-17
1,496,439(+2,320) 48,478(+165)
2021-02-18
1,498,766(+2,327) 48,708(+230)
2021-02-19
1,500,677(+1,911) 48,859(+151)
2021-02-20
1,502,367(+1,690) 48,940(+81)
2021-02-21
1,503,796(+1,429) 49,053(+113)
2021-02-22
1,504,588(+792) 49,150(+97)
2021-02-23
1,505,586(+998) 49,413(+263)
2021-02-24
1,507,448(+1,862) 49,523(+110)
2021-02-25
1,509,124(+1,676) 49,667(+144)
2021-02-26
1,510,778(+1,654) 49,784(+117)
2021-02-27
1,512,225(+1,447) 49,941(+157)
2021-02-28
1,513,393(+1,168) 49,993(+52)
2021-03-01
1,513,959(+566) 50,077(+84)
2021-03-02
1,514,815(+856) 50,271(+194)
2021-03-03
1,516,262(+1,447) 50,366(+95)
2021-03-04
1,517,666(+1,404) 50,462(+96)
2021-03-05
1,518,979(+1,313) 50,566(+104)
2021-03-06
1,520,206(+1,227) 50,647(+81)
2021-03-07
1,521,068(+862) 50,678(+31)
2021-03-08
1,521,706(+638) 50,803(+125)
2021-03-09
1,522,697(+991) 50,906(+103)
2021-03-10
1,524,174(+1,477) 51,015(+109)
2021-03-11
1,525,648(+1,474) 51,110(+95)
2021-03-12
1,526,873(+1,225) 51,179(+69)
2021-03-13
1,528,414(+1,541) 51,261(+82)
2021-03-14
1,529,420(+1,006) 51,326(+65)
2021-03-15
1,530,033(+613) 51,421(+95)
2021-03-16
1,530,966(+933) 51,560(+139)
2021-03-17
1,532,497(+1,531) 51,634(+74)
2021-03-18
1,533,961(+1,464) 51,724(+90)
2021-03-19
1,535,423(+1,462) 52,035(+311)
2021-03-20
1,536,801(+1,378) 52,082(+47)
2021-03-21
1,537,852(+1,051) 52,111(+29)
2021-03-22
1,538,451(+599) 52,196(+85)
2021-03-23
1,538,961(+510) 52,251(+55)
2021-03-24
1,540,009(+1,048) 52,372(+121)
2021-03-25
1,541,563(+1,554) 52,535(+163)
2021-03-26
1,543,079(+1,516) 52,602(+67)
2021-03-27
1,544,466(+1,387) 52,648(+46)
2021-03-28
1,545,431(+965) 52,663(+15)
2021-03-29
1,545,979(+548) 52,710(+47)
2021-03-30
1,546,735(+756) 52,788(+78)
2021-03-31
1,548,157(+1,422) 52,846(+58)
2021-04-01
1,549,451(+1,294) 52,897(+51)
2021-04-02
1,550,724(+1,273) 52,946(+49)
2021-04-03
1,551,501(+777) 52,954(+8)
2021-04-04
1,551,964(+463) 52,987(+33)
2021-04-05
1,552,416(+452) 52,995(+8)
2021-04-06
1,552,853(+437) 53,032(+37)
2021-04-07
1,553,609(+756) 53,111(+79)
2021-04-08
1,554,975(+1,366) 53,173(+62)
2021-04-09
1,556,242(+1,267) 53,226(+53)
2021-04-10
1,557,527(+1,285) 53,256(+30)
2021-04-11
1,558,458(+931) 53,322(+66)
2021-04-12
1,559,113(+655) 53,356(+34)
2021-04-13
1,559,960(+847) 53,423(+67)
2021-04-14
1,561,559(+1,599) 53,498(+75)
2021-04-15
1,562,931(+1,372) 53,571(+73)
2021-04-16
1,564,355(+1,424) 53,663(+92)
2021-04-17
1,565,680(+1,325) 53,711(+48)
2021-04-18
1,566,769(+1,089) 53,736(+25)
2021-04-19
1,567,513(+744) 53,757(+21)
2021-04-20
1,568,366(+853) 53,887(+130)
2021-04-21
1,569,935(+1,569) 53,940(+53)
2021-04-22
1,571,348(+1,413) 53,995(+55)
2021-04-23
1,572,985(+1,637) 54,066(+71)
2021-04-24
1,574,370(+1,385) 54,125(+59)
2021-04-25
1,575,471(+1,101) 54,148(+23)
2021-04-26
1,576,320(+849) 54,186(+38)
2021-04-27
1,577,200(+880) 54,237(+51)
2021-04-28
1,578,450(+1,250) 54,285(+48)
2021-04-29
1,579,536(+1,086) 54,331(+46)
2021-04-30
1,581,210(+1,674) 54,350(+19)
2021-05-01
1,582,842(+1,632) 54,406(+56)
2021-05-02
1,584,064(+1,222) 54,417(+11)
2021-05-03
1,584,961(+897) 54,452(+35)
2021-05-04
1,586,148(+1,187) 54,511(+59)
2021-05-05
1,588,221(+2,073) 54,557(+46)
2021-05-06
1,590,370(+2,149) 54,620(+63)
2021-05-07
1,592,626(+2,256) 54,687(+67)
2021-05-08
1,592,626(=) 54,687(=)
2021-05-09
1,596,595(+3,969) 54,735(+48)
2021-05-10
1,597,724(+1,129) 54,825(+90)
2021-05-11
1,599,272(+1,548) 54,896(+71)
2021-05-12
1,602,031(+2,759) 54,968(+72)
2021-05-13
1,605,252(+3,221) 55,012(+44)
2021-05-14
1,608,393(+3,141) 55,124(+112)
2021-05-15
1,611,143(+2,750) 55,183(+59)
2021-05-16
1,613,728(+2,585) 55,210(+27)
2021-05-17
1,615,485(+1,757) 55,260(+50)
2021-05-18
1,617,840(+2,355) 55,340(+80)
2021-05-19
1,621,362(+3,522) 55,507(+167)
2021-05-20
1,625,003(+3,641) 55,568(+61)
2021-05-21
1,628,335(+3,332) 55,719(+151)
2021-05-22
1,632,572(+4,237) 55,772(+53)
2021-05-23
1,635,465(+2,893) 55,802(+30)
2021-05-24
1,637,848(+2,383) 55,874(+72)
2021-05-25
1,637,848(=) 55,874(=)
2021-05-26
1,645,555(+7,707) 56,077(+203)
2021-05-27
1,649,977(+4,422) 56,170(+93)
2021-05-28
1,654,551(+4,574) 56,293(+123)
2021-05-29
1,659,070(+4,519) 56,363(+70)
2021-05-30
1,659,070(=) 56,363(=)
2021-05-31
1,665,617(+6,547) 56,506(+143)
2021-06-01
1,669,231(+3,614) 56,601(+95)
2021-06-02
1,675,013(+5,782) 56,711(+110)
2021-06-03
1,680,373(+5,360) 56,765(+54)
2021-06-04
1,686,041(+5,668) 56,832(+67)
2021-06-05
1,691,491(+5,450) 56,929(+97)
2021-06-06
1,696,564(+5,073) 56,974(+45)
2021-06-07
1,699,849(+3,285) 57,063(+89)
2021-06-08
1,704,058(+4,209) 57,183(+120)
2021-06-09
1,712,939(+8,881) 57,310(+127)
2021-06-10
1,722,086(+9,147) 57,410(+100)
2021-06-11
1,730,106(+8,020) 57,592(+182)
2021-06-12
1,739,425(+9,319) 57,706(+114)
2021-06-13
1,747,082(+7,657) 57,765(+59)
2021-06-14
1,752,630(+5,548) 57,879(+114)
2021-06-15
1,761,066(+8,436) 58,087(+208)
2021-06-16
1,774,312(+13,246) 58,223(+136)
2021-06-17
1,786,079(+11,767) 58,323(+100)
2021-06-18
1,796,589(+10,510) 58,441(+118)
2021-06-19
1,810,164(+13,575) 58,590(+149)
2021-06-20
1,823,319(+13,155) 58,702(+112)
2021-06-21
1,832,479(+9,160) 58,795(+93)
2021-06-22
1,843,572(+11,093) 59,092(+297)
2021-06-23
1,861,065(+17,493) 59,258(+166)
2021-06-24
1,877,143(+16,078) 59,406(+148)
2021-06-25
1,895,905(+18,762) 59,621(+215)
2021-06-26
1,913,861(+17,956) 59,778(+157)
2021-06-27
1,928,897(+15,036) 59,900(+122)
2021-06-28
1,941,119(+12,222) 60,038(+138)
2021-06-29
1,954,466(+13,347) 60,264(+226)
2021-06-30
1,973,972(+19,506) 60,647(+383)
2021-07-01
1,995,556(+21,584) 61,029(+382)
2021-07-02
2,019,826(+24,270) 61,332(+303)
2021-07-03
2,046,311(+26,485) 61,507(+175)
2021-07-04
2,062,896(+16,585) 61,840(+333)
2021-07-05
2,075,409(+12,513) 62,171(+331)
2021-07-06
2,090,909(+15,500) 62,628(+457)
2021-07-07
2,112,336(+21,427) 63,039(+411)
2021-07-08
2,135,246(+22,910) 63,499(+460)
2021-07-09
2,157,687(+22,441) 63,873(+374)
2021-07-10
2,179,297(+21,610) 64,138(+265)
2021-07-11
2,195,599(+16,302) 64,289(+151)
2021-07-12
2,206,781(+11,182) 64,509(+220)
2021-07-13
2,219,316(+12,535) 65,142(+633)
2021-07-14
2,236,805(+17,489) 65,595(+453)
2021-07-15
2,253,240(+16,435) 65,972(+377)
2021-07-16
2,269,179(+15,939) 66,385(+413)
2021-07-17
2,283,880(+14,701) 66,686(+301)
2021-07-18
2,295,095(+11,215) 66,859(+173)
2021-07-19
2,302,304(+7,209) 67,080(+221)
2021-07-20
2,311,232(+8,928) 67,676(+596)
2021-07-21
2,327,472(+16,240) 68,192(+516)
2021-07-22
2,342,330(+14,858) 68,625(+433)
2021-07-23
2,356,049(+13,719) 69,075(+450)
2021-07-24
2,368,105(+12,056) 69,488(+413)
2021-07-25
2,377,823(+9,718) 69,775(+287)
2021-07-26
2,383,490(+5,667) 70,018(+243)
Source: COVID-19 Online Resource & News Portal

First wave: March 2020 – November 2020[edit]

March 2020[edit]

On 1 March 2020, the first patient later confirmed with COVID-19 in South Africa, returned with his wife and 8 others from the Metropolitan City of Milan in Italy,[26] travelling via Dubai, O. R. Tambo International Airport in Kempton Park, Gauteng[27] and King Shaka International Airport in Durban to Hilton.[28] On 3 March, the patient reported with symptoms to a private general practitioner and isolated himself; the doctor isolated herself as well. On 5 March the Minister of Health, Zweli Mkhize, announced the first confirmed case, epidemiologists and clinicians from the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) were deployed to KwaZulu-Natal in response[4][29][30] and the patient went to Grey's Hospital in Pietermaritzburg.[31]

On 7 March, it was announced that a woman from the same travel group from Italy, returning to Gauteng, also tested positive.[32]

On 11 March 6 new cases were reported, with 1 case from the same travel group from Italy, while the other 5 cases appear unrelated having travel histories to other European countries. The first case was confirmed in the Western Cape province.[33] 3 new cases were announced on 12 March, including the first case in Mpumalanga province. The first local transmission and first case in the Free State province was also announced, but withdrawn later in the day by the NICD who confirmed that the case's test result was in fact negative.[34] This brought the total cases to 16.[35][36][37]

On 15 March, the first local transmissions, not yet confirmed by government labs, were announced by President Cyril Ramaphosa.[6] and the following day, the first confirmed case from Limpopo province was announced.[38] The day thereafter, on 17 March, the first confirmed cases of local transmission were announced by government labs, 4 in Gauteng, 3 in KwaZulu-Natal, and 1 in the Western Cape.[39] On the next day, 18 March, the first confirmed case of local transmission in Mpumalanga was announced by government labs.[40]

On 19 March, the Health Minister suggested that two-thirds of the South African population could contract the virus, a prediction in line with Europe's estimates on population infection.[41]

On 20 March, the Free State province recorded seven cases, becoming the sixth of South Africa's nine provinces to be infected.[42] Of the seven cases, five were from abroad (Israel, France and Texas) who had congregated in Bloemfontein for a prayer breakfast attended by 859 people.[43][44] The Eastern Cape reported its first case one day later.[45]

