COVID-19 pandemic in Tanzania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

COVID-19 pandemic in Tanzania
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationTanzania
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseArusha
Arrival date16 March 2020
(1 year, 3 months and 1 week)
Government website
www.moh.go.tz/en/covid-19-info

The COVID-19 pandemic in Tanzania is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Tanzania in March 2020.[1]

Authorities stopped reporting case numbers in May 2020 after President John Magufuli alleged that the national laboratory was returning false positives.[2] Since then, Tanzania has become one of the few countries in the world that does not release COVID-19 infection data, the others being North Korea and Turkmenistan.[3][4]

Background[edit]

COVID-19 cases in Tanzania  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
MarMarAprAprMayMay
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-16
1(n.a.)
2020-03-17
1(=)
2020-03-18
3(+200%)
2020-03-19
6(+100%)
6(=)
2020-03-22
12(+100%)
12(=)
2020-03-25
13(+8.3%)
13(=)
2020-03-28
14(+7.7%)
2020-03-29
14(=)
2020-03-30
19(+36%)
2020-03-31
19(=) 1(n.a.)
2020-04-01
20(+5.3%) 1(=)
2020-04-02
20(=) 1(=)
2020-04-03
20(=) 1(=)
2020-04-04
20(=) 1(=)
2020-04-05
22(+10%) 1(=)
2020-04-06
24(+9.1%) 1(=)
2020-04-07
24(=) 1(=)
2020-04-08
25(+4.2%) 1(=)
2020-04-09
25(=) 1(=)
2020-04-10
32(+28%) 3(+200%)
32(=) 3(=)
2020-04-13
49(+53%) 3(=)
2020-04-14
53(+8.2%) 3(=)
2020-04-15
88(+66%) 4(+33%)
2020-04-16
94(+6.8%) 4(=)
2020-04-17
147(+56%) 5(+25%)
2020-04-18
147(=) 5(=)
2020-04-19
170(+16%) 7(+40%)
2020-04-20
254(+49%) 10(+43%)
2020-04-21
254(=) 10(=)
2020-04-22
284(+12%) 10(=)
2020-04-23
284(=) 10(=)
2020-04-24
299(+5.3%) 10(=)
299(=) 10(=)
2020-04-29
480(+61%) 16(+60%)
480(=) 16(=)
2020-05-14
509(+6%) 21(+31%)
Sources: Various news sources and state health department websites. See Timeline for sources.

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[5][6]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[7][8] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[9][7]

In May 2020, Fatma Karume, a human rights activist, said authorities are discouraging people from going to hospitals to avoid overwhelming them, but they are not giving adequate guidance about the virus. Karume said: "When you are disempowering a whole nation by withholding information and creating doubt on how they should respond to the crisis, the outcome can be disastrous."[10]

COVID-19 related news are censored as misinformation or disinformation. The distribution of non-governmental information has been made into a criminal offence by the government.[11] The government released a list of qualified persons to educate the public about COVID-19, and directed that all media source information only from those on the list. Multiple individuals were arrested and fined because of spreading information about COVID-19.[12] The lack of transparency and restricted freedoms have drawn criticism from Reporters Without Borders.[13]

Timeline[edit]

March 2020[edit]

On 16 March, the first case in Tanzania was confirmed in Arusha.[14][15] It was a 46-year-old Tanzanian who had come to Arusha from Belgium.[16]

On 17 March, the Prime Minister Kassim Majaliwa announced a range of measures, including closing schools.[17]

On 18 March, two other cases in Tanzania were reported.[18]

On 19 March, two new cases were reported, bringing the total to six. Five cases were located in capital city of Dar es Salaam with the other in Zanzibar.[19]

On 22 March, it was announced that cases had risen to 12.[20]

On 23 March, the Government announced that all incoming travelers from COVID affected countries would be placed in quarantine at their own cost for 14 days.[21]

On 25 March, it was announced that Zanzibar recorded its second case.[22]

On 26 March, the first COVID recovery was announced, of the first Arusha patient.[23]

On 28 March, a third case was recorded in Zanzibar.[24]

On 30 March, there were 5 more recorded cases, including two in Zanzibar and three in mainland Tanzania, bringing the cumulative total to 19.[25]

On 31 March, the first COVID death was recorded, in Dar es Salaam.[26]

April 2020[edit]

