COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines

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COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines
COVID-19 pandemic cases in the Philippines.svg
Map of provinces (including Metro Manila) with confirmed COVID-19 cases (as of August 2)[a]
  ≥5000 confirmed
  1000–4999 confirmed
  500–999 confirmed
  100–499 confirmed
  10–99 confirmed
  1–9 confirmed
COVID-19 pandemic cases in the Philippines (primary LGUs breakdown).svg
Map of provinces (including independent cities) with confirmed COVID-19 cases (as of August 2)
  ≥5000 confirmed
  1000–4999 confirmed
  500–999 confirmed
  100–499 confirmed
  10–99 confirmed
  1–9 confirmed
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationPhilippines
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseManila
Arrival dateJanuary 30, 2020
(6 months and 4 days)
Confirmed cases106,330
Active cases38,405
Suspected cases38,909 (as of July 14)[1]
Severe cases346[2]
Critical cases239[2]
Recovered65,821
Deaths
2,104
Fatality rate1.98%
Government website
Suspected cases have not been confirmed as being due to this strain by laboratory tests, although some other strains may have been ruled out.

The COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus reached the Philippines on January 30, 2020, when the first case of the disease was confirmed in Metro Manila. It involved a 38-year-old Chinese woman who was confined in San Lazaro Hospital in Manila. The second case was confirmed on February 2, involving a 44-year-old Chinese man who died a day earlier, which was also the first confirmed death from the disease outside mainland China.[3][4][5]

After over a month without recording any cases, the Philippines confirmed its first local transmission on March 7, 2020.[6][7] Since then, the virus spread to the country with at least one case being recorded in the country's 17 regions. Socio-economic status has been associated with the prevalence of COVID-19 cases across the country.[8]

As of August 3, 2020, there have been 106,330 confirmed cases of the disease in the country. Out of these cases, 65,821 recoveries and 2,104 deaths were recorded.[2][9][10] It has the second highest number of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Southeast Asia, behind Indonesia, and ranks 10th in Asia and 25th in the world. The largest single-day increase in the number of confirmed cases was reported on August 2, when the Department of Health (DOH) announced 5,032 new cases.[11]

The Philippines had a slightly lower testing capacity than its neighbors in Southeast Asia especially during the first months of the pandemic in the country.[12][13] COVID-19 tests had to be taken outside the country due to the lack of testing kits. This also has led to a controversy involving several government officials who were reported to have undergone COVID-19 tests without qualifying to the DOH's triage algorithm. By the end of January 2020, the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM) in Muntinlupa, Metro Manila began its testing operations and became the country's first subnational laboratory.[14] Several laboratories have been accredited by the DOH since then.[15] As of August 2, the country has 97 subnational laboratories capable of detecting the SARS-CoV-2 virus and has conducted a total of 1,585,957 tests from more than 1,480,583 unique individuals.[1][2]

Timeline[edit]

January–February 2020 – first cases[edit]

COVID-19 cases in the Philippines  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases

Jan Jan Feb Feb Mar Mar Apr Apr May May Jun Jun Jul Jul Aug Aug Last 15 days Last 15 days

Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-01-30 1(n.a.) 0(n.a.)
1(=) 0(n.a.)
2020-02-02 2(+100%) 0(n.a.)
2(=) 0(n.a.)
2020-02-05 3(+50%) 1(n.a.)
3(=) 1(=)
2020-02-10
3(=) 1(=)
3(=) 1(=)
2020-03-05
5(+67%) 1(=)
2020-03-06
5(=) 1(=)
2020-03-07
6(+20%) 1(=)
2020-03-08
10(+67%) 1(=)
2020-03-09
24(+140%) 1(=)
2020-03-10
33(+38%) 1(=)
2020-03-11
49(+48%) 2(+100%)
2020-03-12
52(+6.1%) 5(+150%)
2020-03-13
64(+23%) 6(+20%)
2020-03-14
111(+73%) 8(+33%)
2020-03-15
140(+26%) 12(+50%)
2020-03-16
142(+1.4%) 12(=)
2020-03-17
187(+32%) 14(+17%)
2020-03-18
202(+8%) 17(+21%)
2020-03-19
217(+7.4%) 17(=)
2020-03-20
230(+6%) 18(+5.9%)
2020-03-21
307(+33%) 19(+5.6%)
2020-03-22
380(+24%) 25(+32%)
2020-03-23
462(+22%) 33(+32%)
2020-03-24
552(+19%) 35(+6.1%)
2020-03-25
636(+15%) 38(+8.6%)
2020-03-26
707(+11%) 45(+18%)
2020-03-27
803(+14%) 54(+20%)
2020-03-28
1,075(+34%) 68(+26%)
2020-03-29
1,418(+32%) 71(+4.4%)
2020-03-30
1,546(+9%) 78(+9.9%)
2020-03-31
2,084(+35%) 88(+13%)
2020-04-01
2,311(+11%) 96(+9.1%)
2020-04-02
2,633(+14%) 107(+11%)
2020-04-03
3,018(+15%) 136(+27%)
2020-04-04
3,094(+2.5%) 144(+5.9%)
2020-04-05
3,246(+4.9%) 152(+5.6%)
2020-04-06
3,660(+13%) 163(+7.2%)
2020-04-07
3,764(+2.8%) 177(+8.6%)
2020-04-08
3,870(+2.8%) 182(+2.8%)
2020-04-09
4,076(+5.3%) 203(+12%)
2020-04-10
4,195(+2.9%) 221(+8.9%)
2020-04-11
4,428(+5.6%) 247(+12%)
2020-04-12
4,648(+5%) 297(+20%)
2020-04-13
4,932(+6.1%) 315(+6.1%)
2020-04-14
5,223(+5.9%) 335(+6.3%)
2020-04-15
5,453(+4.4%) 349(+4.2%)
2020-04-16
5,660(+3.8%) 362(+3.7%)
2020-04-17
5,878(+3.9%) 387(+6.9%)
2020-04-18
6,087(+3.6%) 397(+2.6%)
2020-04-19
6,259(+2.8%) 409(+3%)
2020-04-20
6,459(+3.2%) 428(+4.6%)
2020-04-21
6,599(+2.2%) 437(+2.1%)
2020-04-22
6,710(+1.7%) 446(+2.1%)
2020-04-23
6,981(+4%) 462(+3.6%)
2020-04-24
7,192(+3%) 477(+3.2%)
2020-04-25
7,294(+1.4%) 494(+3.6%)
2020-04-26
7,579(+3.9%) 501(+1.4%)
2020-04-27
7,777(+2.6%) 511(+2%)
2020-04-28
7,958(+2.3%) 530(+3.7%)
2020-04-29
8,212(+3.2%) 558(+5.3%)
2020-04-30
8,488(+3.4%) 568(+1.8%)
2020-05-01
8,772(+3.3%) 579(+1.9%)
2020-05-02
8,928(+1.8%) 603(+4.1%)
2020-05-03
9,223(+3.3%) 607(+0.66%)
2020-05-04
9,485(+2.8%) 623(+2.6%)
2020-05-05
9,684(+2.1%) 637(+2.2%)
2020-05-06
10,004(+3.3%) 658(+3.3%)
2020-05-07
10,343(+3.4%) 685(+4.1%)
2020-05-08
10,463(+1.2%) 696(+1.6%)
2020-05-09
10,610(+1.4%) 704(+1.1%)
2020-05-10
10,794(+1.7%) 719(+2.1%)
2020-05-11
11,086(+2.7%) 726(+0.97%)
2020-05-12
11,350(+2.4%) 751(+3.4%)
2020-05-13
11,618(+2.4%) 772(+2.8%)
2020-05-14
11,876(+2.2%) 790(+2.3%)
2020-05-15
12,091(+1.8%) 806(+2%)
2020-05-16
12,305(+1.8%) 817(+1.4%)
2020-05-17
12,513(+1.7%) 824(+0.86%)
2020-05-18
12,718(+1.6%) 831(+0.85%)
2020-05-19
12,942(+1.8%) 837(+0.72%)
2020-05-20
13,221(+2.2%) 842(+0.6%)
2020-05-21
13,434(+1.6%) 846(+0.48%)
2020-05-22
13,597(+1.2%) 857(+1.3%)
2020-05-23
13,777(+1.3%) 863(+0.7%)
2020-05-24
14,035(+1.9%) 868(+0.58%)
2020-05-25
14,319(+2%) 873(+0.58%)
2020-05-26
14,669(+2.4%) 886(+1.5%)
2020-05-27
15,049(+2.6%) 904(+2%)
2020-05-28
15,588(+3.6%) 921(+1.9%)
2020-05-29
16,634(+6.7%) 942(+2.3%)
2020-05-30
17,224(+3.5%) 950(+0.85%)
2020-05-31
18,086(+5%) 957(+0.74%)
2020-06-01
18,638(+3.1%) 960(+0.31%)
2020-06-02
18,997(+1.9%) 966(+0.62%)
2020-06-03
19,748(+4%) 974(+0.83%)
2020-06-04
20,382(+3.2%) 984(+1%)
2020-06-05
20,626(+1.2%) 987(+0.3%)
2020-06-06
21,340(+3.5%) 994(+0.71%)
2020-06-07
21,895(+2.6%) 1,003(+0.91%)
2020-06-08
22,474(+2.6%) 1,011(+0.8%)
2020-06-09
22,992(+2.3%) 1,017(+0.59%)
2020-06-10
23,732(+3.2%) 1,027(+0.98%)
2020-06-11
24,175(+1.9%) 1,036(+0.88%)
2020-06-12
24,787(+2.5%) 1,052(+1.5%)
2020-06-13
25,392(+2.4%) 1,074(+2.1%)
2020-06-14
25,930(+2.1%) 1,088(+1.3%)
2020-06-15
26,420(+1.9%) 1,098(+0.92%)
2020-06-16
26,781(+1.4%) 1,103(+0.46%)
2020-06-17
27,238(+1.7%) 1,108(+0.45%)
2020-06-18
27,799(+2.1%) 1,116(+0.72%)
2020-06-19
28,459(+2.4%) 1,130(+1.3%)
2020-06-20
29,400(+3.3%) 1,150(+1.8%)
2020-06-21
30,052(+2.2%) 1,169(+1.7%)
2020-06-22
30,682(+2.1%) 1,177(+0.68%)
2020-06-23
31,825(+3.7%) 1,186(+0.76%)
2020-06-24
32,295(+1.5%) 1,204(+1.5%)
2020-06-25
33,069(+2.4%) 1,212(+0.66%)
2020-06-26
34,073(+3%) 1,224(+0.99%)
2020-06-27
34,803(+2.1%) 1,236(+0.98%)
2020-06-28
35,455(+1.9%) 1,244(+0.65%)
2020-06-29
36,438(+2.8%) 1,255(+0.88%)
2020-06-30
37,514(+3%) 1,266(+0.88%)
2020-07-01
38,511(+2.7%) 1,270(+0.32%)
2020-07-02
38,805(+0.76%) 1,274(+0.31%)
2020-07-03
40,336(+3.9%) 1,280(+0.47%)
2020-07-04
41,830(+3.7%) 1,290(+0.78%)
2020-07-05
44,254(+5.8%) 1,297(+0.54%)
2020-07-06
46,333(+4.7%) 1,303(+0.46%)
2020-07-07
47,873(+3.3%) 1,309(+0.46%)
2020-07-08
50,359(+5.2%) 1,314(+0.38%)
2020-07-09
51,754(+2.8%) 1,318(+0.3%)
2020-07-10
52,914(+2.2%) 1,360(+3.2%)
2020-07-11
54,222(+2.5%) 1,372(+0.88%)
2020-07-12
56,259(+3.8%) 1,534(+12%)
2020-07-13
57,006(+1.3%) 1,599(+4.2%)
2020-07-14
57,545(+0.95%) 1,603(+0.25%)
2020-07-15
58,850(+2.3%) 1,614(+0.69%)
2020-07-16
61,266(+4.1%) 1,643(+1.8%)
2020-07-17
63,001(+2.8%) 1,660(+1%)
2020-07-18
65,304(+3.7%) 1,773(+6.8%)
2020-07-19
67,456(+3.3%) 1,831(+3.3%)
2020-07-20
68,898(+2.1%) 1,835(+0.22%)
2020-07-21
70,764(+2.7%) 1,837(+0.11%)
2020-07-22
72,269(+2.1%) 1,843(+0.33%)
2020-07-23
74,390(+2.9%) 1,871(+1.5%)
2020-07-24
76,444(+2.8%) 1,879(+0.43%)
2020-07-25
78,412(+2.6%) 1,897(+0.96%)
2020-07-26
80,448(+2.6%) 1,932(+1.8%)
2020-07-27
82,040(+2%) 1,945(+0.67%)
2020-07-28
83,673(+2%) 1,947(+0.1%)
2020-07-29
85,486(+2.2%) 1,962(+0.77%)
2020-07-30
89,374(+4.5%) 1,983(+1.1%)
2020-07-31
93,354(+4.5%) 2,023(+2%)
2020-08-01
98,232(+5.2%) 2,039(+0.79%)
2020-08-02
103,185(+5%) 2,059(+0.98%)
2020-08-03
106,330(+3%) 2,104(+2.2%)

The Philippines reported its first suspected case of COVID-19 in January 2020. It involved a 5-year-old boy in Cebu, who arrived in the country on January 12 with his mother.[16] At that time, the Philippines has no capability to conduct tests to confirm suspected COVID-19 cases.[17][18] The boy tested positive for "non-specific pancoronavirus assay" by the RITM in Muntinlupa, and samples from the boy were sent to the Victorian Infectious Disease Reference Laboratory in Melbourne, Australia, for confirmatory testing to determine the specific coronavirus strain.[16] The boy tested negative for COVID-19 but several suspected cases were reported in various parts of the country.[19]

