COVID-19 pandemic in Toronto

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

COVID-19 pandemic in Toronto
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationToronto, Ontario, Canada
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseSunnybrook Hospital, Toronto
Arrival dateJanuary 22, 2020
(3 years and 8 months)
Confirmed cases211,585
Active cases26,934
Fatality rate1.76%
  • 2,656,825 (82.2%) (people with at least one dose)
  • 2,429,541 (77.1%) (fully vaccinated people)
Government website
Toronto Public Health

The COVID-19 pandemic in Toronto was a viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), localized in Toronto. Toronto is the most populous city in Canada, and the fourth most populous city in North America.

On January 23, 2020, the first identified case of COVID-19 in Canada during the pandemic was admitted to Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto. The individual was first described as showing fever and respiratory symptoms, however this was later confirmed as a presumptive positive case of COVID-19 on January 25, 2020.[1][2] On March 17, 2020, the government of Ontario declared its first state of emergency during the pandemic,[3] followed by Toronto mayor John Tory declaring a local state of emergency March 23, 2020.[4] Initial restrictions preventing essential businesses from operating (such as the closure of indoor dining and personal care services) continued through until June 24, 2020, when the government of Ontario allowed Toronto to enter Stage 2 of reopening.[5] Toronto introduced mask requirements at all public indoor settings on July 7, 2020.[6] On July 31, 2020, Toronto was admitted into Stage 3 of reopening.[7]

During the summer of 2020, the city saw a significant decline of new cases, where the city had as low as 246 active cases at one point that August. Along with the province of Ontario and other areas of Canada, cases began to steadily rise in late summer and early autumn. Toronto, Peel Region, York Region and Ottawa began to face restrictions based on rising viral spread and were initially knocked back into a modified Stage 2 tier until the province introduced a new colour-coded Response Framework for the province involving five tiers based on regional COVID-19 numbers. In early October 2020, Toronto Public Health became so overwhelmed by new cases, it suspended extended contact tracing efforts.[8] On November 23, 2020, Toronto was placed under lockdown, under which it remained until the province declared a province-wide shutdown beginning December 26, 2020. This included the declaration of a second state of emergency in January 2021 and stay-at-home orders for the entire province. Toronto remained under stay-at-home orders until March 8, 2021. On April 3, 2021, following an uptick in new cases in Ontario, (exacerbated by more aggressive variants of SARS-CoV-2) Toronto, along with the rest of the province entered a shutdown coupled with a stay-at-home order that lasted until June 2, 2021.[9][10]

In December 2020, Health Canada approved the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine and the mRNA-1273 vaccine developed by Moderna. Widespread plans for COVID-19 vaccinations across Canada and the province began during the week of December 14, 2020.[11] On February 26, 2021, Health Canada approved the Oxford–AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine for use[12] and on March 5, 2021, the Janssen COVID-19 vaccine was also approved.[13] In conjunction with the Provincial rollout, the city has opened ten mass-vaccination sites across the city, with hospital and hospital-run vaccination sites, pop-up clinics, mobile clinics, pharmacies and family doctors participating in the administration of the approved vaccines.

On May 9, 2022, Mayor John Tory announced the termination of Toronto's COVID-19 state of emergency after being in effect for 777 consecutive days, the longest for any major city in the world, unofficially ending the pandemic.[14][15]




On January 23, the first presumptive case in Canada was admitted to Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto and placed into a negative pressure chamber.[1][2] The patient, a male in his 50s who travelled between Wuhan and Guangzhou before returning to Toronto on January 22, contacted emergency services following rapid onset symptoms.[16] The presumption of infection in the patient was made after a rapid test was done at Public Health Ontario's Toronto laboratory, and was announced on January 25.[1][2] Final testing conducted at the National Microbiology Laboratory in Winnipeg, Manitoba confirmed the presumptive case on January 27.[17] Authorities said that the patient was experiencing respiratory problems but was in stable condition.[1] His condition later improved and he was released from hospital on January 31.[18]

On January 27, the Chief Medical Officer of Health of Ontario announced the man's wife as the second presumptive case.[19] Officials reported that she was in good condition and that she was asymptomatic.[19]


On February 24, Toronto's third and Ontario's fourth case of COVID-19 was confirmed after a woman tested positive following travel to Wuhan.[20]


The typically busy Yonge–Dundas Square on March 20.
Leslie Street, an arterial road, during the morning rush hour in March.

On March 5, more cases in Ontario continued to emerge, including a Toronto man who presented himself to Sunnybrook Hospital and tested positive following travel to Iran.[21]

On March 12, 17 new cases were confirmed including a baby boy who had recently visited the North York General Hospital in the former city of North York. That day, the total number of cases in Ontario increased to 59.[22]

From the initial case on January 23 to March 18, over half of the reported cases in the province of Ontario were reported in Toronto.[23]

On March 13, York University, Toronto Metropolitan University (then known as Ryerson University), and the University of Toronto announced the cancellation of in-person lessons, with classes moved online.[24]


By May 4, 2020, outbreaks on four different inpatient units were declared at Toronto Western Hospital. The first was declared on April 18 while three others were declared on April 30.[25] On May 10, another outbreak was declared on another floor at the hospital.[26] While the term outbreak differs in definition by hospital, Toronto Western Hospital defines it as the confirmation of one positive patient per unit. On May 13, the hospital's emergency department declared an outbreak after five of its staff tested positive.[27]

On Saturday, May 23, 2020, due to warmer weather, estimates of up to 10,000 mostly young people gathered in Trinity Bellwoods Park.[28] Public outrage ensued as well as condemnation from Premier Ford and Toronto's medical officer of health Eileen de Villa.[29][30] After making a tour of the city's parks and speaking with citizens, Mayor John Tory was criticized for lack of social distancing and improperly wearing a mask.[31] He publicly apologized for his actions to following day.[31] No social distancing fines were placed, however, there were several issued for public urination.[32] Police presence was increased the following day to prevent any subsequent large gatherings.[33] The following week, 'social distancing circles' were painted on the lawn in the park modelled after similar tactics used in San Francisco and New York City.[34][35][36][37][38]

On May 27, the Province announced they would be taking over five long-term care homes following a scathing report by the Canadian Armed Forces citing neglect and abuse.[39] Three of the five long-term care homes are in Toronto: Eatonville Care Centre, Hawthorne Place Care Centre and Altamont Care Community.[39]

Regis Korchinski-Paquet protest in Toronto on May 30.