On 1 April, one new case and one recovery in Dar es Salaam were announced, bringing the cumulative totals to 20 cases, two recoveries, and one death.[27]

On 3 April, a third recovery in Kagera was announced, bringing the active case number to 16.[28]

On 5 April, two new cases were reported in Zanzibar.[29]

On 6 April, a further two new cases were reported in Dar es Salaam and Mwanza, bringing the cumulative total to 24.[30]

On 7 April, two more cases recovered, bringing total recoveries to five.[31]

On 8 April, one new case was recorded.[32] President John Magufuli urged the faithfuls to go to pray in churches and mosques in the belief that it will protect them. He said that the coronavirus is a devil, therefore "cannot survive in the body of Jesus Christ, it will burn".[33]

On 10 April, it was announced that there were five new cases on mainland, two new cases on Zanzibar, and two deaths on the mainland, bringing the cumulative case count to 32, and cumulative deaths to three.[34]

On 12 April, all international passenger flights were suspended.[35]

On 13 April, it was announced that there were 14 new cases on mainland, and three new cases in Zanzibar. In addition, two recoveries in Zanzibar were announced.[36][37]

On 14 April, the Prime Minister announced four more cases in Dar es Salaam, bringing the cumulative total to 53 cases.[38]

On 15 April, Zanzibar health minister Hamad Rashid Mohammed, reported six more cases, two recoveries, and its first death.[39] On the same day, 29 new cases on mainland were recorded. This brought the cumulative total for Tanzania to 88, with cumulative recoveries of 11 and cumulative deaths of four.[40]

On 16 April, six people tested positive in Zanzibar, bringing the total to 94.[41]

On 17 April, 53 people tested positive, 38 in Dar es Salaam, 10 in Zanzibar, 1 in Mwanza, 1 in Pwani, 1 in Lindi, and 1 in Kagera, bringing the total to 147 and cumulative death of 5 people.[42]

On 19 April, 23 new cases were reported in Zanzibar, where 2 people died.[43]

On 20 April, a further 87 people were reported to be infected with the virus, including 16 from Zanzibar. In addition, 3 new deaths on the mainland were reported, bringing cumulative deaths in Tanzania to 10.[44]

On 22 April, the Prime Minister announces the case count had risen to 284, with 11 recovered and the death toll remaining at 10.[45]

On 24 April, 37 more patients had recovered,[46] while 15 more were infected with the disease in Zanzibar.[47]

On 28 April, 7 patients in Zanzibar tested positive.[48]

On 29 April, 196 more people were infected, bringing the total to 480, where 167 had recovered and 16 died.[49]

May 2020[edit]

On 2 May, opposition leader Freeman Mbowe called for the suspension of Parliament for at least three weeks after the deaths of three MP's (Gertrude Rwakatare, Richard Ndassa and Augustine Mahiga) of unknown causes in the previous eleven days. He blamed the deaths on COVID-19 and asked for testing for all MP's, parliament staff and family members.[50]

On 4 May, President John Magufuli suspended the head of testing at Tanzania's national health laboratory and fired its director after the lab allegedly returned false positive test results. Magufuli said he had deliberately submitted biological samples from a papaya, a quail and a goat to test the laboratory's accuracy; the lab diagnosed these samples as positive for coronavirus.[2]

On 7 May, it was announced that for Zanzibar, the cumulative total of recorded cases was 134, the cumulative number of recoveries was 16 and the cumulative numbers of recorded deaths was 5. Of the active cases, 41 were at health facilities and 72 were cared for and follow up at home.[51]

The U.S. embassy in Tanzania issued a warning on 13 May that the risk of contracting COVID-19 in Dar es Salaam was extremely high. It believed cases were growing at an exponential rate in Dar es Salaam and other places and expected hospital capacity to be insufficient.[52] Private local broadcaster Kwanza Online TV was subsequently taken off air for 11 months by the regulator for having posted the embassy's warning on its Instagram account.[53]

Tanzanian authorities stopped reporting case numbers in May.[54][55] When the reporting stopped, the number of confirmed cases stood at 509, the number of recovered patients was 183, and 21 patients had died.[56]

Several truck drivers tested positive at the Kenya border, and Kenya closed the border for non-cargo.[57] The two countries agreed to supply testing and facilities for truckers.[58]