The RITM developed capability to conduct confirmatory tests for COVID-19 in response to the emergence of suspected COVID-19 cases. It started conducting confirmatory tests on January 30.[17][18]

The first case of COVID-19 in the Philippines was confirmed on the same day. The diagnosed patient was a 38-year-old Chinese woman from Wuhan, who had arrived in Manila from Hong Kong on January 21.[20] She was admitted to the San Lazaro Hospital in Manila[21] on January 25 after she sought a consultation due to a mild cough. At the time of the confirmation announcement, the Chinese woman was already asymptomatic.[22]

The second case was confirmed on February 2, a 44-year-old Chinese male who was the companion of the first case. His death on February 1 was the first recorded outside China. He suffered from coinfection with influenza and Streptococcus pneumoniae.[23]

On February 5, the DOH confirmed a third case in a 60-year-old Chinese woman who flew into Cebu City from Hong Kong on January 20 before she traveled to Bohol where she consulted a doctor at a private hospital on January 22, due to fever and rhinitis. Samples taken from the patient on January 24 returned a negative result, but the DOH was notified on February 3 that samples taken from the patient on January 23 tested positive for the virus. The patient upon recovery on January 31 was allowed to go home to China.[24]

March 2020 – early spread[edit]

Number of cases (blue) and number of deaths (red) on a logarithmic scale.

After a month of reporting no new cases, on March 6, the DOH announced two cases consisting of two Filipinos. One is a 48-year-old man with a travel history to Japan, returning on February 25 and reported symptoms on March 3.[25] The other is a 60-year-old man with a history of hypertension and diabetes who experienced symptoms on February 25 and was admitted to a hospital on March 1 when he experienced pneumonia. He had last visited a Muslim prayer hall in San Juan.[25] The DOH confirmed that the fifth case had no travel history outside the Philippines and is, therefore, the first case of local transmission. A sixth case was later confirmed, that of a 59-year-old woman who is the wife of the fifth case.[26] Since then, the Department of Health recorded a continuous increase in the number of COVID-19 cases in the country.[27]

Cases abroad involving foreigners with travel history in the Philippines were reported in early March 2020. The first three recorded cases involving an Australian, a Japanese, and a Taiwanese national had a history of visiting the Philippines in February 2020. Though it was unconfirmed whether or not they had contracted the virus while in the Philippines, speculations arose on undetected local transmissions in the country due to prior confirmation of the Philippines' first case of local transmission.[28][29][30]

Retrospective studies has been made to determine the strain of virus responsible for causing community outbreak of COVID-19 in the Philippines since March 2020. In May 2020, Edsel Salvaña, director of the Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology and member of the IATF-EID, said that the strain responsible for the COVID-19 outbreak in the country that started in March 2020 is closely related to the strain affecting India at the time. The virus strain's family tree is said by Salvaña to have appeared in China and Australia.[31]In a July 2020 webinar led by Cynthia Saloma, Executive Director of the UP Philippine Genome Center two hypotheses was presented regarding the source of the March 2020 outbreak in the Philippines. Genetic sequence analysis of samples collected from Philippine General Hospital patients from March 22–28 suggest that there are at least two sources of viral transmission in the Philippines; China, mainly from Shanghai and from Japan specifically through repatriated Filipino seafarers of the Diamond Princess cruise ship.[32]

Several measures were imposed to mitigate the spread of the disease in the country, including bans on travel to mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, and South Korea. On March 7, 2020, the Department of Health (DOH) raised its "Code Red Sub-Level 1," with a recommendation to the President of the Philippines to impose a "public health emergency" authorizing the DOH to mobilize resources for the procurement of safety gear and the imposition of preventive quarantine measures.[22] On March 9, President Rodrigo Duterte issued Proclamation No. 922, declaring the country under a state of public health emergency.[33]

On March 12, President Duterte declared "Code Red Sub-Level 2," issuing a partial lockdown on Metro Manila to prevent a nationwide spread of COVID-19.[34][35] The lockdowns were expanded on March 16, placing the entirety of Luzon under an "enhanced community quarantine" (ECQ).[36] Other local governments outside Luzon followed in implementing similar lockdowns. On March 17, President Duterte issued Proclamation No. 929, declaring the Philippines under a state of calamity for a tentative period of six months.[37]

Additional facilities started to conduct confirmatory testing. On March 20, four facilities, namely the Southern Philippines Medical Center in Davao City, Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center in Cebu City, Baguio General Hospital and Medical Center in Benguet, and the San Lazaro Hospital in Manila (where the first case was admitted to), began conducting tests as well augmenting the RITM.[38] Other facilities began operations as well in the following days.[2]

On March 25, the President signed the Bayanihan to Heal as One Act, which gave him additional powers to handle the outbreak.[39][40]

April 2020 – quarantine extensions[edit]

President Duterte on April 7 accepted the recommendation of the Inter-Agency Task Force on Emerging Infectious Diseases (IATF-EID) to extend the ECQ in Luzon until April 30.[41]

On April 17, it was reported that the country has been able to bring down the viral disease' reproduction number to 0.65 from 1.5, which means that the average number of people a person can infect decreased from more than one to less than one.[42] Recent data at the time suggest that the country is doing better in "flattening the curve",[43] but was warned of "resurgence" and must ramp up mass testing in order to isolate cases and avoid further transmission of COVID-19.[42]

Sometime in late April, local government units (LGUs) were no longer authorized to impose quarantine measures without the consent of the IATF-EID. Prior to that period, LGUs could impose such measures in coordination with the Department of the Interior and Local Government.[44]

May 2020 – easing lockdowns[edit]

The ECQ in Luzon was extended until May 15 in some areas. This includes Metro Manila, Calabarzon, Central Luzon (except Aurora), Pangasinan, and Benguet. ECQ measures were also extended in the provinces of Iloilo and Cebu as well as in Davao City.[45][46][47][48] Other areas were downgraded or placed under general community quarantine (GCQ).[49]

After May 15, the Philippine government revised its quarantine classifications in correspondence on earlier announcement that "Science and Economics will be considered for any changes of the lockdown measures."[50] A modified enhanced community quarantine (MECQ) was applied to Metro Manila, Laguna, and Cebu City, while a GCQ was raised to 41 provinces and 10 cities with moderate risk.[51][52] Meanwhile, 40 provinces and 11 cities that were considered "low-risk areas" were supposed to be released from community quarantine measures, but were eventually upgraded to a "modified general community quarantine" (MGCQ) after a reportedly "honest mistake" from the national government and requests from respective LGUs.[53]