Despite social distancing policies, on May 30, estimates of up to 4,000 protesters gathered over the death of Regis Korchinski-Paquet, as well as congruent and concurrent protests in the United States and Canada following the murder of George Floyd.[40] Protesters were encouraged to engage in social distancing and to wear face masks by Mayor Tory and Police Chief Mark Saunders. Early reports suggested most did wear face masks.[41]


On June 1, the city announced two phases for re-opening park washrooms with the first phase re-opening about 50 washroom sites by June 6 and the remaining by mid-June.[42] The Toronto Police Service had issued several tickets at Trinity Bellwoods Park on May 23 after reports of public urination.[43]

On June 5, the city told restaurants to begin preparing for reopening, with no date set, under strict guidelines.[44] Dining room capacities would be reduced by 50 percent, tables cannot seat more than six people and staff will all be required to maintain a six-foot distance at all times from each other. The city released an extensive list of reopening guidelines.[44] Premier Ford, Mayor Tory and Dr. de Villa suggest that outdoor patios will most likely see a reopening before indoor dining areas.[45]

Again, despite social-distancing orders banning gatherings of more than five people (part of emergency orders by the province extended on June 2[46]) thousands gathered in protests against racism on the weekend of June 5–7.[47] Not Another Black Life, the organizers of the original protest one week before did not claim involvement and instead asked protesters who had participated in the original march to get tested for COVID-19 and self-isolate for two weeks.[48]

In early June, the city announced the CafeTO program, aimed at expanding the patio area of restaurants and bars with patio licenses when allowed to reopen. On June 8, the province echoed these sentiments suggesting they would be eliminating 'bureaucratic red tape' to assist in these patio extensions.[49]

On June 8, Premier Ford announced to beginning of rolling out initiation of Stage 2 of reopening. Gatherings of ten people or less are now allowed in the whole province. However the general Stage 2 approach would be done regionally and therefore Toronto and other areas in the GTA are excluded and will enter Stage 2 at a later date.[50]

On June 9, city councillor Michael Ford (nephew of Ontario Premier Doug Ford) became the first city councillor to test positive for COVID-19.[51] On June 11, 26-year-old Ford was briefly admitted to hospital.[52]

On June 15, as another round of regions were allowed to move into Stage 2, Toronto, Peel and Windsor-Essex were still disallowed from moving forward.[53]

On June 16, the Canadian Armed Forces, sent to help the troubled Eatonville Care Centre officially left the long-term care home. The home was declared 'COVID-19 free' by the home's executive director. The home saw at least 43 deaths, and 138 cases amongst residents and 106 cases amongst staff. All residents have recovered and all but one staff member have recovered.[54]

By June 18, the city of Toronto had confirmed at least 1000 deaths related to COVID-19.[55]

On June 19, the city announced that it will resume issuing marriage licenses from June 22 at the North York Civic Centre.[56] The East York, Etobicoke, Scarborough, and York Civic Centres along with Metro Hall and Toronto City Hall service counters remain closed.[57]

On June 22, the province allowed Toronto to move forward to Stage 2 of reopening, beginning 12:01 am on Wednesday, June 24.[58][59]

At 12:01 am, some bars and restaurants opened Wednesday morning for a short time.[60] On June 24, Mayor Tory announced ferry service will resume to the Toronto Islands on June 27, which had been closed to non-residents since the beginning of the pandemic. Riders of the ferries will be required to wear face coverings.[61]


Beginning after Canada Day, street parking enforcement, as well as fare evasion enforcement, will return to Toronto and the Toronto Transit Commission respectively.[62] Beginning July 2, face masks or face coverings will be required to be worn on the TTC.[63]

Beginning July 7, face masks or face coverings will be required in enclosed, public places by law in the city of Toronto.[6]

On July 29, the Ontario government announced Toronto was allowed to enter Stage 3 of reopening on July 31 at 12:01 am.[64]


On August 10, 2020, Toronto Public Health considered its four pandemic control indicators to be in the "green" for the first time. This analysis includes statuses on viral trends, access to personal protective equipment (PPE), laboratory testing and health system capacity.[65][66]


Amid back-to-school reopening plans debated at a provincial level, the Toronto District School Board decided to push back the start of school to September 15, 2020, and to have mandatory mask rules for students.[67][68]

On September 11, the Federal government announced $13.9 million in funding to create a voluntary isolation facility in Toronto. The facility is to be a rented-out hotel that is aimed at COVID-19 patients who cannot safely self-isolate from family members and roommates.[69]

On September 17, in response to growing provincial numbers, the Ontario government announced a reduction of social gathering size limits to 10 people indoors and 25 people outdoors in Toronto, Peel Region and Ottawa. Fines would be set at a minimum of $10,000 for the host and $750 for each participant involved in an illegal gathering. Most businesses, facilities, places of worship and events already practicing social distancing and face-covering protocols would be largely unaffected by the new rules.[70]

On September 23, Mayor Tory stated that the city would extend its cancellation of all city-led and city-permitted outdoor special events through at least the end of 2020.[71]

On September 25, the Ontario government announced that all bars, restaurants and nightclubs province-wide, effective September 26 would have an 11 pm last call and have to be completely closed by midnight. Additionally, all strip clubs would be closed indefinitely.[72]

On September 26, Toronto Public Health ordered three King Street bars and restaurants closed due to non-compliance of COVID-19 protocols including serving buffet-style food and being uncooperative with investigators. The three establishments are MARBL, King Taps and Casa Mezcal.[73]

On September 30, Toronto City Council approved further restrictions on bars and restaurants in the city. The restrictions include a reduction of capacity from 100 to 75 patrons indoors, a reduction of table seating from ten people to six and a limitation on the loudness of background music or sounds played in the establishment. The new bylaw restrictions went into effect on October 8.[74]


On October 2, Dr. Eileen de Villa recommended large closures in order to control the spread of the virus, especially relating to indoor dining in bars and restaurants. She announced that 44 percent of outbreaks in the city of Toronto were in bars and restaurants.[75][76]