O. R. Tambo International Airport instituted isolation of foreigners on arrival and returning them to their countries of origin.[46]

Following a funeral on 21 March in KwaDwesi attended by 1200 mourners, at least 45 persons (31 women and 14 men) contracted COVID-19 and at least one person died.[47]

On 23 March, a national 21-day lockdown was announced by President Ramaphosa to begin on 27 March to 16 April.[9] By 24 March all nine provinces had confirmed cases, with the first cases in the Northern Cape and North West announced.[48] The country's first death was announced on 27 March.[49]

There were 1,353 confirmed cases in March. Five patients died and 31 recovered, while 1,317 remained active cases at the end of the month.[50]

April 2020[edit]

On 1 April, researchers from the NICD and South African National Bioinformatics Institute at the University of Western Cape released the genetic sequence of the SARS-CoV-2 from a South African COVID-19 patient.[51] Pick-up trucks dispensed free hand sanitizer in Alexandra in early April.[52]

Following a funeral in Zwide on 4 April, at least nine mourners contracted COVID-19.[47]

On 9 April, it was announced that South Africa's cabinet members, which include the President, Deputy President, Ministers and Deputy Ministers would donate one-third of their salaries for three months to a solidarity fund.[53]

On 9 April, the St Augustine's Hospital in Durban was shut down following a localised outbreak of over 60 confirmed cases and four COVID-19 related deaths; by then 1,845 had tested positive for the virus nationally with total 18 deaths.[54]

On 10 April, Mkhize recommended that the general public use cloth facemasks when going out in public.[55][56]

On 13 April, chair of the Ministerial Advisory Committee on COVID-19 Salim Abdool Karim indicated that the lockdown had been effective in delaying transmissions.[57] He also described the country's 8-stage plan to combat the coronavirus.[58] This included criteria for extending or easing the lockdown.[59]

By 23 April, when President Ramaphosa again addressed the nation the total number of cases had increased to 3953. Detailed figures released by the NICD showed that in April that the number of cases had taken distinct trajectories in different provinces.[60] In the two weeks from 9 to 23 April, the cases in the coastal provinces had a very high increase – Eastern Cape cases rose 583% from a low base, KwaZulu-Natal rose 108% and Western Cape 148%. North West (67%) and Gauteng (57%) had high increases, while the other provinces had much lower increases from 6% in the Northern Cape to 23% in Limpopo (all with low absolute numbers – 106 in the Free State and under 30 in each of the other provinces).[61]

As of 27 April 2020 23:59, the median age of laboratory-confirmed cases was 38 years (interquartile range 29–51 years), and children aged <10 years accounted for 3% (156/4996).[62]

On 30 April 2020, Ramaphosa received a consignment of personal protective equipment (PPE) donated by global internet group Naspers on 30 April.[63] There were 4,294 new cases in April, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 5,647. The death toll rose to 103. The number of recovered patients increased to 2,073, leaving 3,471 active cases at the end of the month.[64]

May 2020[edit]

On 19 May 2020, scientists advising the government estimated 475 confirmed COVID-19 deaths by the end of that month, and more than forty-thousand deaths by November.[65] They also estimated that there could be insufficient ICU beds by June or July.[65] The scientists stated that these estimates were subject to deviations and were based on simple and pessimistic assumptions.[66] By the end of the month, there had been 683 deaths, with 27,036 new cases and 16,809 recoveries.[67]

June 2020[edit]

Police patrolling in shopping mall areas to see if citizens are following safety measures (Pretoria, June 2020).

Testing of 330 pupils and staff at Makaula Senior Secondary School in KwaBhaca resulted in 204 positive tests.[68]

In June, there were 118,526 new cases, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 151,209. The death toll rose to 2,657. The number of recovered patients increased by 56,734 to 73,543. At the end of the month there were 75,009 active cases.[69]

July 2020[edit]

As of 3 July 2020, the median age of those who had died was 61 years and males had a 1.5 times greater death rate compared to females.[70]

On 12 July, in an address to the nation, President Ramaphosa announced that the anticipated surge in COVID-19 cases had arrived. The state of disaster was extended until 15 August 2020 and the alcohol ban was reintroduced along with a new curfew from 21:00 until 4:00.[71][72] Resumption of alcohol sale and distribution had led to increased pressure on hospitals from road traffic accidents, trauma and violence which happened mostly at night.[72]

On 22 July, the South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) and the University of Cape Town's Centre for Actuarial Research estimated that 17,090 excess natural deaths had taken place between 6 May and 14 July 2020 in South Africa.[73][74] These represented, by the second week of July, a 59% increase in natural deaths compared to the same time period in previous years[73] 11,175 (65%) of these excess estimated natural deaths were in those above age 60 years.[73][74] Excess natural deaths were COVID-19 related either directly or indirectly through delayed diagnosis and treatment of other conditions.[74] Unnatural deaths, from car accidents and murders, were 20% lower than expected.[73]

On 23 July, President Ramaphosa announced the re-closure of all public schools for four-weeks from 27 July to 24 August 2020 and the extension of the academic year into 2021.[75][76]

In July, there were 341,974 new cases, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 493,183. The death toll tripled to 8,005. The number of recovered patients increased by 252,628 to 326,171. At the end of the month, there were 159,007 active cases.[77]

August 2020[edit]

On 15 August, President Ramaphosa addressed the nation announcing the passing of the COVID-19 peak, the lowering of restrictions to level 2 and the extension of the national state of disaster by another month.[78]

There were 285,067 new cases in August, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 627,041. The death toll increased to 14,149. At the end of the month there were 71,969 active cases.[79]

An initial non-representative seroprevalence survey indicated that approximately 40% of some Cape Town residents had been infected with SARS-CoV-2.[80]

September 2020[edit]

On 16 September, the President made a national address where he announced the further lowering of restrictions to level 1, beginning from 21 September 2020.[14] The national state of disaster was extended by one more month.[81]

There were 45,531 new cases in September, bringing the total number of confirmed cases to 672,572. The death toll rose to 16,667. The number of recovered patients increased to 606,520, leaving 49,655 active cases at the end of the month.[82]

October 2020[edit]

On 18 October, Minister of Health Zweli Mkhize announced that he had tested positive for the COVID-19.[83]

The national state of disaster was extended by another month.[84]

For two consecutive weeks, excess natural deaths were above the normal expected rate. These excess deaths were far below the July excess death peak.[85]

There were 52,880 new cases in October, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 725,452. The death toll rose to 19,276. The number of recovered patients increased to 654,182, leaving 51,994 active cases at the end of the month.[86]

November 2020[edit]

On 11 November, President Ramaphosa addressed the nation where he announced extension of the state of disaster by another month until 15 December 2020. Relaxation of international travel, shop trading hours restrictions along with continued COVID unemployment support were announced.[87] There were 64,552 new cases in November, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 790,004. The death toll rose to 21,535. The number of recovered patients increased to 731,242, leaving 37,227 active cases at the end of the month.[88]

Second wave: December 2020 – April 2021[edit]

December 2020[edit]

On 3 December, the President addressed the nation. He noted a resurgence of COVID-19 in some districts of the Eastern and Western Cape provinces. Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality was identified as a coronavirus hotspot; restrictions were tightened for this area. The national state of disaster was extended until 15 January 2021.[89]

On 7 December, the government said that end-of-school parties known as "rage parties" are super spreader events.[90]

On 9 December, the Minister of Health announced that the country had entered the second wave of infections. The country was now recording over 6000 cases per day from fewer than 1000 cases per day at the end of September. The average proportion of positive COVID-19 tests had risen from 10% to 18%.[15]

On 14 December, the President announced in an address to the nation, the closure of some beaches, lowering of the number of people that can attend gatherings and the tightening of other measures to curb the second wave.[91]

On 18 December, Minister of Health Zweli Mkhize said scientists had discovered a new variant of coronavirus, called 501.V2 Variant.[92]

On 27 December, the number of confirmed cases reached 1 million.[93]

On 28 December 2020, President Cyril Ramaphosa addressed the nation again and announced that the country would go back into a partial lockdown level 3 for 14 days to reduce the speed of the second wave during the festive season. This introduced a curfew from 9 pm to 6 am, the ban on sale and transport of alcohol, closure of public amenities like beaches, lakes and dams and the compulsory wearing of masks in public.[94]

There were 267,157 new cases in December, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 1,057,161. The death toll rose to 28,469. The number of recovered patients increased to 879,671, leaving 149,021 active cases at the end of the month.[95]

January 2021[edit]

A vaccine rollout strategy was announced on 3 January 2021, with doses for 10% of the population already secured and more on the way. During the first phase, frontline healthcare workers would be vaccinated.[96]

On 11 January, President Ramaphosa addressed the nation. He announced the continuation of current pandemic alleviation measures, vaccine rollout developments and the extension of the state of disaster[97]

On 13 January the government said it had arrested 7,000 people since the end of December for not wearing face masks.[98]

In the week ending 17 January 130,000 new cases and 4,000 deaths cause public and private hospitals to be overrun. The 501.V2 variant has been found in all nine provinces as well as in foreign countries, but experts are unsure if the rise in cases is related to the new variant or to a lack of compliance with health guidelines during the holiday period. Several countries have banned flights from South Africa, and all 20 of the country's land entry points have been closed until February. South Africa lost 2.2 million jobs in the second quarter of 2020, and GDP is expected to show a 6.1% decrease for the year. In total, South Africa has registered more than 1.3 million coronavirus confirmed infections and at least 36,851 related deaths.[99]

On 27 January the Department of Health announced the emergency use approval of the AstraZeneca Vaccine and that the transportation of one million doses would be delivered from India on 1 February with a further half a million doses in late February.[100] They also announced a full vaccination plan as well as a platform to manage the mass vaccination of the country.[101]

There were 396,600 new cases in January, raising the total number of confirmed cases to 1,453,761. The death toll rose to 44,164. The number of recovered patients increased to 1,299,620, leaving 109,977 active cases at the end of the month.[102]

February 2021[edit]

On 1 February, President Ramaphosa announced the arrival at O. R. Tambo International Airport of the first batch of COVID-19 vaccines produced by the Serum Institute of India. Although South Africa would remain at alert level 3, easing of restrictions effective the next day was announced because the peak of the second wave had passed. In his address to the nation, Ramaphosa also mentioned that the South African Cabinet had approved the proposal to nominate the Cuban Medical Brigade for the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize for its role in sending over 3 700 members around the world to help fight COVID-19.[103]

On 7 February, it was announced that the Oxford–AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine did not work well in protecting clinical trial participants from mild or moderate illness caused by the 501.V2 variant severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, also known as B.1.351 lineage. The vaccination programme was announced to be put on hold.[104]

On 17 February, the national COVID vaccination program was officially rolled out, beginning at Khayelitsha District Hospital in the Western Cape Province where healthcare workers, the President and Minister of Health were given shots of the Janssen vaccine.[17]

On 28 February, The President addressed the nation, announcing relaxation of restrictions with a move from adjusted alert level 3 to adjusted alert level 1.[105]

There were 59,632 new cases in February, taking the total number of confirmed cases to 1,513,393. The death toll rose to 49,993. The number of recovered patients increased to 1,430,259, leaving 33,141 active cases at the end of the month.[106]

March 2021[edit]

On 5 March 2021, the number of people fully vaccinated against COVID-19 surpassed 100,000 in the country.[107]

The South African Medical Research Council estimated more than 150 000 excess deaths during the pandemic by 20 March 2021,[108] with 85-95% of these excess natural deaths attributable to COVID-19, and the remaining 5-15% probably mainly due to overwhelming of the health services.[25]

On 30 March 2021, President Ramaphosa, addressed the nation ahead of the Easter Holiday. He gave information on COVID-19 vaccination progress, announced temporary restrictions on offsite holiday alcohol sales and the easing of measures around religious gatherings.[109]

There were 34,764 new cases in March, taking the total number of confirmed cases to 1,548,157. The death toll rose to 52,846. The number of recovered patients increased to 1,474,319, leaving 20,992 active cases at the end of the month.[110]

April 2021[edit]

On 13 April 2021, Minister of Health Zweli Mkhize announced the suspension of Janssen COVID-19 vaccine (Johnson & Johnson) use following health concerns raised by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).[111][112][113]

On 28 April 2021, the Janssen vaccines suspension was lifted, and given the full approval for use by SAPRAH.[114][115][116]

There were 33,053 new cases in April, taking the total number of confirmed cases to 1,581,210. The death toll rose to 54,350. The number of recovered patients increased to 1,505,620, leaving 21,240 active cases at the end of the month.[117]

Third wave: May 2021 – present[edit]

May 2021[edit]

By 1 May there were 157542 excess deaths of persons older than 1 years from natural causes since the start of the pandemic,[118] with 85-95% of these excess deaths attributable to COVID-19, and the remaining 5-15% probably mainly due to overwhelming of the health services.[25]

On 8 May, The National Institute for Communicable Diseases confirmed that they had sequenced COVID-19 specimens from individuals who had recently travelled to India. This resulted in that four of the specimens tested positive for B.1.617.2 (two cases from Gauteng and two from KwaZulu-Natal). Eleven cases were also detected of the B.1.1.7 variant of concern,[119][120] which has a higher transmissibility and is more lethal than South Africa's dominant B.1.351.