Once again, the Philippine government revised its announcements and declared the entire country under GCQ, while Metro Manila, Laguna, and Cebu City continued to implement an MECQ. This is temporary until guidelines of MGCQ for low-risk areas is finalized.[54] The IATF-EID is also reportedly considering the reclassification of provinces and cities in Central Luzon as "high-risk areas" under MECQ.[55]

After receiving petitions from LGUs, the IATF-EID revised its quarantine policies yet again. Cebu City and Mandaue were placed under ECQ, while Metro Manila, Laguna, and Central Luzon (except for Aurora and Tarlac) are all on MECQ. The remaining parts of the country are still on GCQ.[56]

Cases[edit]

Summary[edit]

Among the confirmed cases, most of the patients are in their 30s, and the majority are male.[2][10]

The oldest person to have recovered from COVID-19 in the Philippines (as of April 12) is reportedly a 95-year-old man from Mandaluyong,[57] while the oldest to die from the disease in Western Visayas (and presumably in the country as of April 9) was a 94-year-old man from Miag-ao, Iloilo.[58] The youngest patient to recover (as of April 30) was a 16-day-old boy from Quezon City,[59] whereas the youngest death due to complications from COVID-19 (as of April 14) was a 29-day-old infant from the province of Batangas.[60]

By region[edit]

Map of regions with confirmed COVID-19 cases (as of July 4)[b]
  ≥10000 confirmed
  5000–9999 confirmed
  1000–4999 confirmed
  100–999 confirmed
  10–99 confirmed

Metro Manila[edit]

The ongoing worldwide COVID-19 pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2), reached Metro Manila on January 30, 2020, when the first case of COVID-19 in the Philippines was confirmed in the City of Manila. After a month of no new cases in the country, the first case of someone without travel history abroad was confirmed on March 5, a 62-year-old male who frequented a Muslim prayer hall in San Juan, Metro Manila, raising suspicions that a community transmission of COVID-19 is already underway in the Philippines. The man's wife was confirmed to have contracted COVID-19 on March 7, which was also the first local transmission to be confirmed.[61][62] Metro Manila is the worst affected region in the Philippines, where most cases are recorded and is considered as the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic in the country. A state of calamity and community quarantine have been in place in the region since March 15.[63] As of August 3, 2020, there have been 106,330 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the Philippines, 57,246 of which are from Metro Manila. There are 34,535 recoveries and 1,036 deaths recorded in the capital region.[64]

Cordillera[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to the Cordillera Administrative Region, Philippines on March 20, 2020, when the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed to involve a resident of Manabo, Abra. All provinces, as well as the independent city of Baguio has recorded at least one confirmed COVID-19 case.

Ilocos Region[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to the Ilocos Region, Philippines on March 20, 2020, when the first cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed in Pangasinan and Caba, La Union.

Cagayan Valley[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Cagayan Valley, Philippines on March 21, 2020, when the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed in Tuguegarao, Cagayan.

Central Luzon[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Central Luzon, Philippines on March 9, 2020, when the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan.[65] All provinces except Aurora has confirmed at least one COVID-19 case.[66]

Calabarzon[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Calabarzon, Philippines on March 7, 2020, when the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed in Cainta, Rizal. All provinces in the region has confirmed cases. Calabarzon became the third most affected region by COVID-19 in the country, behind Central Visayas and Metro Manila, with more than 10,000 confirmed cases and at least 100 deaths.

Mimaropa[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Mimaropa, Philippines on March 20, 2020, when the first cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed in Puerto Princesa.

Bicol Region[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to the Bicol Region, Philippines on March 27, 2020, when the first cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed in Legazpi, Albay.

Western Visayas[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Western Visayas, Philippines on March 20, 2020, when the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed in Bacolod. All provinces has at least one confirmed COVID-19 case.

Central Visayas[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Central Visayas, Philippines on February 5, 2020, when the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed in Tagbilaran, Bohol. As of August 3, 2020, there have been 16,724 cases in Central Visayas, and the region has recorded 680 deaths and 11,917 recoveries.[67] There have been 8,832 confirmed cases in Cebu City; the highest record out of all cities in the Philippines.[67]

Eastern Visayas[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to the Eastern Visayas, Philippines on March 23, 2020, when the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed in Catarman, Northern Samar.

Zamboanga Peninsula[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Zamboanga Peninsula, Philippines on March 24, 2020, when the first cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed in Zamboanga City. All provinces including Zamboanga City and Isabela, Basilan has recorded at least a case.

Northern Mindanao[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Northern Mindanao, Philippines on March 11, 2020, when the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed in Cagayan de Oro.

Davao Region[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to the Davao Region, Philippines on March 15, 2020, when the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed in Tagum. All provinces as well as Davao City has at least one confirmed COVID-19 case. Majority of the cases and all deaths in the region are attributed to Davao City.

Soccsksargen[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Soccsksargen of the Philippines on March 17, 2020, when the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed. The patient was confirmed in Cotabato City and was officially recorded as the first case of the region. Cases has been confirmed in all component local government units of the region.

Caraga[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the Caraga region of the Philippines on April 6, 2020, when the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed involving a resident of Butuan. The region was the last of the Philippines' 17 regions to confirm their first case. All provinces except Dinagat Islands has at least one confirmed COVID-19 case.

Bangsamoro[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao of the Philippines on March 11, 2020, when the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was confirmed to involve a resident of Lanao del Sur. Cases has been confirmed in Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, and the independent city of Cotabato.

Cotabato City's cases has been listed under Soccsksargen by the national Department of Health since the city has not yet formally turned over to the Bangsamoro regional government.[68]

By demographic[edit]

Front line workers[edit]

As of August 2, there have been 5,008 health care workers that tested positive for COVID-19. 4,576 out of these cases have already recovered, while 38 died.[1] On the early months of the pandemic in the country, the number of health care workers infected by the virus was significantly higher compared to the infection rate of other health care workers in the Western Pacific Region.[69]

In the Philippine National Police (PNP), there have been 2,084 police officers infected with the disease and 10 reported fatalities.[70] According to Brigadier General Edgar Arevallo, Spokesman of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, there are 44 COVID-infected military men recorded as of May 20.[71] There are also 160 members of the Presidential Security Group (PSG) who tested positive to COVID-19, said PSG Commander Colonel Jesus Durante III.[72]

Locally stranded individuals[edit]

The arrival of locally stranded individuals (LSI) on their home provinces has been associated to new clusters of the disease in previously least affected regions.[73][74][75]

Repatriates[edit]

As of August 2, 4,447 out of 202,887 returning overseas Filipinos (ROF) have tested positive for the disease.[1]

Overseas Filipinos[edit]

Countries with confirmed COVID-19 cases of overseas Filipinos

The Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) provides information regarding the number of Filipino nationals abroad to have contracted COVID-19. The DFA keeps an official tally of confirmed Filipino COVID-19 cases per region instead of by country. As of August 3, there have been 9,597 overseas Filipinos from in 71 countries and territories that tested positive for COVID-19.[76] This count is not included in the national tally of cases by the DOH.[2]