On 21 May, the President announced that colleges will reopen and form six secondary school students will return to school from 1 June, sports will resume from 1 June, and that international flights will resume, without any quarantine, from 27 May.[59]

Opposition activists accused the government of covering up the true scale of the pandemic, claiming that, while the official stats remained stuck on 509 cases and 21 deaths, with no test results being reported since 4 May, at least 412 have died in Dar es Salaam alone, and that 16,000 to 20,000 people have been infected countrywide.[60]

The lack of official data on testing, recoveries, active cases and fatalities has generated an interest from epidemiologists and modellers to estimate the true extent of COVID-19 infection in Tanzania. Pearson et al. estimate that Tanzania reached 1000 infected patients at some point between 6 April and 2 May 2020, and 10,000 infections not before 20 April and no later than 26 May 2020.[61] Modelling results published by the MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis at Imperial College London suggest that the true number of infections in Tanzania between 29 April and 26 May 2020 was 24,869. Pearson et al. calculate that after three months of no mitigating measures being taken, Tanzania should expect between 5,900 and 19 million symptomatic cases, and up to 16,000 additional deaths due to COVID-19.[62]

June 2020[edit]

Local artist creating Corona awareness mural (June 2020).

On 8 June, President Magufuli declared Tanzania to be free of coronavirus, which he attributed to the prayers offered by its citizens.[63] There are reports that several COVID-19 test centres shut down following the announcement and that patients displaying symptoms have been denied testing on account of Tanzania having no virus.[64]

On 16 June, the president announced that schools at all levels would re-open on 29 June.[65]

July 2020[edit]

In July, the government adopted and published new subsidiary legislation introducing mandatory registration of bloggers, online discussion forums, radio and television webcasters, as well as criminalizing the publication of "information with regards to the outbreak of a deadly or contagious diseases in the country or elsewhere without the approval of the respective authorities".[66][67]

August 2020[edit]

On 6 August, John Nkengasong of Africa CDC expressed his concerns over the lack of data from Tanzania and the detrimental impact on the development and implementation of an Africa-wide strategy.[68]

In August, the government adopted and published new subsidiary legislation banning all local media from broadcasting foreign content without prior government permission, including content relating to COVID-19 in Tanzania.[69]

December 2020[edit]

In December there were reports that a number of patients at the Aga Khan, Shree Hindu Mandal, and Rabininsia Memorial hospitals in Dar es Salaam were coming in with symptoms of coronavirus and subsequently tested positive for COVID-19. Moreover, that funerals were taking place in secret at night, and that former president Benjamin Mkapa's cause of death was not heart attack as officially stated, but COVID-19.[70]

January 2021[edit]

In the first week of 2021, a Danish resident returning from Tanzania tested positive for the B.1.1.7 variant of COVID-19. Denmark's Serum Institute noted it was not possible to tell where the infected person had caught the virus.[71] Two more Danish residents returning from Tanzania tested positive for the 501.V2 variant on 19 January, representing only the second and third confirmed cases of the 501.V2 variant in Denmark.[72]

On 19 January, the International School Moshi announced that one of its students had tested positive for COVID-19 and was isolating, while the class of the student would be taught online until 1 February. Two days later the school issued an apology for issuing false information and stated that the operations of the school had not been halted.[73]

On 26 January, the President of the Tanzania Episcopal Conference, Archbishop Nyaisonga in a letter addressed to archbishops, bishops and retired bishops warned against a ″possible new wave of coronavirus infections″.[74]

On 27 January, President John Magufuli expressed doubts about the COVID-19 vaccines during a speech in Chato, Geita Region. “If the white man was able to come up with vaccinations, then vaccinations for AIDS would have been brought, tuberculosis would be a thing of the past, vaccines for malaria and cancer would have been found,” he declared.[75] His speech was rebuffed by the regional WHO director Matshidiso Moeti who urged Tanzania to ramp up public health measures and vaccination.[76] Magufuli also rejected lockdown measures, reasoning in a broadcast speech: "I don’t expect to announce any lockdown because our living God will protect us. We will continue to take other health precautions, including steam therapy."[3]

On 31 January, the Alliance for Change and Transparency announced that its chairman and First Vice-President of Zanzibar, Seif Sharif Hamad along with his wife and a number of his aides had contracted COVID-19 and were in the hospital.[77][78] He later died while undergoing treatment.[79]