According to a report by The Globe and Mail, Toronto Public Health on October 2 decided to suspend contact tracing efforts due to an overwhelming number of new cases.[77]

On October 10, indoor dining in bars and restaurants was ordered closed along with the complete closure of gyms, movie theatres and casinos for 28 days by the provincial government in Toronto, Peel and Ottawa. The measures followed a continued uptick in new cases in hotspots in the province of Ontario.[78]

On October 19, outbreaks were announced at St. Joseph's Health Centre and Toronto Western Hospital.[79] On the same day, Ontario and Toronto government representatives recommended against trick-or-treating for Halloween.[80]


On November 3, the province unveiled a new colour-coded level system for individual public health units within the province, with Toronto proposed to moving to the Orange-level category.[81] Toronto will be moved from its current restriction level on November 14.[81]

On November 10, Toronto saw a record number of new infections with 533 new cases in 24 hours.[82][83] On the same day, it was announced Toronto would be moving to Red-level on November 14. The city enacted further, more stringent restrictions on top of the colour-code level. Indoor dining will remain closed for a minimum of 28 days, indoor fitness classes are banned, Gyms can reopen with a maximum of 10 people. Meeting, event spaces, casinos, bingo halls will remain closed. Indoor movie theatres are to remain closed as per Red-level guidelines.[83][84]

On November 20, Premier Ford announced Toronto and Peel would be placed on lockdown category according to the new response framework, effective November 23. Bars and restaurants would be restricted to take-out only, no private gatherings outside of one's household, cinemas and casinos remain closed, and all gyms must close. Non-essential retail will be shuttered, with curb-side pickup allowed, and sports and recreation activities must cease. The film and television industry can remain open under Control (red) level restrictions. Schools and childcare would remain open while post-secondary education would move into virtual learning (with exceptions for those that require in-person training).[85][86][87][88][89][90][91]

On November 24, in defiance of provincial orders, Adam Skelly, owner and operator of Adamson Barbecue opened his Etobicoke restaurant for indoor dining, currently disallowed under Lockdown orders. The previous day, Skelly had posted on social media informing his followers about the event. By the end of the day, Toronto Public Health had ordered the closure of the restaurant.[92] On November 25, Skelly once again opened his restaurant, inciting further charges against him. Protesters gathered, including members protesting against the lockdown. Before the morning of the 26th of November, Toronto Police Service moved to change the locks on his establishment, when Skelly managed to enter the building, and attempted to open his restaurant a third day.[93] Skelly was then arrested for attempting to obstruct police officers.[94] Skelly was released on a $50,000 bail[95] the following morning and required to stay 200 metres (660 ft) away from his businesses and to abstain from using social media. He faces more than 13 charges.[94] Neighbours of Adamson, like Great Lakes Brewery, were vocally against Skelly's protests and antics and complained that the police traffic affected their business. The owner argued that although business is affected by COVID-19 in the food and beverage industry, the restrictions are for the greater good.[95]


On December 9, Health Canada approved the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for use in Canada.[96] The first doses of the vaccine in Ontario were administered to healthcare workers in the University Health Network in Toronto and The Ottawa Hospital in Ottawa beginning December 14.[97]

In an effort to discourage gatherings on the holiday, Metrolinx (which operates GO Transit and Union Pearson Express) and the TTC announced the same day that they would not offer extended or free evening or overnight transit on New Year's Eve as they have done in past years.[98]

On December 14, as the first tranche of COVID-19 vaccines arrived, vaccinations began nationwide. Anita Quidangen, a Personal Support Worker from Toronto became the first person in Canada to receive a dose.[99][100]

On December 16, Toronto reported a record number of daily new cases with 850.[101]



On January 4, the City of Toronto announced they would be providing the public new data on workplace outbreaks of the virus.[102] On January 8, UHN had announced the hospital system had run out of vaccines and had to wait until a shipment the following Monday.[103]

On January 5, the Toronto St. Patrick's Day Parade announced that it has been cancelled for the second year in a row, as the suspension of city-led and city-permitted major outdoor events has been extended through March 31, 2021.[104] On January 15, the city announced that it had completed the vaccination of all long-term care residents and staff in Toronto;[105] On January 18, the city's first mass vaccination clinic opened in the Metro Toronto Convention Centre.[106] The clinic was closed the next day due to shortages of vaccines caused by a manufacturing delay by Pfizer.[107]

On January 21, Toronto officials noted the basic reproduction number (R number) had dipped below 1 for the first time in months, which would theoretically reduce the exponential spread of the virus.[108]


On February 19, Premier Ford announced that pursuant to "the advice of local health officials and the Chief Medical Officer of Health", Toronto, Peel and North Bay would remain under the provincial stay-at-home order until at least March 8, and will not re-enter the response framework.[109]

On February 24, the city announced that city-led and city-permitted major outdoor events would be cancelled through July 1, 2021 (Canada Day). This has resulted in the cancellation of multiple events for the second year in a row.[110]

As responsibility for vaccinations begin to shift from the Province to individual public health units, Toronto Public Health announced February 28 that they would begin vaccinating people experiencing homelessness in the shelter system.[111]


On March 1, it was announced that 350 sites for mass-vaccination efforts are being prepared.[112]

On March 5, the Ontario government announced Toronto would leave stay-at-home orders in place since January on March 8 and move into "lockdown (grey)" zone once again in the provincial response framework.[113]


Following an uptick in cases and hospitalizations, on April 3 Premier Ford declared a state of emergency, and all regions of Ontario were placed under a second provincewide shutdown.[9]

On April 6, Medical Officer of Health Eileen de Villa ordered all Toronto schools closed from April 7 through April 19, under an order issued pursuant to Section 22 of the provincial Health Protection and Promotion Act.[114] On April 7, Premier Ford would be upgraded to a second stay-at-home order.[115] On April 12, all Ontario schools were ordered closed indefinitely.[116]

On April 20, a second Section 22 order was issued by Toronto Public Health effective April 23, requiring all non-critical businesses tied to at least five positive cases within the past 14 days to close for 10 days, with all employees required to self-isolate for the duration.[117]

Following criticism of the provincial government's rollout of vaccines, on April 28, the city partnered with Vaccine Hunters Canada to help distribute appointment availability information via its social media outlets.[118]


On May 14, "to continue to slow the spread of COVID-19 and help provide predictability to major event organizers", all city-led and city-permitted major outdoor events were cancelled through September 6, 2021, including the annual Canadian National Exhibition.[119] Many of these annual events resumed in 2022.