Suspected cases[edit]

The DOH previously used the designation "patients under investigation" (PUIs) and "persons under monitoring" (PUMs) to manage suspected and confirmed cases. PUIs involved individuals who had a travel history to Wuhan but by February 3, the DOH has expanded the scope of PUIs to include individuals who had a travel history to any part of China.[2] "Persons under monitoring" are asymptomatic individuals with known history of exposure to another person with confirmed COVID-19 infection.[77]

On April 11, the DOH revised its terminology for PUIs; "suspect" and "probable" cases. Suspect cases involves individuals exhibiting flu-like symptoms and has a history of travel to areas with reported local transmission within 14 days prior to the manifestation of their symptoms. Someone with fever, cough or shortness of breath who is above 60 years old, pregnant, with other underlying illness, or a health worker could also be considered as a suspect case. Patients admitted to a hospital due to severe symptoms caused by an undetermined lung disease could also be tagged as a suspect case. Probable cases involves persons who underwent testing with results that need further validation, and those who were tested but whose test were not facilitated in an official laboratory for a reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction test.[78]

The usage of the PUM designation has since been discontinued. It was reasoned that it is assumed that the general public has been exposed to COVID-19 due to local or community transmission already ongoing in several parts of the Philippines.[77]

As of July 14, there have been 38,909 suspected cases (958 probable and 37,951 suspect) in the country.[1]

Medical response[edit]

Hospital admission policy[edit]

Algorithm for the triage of patients with possible COVID-19 infection in health care facilities (as of March 10, 2020)
A ward dedicated for COVID-19 patients at the Philippine General Hospital.

The DOH has issued a reminder, that Level 2 and 3 hospitals cannot deny admittance of people suspected or confirmed to have COVID-19 infection and refusal of admission is a "violation of the signed Performance Commitment and shall be dealt with by the PhilHealth accordingly". The department said that Level 2 and 3 hospitals can accommodate individuals with mild COVID-19 symptoms while individuals in a serious or critical condition may be transferred to one of the DOH's three main referral hospitals,[79] which was increased over time to 75 designated hospitals as of April 13 with a combined bed capacity of 3,194.[80]

On March 16, the DOH announced a revision on their protocol on hospital admission for COVID-19 positive patients. A week prior, the DOH has began sending both asymptomatic patients and individuals with mild symptoms back on their homes for quarantine and continued health monitoring until they have been deemed recovered. Priority are given to high-risk patients or those with severe symptoms for hospital admission.[81][82]

Drug therapy and vaccine development[edit]

The Philippines, with at least 45 other countries, has joined the World Health Organization (WHO)'s Solidarity trial to study the effectivity of certain drugs in treating COVID-19 patients. Dr. Marissa Alejandrija of the Philippine Society of Microbiology and Infectious Disease is the Philippines' representative in the study with Health Undersecretary Maria Rosario Vergeire as the official liaison of the DOH in the multinational study.[83][84]

The Department of Science and Technology (DOST) announced that it is seeking bilateral collaboration with other countries such as China, Russia, South Korea, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom on endeavors related to the vaccine development for COVID-19.[85][86] President Rodrigo Duterte declared a bounty for anyone who could produce a vaccine against COVID-19, an amount later increased to ₱50 million (around $1 million).[87]

The Philippine Council on Health Research and Development at the DOST plans to distribute an undisclosed "functional food," while Presidential Spokesman Harry Roque also revealed that the DOST, Philippine General Hospital, and the Ateneo de Manila University, are collaborating with the Duke–NUS Medical School in Singapore to evaluate the feasibility of lauric acid from virgin coconut oil, Vitex negundo (known locally as Lagundi), and Euphorbia hirta (known locally as Tawa-tawa) as a "dietary regimen supplement" to help COVID-19 patients combat the disease. A "functional food" or "dietary regimen supplement" is described as similar to how tawa-tawa is also used as a remedy against dengue by incorporating it to the diet of diagnosed patients.[88][89][90]

Testing[edit]

A medical worker takes a swab sample from a woman for COVID-19 testing at the Palacio de Maynila.

Early COVID-19 testing in the Philippines was only limited to persons with travel history to countries with cases of local transmission and those with exposure to the individuals confirmed to have COVID-19. The testing protocols were revised sometime in mid-March 2020 to give priority to the testing of any individual with severe symptoms as well as to the elderly, pregnant and immunocompromised persons with at least mild symptoms.[91][92] On March 30, symptomatic healthcare workers are also considered priority for testing.[93]

During his press briefing on May 19, Presidential Spokesperson Harry Roque said that the people aimed to be tested in the government's "expanded targeted testing" are as follows: "(1) all symptomatic cases, (2) all of those coming from abroad, (3) all close contacts of confirmed cases that were found through contact tracing, and (4) all of those who tested positive on rapid antibody tests." The government is also opting to test through benchmarks, by testing 1–2% of the Philippines' entire population and 10–12% of the disease's epicenter in the country, which is in Metro Manila.[94][95]

In late March, some politicians and their relatives were reportedly tested for the virus despite not showing any symptoms, causing public backlash amidst a shortage of testing kits since it was against DOH guidelines to test asymptomatic individuals.[96] The DOH responded to the public criticism by clarifying that, while there is "no policy for VIP treatment" with regard to testing for COVID-19 and that "all specimens are being processed on a first-in, first-out basis," it "extends courtesy" to front line government officials, specifically those involved in national security and public health.[97] Some senators who were tested claim that they used rapid antibody tests not accredited by the DOH at that time.[98]

Testing capacity[edit]

COVID-19 testing in Rodriguez, Rizal.

The country has conducted over a million tests as of July 14, 2020. There are currently 85 testing laboratories nationwide with 25,000 tests conducted daily as of July 9, 2020.[99]

On March 9, 2020, a total of 2,000 tests has been conducted at a rate of 200 to 250 people accommodated by tests per day.[100] The testing capacity of the Philippine government has been expanded by late March 2020. As of March 23, the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM) in Muntinlupa alone can test 600 people per day, other laboratories except for the facility of San Lazaro Hospital, Manila, can do 100 tests, while the said hospital can do 50 tests per day.[101] By March 27, the release of test results conducted at the RITM takes five to seven days due to backlog, but the institute is committed to reducing the turnaround to two to three days.[102] The DOH announced that the country will conduct targeted mass testing on April 14, which will be administered strictly for susceptible, probable, and high-risk patients, such as health workers, expectant mothers, and patients with other medical conditions.[103][104] The country's testing continuously increased, except when RITM temporarily scaled down its operations from April 20–24 after 43 of its staffs tested positive for the virus.[105]

The Philippines has the capability to conduct mass testing, either through reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) or rapid antibody testing, given the increased number and improving capacity of the country's accredited laboratories and the procurement of more testing kits.[103][104][106] The first localized targeted mass testing began in Valenzuela, Metro Manila on April 11[107] Other local government units followed suit shortly after the Inter-Agency Task Force on Emerging Infectious Diseases (IATF-EID) adopted a resolution that commences 'a national government-enabled, local government unit-led, and people-centered response' to COVID-19.[108]

Testing kits[edit]

Sets of GenAmplify COVID-19 RT-PCR Test Kits developed by the NIH

The Food and Drug Administration has approved the usage of 75 PCR test kits (including one locally developed kit),[109] 79 rapid antibody testing kits,[110] 53 immunoassay testing kits,[111] and 7 other testing kits[112] as of July 30.