On 30 May, President Ramaphosa, due to a surge in COVID-19 infections, addressed the nation announcing the tightening of restrictions from adjusted level lockdown 1 to 2, beginning on 31 May 2021.[121] The third COVID-19 wave had taken hold.[122]

June 2021[edit]

On 15 June 2021 President Cyril Ramaphosa announced that the country was moved to alert level 3 due to the third wave.[20]

On 27 June 2021, in a national address, the President announced the tightening of restrictions with a move to adjusted level 4 beginning on 28 June 2021.[21]

July 2021[edit]

On the 11th, the President Cyril Ramaphosa addressed the nation. He announced the continuation of adjusted level 4 restrictions, with some modifications to better tackle the third wave.[123]

On the 12th, the president announced that because of the 2021 South African unrest some COVID-19 vaccination sites and clinics had been closed in Gauteng and KwaZulu-Natal provinces.[124]

On the 25th the president announced moving the country to adjusted level 3 restrictions.[23]

Preparations and response[edit]

After the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January 2020, an emergency operation centre was immediately activated.[125]

Testing[edit]

A COVID-19 testing tent at the Paarl Provincial Hospital

The National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) started testing people in South Africa for SARS-CoV-2 on 28 January 2020,[62] and by 7 February had conducted 42 such tests.[126]

By mid-March, state hospitals were offering free COVID-19 testing.[127]

On 30 March 2020, the government announced its intentions of initiating an enhanced screening and testing programme.[128] On 3 April 2020, the NICD made alterations to its testing guidelines to further allow for anyone who presented with relevant COVID-19 symptoms to be tested (previously there were additional requirements such as history of foreign travel or recent contact with a confirmed case).[129] By the start of April, 67 mobile testing units had been established and 47000 people had been tested, some in drive-through facilities.[52]

On 8 April, the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS) detailed its testing capacity through the country. The NHLS would be able to perform approximately 36000 tests per day.[130]

Many private clinical pathology laboratories were also conducting tests. The CEO of the NHLS, Dr Kamy Chetty, said that by 9 April 2020 the majority of tests had been done in the private sector as the initial cases had been linked to international travellers who were likely to be on private medical aids.[131]

By 9 April 2020, South Africa had conducted 68874 tests at 1.2 tests per thousand, considerably lower than for example Turkey (3.3), the United Kingdom (3.6), and South Korea (9.7).[132] However, the ratio of positive tests to total tests conducted was significantly lower than most countries. By 10 April, the number of tests had increased to 73028, making the average number of tests per day in the first 10 days of April roughly 3300. The chair of the board of the NHLS, Eric Buch, stated that it had a capacity of 15000 tests per day and would welcome doing more tests.[131]

On 14 April, Stavros Nicolaou, head of Business for South Africa's healthcare working group and Aspen Pharmacare executive, said that South Africa had the capacity and kits to do 25000 tests a day.[133]

By 23 April the total number of tests was 143570.[60] The number of daily tests increased: for the first 14 days of April the daily average number of tests was 3394; for the next 9 days the daily average was 6283. The rate of positive tests versus total tests remained less than 3%. The Minister of Health released figures that showed that of all the tests done up to 23 April 62% had been done in the private sector and 38% in the public sector. However, that ratio was changing as the public sector increased capacity. The public sector performed 63% of the new tests reported on 23 April 2020.[134]

By 27 April, 185497 tests had been performed on South African residents, with the public sector doing the majority of the tests. Provincial test coverage varied by over a factor of 8. The number of tests per 100000 residents (based on 2019 population estimates) was Northwest 66, Limpopo 69, Mpumalanga 101, Northern Cape 111, Eastern Cape 247, KwaZulu-Natal 270, Free State 284, Gauteng 439, and Western Cape 541 (national average 317). A surveillance programme was started to monitor community transmission (as opposed to tests done on people who displayed symptoms or who had been in contact with COVID-19 patients). In the three arms of the programme 812 tests had been done and two positive cases had been detected.[62]

By 28 June, the total number of tests was 1567084. The private sector had now overtaken the public sector, in terms of tests completed. The private sector had done 804248 test with the public sector only doing 762836.[135]

By 11 July, 2108570 had been done with the private sector still doing the most tests.[136]

Clinical trials, vaccines and treatment[edit]

On 17 March 2020, the South African Health Products Regulatory Authority announced that it would expedite review of treatments, vaccines and clinical trials.[137]

A team from 8 universities and 14 hospitals led by Helen Rees and Jeremy Nel from the University of the Witwatersrand participated in the World Health Organization Solidarity Clinical Trials that investigated medications.[138]

State of disaster[edit]

Shoppers practicing measures of social distancing whilst buying groceries in South Africa.

By mid-March, isolation measures gathered pace, and on 15 March 2020, President Cyril Ramaphosa declared a national state of disaster, prohibiting gatherings of more than 100 people.[6]

On 17 March, Ramaphosa, supported by Deputy President David Mabuza, convened the inaugural meeting of the National Command Council on COVID-19,[7] or as it was subsequently called, the National Coronavirus Command Council,[139] "to lead the nation’s plan to contain the spread and mitigate the negative impact of the coronavirus".[8]

On 18 March, Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma signed a government gazette limiting the number of patrons at pubs, clubs, and restaurants to 50.[140]

Parliament suspended all activities as of 18 March.[141] and the African National Congress (ANC) and Democratic Alliance (DA) postponed their elective conferences.[142] The Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) cancelled all scheduled cases from 18 March 2020 and prohibited walk-in referrals of new cases – in lieu of electronic referrals.[143]

Schools were closed on 18 March 2020,[6] resuming in early June.[144] Most universities suspended classes around this time as well.[145][146][147][148][149][150] University of Pretoria, University of Cape Town, Stellenbosch University, Rhodes University, University of KwaZulu-Natal and Durban University of Technology graduation ceremonies were cancelled or postponed until further notice.[151][152][153][154]

After panic buying, some retailers put limitations on the number of certain items customers could buy.[155] On 19 March, Minister of Trade and Industry Ebrahim Patel signed a government gazette that enforces price controls on essential items and that could see price gougers punished with measures including a R10 million fine, a fine equivalent to 10% of a firm's turnover, or 12 months in prison.[156]

On 3 June, Minister Dlamini-Zuma extended the state of disaster, which was to lapse on 15 June, three months after its announcement, to 4 July citing "the need to continue augmenting the existing mitigation measures undertaken by organs of state to address the impact of the disaster."[157][158]

Tobacco and alcohol[edit]

During the announcement on the lifting of level 5 lockdown measures on 23 April, Cyril Ramaphosa announced that the sale of tobacco would be permitted again, this statement was contradicted on 29 April by Minister Dlamini-Zuma. The resulting uncertainty over tobacco sales during level 4 lockdown caused British American Tobacco to file an urgent court appeal[159] which was dropped on 6 May[160] and reopened by 29 May.[161] The ban raised concerns by the Human Sciences Research Council and South African Revenue Service that it would encourage the growth of illicit tobacco sales[159] thereby growing the power and influence of organised crime.[162] The ANC Women's League defended Dlamini-Zuma's statement amid accusations that she was receiving financial support from illicit tobacco traders.[163] By 4 May, Ramaphosa confirmed the continuation of the ban during level 4.[164] The Democratic Alliance accused Dlamini-Zuma of lying to the public over the strength of support for the tobacco ban and called for her removal from office.[165][166] On 11 December The Western Cape High Court ruled that the tobacco sales ban was unconstitutional.[167]

During the level 5 lockdown period, the sale of alcohol was banned; so as to reduce pressure from alcohol-related incidents putting additional pressure on hospitals.[168] The ban was controversially reimposed on 12 July amid concerns that the ban was leading to the growth of illicit alcohol sales.[169]

Criticism[edit]

The uncertainties around the length of the lockdown, its intensity, and concerns over the erosion of civil liberties has drawn criticism from a number of notable individuals and political parties in South Africa. Former finance minister and senior ANC member Trevor Manuel questioned the rationality of the way in which government implemented the lockdown[170] whilst expressing concern that the lockdown endangered the South African Constitution.[171][172] The DA challenged the use of the military to enforce night curfews, criticised the ban on e-commerce and restrictions on exercise hours,[173] and filed a court challenge over the constitutionality of the lack of parliamentary oversight in the National Disaster Management Act.[174] The Freedom Front Plus filed an application to the Gauteng High Court challenging the constitutional validity of the National Disaster Management Act.[175] The Economic Freedom Fighters criticised the relaxation of some of the May 2020 lockdown regulations as an example of giving into industry pressure by allowing them to reopen.[176]

The number of passengers ferried per trip in minibus taxis was criticised during the lockdown restrictions, in July 2020. The Colleges of Medicine of South Africa stated that allowing minibus taxis to operate at 100 percent occupancy, for short journeys, was a possible danger to public health and contradicted some lockdown restrictions.[177] Initially in the first stage of the lockdown period minibus taxis were required to operate at 70 percent occupancy, provided passengers wore masks and windows were opened.[177] This 70% occupancy requirement was noted as being flouted by taxi operators.[178][179]

Repatriation[edit]

On 14 March 2020, 112[180][181] South Africans were repatriated from Wuhan, China, and placed under observation and in quarantine at The Ranch Resort near Polokwane.[182]

Medical screening was performed prior to departure, four South Africans who were showing signs of coronavirus were left behind to mitigate risk. Only South Africans who tested negative were repatriated.[183]

Test results cleared all the South Africans, including the flight crew, pilots, hotel staff, police and soldiers involved in the humanitarian mission who, as a precautionary measure, all remained under observation and in quarantine for a 14-day period[180][181] at The Ranch Resort.[184][183][185]

Cuban doctors[edit]

On 27 April 217 Cuban medical health specialists (mostly doctors) arrived in South Africa to assist with the pandemic response at the invitation of the South African government[186][187] and were deployed across the country.[188]

Their arrival and the reported R429 million cost paid to the Cuban government was controversial.[186] The South African Medical Association stated that their deployment was premature as many South African doctors and nurses had not yet been deployed as part of the pandemic response.[187] The South African Internationally Trained Health Professionals Association criticised the government for not instead using unemployed South African medical graduates.[186] The Democratic Alliance stated that government should first prioritise using local healthcare professionals.[189] The Daily Maverick questioned the high cost paid for the doctors.[186] The United States government criticised their deployment and payments made for their services as a form of human trafficking[190] whilst the Cuban embassy rejected allegations of profiting from the deployment of its doctors[191] and stated that criticism was part of a "smear campaign".[186]

Donations[edit]

South Africa received donation of personal protective equipment like medical masks from China and ventilators from the United States.[192][193][194]

On 5 August 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) deployed a "surge team" made up of 43 experts including David Heymann, who headed the international response to the 2003 SARS epidemic, to help the national and provincial responses to minimize the spread and impact of COVID-19.[195]

COVID AlertSA[edit]

On 8 August 2020, the department of health released a COVID-19 contact tracing app. The app aims to reduce infections in the second and third waves of Covid. the app is available on Google Play, the App Store and The Huawei App Galley.

Impact[edit]

Economic impact[edit]

Volunteers in Philippi, Western Cape packing food parcels to be given out to the needy during the COVID 19 pandemic lockdown. The lockdown had a seriously negative impact on South Africa's economy that hit the poor and unemployed especially hard.