A preprint study from epidemiologists at the University of Toronto, David Fisman and Ashleigh Tuite, found that the Delta variant had a 120 percent greater risk of hospitalization, 287% greater risk of ICU admission and 137% greater risk of death compared to non-variant of concern strains of SARS-COV-2.[120]



On May 9, Mayor John Tory announced the termination of Toronto's COVID-19 state of emergency after being in effect for 777 days.

Government response[edit]

Sign posted at Toronto parks.

Toronto previously had experience with an infectious disease crisis during the 2003 SARS outbreak. This is claimed to have helped healthcare providers, hospitals and public health prepare for another epidemic.[121][122][123] The handling of the COVID-19 pandemic by the province demonstrated that many of the protocols and recommendations following the 2003 SARS outbreak were not effectively implemented or executed.[124][125]

Toronto Mayor John Tory announced a local state of emergency on March 23, 2020.[126][127] On March 25, 2020, Mayor Tory announced the closure of park amenities, including playgrounds and tennis courts in the city.[128] High Park was closed from April 30 to May 10 to prevent mass gatherings of people to view the blooming cherry blossoms.[129]

Toronto has cancelled all city-led and city-permitted major outdoor events through at September 6, 2021.[130][131][119]

Effective from May to October 2020, Toronto classified certain roads as Quiet Streets and implemented weekend road closures as part of the ActiveTO program to promote outdoor activity with enough space for physical distancing.[132][133]

On June 30, 2020, city council voted to make masks or face coverings mandatory in enclosed public spaces.[6]

In late July 2020, in anticipation of moving to Stage 3, city council made proposals to impose stronger safety measures compared to other Ontario regions.[134]

In November 2020, Toronto launched a Practice Safe 6ix public education campaign targeted at 18–40-year-old residents who might be "experiencing COVID-19 fatigue and who may have lost the sense of pandemic urgency."[135][136]


Timeline of vaccination in Toronto[edit]

Vaccinations started in Ontario and the nation in Toronto on December 14, 2020, run by the province. Initially the province focused on vaccinations for long-term care home residents and staff.[137]

On February 22, 2021, Premier Doug Ford announced it would be up to individual Public Health Units to develop their own vaccination plans.[138]

In February 2021, the city announced the preparation of nine COVID-19 vaccination sites, to be ready when more vaccines are available to the general public.[139] The locations include: Metro Toronto Convention Centre, Toronto Congress Centre, Malvern Community Recreation Centre, The Hangar, Scarborough Town Centre, Cloverdale Mall, Mitchell Field Community Centre, North Toronto Memorial Community Centre and Carmine Stefano Community Centre.[139]

In March 2021, vaccinations in the city then pivoted toward opening up for adults aged 80+ for Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines via hospitals and 60–64-year-olds who could sign up for vaccination via the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine through pharmacies, and later doctor's offices.[140][141]

On June 27, 2021, a total of 26,771 doses of COVID-19 vaccines were administered in a clinic in Scotiabank Arena as part of the "Our Winning Shot" event held to encourage people to get vaccinated against COVID-19. This possibly set the world record at the time for the most COVID-19 vaccinations administered in one day in one clinic.[142][143]


Vaccination data in Toronto # Ref
Number of people with at least one dose 2,692,029 [144]
Number of people with two doses 2,462,011 [144]
Number of people who are fully vaccinated (received three doses of a vaccine) 1,233,784 [144]
Percentage of Toronto population who has received at least one dose 83.3% [144]
Percentage of Toronto population who are fully vaccinated (received both doses of a vaccine) 78.3% [144]
Percentage of Toronto population who are fully vaccinated (received three doses of a vaccine) 38.2% [144]
Percentage of the eligible Toronto population who has received at least one dose 87.4% [144]
Percentage of the eligible Toronto population who are fully vaccinated (received both doses of a vaccine) 82.1% [144]
City-operated vaccination clinics open 5 [145]

Data as of January 20, 2022


An anti-lockdown protest in front of the Ontario Legislative Building in Queen's Park, Toronto, April 25, 2020


The Toronto Transit Commission saw a decrease of 86 percent in ridership by May 2020, with a monthly economic shortfall of CA$92 million and projected losses to culminate in $300 million by Labour Day.[146][147]

Police reported an uptick in stunt driving, street racing and speeding due to emptied roads and highways.[148] Toronto police confirmed they issued close to 3,000 speeding tickets between March 15, 2020, and March 31, 2020, an increase of 35 percent of normal ticketing.[16] On May 9, 2020, an 18-year old driver was arrested by the Ontario Provincial Police having clocked 308 kilometres per hour (191 mph) on the Gardiner Expressway and Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW), the highest recorded speed in Ontario history.[16]

Researchers in April 2020 warned physicians about the risks of overlooking the virus' impact on LGBT communities.[149] Securing demographic data about COVID-19's effect on racial minorities in Toronto was also a priority.[150]

Bars, restaurants and venues[edit]

With the initial government-ordered closure of bars and restaurants (except for takeout, drive-through and delivery services), many began to face steep financial woes and were forced to close permanently.[151][152]

Later, restaurants were initially granted patio seating and later limited dine-in seating. However, coupled with decreased revenue and months of shut down along with insurance and rent increases, many restaurants, bars and live music venues are expected to shut down permanently in coming months.[153]

Beginning October 10, 2020, provincial measures ordered the closure of indoor dining once again in the city of Toronto for a minimum of 28 days.[78] Toronto was then placed in the Lockdown category of the provincial response framework beginning November 23, 2020.[154]

More than 140 bars, restaurants and venues have closed over the course of the pandemic,[155] part of a larger slew of closures across the country, estimated to be around 10,000.[156]

Notable closures[edit]


The Toronto Eaton Centre's Urban Eatery food court in 2021

Many retailers in Toronto closed during the pandemic with some closing permanently as the pandemic coincides with the retail apocalypse that began a decade prior to the pandemic. Some shopping malls converted some vacant storefronts near existing food courts into additional food court space to allow social distancing.