A locally developed PCR testing kit has been made by the National Institutes of Health at the University of the Philippines Manila.[113] It is reportedly six times cheaper than its foreign counterparts.[114][115] It was first approved for commercial use in April 2020 by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)[116] but some kits were recalled in May by its manufacturer, after it was found out that testing using the kits yields indeterminate results 30 percent at the time.[117] A month later, the testing kit were re-approved after its defects were fixed.[116]

Testing facilities[edit]

Before January 30, there were no medical facilities in the country that can confirm cases of the virus.[17][18] Before that date, the RITM conducted preliminary tests on suspected cases to determine if they are infected with a coronavirus but could not detect the new strain on patients.[118] Samples from suspected cases with confirmed coronavirus infection had to be sent abroad to the Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory in Melbourne, Australia, for confirmatory testing specifically for SARS-CoV-2 strain.[119]

The National Task Force created the Task Force Test, Trace, Treat in which it established partnerships with private sectors to conduct mass testings.[120] The Task Force cited the San Miguel Corporation as a pioneer in the move to open its own COVID-19 laboratory to initially test all of its 70,000 employees. As of July 4, the country now has 75 testing laboratories with a turnaround time of 72 hours. Of the said number, 49 are public labs while 26 are privately owned, including San Miguel's laboratory.[121]

Testing backlogs[edit]

From May 29 to June 17, the DOH had reported backlogged cases, which were commonly referred to as "late cases", or cases that were validated by the Epidemiology Bureau more than four days after the initial release of test results. Late cases are being reported alongside new cases or "fresh cases", which corresponded to the cases that were validated three days within the release of test results. This change was implemented by the health department to clarify the sudden increase of cases in the country.[122][123] The third largest single-day increase on the number of confirmed cases in the country has been accounted to the backlog in late June 2020, when 2,434 new cases were announced. 1,147 out of these cases were fresh cases and the remaining 1,287 were late cases.[124] It surpassed the backlog in late May 2020, where 1,000 out of 1,046 cases were reported to be late cases.[125]

Government response[edit]

Health advisory on the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) release by the Department of Health.

Nationwide measures[edit]

The national government declared a state of calamity over all of the Philippines on March 16, 2020, by virtue of Proclamation No. 929 signed by President Rodrigo Duterte. The declaration brings into effect for six months the following:[126][127]

  • price control of basic needs and commodities,
  • granting interest-free loans,
  • distribution of calamity funds,
  • authorization of importation and receipt of donations, and
  • hazard allowance for public health workers and government personnel in the fields of science and technology.[128]

Bayanihan to Heal as One Act[edit]

Senators during a special session to tackle the passage of the Bayanihan to Heal as One Act on March 23.

Following the sharp increase of confirmed cases, President Duterte called on Congress to hold special sessions on March 23 to enact the Bayanihan to Heal as One Act upon his request, which would authorize Duterte to "reallocate, realign, and reprogram" a budget of almost ₱275 billion ($5.37 billion) from the estimated ₱438 billion ($8.55 billion) national budget approved for 2020, in response to the pandemic.[129][130]

In the House of Representatives, the bill was introduced as House Bill No. 6616 with House Speaker Alan Peter Cayetano of Pateros–Taguig as its principal sponsor and was defended on the floor by Deputy Speaker Luis Raymund Villafuerte of Camarines Sur's 2nd district. In the Senate of the Philippines, the bill was introduced as Senate Bill No. 1418 with Senate President Tito Sotto and Senator Pia Cayetano as its principal sponsors.[131]

The House version of the bill passed the House of Representatives in a 284–9 vote without abstentions,[132] while its Senate version unanimously passed the Senate.[133] President Duterte signed the bill into law the following day.[134]

Lockdowns[edit]

Community quarantines in the Philippines (as of August 4)
  Modified enhanced community quarantine (MECQ)
  General community quarantine (GCQ)
  Modified general community quarantine (MGCQ)

Given the rapidly increasing number of cases in the country, the government has initiated lockdowns aimed at preventing the spread of the disease.[citation needed]

Travel restrictions[edit]

Travel of foreign nationals to the Philippines is banned with few exceptions since March 2020. The issuance of visas to all foreign national on March 19 was stopped and all visas already issued are voided except to those issued to families of Filipino nationals would remain valid.[135] Three days later a travel ban was imposed on all foreign nationals, except spouses of Filipino citizens (and their children), and workers for international organizations and non-governmental organizations accredited in the country.[136]

Foreign aid[edit]

Medical supply aid from China being received by military personnel at the Villamor Air Base, March 21

The government of China and the United States has pledged support to the Philippine government response against COVID-19. China announced that it would be donating medical supplies including 100,000 testing kits, 100,000 surgical masks, 10,000 N95 masks, and 10,000 sets of personal protective equipment.[137] The United States Agency for International Development also pledged $2.7 million worth of aid to help the Philippines develop adequate testing capabilities, and ensure the availability of medical supplies through the agency's "on-the-ground partners".[138] China's aid was received on March 21, 2020.[139]

On March 22, the DFA said that the Philippines would be receiving a donation from Singapore consisting of 3,000 testing kits and a polymerase chain reaction machine.[140][141] In early April 2020, the DFA announced it received 20 units of testing kits, capable of 1,000 tests, from Brunei.[142] The United Arab Emirates also donated medical supplies in May 2020.[143]

On March 28, it was disclosed that some of the test kits made in China were only 40% accurate in testing for signs of the COVID-19 on an individual suspected to be infected with the disease.[144] The test kits were donated by a private foundation.[145][146]

Impacts[edit]

Economic[edit]

The pandemic was widely disruptive to the economy of the Philippines, with most sectors and workforces adversely affected. Some temporary shutdowns became permanent.

Social[edit]

The pandemic has had far-reaching consequences in the country that go beyond the spread of the disease itself and efforts to quarantine it, including political, cultural, and social implications.