At the beginning of the national shutdown on 27 March South African economists predicted that the pandemic could cause a 2.5% to 10% contraction of South Africa's total GDP in 2020.[196] The national lockdown and resulting economic slowdown reduced demand for electricity by more than 7500 MW thereby temporarily reducing the impact of the long running South African energy crisis.[197] It is estimated that the government would experience a revenue shortfall for 2020 of between R70 and 100 billion.[198] This resulted in the South African government announcing a R500 billion stimulus package thereby accelerating deficit spending from 6.8% to over 10% of GDP for the 2020 financial year.[198] In late July it was announced that South Africa would be taking out a R70 billion IMF loan[199] increasing the country's total debt to GDP ratio to 83%.[200] Trade unions and the EFF were critical of using the IMF to take out the loan whilst the DA and other opposition political parties voiced concern over corruption when using the borrowed funds.[200]

The Johannesburg Stock Exchange lost 15% of its value in the week ending 13 March 2020, its worst week in 21 years.[201] On 19 March, the South African Reserve Bank governor, Lesetja Kganyago announced a reduction of the country's repo rate by 100 basis points or 1 percentage point to 5.25%.[202] On 14 April, a further reduction to 4.25% per year was made.[203] On 22 March, Standard Bank announced a 90-day payment holiday for small and medium-sized business and students to try and shield them from the economic impact of the outbreak, starting from 1 April.[204] In May it was estimated that the state will lose R285-billion in tax revenue for the financial year 2020/21 due to the pandemic and resulting lockdown.[205]

Within the first month of the lockdown three million South Africans had lost their jobs contributing to an increase in food insecurity and poverty.[206] By mid-July wide spread food shortages were reported across the country and in rural Eastern Cape in particular.[207] In December 2020 it was reported by Finfind and the Department of Small Business Development that 42.7% of small businesses in South Africa had closed due to the economic impact of the lockdown.[208][209]

Corruption and profit gouging[edit]

Corruption has had a significant negative impact on efforts to fight the pandemic by inflating the costs of government procurement whilst eroding public confidence in government institutions.[210][211][212] Years of corruption prior to the pandemic has reduced the capacity of the country's health service.[213] Incidents of police corruption also increased during the lockdown period as security officials used their expanded positions of power to extort bribes from members of the public.[214] Concerns were raised that funds from a COVID-19-related R70 billion IMF loan[199] to South Africa would be lost through corruption.[215][216] On 7 August President Ramaphosa announced that ministerial committee would be set up to investigate COVID-19 corruption in state tenders.[212][217]

Sicuro Safety and Hennox Supplies were fined after admitting to inflating its prices of face masks by 900%. A company supplying the Gauteng government was found to be charging double the price for sanitiser and four times the normal price of surgical face masks. Officials in the Kwazulu-Natal government were suspended for making "massively overpriced" purchases of PPE and blankets.[210] In late July President Ramaphosa announced that measures would be implemented to combat corruption in the delivery of food parcels and the procurement of exorbitantly priced goods.[213] The Special Investigation Unit (SIU) stated that it was investigating a number of suspicious transactions and alleged acts of corruption from the R500 billion COVID-19 Relief Fund.[218] A number of government officials implicated in allegations of COVID-19-related corruption include Ace Magashule,[219] the wife of Bandile Masuku,[220] and the husband of presidential spokesperson Khusela Diko.[221][211] Magashule,[219] Diko[222] and Masuku[223] have denied any involvement in COVID-19 related procurement corruption allegations.

An investigation into COVID related fraud at the City of Johannesburg found that over 1,500 employees of the City improperly received COVID-19 related social relief and grants.[224]

Social impact[edit]

Events cancelled or postponed[edit]

Major sporting codes suspended their activities, including Super Rugby,[225] 2019-20 Pro14 season,[226] Varsity Rugby,[227] Craven Week,[228] Premier Soccer League,[229] Athletics South Africa,[230] Sunshine Tour golf,[231] Wimpy Lifesaving South Africa national championships[232] and Parkrun.[233] The Cape Epic cycle tour,[234] the 2020 Two Oceans Marathon[235][236] and the 2020 Comrades Marathon[237] were cancelled. The 2020 Cape Town Rugby Sevens, 4–6 December 2020, were cancelled.[238][239]

Live events cancelled or postponed included the Mangaung African Cultural Festival (MACUFE),[240] Bloem Show,[241] AfrikaBurn,[242] Cape Town International Jazz Festival,[243][244] Klein Karoo Nasionale Kunstefees,[245] Splashy Fen Festival,[246] Rand Show,[247] National Arts Festival (changing to virtual),[248] SciFest Africa (postponed to 9–15 September),[249] WWE Live South Africa (postponed until September),[250] Comic Con Cape Town,[251] and Matric Rage festivals in Johannesburg, Jeffreys Bay and Plettenberg Bay.[252] South African tours were postponed by the Lighthouse Family,[253] Boyz II Men[254] and BeBe Winans.[255]

Trade and agricultural shows postponed or cancelled included HuntEx,[256] DecorEx Cape Town & Durban,[257] Tyrexpo (postponed to 4–6 August 2020),[258] Power & Electricity World expo (postponed until 20–21 August),[259] the Pietermaritzburg Royal Show, SA Cheese Festival, Qualité Awards Dinner, and Agri-Expo Western Cape Youth Show.[260]

The Zion Christian Church cancelled its annual Easter pilgrimage.[261] The Muslim Judicial Council (MJC) suspended Friday prayers, then closed mosques altogether on Sunday 22 March, but the call to prayer will still be given.[262] Chief Rabbi Warren Goldstein suspended Synagogues.[263] Traditional circumcision schools in the Eastern Cape were suspended.[264]

The City of Johannesburg closed all public facilities indefinitely including public swimming pools, recreational and civic centres, stadiums, libraries, sporting facilities, and the Johannesburg Zoo.[265] The Ethekhwini Metropolitan Municipality closed all of Durban's public facilities including swimming pools, beaches, libraries, community halls, and museums while restrictions have been put in place for the Durban Art Gallery and cemeteries to only allow 50 people at a time.[266] The City of Cape Town closed all public facilities indefinitely including public swimming pools, recreational and civic centres, stadiums, sporting facilities, and the nature reserves.[267]

Protests[edit]

On 5 August, members of the entertainment, restaurant, fitness, and events industries staged a socially distanced national protest by lighting buildings red. The #LightSAred campaign was staged so as to highlight the negative economic impact of the COVID-19 lockdown measures on these industries.[268][269][270]

Looting[edit]

In April 2020, a number of liquor stores and food stores were targeted by looters in the Cape Town suburbs of Elsies River, Delft South, Samora Machel,[271] Manenberg, Sherwood Park, Nyanga Junction, and Gatesville.[272][273] On 21 July 2020, a truck carrying COVID-19 specimens was hijacked at a clinic in Motherwell, Eastern Cape and found abandoned 500 metres away.[274][275]

Notable deaths[edit]

A list of notable South Africans whose deaths were reportedly caused by COVID-19 can be seen here.

Misinformation[edit]

The arrival of the COVID-19 virus in South Africa saw an increase in the dissemination of misinformation about the virus on social media and other platforms. These range from messages minimising the virus's harm in the country[276] to the propagation of conspiracy theories about government actions to control the virus.[277]

Deliberately spreading fake news and other misinformation in South Africa about the virus was declared an offence punishable by a fine, six months' imprisonment, or both.[276]

One individual was arrested for posting a video showing himself drinking in public with friends following the national lock-down whilst stating that there was "nothing called corona here".[276] In another incident a man claimed that 10000 government officials would be going door-to-door using contaminated test kits to test people for the virus.[277] A conspiracy theory that Bill Gates wished to test a COVID-19 "vaccine" in Africa or South Africa first caused significant controversy on social media[278] following the publication of a now retracted story in News24.[279]

Fake news that 5G cellular technology was the true cause of COVID-19 symptoms also spread in the country during this period as it also did in other countries around the world.[280]

Lockdown[edit]

Greenmarket Square as it normally appears with many market stalls, seven days before the lockdown.
On the first day of the lockdown only people exempt from the lockdown (security personnel and sanitation workers) can be seen.
Greenmarket Square in Cape Town seven days before (left) and on the first day (right) of the COVID-19 national lockdown. After the lockdown the market stall traders that normally setup on the square everyday are not present and only people exempt from the lockdown (security personnel and municipal employees) can be seen.

On 23 March 2020, President Cyril Ramaphosa addressed the nation and announced a 21-day national lockdown effective from midnight 26 March through to 16 April,[9] with the deployment of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) to support the government.[9] On 9 April the President announced a two-week lockdown extension, until the end of April.[281] Exempt from the lockdown are people deemed necessary to the effective response to the pandemic such as:

  • health workers, pharmacy and laboratory personnel, emergency personnel;[282][283]
  • security services (police officers, military personnel, and private security[284]);[282][283]
  • people regarded as necessary to the basic functioning of the economy (supermarkets, transportation and logistical services, petrol stations, banks, essential financial and payment services); and[282][283]
  • those working in industries that can not be economically shut down (such as mines and steel mills).[284]

During the lockdown, all gatherings except for funerals were prohibited.[285] Restaurants, taverns, bottle stores and all other stores not selling essential goods were to close during the lockdown period.[284] Schools, already closed a week before the lockdown period, will not reopen until after the lockdown. Non-exempt people are only allowed to leave their homes during this period to access health services, collect social grants, attend small funerals (no more than 50 people) and shop for essential goods.[286] See the South African Government Gazette 25 March 2020 for a complete list of exemptions and non-exemptions during the lockdown period. South Africans were ordered not to take their dogs for a walk during the lockdown, though they may walk them around their house or apartment building.[287]

A billboard at the end of Long Street, Cape Town encourages people to stay at home during the lockdown period.

People may not be evicted from their place of residence during the lockdown.[288]

Movement between provinces, and between metropolitan and district areas are prohibited except for

  • essential workers, to and from work;
  • transportation of sanitised and disinfected cargo from ports of entry;
  • the transportation of mortal remains; and
  • the attendance of funerals (restricted).[285]

All borders of the country are closed during the lockdown, except for designated ports of entry for the transportation of fuel, cargo, and goods.[285]

International and domestic passenger flights are prohibited, except for flights authorised by the Ministry of Transport, for the evacuation of South African nationals in foreign countries, and for certain repatriations.[289]

Fewer deaths[edit]

The lockdown resulted in fewer deaths from road accidents and homicides. During Easter, from 9 April 2020 to 13 April, there were 28 fatalities from road accidents during the lockdown, compared to 162 in 2019.[290] During the lockdown, 432 murder cases were reported, compared to 1542 during the same period the previous year: 29 March 2019 to 22 April 2019.[291] Overall deaths for the year up to 21 April 2020 were "generally within the bounds of expectation" according to the Medical Research Council. Nonetheless for the 5 weeks before 21 April 2020, non-natural deaths including those from homicide and road traffic accidents were lower for both females and males.[292]


Enforcement[edit]

Minister of Police Bheki Cele announced, on 5 April, a reduction in cash-in-transit thefts thanks to increased road blocks and more visible policing. He also announced a reduced murder rate.[293] Trauma related hospital admission decreased by two-thirds.[294] By the end of the first seven days of the lockdown a total of 2,289 people had been arrested for violating lockdown orders.[295] Minister Cele announced, on 13 November, that from July to September, compared to 2019, many different crimes ranging from contact and property crimes to sexual offences all declined because of national lock-down.[296]

Minister of Communications and Digital Technologies Stella Ndabeni-Abrahams, on 8 April, was put on special leave for two months, one without pay, for violating lockdown regulations. A picture of her appeared on social media while having lunch at ANC NEC member Mduduzi Manana's home.[297]

Enforcement was done across the country with varying degrees of success. In the Eastern Cape it was reported in early April that little to no enforcement of the lockdown was implemented in at least some of the province's rural areas.[298]

The use of force by police and SANDF personnel was controversial with multiple reports of excessive force in enforcing the lockdown.[299][300][301][52] This included incidents of beatings and preventing people from filming police abuses leading the public advocacy group Right2Know to release a statement that the police had no right to prevent the public "from exercising their constitutional right to film and record incidents".[302]

By 3 April, the eighth day of the lockdown, the Independent Police Investigative Directorate (IPID) reported that they were investigating eight deaths involving the police since the start of the lockdown.[303][304] At the time, this exceeded the number of deaths in the country due to the pandemic. This was in-spite of President Ramaphosa's public call for police restraint.[302] By 12 April a total of nine people had died due to police and army action following the beating to death of a man in Alexandra by the army.[305]

The South African National Editors' Forum issued a statement expressing concern over police action denying the media access to sites when covering COVID-19 related stories.[306] On 27 April the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights expressed concerns about the heavy handed and highly militarised enforcement of COVID-19 related lockdown measures in a number of countries including South Africa.[307][308] By 30 April the government confirmed that a total of five people were alleged to have been killed by police within the first three weeks of the lock down along with 152 incidents of assault by police.[309]

The Pretoria High Court ordered the South African government to take steps to prevent police abuse during the lockdown, following the death of Collins Khosa, who died of injuries after being beaten by the police.[310]