Toronto Blue Jays utility player Lourdes Gurriel Jr. (left) and first base coach Mark Budzinski (right) wearing face masks before a road game

Numerous Toronto-based professional sports teams are playing their home games in the United States to limit the spread of COVID-19 to Canada with the Toronto Blue Jays playing the majority of their home games in Sahlen Field in Buffalo, New York during the 2020 season and during June and July of the 2021 season, and the Toronto Raptors playing their home games in Amalie Arena in Tampa, Florida during the 2020–21 season. The Blue Jays announced on February 18, 2021, that they would play their April and May homestands of the 2021 Major League Baseball (MLB) season in Dunedin, Florida at their spring training facility of TD Ballpark.[158] The Blue Jays and the Raptors are the sole Canadian teams in Major League Baseball and the National Basketball Association, respectively.

In hockey, Toronto (specifically Scotiabank Arena) was one of two host cities for the 2020 Stanley Cup playoffs, beginning August 2020, along with the Rogers Arena in Edmonton. Other cities in the United States were passed over based on worsening numbers of COVID-19. The Toronto Maple Leafs were eliminated in qualifying rounds against the Columbus Blue Jackets. During the 2021 season, the Leafs played against the other Canadian teams in the temporary North Division during the regular season to reduce travel across the border.

The Toronto Marathon, which was supposed to be held May 2020, was cancelled. Also scheduled for May 2020, the annual Sporting Life 10k moved from an in-person to virtual race.[159] Both events have also been cancelled for 2021.[110] Toronto Waterfront Marathon, scheduled for October 2020, was cancelled, with the race moving to a virtual format.[160] These three events resumed in-person races in 2022.