Statistics[edit]

By region[edit]

Confirmed COVID-19 cases in the Philippines by region of residence ()
Region Cases Deaths Active Recov. Tested
# % # % # % # % pos.
Metro Manila 57246 1036 1.81 21675 37.86 34535 60.33 957754 10.88
Cordillera 301 4 1.33 150 49.83 147 48.84 60061 0.78
Ilocos Region 435 17 3.91 212 48.74 206 47.36 20827 0.99
Cagayan Valley 332 1 0.3 137 41.27 194 58.43 6511 2.98
Central Luzon 2782 64 2.3 1127 40.51 1591 57.19 73940 3.49
Calabarzon 11528 171 1.48 6090 52.83 5267 45.69 45872 8.72
Mimaropa 280 6 2.14 95 33.93 179 63.93 2356 5.22
Bicol Region 530 7 1.32 229 43.21 294 55.47 11618 3.68
Western Visayas 1516 18 1.19 699 46.11 799 52.7 67214 2.14
Central Visayas 16724 680 4.07 4127 24.68 11917 71.26 105193 16.44
Eastern Visayas 874 2 0.23 239 27.35 633 72.43 20283 4.85
Zamboanga Peninsula 816 17 2.08 264 32.35 535 65.56 13312 6.88
Northern Mindanao 663 11 1.66 236 35.6 416 62.75 8056 10.7
Davao Region 1346 46 3.42 451 33.51 849 63.08 34974 5.28
Soccsksargen 353 3 0.85 175 49.58 175 49.58 1493 10.52
Caraga 192 2 1.04 91 47.4 99 51.56
Bangsamoro 410 5 1.22 84 20.49 321 78.29 4053 10.04
Repatriates 4236 9 0.21 807 19.05 3420 80.74
For validation 5766 5 0.09 1517 26.31 4244 73.6
Philippines 106330 2104 1.98 38405 36.12 65821 61.9 1480583 9.58
Note: Data as of August 3, 2020; 4:00 PM (PST)
Source: Department of Health's COVID-19 Case Tracker
Daily COVID-19 cases in the Philippines by region of residence ()
Date Regions Confirmed Deaths Active Recov. Tested Ref. Notes
NCR CAR I II III IV-A IV-B V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII BAR New Total New Total Total Total Total
January 30, 2020 1 1 1 2 [147] [c]
January 31, 2020 0 1 2 1 [148]
February 1, 2020 0 1 1 1 1 1 [149]
February 3, 2020 1 1 2 0 1 1 1 [150] [c]
February 5, 2020 1 1 3 0 1 1 1 [151] [c]
February 10, 2020 0 3 0 1 0 2 [152]
March 6, 2020 1 1 2 5 0 1 2 2 [153]
March 7, 2020 1 1 6 0 1 3 2 [154]
March 8, 2020 4 4 10 0 1 7 2 [155]
March 9, 2020 12 1 1 14 24 0 1 21 2 [156]
March 10, 2020 7 1 1 9 33 0 1 30 2 [157]
March 11, 2020 13 2 1 16 49 1 2 45 2 [158]
March 12, 2020 2 1 3 52 3 5 45 2 [159]
March 13, 2020 9 2 1 13 64 1 6 56 2 [160]
March 14, 2020 36 1 3 7 47 111 2 8 101 2 [161]
March 15, 2020 22 2 4 1 29 140 4 12 126 2 [162]
March 16, 2020 2 2 142 0 12 127 3 [163]
March 17, 2020 38 1 5 1 45 187 2 14 169 4 [164]
March 18, 2020 11 2 1 1 15 202 3 17 178 7 [165]
March 19, 2020 13 2 15 217 0 17 194 8 [166]
March 20, 2020 13 13 230 1 18 204 8 [167]
March 21, 2020 57 2 1 5 7 1 2 2 77 307 1 19 275 13 [168]
March 22, 2020 57 1 15 73 380 6 25 338 17 [169]
March 23, 2020 65 1 5 8 2 82 462 8 33 411 18 [170]
March 24, 2020 71 3 12 1 1 2 90 552 2 35 497 20 [171]
March 25, 2020 63 2 12 1 2 1 1 2 1 84 636 3 38 572 26 [172]
March 26, 2020 46 1 3 2 7 11 71 707 7 45 632 28 [173]
March 27, 2020 77 4 2 1 9 3 3 1 1 96 803 9 54 718 31 [174]
March 28, 2020 191 1 6 15 44 2 6 2 272 1075 14 68 972 35 [175]
March 29, 2020 261 3 2 4 17 34 1 1 4 16 343 1418 3 71 1305 42 [176]
March 30, 2020 68 4 1 7 20 1 23 2 128 1546 7 78 1426 42 [177]
March 31, 2020 406 2 4 21 71 3 1 27 2 1 538 2084 10 88 1947 49 [178]
April 1, 2020 159 2 3 8 35 2 13 4 227 2311 8 96 2165 50 [179]
April 2, 2020 236 1 16 2 19 38 1 1 3 4 1 322 2633 11 107 2475 51 [180]
April 3, 2020 284 1 1 28 53 4 4 1 2 4 2 385 3018 29 136 2830 52 20276 [181]
April 4, 2020 50 1 3 9 6 6 76 3094 8 144 2893 57 22683 [182]
April 5, 2020 107 1 13 21 9 1 152 3246 8 152 3030 64 23027 [183][184]
April 6, 2020 309 5 1 17 69 2 1 2 1 3 1 414 3660 11 163 3424 73 24727 [185]
April 7, 2020 58 1 4 29 1 2 1 1 4 3 104 3764 14 177 3503 84 26412 [186]
April 8, 2020 75 1 2 21 3 2 1 106 3870 5 182 3592 96 29537 [187]
April 9, 2020 157 1 1 14 28 1 3 1 206 4076 21 203 3749 124 31526 [188]
April 10, 2020 69 8 5 23 9 1 3 119 4195 18 221 3834 140 32770 [189]
April 11, 2020 164 1 2 1 16 48 1 233 4428 26 247 4024 157 34072 [190]
April 12, 2020 146 8 53 4 1 2 2 220 4648 50 297 4154 197 35782 [191]
April 13, 2020 192 2 3 1 23 56 2 2 1 1 284 4932 18 315 4375 242 38169 [192]
April 14, 2020 196 25 62 1 1 3 291 5223 20 335 4593 295 39998 [193]
April 15, 2020 177 1 1 6 34 1 7 3 230 5453 14 349 4751 353 42623 [194][195]
April 16, 2020 118 1 28 37 21 2 207 5660 13 362 4873 425 39947 [195][196]
April 17, 2020 140 24 22 2 27 1 2 218 5878 25 387 5004 487 42215 [197]
April 18, 2020 142 6 49 6 2 1 3 209 6087 10 397 5174 516 49613 [198]
April 19, 2020 124 8 20 1 18 1 1 172 6259 12 409 5278 572 55465 [199][200]
April 20, 2020 132 4 19 6 3 27 6 1 1 200 6459 19 428 5418 613 58072 [201]