Statistics[edit]

Charts[edit]

Confirmed new cases per day

Confirmed deaths per day

National[edit]

Model-based simulations indicate that the 95% confidence interval for the time-varying reproduction number R t was higher than 1.0 until mid-July,[311] exceeding 1.0 again from late October to December 2020.[312]

Cumulative number of tests and ratio of positive to total tests (data missing on 25 March) Daily cases and tests (three rolling average) of COVID-19 cases in South Africa


Provincial[edit]

COVID-19 confirmed cases in South Africa by province ()
2020 Screened People
tested
(antigen)
Confirmed cases Hosp Deaths Rec Ref
Referred EC FS GP KZN LP MP NW NC WC un New Total ICU New Total
03-04 181 0 0 [313]
03-05 1 1 1 [4]
03-06 1 0 1
03-07 1 1 1 2 [32]
03-08 1 2 1 3 [314]
03-09 1 6 4 7 [315]
03-10 3 10 [316]
03-11 645 5 7 1 3 13 [33][317]
03-12 848 [a]0 6 8 1 1 3 16 [319][320]
03-13 924 10 10 1 3 8 24 [321][322]
03-14 1017 17 11 1 9 14 38 [323][324]
03-15 1476 24 12 1 14 13 [b]51 [325][326]
03-16 2405 31 12 1 2 16 11 62 [38][327]
03-17 2911 45 16 1 2 21 23 85 [39][328]
03-18 3070 61 19 1 4 31 31 116 [329][40][330]
03-19 4832 76 22 1 5 46 34 150 [331][332][333]
03-20 6438 7 109 24 1 5 56 52 202 [334][335][336]
03-21 7425 1 7 125 27 1 5 74 38 240 [337][338][339]
03-22 9315 2 9 132 36 1 6 88 34 274 [340][341]
03-23 12815 2 13 207 60 4 9 4 2 100 1 128 402 [342]
03-24 15529 2 18 302 80 4 9 5 2 113 19 152 554 [343][344]
03-25 2 30 319 91 4 8 5 2 183 65 155 709 [345][346]
03-26 20471 5 49 409 134 6 9 4 1 229 81 218 927 [347][348]
03-27 243 1170 1 1 31 [349][350]
03-28 31963 10 68 533 156 11 10 6 5 271 115 17 1187 0 1 [351]
03-29 35593 12 72 584 167 12 11 6 6 310 100 93 1280 1 2 [352][353]
03-30 38409 12 72 618 171 11 11 3 8 324 96 46 1326 1 3 [354][355]
03-31 41072 12 74 633 179 14 12 6 8 325 90 [c]27 1353 2 5 [357][358][356]
04-01 44292 15 76 645 186 14 12 7 9 326 90 27 1380 0 5 [359][360]
04-02 47965 17 84 663 206 16 13 ? 7 353 94 82 1462 0 5 45 [361][362][363]
04-03 50361 21 84 672 215 16 13 9 7 374 94 43 1505 2 7 [364][365]
04-04 53937 25 85 693 232 18 18 11 7 433 63 80 1585 2 9 [366]
04-05 56873 31 87 704 246 19 18 11 8 454 77 70 1655 2 11 [367][368]
04-06 58098 32 89 713 257 19 18 11 8 462 77 31 1686 1 12 [369][368]
04-07 63 1749 1 13 [370]
04-08 63776 45 88 782 354 21 21 15 13 495 11 96 1845 5 18 [371][372]
04-09 63776 61 93 795 387 22 20 15 15 515 11 1934 0 18 [373][374]
04-10 73028 68 94 801 412 24 20 18 15 541 10 2003 24 410 [375][55]
04-11 75053 69 94 813 418 23 20 19 16 546 10 2028 1 25 [376][377]
04-12 80085 88 96 865 443 23 21 19 16 587 15 145 2173 25 [378][379]
04-13 83663 104 96 890 465 23 22 22 16 617 17 2272 27 [380]
04-14 87022 174 98 909 489 24 22 22 16 643 18 2415 27 [381][382]
04-15 90515 199 97 930 519 25 22 23 16 657 18 2506 7 34 [383][384]
04-16 95060 220 98 969 539 26 22 24 16 675 16 2605 48 903 [385][386][387]
04-17 100827 246 100 1018 591 26 23 24 16 717 22 2783 2 50 [388][389]
04-18 [d]108021 270 100 1101 604 26 25 24 16 836 32 219 3034 2 52 [390][391][392]
04-19 114711 293 100 1148 617 27 23 24 16 868 42 3158 2 54 [393][394]
04-20 121510 310 105 1170 639 27 23 25 18 940 43 142 3300 4 58 1055 [395][396]
04-21 126937 345 106 1199 671 27 24 24 16 1010 43 3465 58 [397][398]
04-22 133774 377 106 1224 758 27 23 24 16 1079 1 3635 7 65 1055 [399][400][401]
04-23 3633037 24174 143570 417 106 1252 807 27 23 25 16 1279 1 318 3953 10 75 1473 [402][403][404]
04-24 152390 480 111 1281 841 29 24 25 16 1413 0 267 4220 4 79 1473 [405][406][407]
04-25 161004 488 111 1304 847 30 23 28 16 1514 0 141 4361 7 86 [408]
04-26 168643 535 110 1331 863 31 23 28 17 1608 0 4546 87 [409]
04-27 178470 588 111 1353 902 31 26 28 17 1737 0 4793 3 [e]90 [410]
04-28 6093502 [f]185497 616 113 1377 919 31 24 29 17 1870 0 [g]4996 395 93 [h]2073 [411][412][413]
04-29 197127 630 113 1408 956 31 31 29 17 2135 0 354 5350 10 103 [414][415]
04-30 7216777 72087 207530 647 116 1446 980 32 36 31 17 2342 0 297 5647 103 2073 [416][417][418]
05-01 217522 691 118 1507 1006 34 35 35 18 2507 0 5951 13 116 2382 [419]
05-02 230686 732 121 1598 1051 36 40 35 23 2700 0 6336 411 7 [i]123 2746 [420][421]
05-03 245747 774 122 1624 1076 37 46 36 24 3044 0 6783 8 131 [422][418]
05-04 257541 814 125 1661 1106 39 53 35 25 3362 0 7220 7 138 [421]
05-05 8216605 268064 838 128 1697 1142 40 57 35 26 3609 0 352 7572 10 148 [423][424][425]
05-06 279379 849 130 1720 1189 40 57 37 26 3760 0 7808 5 153 3153 [426]
05-07 292153 929 134 1804 1204 41 59 40 27 3994 0 8232 435 [j]77 8 161 [427][428][425]
05-08 307752 989 133 1851 1253 43 60 42 27 4497 0 8895 17 178 [425]
05-09 324079 1078 134 1910 1308 51 61 41 28 4809 0 525 [k]9420 8 186 4173 [430][431]
05-10 341336 1218 135 1952 1353 54 61 45 29 5168 0 595 10015 8 194 [431][432]
05-11 356067 1356 135 1971 1372 54 63 50 30 5621 0 637 10652 12 206 4357 [433]
05-12 369697 1504 135 2014 1394 54 63 51 30 6105 0 698 11350 206 4745 [434][435][436]
05-13 ~9000000 ~100000 386352 1534 138 2074 1413 54 66 52 30 6713 0 724 12074 219 [437][436]
05-14 403018 1569 145 2135 1444 55 67 58 31 7235 0 12739 19 238 5676 [438]
05-15 421555 1662 151 2210 1482 57 67 63 34 7798 0 785 13524 9 247 6083 [439]
05-16 10737341 439559 1812 153 2262 1498 59 68 64 35 8404 0 831 14355 [l] 14 261 6478 [440]
05-17 460873 1936 158 2329 1543 77 71 70 37 9294 1160 15515 3 264 7006 [441]
05-18 475071 2052 163 2343 1567 88 76 72 37 10035 0 919 16433 22 286 7298 [442][443]
05-19 488609 2135 168 2361 1616 94 78 72 37 10639 0 17200 26 312 7960 [444]
05-20 505861 2215 180 2400 1650 93 93 72 38 11262 0 18003 27 339 8950 [445]
05-21 525433 2324 184 2453 1693 121 95 77 37 12153 0 19137 30 369 [446]
05-22 543032 2459 185 2521 1735 120 98 80 39 12888 0 20125 28 397 10104 [447][448]
05-23 564370 2569 196 2633 1777 124 97 81 40 13826 0 21343 10 407 10104 [449]
05-24 ~12000000 583855 2690 202 2773 1815 128 101 94 40 14740 0 22583 22 429 11100 [12][450]
05-25 596777 2748 208 2993 1882 132 102 109 45 15396 0 23615 52 481 11917 [451]
05-26 605991 2864 206 3043 1927 132 103 115 45 15829 0 24264 43 524 12742 [452]
05-27 634996 3047 221 3167 2186 141 106 128 48 16983 0 25937 28 552 13451 [453]
05-28 655723 3306 225 3329 2349 144 111 134 51 17754 0 27403 25 577 14370 [454]
05-29 680175 3583 231 3583 2428 170 112 143 52 18906 0 1837 29240 34 611 15093 [455]
05-30 701883 3759 261 3773 2476 173 113 162 57 20160 33 1727 30967 32 643 16116 [456]
05-31 725125 3927 278 4003 2545 177 121 175 69 21382 6 1716 32683 40 683 16809 [457]
06-01 742742 4111 285 4231 2565 192 131 187 82 22567 6 1674 34357 22 705 17291 [458]
06-02 761534 4324 299 4276 2637 193 132 271 91 23568 6 1455 35812 50 755 18313 [459]
06-03 785979 4526 319 4567 2707 200 137 314 93 24657 5 1713 37525 37 792 19682 [460]
06-04 820675 4936 322 4845 2869 206 144 364 95 27006 5 3267 40792 56 858 21311 [461]
06-05 850871 5240 336 5215 2936 215 169 409 102 28807 5 2642 43434 50 908 23088 [462]
06-06 891668 5629 348 5626 3016 216 181 468 105 30379 5 2539 45973 44 952 24258 [463]
06-07 920064 5974 361 5946 3108 227 189 523 114 31824 19 2312 48285 46 998 24364 [464]
06-08 943059 6341 373 6258 3175 244 183 580 118 33568 39 2594 50879 82 1080 26099 [465]
06-09 968070 6760 391 6546 3255 253 184 604 122 34819 57 2112 52991 82 1162 29006 [466]
06-10 998400 7154 401 7195 3347 257 207 657 125 36021 57 2430 55421 48 1210 31505 [467]
06-11 1028399 7868 406 7953 3472 267 228 757 132 37422 63 3147 58568 74 1284 33252 [468]
06-12 1060425 8615 435 8781 3573 288 243 865 138 38926 63 3359 61927 70 1354 35008 [469]
06-13 1087887 9250 457 9897 3763 309 271 977 144 40605 63 3809 65736 69 1423 36850 [470]
06-14 1121958 10027 495 11164 3874 326 297 1097 156 42539 63 4302 70038 57 1480 38531 [471]
06-15 1148933 10597 512 12193 3959 362 322 1177 205 44143 63 3495 73533 88 1568 39867 [472]
06-16 1172513 11039 578 13023 4048 391 343 1281 211 45357 63 2801 76334 57 1625 42063 [473]
06-17 1200736 11919 608 14620 4238 416 391 1402 211 46555 52 4078 80412 49 1674 44331 [474]
06-18 1228098 12639 649 15898 4360 489 461 1606 214 47522 52 3478 83890 63 1737 44920 [475]
06-19 1260434 13506 658 17261 4548 503 505 1758 218 48706 52 3825 87715 94 1831 47825 [476]
06-20 1293608 14721 700 18978 4806 521 544 1957 232 50173 49 4966 92681 46 1877 50326 [477]
06-21 1328060 15751 733 20822 5030 564 573 2148 237 51441 3 4621 97302 53 1930 51608 [478]
06-22 1353176 16895 772 22341 5278 582 596 2315 254 52554 3 4288 101590 61 1991 53444 [479]
06-23 1382772 18108 814 24041 5625 622 662 2454 270 53542 0 4518 106108 111 2102 55045 [480]
06-24 1416894 19214 889 26156 6075 670 713 2618 299 55162 0 5688 111796 103 2205 56874 [481]
06-25 1460012 20487 976 28746 6590 730 783 2965 318 56780 0 6579 118375 87 2292 59974 [482]
06-26 1493104 21938 1069 31344 7090 798 855 3218 337 57941 0 6215 124590 48 2340 64111 [483]
06-27 1529009 23658 1160 34285 7786 862 925 3454 355 59315 0 7210 131800 73 2413 67094 [484]
06-28 1567084 25099 1279 36895 8433 935 1016 3647 385 60445 0 6334 138134 43 2456 68925 [485]
06-29 1596995 26195 1377 39841 9041 1011 1089 3931 404 61375 0 6130 144264 73 2529 70614 [486]
06-30 1630008 27686 1514 42881 9674 1131 1190 4187 465 62481 0 6945 151209 128 2657 73543 [487]
07-01 1666939 29340 1672 45944 10632 1175 1306 4393 494 64377 0 8124 159333 92 2749 76025 [488]
07-02 1706127 30603 1886 49937 11669 1286 1478 4788 573 65841 0 8728 168061 95 2844 81999 [489]
07-03 1745153 32157 2130 54331 12757 1406 1611 5168 626 66936 0 9063 177124 108 2952 86298 [490]
07-04 1792078 34161 2376 59373 13984 1559 1818 5644 686 68376 0 10853 187977 74 3026 91227 [491]
07-05 1830161 35648 2553 63404 15146 1706 1965 6063 734 69531 0 8773 196750 173 3199 93315 [492]
07-06 1864111 38081 2804 66891 15819 1785 2173 6410 820 70938 0 8971 205721 111 3310 97848 [493]
07-07 1907532 40401 3034 71488 16743 1950 2353 6842 888 72156 0 10134 215855 192 3502 102299 [494]
07-08 1944399 42357 3259 75015 17962 2131 2528 7147 974 73292 0 8810 224665 100 3602 106842 [495]
07-09 2000569 44432 3724 81546 19630 2381 2902 7870 1039 74815 0 13674 238339 129 3720 113061 [496]
07-10 2057232 46284 4221 87033 21386 2579 3273 8676 1168 76067 0 250687 3860
07-11 0
07-12 0
07-13 0
07-14 0
07-15 0
07-16 0
07-17 0
07-18 0
07-19 0
07-20 0
07-21 0
07-22 0
07-23 0
07-24 0
07-25 0
07-26 0
07-27 0
07-28 0
07-29 0
07-30 0
07-31 0
08-01 0
08-02 0
08-03 0
08-04 0
08-05 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
08- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
09- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
10- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
11- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
12- 0
2020 Referred People
tested
(antigen)
EC FS GP KZN LP MP NW NC WC un New Total ICU New Total Rec Ref
Screened Confirmed cases Hosp Deaths
Cases in South Africa by province (total and per capita).
Number of active COVID-19 cases in South African provinces