February 2021[edit]

On 1 February, Health Minister Dorothy Gwajima said that Tanzania has no interest in taking part in a vaccination programme, despite encouragement from the WHO to do so.[80] Instead she reiterated the government's suggested hygiene practices, which include drinking plenty of water and taking local herbs.[81]

On 10 February, the United States warned that Tanzanian health facilities are in danger of being overwhelmed following a sharp increase in cases in January.[82]

On 11 February, concerns were expressed by Member of Parliament Zacharia Issaay over the high number of deaths due to pneumonia and other respiratory diseases in his constituency Mbulu Urban.[83]

On 12 February, it was reported that major hospitals in Dar es Salaam were inundated with patients suffering from COVID-19 symptoms. Intensive care units at these hospitals were full, and beds, oxygen, and respirators were in short supply.[3]

On 15 February, the Medical Association of Tanzania issued a statement linking an increase in respiratory illness deaths to ongoing outbreaks of various diseases including COVID-19. The statement also urged health practitioners to educate patients and urged citizens to visit healthcare facilities as soon as they experience symptoms.[84]

On 15 February, the Oman Minister of Health said that 18 percent of travelers arriving from Tanzania tested positive for COVID-19, a number he described as "very high". He also said that Oman was considering halting flights from Tanzania.[85]

On 17 February, Seif Sharif Hamad, 77, Vice President of Zanzibar died of acute pneumonia related to COVID-19.[86] A top aide to President Magufuli, Chief Secretary John Kijazi and Namibia's third secretary to Tanzania Selina Tjihero also died during the same week. Sources close to the matter said they had contracted COVID-19.[87]

On 18 February, the bar association of mainland Tanzania, Tanganyika Law Society, issued a statement calling on the government to acknowledge the presence of coronavirus in the country.[88]

On 20 February, WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom called on Tanzania to start reporting COVID-19 cases, share data, implement tried-and-tested public health measures, and prepare for vaccination.[89]

On 21 February, President Magufuli urged Tanzanians to take precautions against the spread of coronavirus in the country. The Ministry of Health followed up later in the day with a statement saying that people should take precautions including hand washing, eating healthy, exercising, protecting the elderly, and wearing face masks.[90]

On 23 February, the Czech Republic Ministry of Health announced that three Czech tourists returning from Zanzibar tested positive for COVID-19 with suspicion of the presence of the 501.V2 variant.[91][92]

March 2021[edit]

On 3 March, the General Secretary of the Tanzania Episcopal Conference said that over a period of two months more than 25 priests and 60 nuns had died from various causes including respiratory challenges.[93]

On 10 March, a Kenyan newspaper reported that an African leader was being treated for COVID-19 at a Nairobi hospital, leading to widespread speculation that it may be President Magufuli, who had not been seen in public since February.[94]

On 11 March, WHO regional director Matshidiso Moeti praised Tanzania for the action taken on 21 February but called for COVID-19 testing procedures recommended by the WHO to be followed, a return to transparency and data sharing, and a roll-out of vaccines.[95]

On 17 March, Vice-President Samia Suluhu Hassan announced that President Magufuli had died of heart complications. Opposition politicians claimed he had contracted COVID-19.[96]

April 2021[edit]

On 1 April, John Nkengasong, head of the African health agency Africa CDC, said that a new variant with as many as 40 mutations had been found in Angola among travelers from Tanzania.[97]

President Samia Suluhu Hassan on 6 April signalled a change in approach from her predecessor, proposing an evaluation of Tanzania's response to COVID-19, a more science-based approach and a return to regular publishing of data.[98]

On 8 April, ChangeTanzania published an interim report from an online survey carried out in February and March 2021. The results pointed to a rise in deaths and cases from late December, worsening in January and February.[99]

May 2021[edit]

The evaluation committee proposed by President Samia Suluhu Hassan on 6 April delivered its evaluation and recommendations on 17 May. According to the evaluation, Tanzania had experienced two waves of coronavirus and risked a third. The committee recommended resuming regular reporting of cases to the World Health Organization and submitting the necessary documentation for joining COVAX.[100]

June 2021[edit]