Key people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Ontario Confirms First Case of Wuhan Novel Coronavirus". Government of Ontario. January 25, 2020. Archived from the original on January 29, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Tracking every case of COVID-19 in Canada". Coronavirus. March 13, 2020. Archived from the original on March 15, 2020. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
  3. ^ "Ontario government declares state of emergency amid coronavirus pandemic". Global News.
  4. ^ "Toronto declares state of emergency amid COVID-19 pandemic". Toronto. March 23, 2020.
  5. ^ "Ontario to allow gatherings of up to 10 people as province enters stage 2 of reopening | News".
  6. ^ a b c "City council votes to make masks mandatory in public in Toronto". June 30, 2020.
  7. ^ "Toronto will enter Ontario's Stage 3 of reopening this week | News".
  8. ^ Grant, Kelly (October 3, 2020). "Toronto suspends contact tracing outside outbreak settings to focus on isolating confirmed cases". The Globe and Mail.
  9. ^ a b "COVID-19: Ontario now under provincewide 'shutdown' to control spread of virus". Global News. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  10. ^ "Ontario Newsroom".
  11. ^ "Ontario releases three-phase COVID-19 vaccine rollout plan with inoculations to begin on Tuesday". CP24. December 11, 2020.
  12. ^ John Paul Tasker (February 26, 2021). "Health Canada approves AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine". CBS News. Retrieved April 11, 2023.
  13. ^ "Health Canada approves 4th COVID-19 vaccine as Pfizer agrees to accelerate deliveries". CBC. February 25, 2021. Retrieved April 11, 2023.
  14. ^ "Is Toronto's lockdown one of the world's longest?". BBC News. May 23, 2021.
  15. ^ "COVID state of emergency lifted in Toronto after 777 days". CP24. May 9, 2022. Retrieved May 10, 2022.
  16. ^ a b c Tsekouras, Phil (May 10, 2020). "'Unbelievable': Young driver caught allegedly speeding 308 km/h on Ontario highway". CTV News Toronto. Bell Media. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
  17. ^ Weeks, Carly; Stone, Laura (January 27, 2020). "One confirmed, one presumptive case of coronavirus in Ontario; numbers will likely grow, health leaders warn". The Globe and Mail. The Woodbridge Company. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
  18. ^ "Canada's 1st coronavirus patient discharged from Toronto hospital". CBC Toronto News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. January 31, 2020. Archived from the original on January 31, 2020. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  19. ^ a b "2nd presumptive case of coronavirus confirmed in Ontario". CBC Toronto News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. January 27, 2020. Archived from the original on January 27, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  20. ^ "4th case of coronavirus in Ontario confirmed". CBC Toronto News. Toronto: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. February 24, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  21. ^ "Ontario confirms 3 new cases of coronavirus, bringing total to 23 in province". CBC Toronto News. Toronto: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. March 5, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  22. ^ Davidson, Sean (March 12, 2020). "17 more cases of COVID-19, including a baby boy, confirmed in Ontario". CTV News Toronto. Archived from the original on March 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  23. ^ "COVID-19 – City of Toronto". March 13, 2020. Archived from the original on March 21, 2020. Retrieved March 30, 2020.
  24. ^ "University of Toronto, York University, Ryerson move classes online in response to COVID-19". Global News. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  25. ^ Fox, Chris (May 5, 2020). "Four separate COVID-19 outbreaks declared at Toronto Western Hospital". CTV News Toronto. Toronto: Bell Media. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
  26. ^ "Toronto Western Hospital declares another COVID-19 outbreak". CBC News. Toronto ON: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. May 10, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  27. ^ News Staff (May 13, 2020). "Up to 5 staff in Toronto Western emergency department test positive for coronavirus". CityNews Toronto. Toronto: Rogers Sports & Media. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  28. ^ Hendsbee, Tiffany (May 25, 2020). "The Mayor says sorry". Newstalk 1010. Toronto: Bell Media. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  29. ^ Ritchie, Kevin (May 23, 2020). "City of Toronto officials furious at massive crowds in Trinity Bellwoods Park". NOW Toronto. Toronto: NOW Central Communications Inc. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  30. ^ Kristin Rushowy; Rob Ferguson (May 24, 2020). "Ford 'shocked' by Trinity Bellwoods Park crowds, urges restraint". Toronto Star. Toronto ON: Torstar. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  31. ^ a b "Mayor apologizes for breaking COVID-19 rules at Trinity Bellwoods Park". May 24, 2020.
  32. ^ Wilson, Codi (May 25, 2020). "There will be 'lessons learned' from situation at Trinity Bellwoods Park, Toronto mayor says". CTV News Toronto. Toronto: Bell Media. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  33. ^ Wilson, Codi (May 24, 2020). "Several tickets issued at crowded Trinity Bellwoods Park after people spotted urinating, defecating in driveways, backyards". CP24. Toronto: Bell Media. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  34. ^ Fox, Chris (May 28, 2020). "'We are not trying to be killjoys:' Crews begin painting physical distancing circles at Trinity Bellwoods Park". CP24. Toronto: Bell Media. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  35. ^ Teitel, Emma (May 25, 2020). "We screwed up, Toronto. Trinity Bellwoods Park looked more like a scene out of Coachella '19 than life under COVID-19". Toronto Star. Torstar. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  36. ^ Davidson, Sean (May 25, 2020). "Ford slams actions of 'reckless' people who packed into Trinity Bellwoods Park". CP24. Bell Media. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
  37. ^ Jackson, Emily (May 24, 2020). "Social media erupts as thousands pictured at Toronto's Trinity Bellwoods Park". National Post. Postmedia Network. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  38. ^ Grant, Jean (May 25, 2020). ""Trinity Bellwoods is the Florida of Ontario": How Toronto reacted to 10,000 people gathering in the park this weekend". Toronto Life. St. Joseph Media. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
  39. ^ a b Patton, Jessica (May 27, 2020). "Coronavirus: Premier Doug Ford says Ontario to take over 5 more long-term care homes in GTA". Global News. Toronto ON: Corus Entertainment. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  40. ^ Aguilar, Bryann; Fox, Chris (May 30, 2020). "Thousands rally in Toronto against anti-black racism after woman falls from balcony". CTV News Toronto. Toronto: Bell Media. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
  41. ^ Stevenson, Jane (May 30, 2020). "Thousands of protesters demand 'Justice for Regis' in downtown Toronto". Toronto Sun. Postmedia Network. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
  42. ^ "City of Toronto to reopen parks washrooms". (Press release). City of Toronto. June 1, 2020. Archived from the original on June 1, 2020.
  43. ^ Wilson, Codi (May 24, 2020). "Several tickets issued at crowded Trinity Bellwoods Park after people spotted urinating, defecating in driveways, backyards". CP24. Bell Media. Archived from the original on June 1, 2020. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
  44. ^ a b Freeman, Joshua (June 5, 2020). "Here's what dining in Toronto will look like once restaurants are allowed to reopen". Toronto.
  45. ^ Staff, Web (June 4, 2020). "'Stay the course': Toronto's top doctor answers your COVID-19 questions". CP24.
  46. ^ "Ontario extends state of emergency until June 30 after it reports 446 new COVID-19 cases". June 2, 2020. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  47. ^ Fox, Chris; Aguilar, Bryann (June 6, 2020). "Crowds fill downtown Toronto streets to protest anti-Black racism".