Gauteng[edit]

Chart of cases in Gauteng metros with Johannesburg detail.
Cases in Gauteng Province metros with Johannesburg detail.

Western Cape[edit]

COVID-19 cases in South Africa, Western Cape (Click for all data)  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
2020202020212021
AugAugSepSepOctOctNovNovDecDec
JanJanFebFebMarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJul
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-08-01
94,197(n.a.) 3,070(n.a.)
2020-08-02
94,691(+0.52%) 3,105(+1.1%)
2020-08-03
95,407(+0.76%) 3,143(+1.2%)
2020-08-04
95,904(+0.52%) 3,236(+3%)
2020-08-05
96,466(+0.59%) 3,265(+0.9%)
2020-08-06
97,013(+0.57%) 3,313(+1.5%)
2020-08-07
97,506(+0.51%) 3,347(+1%)
2020-08-08
97,966(+0.47%) 3,374(+0.81%)
2020-08-09
98,354(+0.4%) 3,392(+0.53%)
2020-08-10
98,656(+0.31%) 3,424(+0.94%)
2020-08-11
98,868(+0.21%) 3,454(+0.88%)
2020-08-12
99,074(+0.21%) 3,482(+0.81%)
2020-08-13
99,419(+0.35%) 3,502(+0.57%)
2020-08-14
99,806(+0.39%) 3,528(+0.74%)
2020-08-15
100,344(+0.54%) 3,560(+0.91%)
2020-08-16
100,778(+0.43%) 3,573(+0.37%)
2020-08-17
101,037(+0.26%) 3,593(+0.56%)
2020-08-18
101,196(+0.16%) 3,641(+1.3%)
2020-08-19
101,433(+0.23%) 3,665(+0.66%)
2020-08-20
101,823(+0.38%) 3,682(+0.46%)
2020-08-21
102,422(+0.59%) 3,708(+0.71%)
2020-08-22
102,422(=) 3,708(=)
2020-08-23
102,585(+0.16%) 3,726(+0.49%)
2020-08-24
102,615(+0.03%) 3,743(+0.46%)
2020-08-25
102,698(+0.08%) 3,761(+0.48%)
2020-08-26
102,976(+0.27%) 3,801(+1.1%)
2020-08-27
104,533(+1.5%) 3,841(+1.1%)
2020-08-28
104,711(+0.17%) 3,850(+0.23%)
2020-08-29
104,862(+0.14%) 3,861(+0.29%)
2020-08-30
104,973(+0.11%) 3,868(+0.18%)
2020-08-31
105,093(+0.11%) 3,889(+0.54%)
2020-09-01
105,253(+0.15%) 3,911(+0.57%)
2020-09-02
105,470(+0.21%) 3,923(+0.31%)
2020-09-03
105,552(+0.08%) 3,941(+0.46%)
2020-09-04
105,697(+0.14%) 3,950(+0.23%)
105,697(=) 3,950(=)
2020-09-07
106,257(+0.53%) 3,970(+0.51%)
2020-09-08
106,362(+0.1%) 3,991(+0.53%)
2020-09-09
106,700(+0.32%) 4,009(+0.45%)
2020-09-10
107,229(+0.5%) 4,020(+0.27%)
2020-09-11
107,353(+0.12%) 4,037(+0.42%)
107,353(=) 4,037(=)
2020-09-14
107,784(+0.4%) 4,065(+0.69%)
2020-09-15
107,886(+0.09%) 4,079(+0.34%)
2020-09-16
108,039(+0.14%) 4,087(+0.2%)
2020-09-17
108,226(+0.17%) 4,099(+0.29%)
2020-09-18
108,377(+0.14%) 4,106(+0.17%)
108,377(=) 4,106(=)
2020-09-21
108,813(+0.4%) 4,120(+0.34%)
2020-09-22
108,900(+0.08%) 4,133(+0.32%)
2020-09-23
109,109(+0.19%) 4,146(+0.31%)
2020-09-24
109,363(+0.23%) 4,155(+0.22%)
2020-09-25
109,545(+0.17%) 4,155(=)
109,545(=) 4,155(=)
2020-09-28
109,783(+0.22%) 4,168(+0.31%)
2020-09-29
109,834(+0.05%) 4,174(+0.14%)
2020-09-30
110,026(+0.17%) 4,182(+0.19%)
2020-10-01
110,139(+0.1%) 4,187(+0.12%)
2020-10-02
110,416(+0.25%) 4,195(+0.19%)
110,416(=) 4,195(=)
2020-10-05
110,831(+0.38%) 4,208(+0.31%)
2020-10-06
110,915(+0.08%) 4,219(+0.26%)
2020-10-07
111,092(+0.16%) 4,229(+0.24%)
2020-10-08
111,321(+0.21%) 4,240(+0.26%)
111,321(=) 4,240(=)
2020-10-12
112,207(+0.8%) 4,255(+0.35%)
2020-10-13
112,318(+0.1%) 4,270(+0.35%)
2020-10-14
112,605(+0.26%) 4,277(+0.16%)
2020-10-15
112,862(+0.23%) 4,280(+0.07%)
112,862(=) 4,280(=)
2020-10-19
113,755(+0.79%) 4,288(+0.19%)
2020-10-20
113,864(+0.1%) 4,296(+0.19%)
2020-10-21
114,121(+0.23%) 4,301(+0.12%)
2020-10-22
114,534(+0.36%) 4,308(+0.16%)
114,534(=) 4,308(=)
2020-10-26
115,143(+0.53%) 4,331(+0.53%)
2020-10-27
115,268(+0.11%) 4,342(+0.25%)
2020-10-28
115,431(+0.14%) 4,351(+0.21%)
2020-10-29
115,701(+0.23%) 4,351(=)
2020-10-30
115,989(+0.25%) 4,357(+0.14%)
115,989(=) 4,357(=)
2020-11-02
116,544(+0.48%) 4,369(+0.28%)
2020-11-03
116,631(+0.07%) 4,377(+0.18%)
2020-11-04
116,871(+0.21%) 4,383(+0.14%)
2020-11-05
117,192(+0.27%) 4,389(+0.14%)
2020-11-06
117,537(+0.29%) 4,393(+0.09%)
117,537(=) 4,393(=)
2020-11-09
118,184(+0.55%) 4,403(+0.23%)
2020-11-10
118,450(+0.23%) 4,415(+0.27%)
2020-11-11
118,583(+0.11%) 4,422(+0.16%)
2020-11-12
119,141(+0.47%) 4,430(+0.18%)
2020-11-13
119,783(+0.54%) 4,441(+0.25%)
119,783(=) 4,441(=)
2020-11-16
120,921(+0.95%) 4,462(+0.47%)
2020-11-17
121,139(+0.18%) 4,474(+0.27%)
2020-11-18
121,637(+0.41%) 4,486(+0.27%)
2020-11-19
122,322(+0.56%) 4,501(+0.33%)
2020-11-20
122,974(+0.53%) 4,505(+0.09%)
122,974(=) 4,505(=)
2020-11-23
124,715(+1.4%) 4,530(+0.55%)
2020-11-24
125,369(+0.52%) 4,546(+0.35%)
2020-11-25
126,326(+0.76%) 4,573(+0.59%)
2020-11-26
127,403(+0.85%) 4,594(+0.46%)
2020-11-27
128,509(+0.87%) 4,601(+0.15%)
128,509(=) 4,601(=)
2020-11-30
130,826(+1.8%) 4,644(+0.93%)
2020-12-01
131,269(+0.34%) 4,671(+0.58%)
2020-12-02
132,642(+1%) 4,699(+0.6%)
2020-12-03
133,673(+0.78%) 4,721(+0.47%)
2020-12-04
136,129(+1.8%) 4,755(+0.72%)
136,129(=) 4,755(=)
2020-12-07
140,365(+3.1%) 4,818(+1.3%)
2020-12-08
141,772(+1%) 4,869(+1.1%)
2020-12-09
143,368(+1.1%) 4,904(+0.72%)
2020-12-10
146,743(+2.4%) 4,970(+1.3%)
146,743(=) 4,970(=)
2020-12-14
156,171(+6.4%) 5,125(+3.1%)
2020-12-15
157,348(+0.75%) 5,176(+1%)
2020-12-16
160,800(+2.2%) 5,233(+1.1%)
2020-12-17
163,134(+1.5%) 5,292(+1.1%)
2020-12-18
165,216(+1.3%) 5,352(+1.1%)
165,216(=) 5,352(=)
2020-12-21
174,813(+5.8%) 5,552(+3.7%)
2020-12-22
177,868(+1.7%) 5,552(=)
2020-12-23
181,905(+2.3%) 5,719(+3%)
2020-12-24
184,698(+1.5%) 5,890(+3%)
184,698(=) 5,890(=)
2020-12-28
196,474(+6.4%) 6,332(+7.5%)
2020-12-29
199,353(+1.5%) 6,512(+2.8%)
2020-12-30
202,712(+1.7%) 6,667(+2.4%)
2020-12-31
206,682(+2%) 6,829(+2.4%)
2021-01-01
209,765(+1.5%) 6,971(+2.1%)
209,765(=) 6,971(=)
2021-01-04
218,836(+4.3%) 7,336(+5.2%)
2021-01-05
221,029(+1%) 7,529(+2.6%)
2021-01-06
224,262(+1.5%) 7,683(+2%)
2021-01-07
226,908(+1.2%) 7,806(+1.6%)
2021-01-08
231,121(+1.9%) 7,953(+1.9%)
231,121(=) 7,953(=)
2021-01-11
240,233(+3.9%) 8,319(+4.6%)
2021-01-12
242,450(+0.92%) 8,482(+2%)
2021-01-13
245,343(+1.2%) 8,628(+1.7%)
2021-01-14
247,806(+1%) 8,789(+1.9%)
2021-01-15
250,200(+0.97%) 8,946(+1.8%)
250,200(=) 8,946(=)
2021-01-18
254,498(+1.7%) 9,199(+2.8%)
2021-01-19
256,405(+0.75%) 9,344(+1.6%)
2021-01-20
257,625(+0.48%) 9,440(+1%)
2021-01-21
259,070(+0.56%) 9,576(+1.4%)
2021-01-22
260,389(+0.51%) 9,658(+0.86%)
260,389(=) 9,658(=)
2021-01-25
262,931(+0.98%) 9,899(+2.5%)
2021-01-26
263,398(+0.18%) 9,980(+0.82%)
2021-01-27
264,360(+0.37%) 10,075(+0.95%)
2021-01-28
265,213(+0.32%) 10,136(+0.61%)
2021-01-29
265,789(+0.22%) 10,192(+0.55%)
265,789(=) 10,192(=)
2021-02-01
266,939(+0.43%) 10,303(+1.1%)
2021-02-02
267,426(+0.18%) 10,377(+0.72%)
2021-02-03
267,893(+0.17%) 10,477(+0.96%)
2021-02-04
268,536(+0.24%) 10,486(+0.09%)