On 19 June, the director of prevention from the Ministry of Health warned about signs of an emerging third wave of infections in Tanzania and issued instructions to wear face masks, use sanitizer and wash hands.[101]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tanzania Confirms First Case of Coronavirus | Voice of America - English". www.voanews.com. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b Elliott, Josh K. (6 May 2020). "Tanzanian president blames lab after goat, papaya 'test positive' for coronavirus". Global News. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "Covid-19 Crisis Grows in Tanzania as President Rejects Risks". Bloomberg News. 12 February 2021.
  4. ^ Rickleton, Christopher (9 April 2020). "Experts doubt isolated Turkmenistan's virus-free 'show'". CTVNews.
  5. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  6. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  8. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  9. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Tanzania says virus defeated through prayer, but fears grow". Associate Press. 22 May 2020.
  11. ^ Farmer, Ben; Brown, Will; Vasilyeva, Nataliya (5 June 2010). "The 'Ostrich Alliance': Coronavirus and the world leaders embracing denial, quackery and conspiracy". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  12. ^ "Tanzania Tramples Digital Rights in Fight Against Covid-19". cipesa.org. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  13. ^ "Tanzanian media unable to cover Covid-19 epidemic". Reporters without borders. 5 November 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  14. ^ "Coronavirus Update (Live) - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info.
  15. ^ "Somalia, Tanzania confirm first coronavirus cases". Anadolu Agency. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  16. ^ "When coronavirus came to Tanzania". The New Humanitarian. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Tanzania bans all public gathering, closes schools, suspends the Premier League over Coronavirus". The Citizen. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  18. ^ "Coronavirus cases rise to three in Tanzania". The Citizen. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  19. ^ Vidija, Patrick (19 March 2020). "COVID-19: Tanzania traces 112 contacts as cases rise to six". The Star. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  20. ^ "Covid-19 cases in Tanzania now rise to 12, says President". The Citizen. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  21. ^ "23.03.2020 - Update on COVID-19 in Tanzania". 23 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Zanzibar confirms second covid-19 case". The Citizen. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  23. ^ "Tanzania first Covid-19 patient recovers". The East African. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  24. ^ "Zanzibar health minister confirms third covid-19 case". The Citizen. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  25. ^ "VIDEO: Covid-19 cases in Tanzania rise to 19 as five more cases". The Citizen. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  26. ^ "Tanzania records first Covid-19 death". The Citizen. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  27. ^ "Second Tanzanian patient recovers from coronavirus". The East African. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  28. ^ Ltd, Tanzania Standard Newspapers. "COVID-19 Response: US gives 2.3bn/-, patient recovers". dailynews.co.tz. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  29. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation report 77" (PDF). World Health Organization. 6 April 2020. p. 7. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  30. ^ "Tanzania's coronavirus cases rise to 24". The East African. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  31. ^ "Tanzania records two more Covid-19 recoveries". The East African. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  32. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation report 80" (PDF). World Health Organization. 9 April 2020. p. 7. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  33. ^ Nicholas Bariyo and Joe Parkinson (8 April 2020). "Tanzania's Leader Urges People to Worship in Throngs Against Coronavirus". The Wall Street Journal.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  34. ^ "Tanzania records two more deaths as Covid-19 cases rise to 32". The Citizen. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  35. ^ TanzaniaSpokesperson (12 April 2020). "The Tanzania Civil Aviation Authority has suspended all international scheduled and chartered passenger planes to Tanzania as a new measure to combat Covid-19. Cargo planes will be allowed in but crew memvers will be quarantined for the whole duration of their stay, at own costspic.twitter.com/r6FEy9GMmg". @tzspokesperson. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  36. ^ "Tanzania's Covid-19 cases rise to 46". The Citizen. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  37. ^ "Zanzibar cases of Covid-19 infection reach 12". The Citizen. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  38. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation report 86" (PDF). World Health Organization. 15 April 2020. p. 8. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  39. ^ "Zanzibar records first death as cases of Covid-19 infection reach 18". The Citizen. 15 April 2020.