  48. ^ "Police monitoring social media posts about Toronto protests". June 1, 2020.
  49. ^ Wilson, Codi (June 8, 2020). "Ontario 'cutting red tape' for bars, restaurants to open and expand patios".
  50. ^ "Ontario to allow gatherings of up to 10 people as province enters stage 2 of reopening | News".
  51. ^ "Michael Ford becomes first Toronto councillor to test positive for COVID-19; Ontario reports fewer than 300 new cases". June 9, 2020.
  52. ^ "Toronto Coun. Michael Ford, Ontario premier's nephew, hospitalized after COVID-19 diagnosis". Toronto. June 11, 2020.
  53. ^ "All but Toronto, Peel and Windsor can move to Stage 2 on June 19: Ford". CP24. June 15, 2020.
  54. ^ DeClerq, Katherine (June 16, 2020). "Military leaves Ontario long-term care home after facility 'remains COVID-19 free'". Toronto.
  55. ^ "Toronto hits 1,000 COVID-19 deaths, but data shows an improving situation". June 18, 2020. Archived from the original on June 19, 2020. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  56. ^ "City of Toronto resumes marriage licence service". (Press release). City of Toronto. June 19, 2020. Archived from the original on June 19, 2020.
  57. ^ Brown, Desmond (June 19, 2020). "Toronto moves closer to Stage 2 of reopening with steady decrease in COVID-19 cases". Archived from the original on June 19, 2020. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  58. ^ DeClerq, Katherine (June 22, 2020). "Ontario to allow Toronto and Peel Region to enter Stage 2 this week".
  59. ^ "City of Toronto preparing residents and businesses for Stage 2 reopening on Wednesday". (Press release). City of Toronto. June 22, 2020. Archived from the original on June 23, 2020.
  60. ^ "Downtown Toronto bar sees lineup for patio as clock strikes midnight". Toronto. June 24, 2020.
  61. ^ "Toronto Island ferry service resumes with new safety rules". Toronto. June 24, 2020.
  62. ^ "Here are the TTC changes coming into effect this week | Urbanized".
  63. ^ "Face masks and face coverings". Archived from the original on June 30, 2020. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  64. ^ "Toronto will enter Ontario's Stage 3 of reopening this week". Daily Hive News Toronto. Toronto. July 29, 2020. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  65. ^ Passifiume, Bryan (August 10, 2020). "Toronto's pandemic response status upgraded to 'green'". Torontosun.
  66. ^ "Workbook: Toronto COVID-19 Monitoring Dashboard". August 10, 2020. Archived from the original on March 9, 2021. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
  67. ^ Fox, Chris; Freeman, Joshua (August 20, 2020). "TDSB approves plan that will help lower class sizes; board looking to delay start of classes by a week".
  68. ^ "Toronto District School Board > Return to School". Archived from the original on August 31, 2020. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  69. ^ Fox, Chris (September 11, 2020). "Feds provide Toronto with nearly $14M in funding to operate voluntary isolation facility for COVID-19 patients". cp24.
  70. ^ "Ontario slashes gathering limits in three COVID-19 hotspots. Here are the new rules". Toronto. September 17, 2020.
  71. ^ "Toronto preparing to cancel fall and winter events because of COVID-19". CTV News Toronto. September 23, 2020. Archived from the original on September 25, 2020. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  72. ^ Pringle, Josh; Succi, Christina (September 25, 2020). "Ottawa bar owner 'shocked' as Ontario moves last call to 11 p.m. at bars, restaurants and nightclubs".
  73. ^ Draaisma, Muriel (September 26, 2020). "Toronto Public Health orders 3 restaurants to close to slow COVID-19 spread".
  74. ^ "Toronto city council approves further restrictions on bars, restaurants". September 30, 2020.
  75. ^ "Medical Officer of Health Letter: Need for Enhanced Public Health Measures". (Press release). City of Toronto. October 2, 2020. Archived from the original on October 2, 2020.
  76. ^ Feinstein, Clarrie (October 2, 2020). "44% of Toronto's outbreaks linked to restaurants, bars, and entertainment venues".
  77. ^ Grant, Kelly (October 3, 2020). "Toronto suspends contact tracing outside outbreak settings to focus on isolating confirmed cases". The Globe and Mail.
  78. ^ a b "Ford locks down Ontario's COVID-19 hotspots: Indoor dining at bars, restaurants now prohibited". National Post. October 9, 2020.
  79. ^ "Three Toronto hospitals confirm new COVID-19 outbreaks". Toronto. October 18, 2020.
  80. ^ DeClerq, Katherine (October 19, 2020). "No trick-or-treating this Halloween in COVID-19 hotspots, Ontario's top doctor recommends". Toronto.
  81. ^ a b "Coronavirus: Ontario classifies municipalities in new, more targeted COVID-19 category system". Global News.
  82. ^[permanent dead link]
  83. ^ a b Davidson, Sean (November 10, 2020). "Toronto moving to COVID-19 red zone, indoor dining to stay closed until mid-December". Toronto.
  84. ^ "Toronto to extend prohibition on indoor dining at bars and restaurants, order continued closure of casinos and meeting spaces". CP24. November 10, 2020.
  85. ^ "Ontario places Toronto and Peel Region under lockdown. Here's what you need to know". Toronto. November 20, 2020.
  86. ^ CBC News.(2021, November 21). Tronto, Peel move into COVID-19 lockdown Monday as Ontario tries to stop 'worst-case scenario'. CBC News.
  87. ^ "Toronto and Peel placed under "lockdown," all non-essential retail will be limited to curbside pickup only". CP24. November 20, 2020.
  88. ^ "Toronto is under a 28-day COVID-19 lockdown starting Monday. Here's what that means". November 20, 2020.
  89. ^ "Ontario puts Toronto, Peel into lockdown; curbside retail, restaurants move to takeout only". Global News.
  90. ^ "COVID-19 public health measures and advice". COVID-19 (coronavirus) in Ontario.
  91. ^ Ben Westcott and Adam Renton (November 21, 2020). "Coronavirus update: Latest news from around the world". CNN. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  92. ^ "Toronto public health shuts down Etobicoke restaurant for allowing indoor dining in defiance of COVID-19 measures". November 24, 2020.
  93. ^ "Owner of Adamson Barbecue faces four charges after attempting to defy lockdown for a third day". November 26, 2020.
  94. ^ a b "Restaurant owner who defied public health released on bail after spending night in police custody". CP24. November 27, 2020.
  95. ^ a b "'This is not helping': Toronto brewery owner frustrated with BBQ restaurant protests". Global News.
  96. ^ "Health Canada approves Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine". CBC News. October 19, 2021. Retrieved April 11, 2023.
  97. ^ "Ontario to begin COVID-19 vaccinations at hospitals in Toronto and Ottawa on Dec. 15". CP24. December 10, 2020.
  98. ^ "No free TTC service for 2020's New Year's Eve amid pandemic". Toronto. December 9, 2020. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  99. ^ Powers, L. (2020, December 14). Personal support worker becomes first Ontarian to get dose of COVID-19 vaccine. CBC News.
  100. ^ Perreaux, Les; Walsh, Marieke; Gray, Jeff (December 14, 2020). "Canada administers its first COVID-19 vaccine shots". The Globe and Mail.
  101. ^ Knope, J. (2020, December 16). Toronto reports record 850 COVID-19 cases, city officials consider enhanced restrictions. CBC News.
  102. ^ "Toronto providing new data on COVID-19 outbreaks at workplaces across the city - 680 NEWS". Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  103. ^ "University Health Network reschedules 800 COVID-19 vaccination appointments after vaccine shortage bites". January 8, 2021.
  104. ^ "Toronto cancels annual St. Patrick's Day parade - CityNews Toronto". Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  105. ^ "Today's coronavirus news: Immunization clinics held at all 87 long-term care homes in Toronto; Pfizer cutting back vaccine deliveries to Canada; Ontario reports record 100 deaths, 2,998 cases". January 15, 2021. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  106. ^ "Ontario's first major COVID-19 vaccination site will pause after just 5 days due to supply shortage". Toronto. January 18, 2021.
  107. ^ Draaisma, M. (2021, January 19). Toronto 'pauses' new COVID-19 immunization clinic after province orders it closed. CBC News.