2021-02-05
269,016(+0.18%) 10,519(+0.31%)
269,016(=) 10,519(=)
2021-02-08
269,833(+0.3%) 10,634(+1.1%)
2021-02-09
270,303(+0.17%) 10,692(+0.55%)
2021-02-10
270,691(+0.14%) 10,731(+0.36%)
2021-02-11
271,100(+0.15%) 10,759(+0.26%)
2021-02-12
271,202(+0.04%) 10,767(+0.07%)
271,202(=) 10,767(=)
2021-02-15
272,302(+0.41%) 10,860(+0.86%)
2021-02-16
272,526(+0.08%) 10,939(+0.73%)
2021-02-17
272,817(+0.11%) 10,962(+0.21%)
2021-02-18
273,105(+0.11%) 10,982(+0.18%)
2021-02-19
273,354(+0.09%) 11,008(+0.24%)
273,354(=) 11,008(=)
2021-02-22
274,046(+0.25%) 11,055(+0.43%)
2021-02-23
274,191(+0.05%) 11,083(+0.25%)
2021-02-24
274,469(+0.1%) 11,098(+0.14%)
2021-02-25
274,717(+0.09%) 11,115(+0.15%)
2021-02-26
274,942(+0.08%) 11,132(+0.15%)
274,942(=) 11,132(=)
2021-03-01
275,449(+0.18%) 11,184(+0.47%)
2021-03-02
275,465(+0.01%) 11,197(+0.12%)
2021-03-03
275,700(+0.09%) 11,222(+0.22%)
2021-03-04
275,878(+0.06%) 11,240(+0.16%)
2021-03-05
276,091(+0.08%) 11,258(+0.16%)
276,091(=) 11,258(=)
2021-03-08
276,528(+0.16%) 11,289(+0.28%)
2021-03-09
276,664(+0.05%) 11,305(+0.14%)
2021-03-10
276,882(+0.08%) 11,319(+0.12%)
2021-03-11
277,147(+0.1%) 11,329(+0.09%)
2021-03-12
277,311(+0.06%) 11,334(+0.04%)
277,311(=) 11,334(=)
2021-03-15
277,617(+0.11%) 11,358(+0.21%)
2021-03-16
277,710(+0.03%) 11,369(+0.1%)
2021-03-17
277,891(+0.07%) 11,378(+0.08%)
2021-03-18
278,184(+0.11%) 11,387(+0.08%)
2021-03-19
278,338(+0.06%) 11,399(+0.11%)
278,338(=) 11,399(=)
2021-03-23
278,771(+0.16%) 11,426(+0.24%)
2021-03-24
278,917(+0.05%) 11,426(=)
2021-03-25
279,110(+0.07%) 11,431(+0.04%)
2021-03-26
279,260(+0.05%) 11,434(+0.03%)
279,260(=) 11,434(=)
2021-03-29
279,694(+0.16%) 11,446(+0.1%)
2021-03-30
279,805(+0.04%) 11,449(+0.03%)
2021-03-31
280,029(+0.08%) 11,458(+0.08%)
2021-04-01
280,226(+0.07%) 11,464(+0.05%)
280,226(=) 11,464(=)
2021-04-06
280,690(+0.17%) 11,472(+0.07%)
2021-04-07
280,817(+0.05%) 11,480(+0.07%)
2021-04-08
281,024(+0.07%) 11,466(−0.12%)
2021-04-09
281,231(+0.07%) 11,496(+0.26%)
281,231(=) 11,496(=)
2021-04-12
281,535(+0.11%) 11,509(+0.11%)
2021-04-13
281,631(+0.03%) 11,516(+0.06%)
2021-04-14
281,823(+0.07%) 11,516(=)
2021-04-15
281,955(+0.05%) 11,523(+0.06%)
2021-04-16
282,174(+0.08%) 11,524(+0.01%)
282,174(=) 11,524(=)
2021-04-19
282,529(+0.13%) 11,530(+0.05%)
2021-04-20
285,528(+1.1%) 11,549(+0.16%)
2021-04-21
282,768(−0.97%) 11,576(+0.23%)
2021-04-22
282,912(+0.05%) 11,581(+0.04%)
2021-04-23
283,078(+0.06%) 11,584(+0.03%)
283,078(=) 11,584(=)
2021-04-26
283,398(+0.11%) 11,601(+0.15%)
2021-04-27
283,398(=) 11,601(=)
2021-04-28
283,644(+0.09%) 11,613(+0.1%)
2021-04-29
283,776(+0.05%) 11,619(+0.05%)
2021-04-30
283,967(+0.07%) 11,621(+0.02%)
283,967(=) 11,621(=)
2021-05-03
284,289(+0.11%) 11,627(+0.05%)
2021-05-04
284,416(+0.04%) 11,630(+0.03%)
2021-05-05
284,634(+0.08%) 11,630(=)
2021-05-06
284,634(=) 11,630(=)
2021-05-07
287,938(+1.2%) 11,646(+0.14%)
287,938(=) 11,646(=)
2021-05-10
288,411(+0.16%) 11,665(+0.16%)
2021-05-11
288,754(+0.12%) 11,673(+0.07%)
2021-05-12
288,951(+0.07%) 11,685(+0.1%)
2021-05-13
289,188(+0.08%) 11,690(+0.04%)
2021-05-14
289,576(+0.13%) 11,695(+0.04%)
289,576(=) 11,695(=)
2021-05-17
290,177(+0.21%) 11,711(+0.14%)
2021-05-18
290,371(+0.07%) 11,720(+0.08%)
2021-05-19
290,677(+0.11%) 11,729(+0.08%)
2021-05-20
290,962(+0.1%) 11,734(+0.04%)
2021-05-21
291,300(+0.12%) 11,745(+0.09%)
291,300(=) 11,745(=)
2021-05-24
291,910(+0.21%) 11,763(+0.15%)
2021-05-25
291,910(=) 11,763(=)
2021-05-26
292,595(+0.23%) 11,774(+0.09%)
2021-05-27
293,013(+0.14%) 11,789(+0.13%)
2021-05-28
293,436(+0.14%) 11,793(+0.03%)
293,436(=) 11,793(=)
2021-05-31
294,207(+0.26%) 11,811(+0.15%)
2021-06-01
294,407(+0.07%) 11,820(+0.08%)
2021-06-02
295,047(+0.22%) 11,823(+0.03%)
2021-06-03
295,493(+0.15%) 11,837(+0.12%)
2021-06-04
295,981(+0.17%) 11,845(+0.07%)
295,981(=) 11,845(=)
2021-06-07
297,121(+0.39%) 11,880(+0.3%)
2021-06-08
297,695(+0.19%) 11,894(+0.12%)
2021-06-09
298,501(+0.27%) 11,900(+0.05%)
2021-06-10
299,208(+0.24%) 11,923(+0.19%)
2021-06-11
299,940(+0.24%) 11,923(=)
299,940(=) 11,923(=)
2021-06-14
302,232(+0.76%) 11,961(+0.32%)
2021-06-15
303,045(+0.27%) 11,981(+0.17%)
2021-06-16
303,045(=) 11,981(=)
2021-06-17
305,548(+0.83%) 12,011(+0.25%)
2021-06-18
306,420(+0.29%) 12,027(+0.13%)
306,420(=) 12,027(=)
2021-06-21
309,910(+1.1%) 12,064(+0.31%)
2021-06-22
310,743(+0.27%) 12,102(+0.31%)
2021-06-23
312,201(+0.47%) 12,148(+0.38%)
2021-06-24
314,596(+0.77%) 12,179(+0.26%)
2021-06-25
316,294(+0.54%) 12,196(+0.14%)
316,294(=) 12,196(=)
2021-06-28
320,340(+1.3%) 12,295(+0.81%)
2021-06-29
321,423(+0.34%) 12,327(+0.26%)
2021-06-30
323,711(+0.71%) 12,352(+0.2%)
2021-07-01
325,473(+0.54%) 12,428(+0.62%)
2021-07-02
328,242(+0.85%) 12,471(+0.35%)
328,242(=) 12,471(=)
2021-07-05
334,868(+2%) 12,549(+0.63%)
2021-07-06
336,409(+0.46%) 12,653(+0.83%)
2021-07-07
339,632(+0.96%) 12,733(+0.63%)
2021-07-08
342,153(+0.74%) 12,771(+0.3%)
2021-07-09
345,262(+0.91%) 12,915(+1.1%)
345,262(=) 12,915(=)
2021-07-12
350,561(+1.5%) 13,097(+1.4%)
2021-07-13
352,151(+0.45%) 13,459(+2.8%)
2021-07-14
355,289(+0.89%) 13,530(+0.53%)
2021-07-15
357,727(+0.69%) 13,633(+0.76%)
2021-07-16
360,379(+0.74%) 13,737(+0.76%)
360,379(=) 13,737(=)
2021-07-19
366,237(+1.6%) 13,923(+1.4%)
2021-07-20
367,827(+0.43%) 14,049(+0.9%)
2021-07-21
371,452(+0.99%) 14,139(+0.64%)
2021-07-22
374,527(+0.83%) 14,233(+0.66%)
2021-07-23
381,230(+1.8%) 14,415(+1.3%)
381,230(=) 14,415(=)
2021-07-26
386,936(+1.5%) 14,655(+1.7%)
2021-07-27
388,800(+0.48%) 14,661(+0.04%)

On 8 July, Western Cape Premier Alan Winde tested positive for COVID-19.[497]

The first vaccinations in the Western Cape took place on 17 February.[498]


Recoveries[edit]

Covid-19 Recoveries in South Africa.svg

Vaccination[edit]

On 17 February 2021, South Africa started its national vaccination program against Covid-19. The program will go through in phases, prioritizing healthcare and frontline workers and then those over the age of 60. According to health officials, South Africa has administered 5,831,389 vaccine doses across the country as of 21 July 2021.[499][500] South Africa has accepted delivery of 3 different vaccines, Johnson and Johnson, Pfizer-BioNTech and Oxford-AstraZeneca, administering both Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) and Pfizer-BioNTech, with the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine suspended, due to its ineffectiveness against the Beta variant (501.V2).