  40. ^ "Tanzania Covid-19 cases jump to 88 as 29 more test positive in two days". The Citizen. 15 April 2020.
  41. ^ "Six more test positive in Zanzibar as Covid-19 cases reach 24". The Citizen. 16 April 2020.
  42. ^ "Covid-19: Tanzania's cases jump to 147 after 53 test positive". The Citizen. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  43. ^ "Covid-19: Two dead as Zanzibar records 23 more cases". The Citizen. 19 April 2020.
  44. ^ "Covid-19: Tanzania records 84 new cases as death toll reaches 10". The Citizen. 20 April 2020.
  45. ^ "Covid-19: Tanzania's cases rise to 284 with 30 new patients".
  46. ^ "Covid-19: Tanzania records 37 new recoveries". The East African. 24 April 2020.
  47. ^ "Zanzibar adds 15 more cases, taking tally to 299". IPP Media. 25 April 2020.
  48. ^ "Covid-19: Zanzibar's cases rise to 105 after 7 test positive". The Citizen. 28 April 2020.
  49. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation report 101" (PDF). World Health Organization. 30 April 2020. p. 8. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  50. ^ "Tanzania opposition MPs to boycott Parliament after 3 MPs die". Al Jazeera. 2 May 2020. Archived from the original on 3 May 2020.
  51. ^ "Covid-19: Zanzibar cases rise to 134 after 29 test positive". The Citizen. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  52. ^ "Health Alert: U.S. Embassy Dar es Salaam". U.S. Embassy in Tanzania. 13 May 2020. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  53. ^ "Tanzania bans Kwanza Online TV for 11 months citing 'misleading' Instagram post on COVID-19". Committee to Protect Journalists. 9 July 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  54. ^ "Tanzanian doctors sound alarm over hidden coronavirus cases". The New Humanitarian. 14 May 2020. Archived from the original on 21 May 2020.
  55. ^ "Tanzania opposition angry over no coronavirus update in two weeks". www.aljazeera.com. 13 May 2020. Archived from the original on 21 May 2020.
  56. ^ "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation report 133" (PDF). World Health Organization. 1 June 2020. p. 7. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  57. ^ "Tanzania Says COVID-19 Defeated With Prayer Despite Fears". Time Magazine. 22 May 2020. Archived from the original on 22 May 2020.
  58. ^ "Tanzania, Kenya resolve dispute over COVID-19 tests for cross-border truck drivers". MarketWatch. 22 May 2020. Archived from the original on 22 May 2020.
  59. ^ "Tanzania reopens colleges, sports activities as Covid-19 numbers". The Citizen. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  60. ^ Fabricius, Peter (27 May 2020). "CORONAVIRUS: Is the Tanzanian government hiding true coronavirus stats?". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  61. ^ Pearson Carl AB; Van Schalkwyk Cari; Foss Anna M; O'Reilly Kathleen M; SACEMA Modelling and Analysis Response Team; CMMID COVID-19 working group; Pulliam Juliet RC (7 May 2020). "Projected early spread of COVID-19 in Africa through 1 June 2020". Euro Surveill. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. 25 (18). doi:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.18.2000543. ISSN 1560-7917. OCLC 474084452. PMC 7219031. PMID 32400361.
  62. ^ Pearson Carl A.B.; Van Zandvoort Kevin; Jarvis Chris I.; Davies Nicolas G.; Thompson Sam; Checchi Francesco; Jit Mark; Eggo Rosalind M. (16 June 2020). "Modelling projections for COVID-19 epidemic in United Republic of Tanzania". Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  63. ^ "Coronavirus: John Magufuli declares Tanzania free of Covid-19". BBC. 8 June 2020.
  64. ^ "Muddled messaging around COVID-19 complicates response in Tanzania". Devex. 21 July 2020. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  65. ^ "President Magufuli orders Secondary and Primary schools to re-open". The Citizen. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  66. ^ "Government notice No 538". Gazette of the United Republic of Tanzania. 101 (29): 18. 17 July 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  67. ^ "In Tanzania, full-throttle COVID-19 denial leaves citizens without access to public health information". Global Voices. 26 January 2021. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  68. ^ "Africa CDC concerned over Tanzania's virus response". Face of Malawi. 7 August 2020. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  69. ^ "Crackdown on free press intensifies in Tanzania". The Standard. 10 August 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  70. ^ Kilaye, Athuman (14 December 2020). "Fresh Corona fears hit "Covid-free" Tanzania". Sauti Kubwa. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  71. ^ "Status for udvikling af B.1.1.7 i Danmark d. 15. januar 2021" (in Danish). SSI. 16 January 2021. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