  108. ^ CBC News. (2021, January 21). COVID-19 spread in Toronto starting to dip slightly but the 'tide has not turned' officials say. CBC News.
  109. ^ Davidson, Sean (February 19, 2021). "Stay-at-home order extended in Toronto, Peel and North Bay until March 8, restrictions to ease in York". Toronto. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  110. ^ a b "Toronto extends cancellation of all major events until July". Archived from the original on February 25, 2021. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  111. ^ Jones, S. (2021, February 28). City to begin vaccinating people in Toronto's shelter system this week. CBC news.
  112. ^ "More than 350 different sites will administer COVID-19 vaccines in Toronto". Toronto. March 1, 2021.
  113. ^ Davidson, Sean (March 5, 2021). "Here's what can reopen as Toronto and Peel Region enter the grey zone". Toronto.
  114. ^ "Toronto schools ordered to close temporarily due to rising COVID-19 cases". Global News. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  115. ^ "Ontario issues stay-at-home order and declares third state of emergency". CTV News Toronto. April 7, 2021. Archived from the original on April 7, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  116. ^ Davidson, Sean (April 12, 2021). "Ontario schools closing to in-person learning indefinitely as COVID-19 cases soar". CTV News Toronto. Archived from the original on April 12, 2021. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  117. ^ "Toronto, Peel require all businesses with 5 or more work-acquired COVID-19 cases to shut for 10 days". Toronto. April 20, 2021. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  118. ^ "Critics slam complicated booking system as Toronto turns to Vaccine Hunters Canada for help". CTV News Toronto. April 28, 2021. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  119. ^ a b "All major summer events, including CNE, Caribbean Carnival, cancelled again this year, city says". CP24. May 14, 2021. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  120. ^ Fisman, David; Tuite, Ashleigh (July 12, 2021). "Progressive Increase in Virulence of Novel SARS-CoV-2 Variants in Ontario, Canada". medRxiv 10.1101/2021.07.05.21260050v2.
  121. ^ Low, Donald E. (May 30, 2004). SARS: LESSONS FROM TORONTO. National Academies Press (US) – via
  122. ^ "Looking back: Toronto's 2003 SARS outbreak". Global News.
  123. ^ "COVID-19: Shadows of SARS surface in current health crisis".
  124. ^ "Canada's lost months: When COVID-19's first wave hit, governments and health officials were scattered and slow to act". Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  125. ^ "SARS taught us lessons. Then we forgot them". January 25, 2021. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  126. ^ Katawazi, Miriam (March 23, 2020). "Toronto declares state of emergency amid COVID-19 pandemic". CTV News Toronto. Toronto: Bell Media. Archived from the original on March 23, 2020. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
  127. ^ John Tory [@JohnTory] (March 23, 2020). "We are declaring a State of Emergency as part of the City's ongoing efforts to stop the spread of COVID-19 and to ensure the municipal government can continue to act and respond quickly to the pandemic and any other events that arise in the weeks ahead" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  128. ^ Fox, Chris (May 15, 2020). "Toronto may be 'nearing the time' that is safe to reopen park amenities, Tory says". CP24. Bell Media. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
  129. ^ "Toronto reopens High Park after temporary closure during cherry blossom bloom". CBC Toronto News. Toronto: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. May 11, 2020. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
  130. ^ "Coronavirus: City of Toronto cancels major events up to July 1". Global News. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  131. ^ "Coronavirus: City of Toronto cancels events through June 30, including Pride Parade". Global News. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
  132. ^ "Toronto closing 57 km of streets to traffic for pedestrians and cyclists - CityNews Toronto". Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  133. ^ "Toronto considers expanding ActiveTO road closures to other parts of the city this summer". Toronto. January 27, 2021. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  134. ^ "Toronto proposing stronger safety measures as city prepares for Stage 3 and a second Coronavirus wave | News".
  135. ^ "New City of Toronto ad campaign urges people to continue COVID health measures". (Press release). November 14, 2020. Archived from the original on November 14, 2020.
  136. ^ "Practice Safe Six advertising campaign". November 13, 2020. Archived from the original on November 14, 2020.
  137. ^ "All LTC residents, staff in Toronto, Peel, York and Windsor-Essex set to receive COVID-19 vaccine by Jan. 21". CP24. January 5, 2021.
  138. ^ "Province's 34 public health units must design, carry out their own COVID-19 vaccination plan, Ford says". CP24. February 22, 2021.
  139. ^ a b "City of Toronto to open 9 COVID-19 vaccine clinics to administer shots". Global News.
  140. ^ "COVID-19 vaccine pilot at some Ontario pharmacies to begin next week with Oxford-AstraZeneca". Global News.
  141. ^ "Toronto residents 80+ can start booking COVID-19 vaccination appointments online today". Toronto. March 12, 2021.
  142. ^ Aguilar, Bryann; Neufeld, Abby (June 27, 2021). "Toronto clinic administers record-breaking 26,000+ doses in one day". CTV News Toronto. Archived from the original on June 28, 2021. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  143. ^ "Thank you, Toronto! Toronto Vaccine Day sets record with close to 27,000 vaccine doses". City of Toronto. June 27, 2021. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  144. ^ a b c d e f g h "COVID-19: Status of Cases in Toronto". City of Toronto. March 31, 2020.
  145. ^ "COVID-19: City-Operated Immunization Clinics". City of Toronto. February 10, 2021.
  146. ^ Boisvert, Nick (May 14, 2020). "TTC facing $92M monthly shortfall, plummeting ridership due to COVID-19". CBC Toronto News. Toronto: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  147. ^ Fox, Chris (May 12, 2020). "TTC expects to lose nearly $300M by Labour Day even with service cuts". CP24. Toronto: Bell Media. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
  148. ^ "Scores of cars congregate in Toronto before allegedly racing on highways: police". Global News.
  149. ^ "Researchers scramble to inform doctors of COVID-19 risk to LGBTQ". April 27, 2020.
  150. ^ "COVID-19 disproportionally impacting Black communities, people of colour in Toronto - CityNews Toronto".
  151. ^ Manzocco, Natalia (May 3, 2020). "Coronavirus forces closure of more Toronto restaurants". NOW Magazine. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  152. ^ Estate, Commercial Real (May 20, 2020). "'Mad scramble': Toronto restaurant sector sees flurry of dealmaking amid closures, struggles to pay rent | Financial Post". Financial Post.
  153. ^ Lorde, Nisean (September 21, 2020). "The Dakota Tavern might close its doors for good due to reported insurance issues". TRNTO.
  154. ^ Rob Picheta and Gisela Crespo (November 21, 2020). "Toronto, Canada's largest city, put into lockdown as infections soar". CNN.
  155. ^ "140 bars and restaurants that closed in Toronto since the start of the pandemic".
  156. ^ "10,000 restaurants have closed across Canada since the start of the pandemic | Dished".
  157. ^ "Fran's Restaurant to close downtown location due to "uncooperative landlord" | Dished".
  158. ^ "Blue Jays set to open 2021 season playing home games in Dunedin". Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  159. ^ "Sporting Life 10K run in Toronto will continue with new 'virtual' format". CP24. March 19, 2020. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  160. ^ "Toronto Marathon cancelled, Nuit Blanche goes virtual under new restrictions". Toronto. July 13, 2020. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  161. ^ a b c d "City's Emergency Operations Centre activated in response to COVID-19". City of Toronto. March 12, 2020.

External links[edit]