Vaccines on order[edit]

South Africa has secured over 79 million doses of the vaccine, with 220 million doses to be manufactured locally for international and local distribution.[501][502]

Vaccine name Approval progress Quantity Doses arrived Accepted delivery Section 21 (EUA) Began administering Full Approval
Oxford–AstraZeneca EUA Suspended 1.5 Million 1,000,000 Green check.svg 1 February 2021 Dark Red x.svg Suspended Dark Red x.svg Suspended N/A
Janssen vaccine EUA Approved 30 Million 1,700,000 Green check.svg 16 February 2021 Green check.svg 1 April 2021 (full authorization) Green check.svg 18 Feb 2021 (Phase III) Pending
Pfizer vaccine EUA Approved 40 Million 4,483,440 Green check.svg 3 May 2021 Green check.svg 16 March 2021 Green check.svg 17 May 2021 Pending
CoronaVac Vaccine EUA Approved 5 Million 0 Dark Red x.svg Not yet Green check.svg 3 July 2021 Dark Red x.svg Not yet N/A
COVAX
Pfizer vaccine EUA Approved 1.4 Million 1,400,000 Green check.svg 27 June 2021 Green check.svg 16 March 2021 Green check.svg 17 May 2021 Pending
Other (TBA) EUA pending 7.6 Million 0 Dark Red x.svg Not yet Dark Red x.svg Not yet Dark Red x.svg Not yet N/A
Local Manufacturing
Janssen vaccine EUA Approved 220 Million 0 Green check.svg 16 February 2021 Green check.svg 1 April 2021 (full authorization) Green check.svg 18 Feb 2021 (Phase III) Pending

Cumulative vaccinations in South Africa[edit]

Graph of cumulative doses administered across the country

  Fully vaccinated (All doses)   Partially vaccinated (1st dose only)

Rollout strategy[edit]

National Vaccine Rollout Strategy[503][504][505][506][507][508][509][510][not specific enough to verify]
Phase Priority group Start date People eligible
estimated
Progress
Phase 1
1a Front-line and health care workers (Sisonke Protocol) 17 Feb 2021 500000 Complete
1b Remaining health care workers 17 May 2021 700000 In progress
Phase 2
2a People over 60 17 May 2021 5000000 In progress
2b Teachers and support staff 23 June 2021 582000 Complete
2c Police Force & SANDF 5 July 2021 800000 In progress
2d People over 50 5 July 2021 4800000 In progress
2e People over 35 1 Aug 2021 11000000 Not started
Phase 3
3 Anyone over the age of 18 1 Sep 2021[23] 17900000 Not started

Timeline[edit]

February 2021[edit]

On 1 February 2021, 1 million doses of the Oxford AstraZeneca vaccine at O. R. Tambo International Airport sent by the Serum Institute of India.[511][512][513]

On 7 February 2021, it was announced that the Oxford–AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine did not work well in protecting clinical trial participants from mild or moderate illness caused by the 501.V2 variant. The vaccination program was announced to be put on a hold.[514][515][516]

On 16 February 2021, South Africa received its first consignment of 80,000 doses of the Janssen vaccine and approved the vaccine for Phase III use under Sisonke Protocol for all health workers[517]

On 17 February 2021, the national COVID vaccination program was officially rolled out, beginning at Khayelitsha District Hospital in the Western Cape Province where healthcare workers, the President Cyril Ramaphosa and Minister of Health Zweli Mkhize were given shots of the Janssen vaccine.[17][518][519]

On 27 February 2021, South Africa had received its second consignment of 80,000 doses of the Janssen vaccine.[520][521]

March 2021[edit]

On 5 March 2021, the number of doses administered surpassed 100,000.[522]

On 13 March 2021, South Africa received Part 1 of its third consignment of 40,000 Janssen COVID-19 vaccine.[523]

On 17 March 2021, South African Health Products Regulatory Authority (SAHPRA) approved the Pfizer/BioNTech coronavirus vaccine for use.[524][525][526][527]

On 18 March 2021, South Africa received Part 2 of its third consignment of 66,000 Janssen vaccine.[528][529]

On 19 March 2021, ImmunityBio announced that they will be conducting Phase 1 vaccine trials with their hAd5 vaccine in the United States and South Africa.[530][531]

On 21 March 2021, South Africa sold and began transporting its 1 million doses of Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine to other African Union Members. Concerns over the rollout of the vaccine in African countries have been raised, as the 501Y.V2 variant spreads in African countries.[532][533][534][72][159]

On 29 March 2021, the manufacturing of 220 million doses of the Janssen vaccine was approved to begin at the Aspen Pharmacare manufacturing facility in Gqeberha, Eastern Cape.[187][198]

April 2021[edit]

On 1 April 2021, the Janssen vaccine received Section 21 Approval (EUA), allowing for use outside of the current Phase III Trial (Sisonke Protocol)[535][536][537]

On 6 April 2021, the government officially signed a deal with Pfizer for 20 million vaccines expected to begin arriving by the end of April.[538][539]

On 13 April 2021, Minister of Health Zweli Mkhize announced the suspension of Janssen COVID-19 vaccine use following health concerns raised by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).[540][541][542]

On 16 April 2021, The EVDS platform opened for Phase 2, allowing essential workers and the elderly to register.[543][544][545]

On 17 April 2021, The government announced that the first batch of 325,260 Doses of Pfizer vaccines would arrive on 3 May 2021. From there the same amount of doses are expected to arrive weekly, until 31 May 2021, where the number of daily doses delivered will increase to 636,480 weekly.[546]

On 23 April 2021, 500,000 Doses of the Janssen vaccine were delivered under the early access program (Sisonke Programme), with a further 1,000,000 million doses to arrive in April.[540][73]

On 24 April 2021, Aspen Pharmacare announced that 1.1 million doses of the Janssen vaccine were due for release and to be used by South Africa.[547]

On 26 April 2021, the government announced that the use of the Janssen COVID-19 vaccine would resume on Wednesday, 28 April 2021 with vaccination sites expanded to 95 sites countrywide.[548]

On 28 April 2021, the Janssen vaccines suspension was lifted, and given the full approval for use by SAPRAH.[549][550][551]

May 2021[edit]

On 2 May 2021, the government announced that the first 1.1 million doses of the Janssen vaccine would receive an extended safety assessment, in line with international regulators, and stock would be released in mid May.[552]

On 3 May 2021, the first batch of 325,260 Doses of the Pfizer vaccine arrived at O.R Tambo International Airport via Lufthansa and Astral Aviation. The vaccines were then sent to the National Control Laboratory for quality assurance.[553][554][555][556] The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine is set to be rolled out to South Africans from 17 May 2021.[557][558]

On 9 May 2021, the second batch batch of 325,260 Doses of the Pfizer vaccine arrived at O.R Tambo International Airport via Lufthansa and Astral Aviation.[559]

On 10 May 2021, the last week of the Sisonke Protocol (Phase 3b) began. The trial was expanded to non patient facing health care workers, including administrative and supportive staff due to sufficient capacity and doses.[560]

On 15 May 2021, the Sisonke Protocol ended with a total of 478 733 doses given to health care workers. The remaining doses were allocated to the Medical research Council to conduct further studies of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine on certain population groups.[559]

On 16 May 2021, the third batch of 325,260 Doses of the Pfizer vaccine arrived at O.R Tambo International Airport via Lufthansa and Astral Aviation.[559]

On 17 May 2021, Phase 2 of the vaccination program began and started with vaccinating old age homes with the 2-dose Pfizer vaccine. Phase 2 ran alongside phase 1B to vaccinate the remaining 500 000 health care workers.[561]

On 24 May 2021, the fourth and final batch of 325,260 Doses of the Pfizer vaccine arrived at O.R Tambo International Airport via Lufthansa and Astral Aviation.[559] Following this, next week doses delivered will increase to 636,480 Doses weekly.[562]

On 31 May 2021, the first batch of 636,480 Doses of the Pfizer vaccine arrived at O.R Tambo International Airport via Lufthansa and Astral Aviation. This delivery is the first batch of consignment 2 with an incremental increase of 311,220 Doses Weekly.[563]

On 31 May 2021, The total number of vaccine doses administered surpassed 1 million.[564]

June 2021[edit]

On 7 June 2021, the second batch of 636,480 Doses of the Pfizer vaccine arrived at O.R Tambo International Airport via Lufthansa and Astral Aviation.[565]

On 11 June 2021, The Department of Health and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a statement on the Janssen vaccine, produced at the Emergent BioSolutions Plant in Baltimore, USA.[566] This resulted in the vaccines also produced at the Gqebherha plant need further assessment by SAHPRA and the FDA.[567][568] To get the South African program back on the roll, 300 000 doses are cleared to be shipped to South Africa as a matter of extreme urgency.[569][570]

On 14 June 2021, the third batch of 636,480 Doses of the Pfizer vaccine arrived at O.R Tambo International Airport via Lufthansa and Astral Aviation.[571]

On June 18, 2021, 300,000 doses of the Janssen vaccine arrived at O.R Tambo International Airport. This is the first batch of the Emergency consignment due to contamination of locally manufactured doses. These doses are expected to be used mainly by teachers and the SANDF and SAPS.[572]

On 18 June 2021, The total number of vaccine doses administered surpassed 2 million.[573]

On 21 June 2021, the fourth batch of 636,480 Doses of the Pfizer vaccine arrived at O.R Tambo International Airport via Lufthansa and Astral Aviation.[574]

On 27 June 2021, the second batch of 1,200,000 Doses of the Janssen vaccine arrived at O.R Tambo International Airport.[574]

On 28 June 2021, the fifth batch of 636,480 Doses of the Pfizer vaccine arrived at O.R Tambo International Airport via Lufthansa and Astral Aviation.[575][576]

July 2021[edit]

July 2021[edit]

On 3 July 2021, SAHPRA approved China's Sinovac CoronaVac Vaccine for local use via emergency use authorisation on the condition that Sinovac provides further information on risk and efficacy.[577][578][579][580]

On 5 July 2021, The Department of Health announced that the government would now reimburse private sites for the vaccinations of all uninsured people. Allowing any person qualified for a vaccine to be allocated to the most appropriate site, regardless if it is private or public. [212]

On 7 July 2021, the first batch of 190,710 Doses of the Pfizer vaccine arrived at O.R Tambo International Airport.

During the 2021 South African unrest, the vaccine rollout encountered a slowdown as businesses and vaccine sites were shutdown due to protests and looting in Gauteng and Kwazulu-Natal.[581]"South Africa says vaccine rollout, essential healthcare disrupted by unrest". Reuters. 13 July 2021. Retrieved 15 July 2021.</ref>Writer, Staff. "Here's what happens if you miss your Covid-19 vaccine due to looting in South Africa". Retrieved 15 July 2021.</ref>

On 14 July 2021, the rollout for educators officially ended with more than 500 000 people being vaccinated. However, any educators who could not make it to a vaccination site during the official program still qualify to be vaccinated.[582]

On the 25th, the president announced that anyone over the age of 18 could be vaccinated from 1 September 2021, and that within 3 months 31 million additional doses from Pfizer and Johnson & Johnson were scheduled for delivery.[23]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Free State case found to be not positive after confirmation test.[318]
  2. ^ 61 cases announced by president Ramaphosa later in the evening.[6]
  3. ^ Originally 46 new cases were reported.[356]
  4. ^ 123008 total tests, including repeat tests on the same person
  5. ^ 2020-04-27 23:59[62]
  6. ^ 2020-04-27 23:59[62]
  7. ^ 2020-04-27 23:59, median age 38 years (IQR 29-51 years), those aged <10 years accounted for 3% (156/4996)[62]
  8. ^ 2830 active cases
  9. ^ The median age of patients who died was 64.[420]
  10. ^ 40 ventilated
  11. ^ 2020-05-09 23:59, median age 37 years (IQR 28-49 years), with the highest risk amongst those aged 40-44.[429]
  12. ^ 376 quarantine sites with 30823 quarantine beds

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "South Africa Coronavirus". Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Coronavirus Update (Live)". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Update on Covid-19 (25 July 2021)". SA Corona Virus Online Portal. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "Minister Zweli Mkhize reports first case of Covid-19 Coronavirus". South African Ministry of Health. 5 March 2020. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Disaster Management Act 57 of 2002 | South African Government". gov.za. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d e Ramaphosa, Cyril (15 March 2020). "Statement by President Cyril Ramaphosa on measures to combat COVID-19 epidemic". The Presidency. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  7. ^ a b c "President Cyril Ramaphosa meets with political parties to combat Coronavirus COVID-19, 18 Mar". South African Government. Archived from the original on 28 July 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  8. ^ a b "South Africa to begin easing of lockdown". The Advertiser (Adelaide). 24 April 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  9. ^ a b c d "Ramaphosa announces 21 day coronavirus lockdown for South Africa". businesstech.co.za. 23 March 2020. Archived from the original on 3 July 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Ramaphosa announces South Africa's biggest spending plan ever to fight coronavirus". Fin24. 21 April 2020. Archived from the original on 5 June 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  11. ^ "Statement by president Cyril Ramaphosa on South Africa's response to the coronavirus pandemic, Union buildings, Tshwane". SA Corona Virus Online Portal. 23 April 2020. Archived from the original on 25 April 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  12. ^ a b "President Cyril Ramaphosa: Developments in South Africa's risk-adjusted strategy to manage the spread of Coronavirus COVID-19". Department of Health. 24 May 2020. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  13. ^ "South Africa moves to level 2 lockdown on Monday – here are the new rules". Archived from the original on 19 August 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  14. ^ a b "South Africa moves to lockdown level 1 – here are the changes". Archived from the original on 16 September 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  15. ^ a b Evans, Jenni. "Covid-19: SA enters second wave as Mkhize warns of surge in infections among teens". News24. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  16. ^ "Statement by president Cyril Ramaphosa on progress in the national effort to contain the COVID-19 pandemic". COVID-19 South African Online Portal. 28 December 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  17. ^ a b c "'Can I close my eyes?' Ramaphosa has Covid-19 jab with Khayelitsha hospital staff". TimesLIVE. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  18. ^ Mkhize, Zwelini (8 May 2021). "Update on Covid-19 (08th May 2021)". COVID-19 South African Online Portal. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
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