  72. ^ "Status for udvikling af B.1.1.7 og andre mere smitsomme varianter i Danmark" (in Danish). SSI. 24 January 2021. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
  73. ^ "Kilimanjaro RC refutes claims of a student testing positive for Covid 19 at ISM". The Citizen. 22 January 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  74. ^ "Tanzania government calls for Covid-19 calm as Catholic bishops cautions its faithful". The Citizen. 27 January 2021. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  75. ^ "Tanzania's president expresses doubts about COVID vaccines". AP NEWS. 27 January 2021. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  76. ^ "WHO tells Tanzania to follow science after Magufuli claims Covid-19 vaccines are dangerous". IOL. 28 January 2021. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  77. ^ Kassala, Vincent (31 January 2021). "TAARIFA KWA UMMA Maalim Seif Apumzishwa Baada ya Kupata Maambukizi ya Covid 19" (in Swahili). ACT Wazalendo. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  78. ^ Makoye, Kizito (31 January 2021). "Zanzibar's first vice president, wife contract virus". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  79. ^ Materu, Beatrice (17 February 2020). "Zanzibar's First Vice President Seif Hamad dies aged 77". The EastAfrican.
  80. ^ "Covid-19: Tanzania has no vaccination plan, minister says". news.yahoo.com. BBC News. 2 February 2021. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  81. ^ Covid cases surging in Tanzania, says US embassy as government downplays virus, cnn.com, 11.02.2021
  82. ^ "Tanzania experiencing surge in COVID-19 cases, says U.S." news.yahoo.com. Reuters. 10 February 2021. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  83. ^ Chidawali, Habel (11 February 2021). "CCM lawmaker speaks about "pneumonia" killing Tanzanians". The Citizen. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  84. ^ Mosenda, Jacob (16 February 2021). "Tanzania medical practitioners wade into rising respiratory concerns in the country". The Citizen. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  85. ^ Al Musalmy, Shaddad (16 February 2021). "Tanzania in focus as Oman mulls halting flights from certain places". Muscat Daily.
  86. ^ "Zanzibar's vice president dies after suffering Covid". news.yahoo.com. AFP. 17 February 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  87. ^ "Tanzania still in denial about Covid-19 existence despite surge in cases". Africa News. 19 February 2021. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  88. ^ Mseta, Salima (18 February 2021). "Tamko la TLS Juu ya Wimbi la Pili la Mlipuko wa Ugonjwa wa Korona" (in Swahili). Tanganyika Law Society. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  89. ^ "WHO Director-General's statement on Tanzania and COVID-19". World Health Organization. 20 February 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  90. ^ Owere, Paul (22 February 2021). "Tanzania's Ministry of health now urges precaution against Covid-19". The Citizen. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  91. ^ "U tří lidí máme podezření na jihoafrickou mutaci koronaviru, oznámil Blatný. Vrátili se ze Zanzibaru". iROZHLAS (in Czech). Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  92. ^ "Sedm podezření na nakažlivější jihoafrickou mutaci koronaviru zaznamenali hygienici v Praze a Brně | Domov". Lidovky.cz (in Czech). 23 February 2021. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  93. ^ "Over 25 priests, 60 nuns have died in 60 days, says TEC". The Citizen. 3 March 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  94. ^ Lewis, David; Miriri, Duncan (10 March 2021). "Where's Magufuli? Tanzanian leader's absence fuels health concern". Reuters. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  95. ^ Kalumbia, Louis (12 March 2021). "WHO praises Tanzania's new position on Covid-19". The Citizen. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  96. ^ "John Magufuli: Tanzania's president dies aged 61 after health rumours". BBC News. 17 March 2021. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  97. ^ "Nieuwe coronavariant ontdekt in Afrika". demorgen.be (in Dutch). 1 April 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  98. ^ Jerving, Sara (6 April 2021). "In Brief: Tanzania rethinks its approach to COVID-19". Devex. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  99. ^ Mwai, Peter; Giles, Christopher (17 March 2021). "Covid: Does Tanzania have a hidden epidemic?". BBC. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  100. ^ Jerving, Sara (17 May 2021). "Tanzania committee recommends joining COVAX, reporting COVID-19 cases". Devex. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  101. ^ Makwetta, Herieth (19 June 2021). "Tanzania government warns of third wave of Covid-19". The Citizen. Retrieved 19 June 2021.

External links[edit]