April 21, 2020 74 1 1 8 52 1 3 140 6599 9 437 5511 651 61049 [202]
April 22, 2020 74 3 11 3 2 12 5 111 6710 9 446 5571 693 64581 [203]
April 23, 2020 100 2 17 1 6 142 1 1 1 271 6981 16 462 5797 722 68765 [204]
April 24, 2020 152 3 27 2 21 1 211 7192 15 477 5953 762 72794 [205]
April 25, 2020 51 2 6 2 7 1 1 29 1 1 102 7294 17 494 6008 792 76030 [206]
April 26, 2020 153 8 1 4 41 3 2 63 5 285 7579 7 501 6216 862 80858 [207]
April 27, 2020 125 6 4 16 2 4 39 1 198 7777 10 511 6334 932 85596 [208][209]
April 28, 2020 125 1 1 3 6 1 30 6 6 181 7958 19 530 6453 975 89021 [210][211]
April 29, 2020 192 9 42 1 3 254 8212 28 558 6631 1023 92822 [212][213]
April 30, 2020 150 1 10 4 1 105 1 276 8488 10 568 6877 1043 97505 [214]
May 1, 2020 125 3 2 14 1 3 2 130 1 284 8772 11 579 7109 1084 103417 [215][216]
May 2, 2020 50 12 1 156 8928 24 603 7201 1124 106520 [217][218]
May 3, 2020 121 1 2 10 1 4 120 22 1 12 295 9223 4 607 7402 1214 113574 [219][220]
May 4, 2020 125 3 23 3 3 88 1 14 1 2 262 9485 16 623 7547 1315 117853 [221][222]
May 5, 2020 172 4 20 1 1 1 199 9684 14 637 7639 1408 126713 [223][224]
May 6, 2020 175 7 10 4 1 8 98 12 320 10004 21 658 7840 1506 131786 [225][226]
May 7, 2020 93 18 6 3 2 205 2 6 339 10343 27 685 8040 1618 137055 [227][228]
May 8, 2020 76 2 1 28 2 1 1 120 10463 11 696 8033 1734 142663 [229][230]
May 9, 2020 104 3 4 1 8 9 147 10610 8 704 8064 1842 149640 [231][232]
May 10, 2020 79 4 2 9 75 4 184 10794 15 719 8151 1924 158384 [233][234]
May 11, 2020 171 5 30 74 1 292 11086 7 726 8361 1999 166473 [235][236]
May 12, 2020 156 1 2 9 7 3 5 74 264 11350 25 751 8493 2106 172238 [237][238]
May 13, 2020 151 2 1 20 1 58 21 268 11618 21 772 8595 2251 184857 [239][240]
May 14, 2020 176 1 4 20 1 2 5 16 2 13 2 7 258 11876 18 790 8749 2337 199284 [241][242]
May 15, 2020 122 8 31 1 1 2 4 16 12 215 12091 16 806 8825 2460 207823 [243][244]
May 16, 2020 124 7 30 1 25 8 1 214 12305 11 817 8927 2561 215567 [245][246]
May 17, 2020 152 5 8 1 2 208 12513 7 824 9054 2635 225142 [247][248]
May 18, 2020 116 1 2 3 2 1 1 8 16 205 12718 7 831 9158 2729 232932 [249]
May 19, 2020 165 13 11 1 17 4 224 12942 6 837 9262 2843 239753 [250]
May 20, 2020 137 26 17 14 1 279 13221 5 842 9447 2932 247239 [251][252]
May 21, 2020 95 1 10 2 98 1 2 213 13434 4 846 9588 3000 256652 [253]
May 22, 2020 89 3 12 1 56 163 13597 11 857 9648 3092 265061 [254][255]
May 23, 2020 112 1 10 11 2 1 38 1 1 180 13777 6 863 9737 3177 272355 [256][257]
May 24, 2020 181 18 13 5 1 258 14035 5 868 9918 3249 277789 [258][259]
May 25, 2020 167 3 40 70 284 14319 5 873 10123 3323 283147 [260][261]
May 26, 2020 240 3 21 1 1 2 4 2 10 350 14669 13 886 10371 3412 289732 [262][263]
May 27, 2020 243 2 8 27 1 1 6 1 1 380 15049 18 904 10639 3506 297358 [264][265]
May 28, 2020 316 1 16 33 1 2 55 2 21 1 1 539 15588 17 921 11069 3598 304989 [266][267]
May 29, 2020 535 2 53 64 1 5 28 1 2 7 2 1 8 1046 16634 21 942 11972 3720 312349 [268][269]
May 30, 2020 359 7 1 11 46 3 3 3 18 1 1 590 17224 8 950 12466 3808 318356 [270][271]
May 31, 2020 237 26 27 1 2 81 4 1 862 18086 7 957 13220 3909 328835 [272][273]
June 1, 2020 194 25 30 5 103 1 1 3 8 552 18638 3 960 13699 3979 335726 [274][275]
June 2, 2020 139 1 1 7 7 2 99 1 4 1 359 18997 6 966 13968 4063 345577 [276][277]
June 3, 2020 255 4 7 12 20 18 1 342 6 1 44 751 19748 8 974 14621 4153 357252 [278][279]
June 4, 2020 242 10 1 13 25 7 2 223 1 1 1 16 3 4 634 20382 10 984 15150 4248 376341 [280][281]
June 5, 2020 56 1 2 1 1 244 20626 3 987 15309 4330 386726 [282][283]
June 6, 2020 272 1 6 45 2 2 171 2 2 1 714 21340 7 994 15905 4441 395872 [284][285]
June 7, 2020 142 2 12 19 3 104 555 21895 9 1003 16362 4530 406344 [286][287]
June 8, 2020 244 9 1 7 60 2 3 161 2 3 1 579 22474 8 1011 16826 4637 416201 [288]
June 9, 2020 195 1 3 16 21 1 86 5 518 22992 6 1017 17239 4736 427121 [289]
June 10, 2020 223 1 1 12 40 83 6 1 2 3 740 23732 10 1027 17810 4895 436448 [290]
June 11, 2020 178 2 1 7 37 3 2 72 13 5 1 443 24172 9 1036 17974 5165 446149 [291]
June 12, 2020 274 3 1 2 13 37 3 1 4 112 6 2 10 3 7 615 24787 16 1052 18281 5454 457749 [292]
June 13, 2020 287 3 2 1 7 42 1 3 85 53 3 20 27 607 25392 22 1074 18612 5706 468961 [293]
June 14, 2020 262 17 2 1 10 22 1 1 115 539 25930 14 1088 18888 5954 477204 [294]
June 15, 2020 224 7 1 1 6 32 1 2 84 65 2 9 12 5 1 490 26420 10 1098 19070 6252 485611 [295]
June 16, 2020 194 8 4 1 4 26 2 5 59 6 1 4 8 5 1 3 364 26781 5 1103 19126 6552 495180 [296]
June 17, 2020 189 6 2 6 23 1 6 160 6 5 5 3 3 3 457 27238 5 1108 19310 6820 509519 [297]
June 18, 2020 179 1 7 31 3 3 299 7 2 1 1 3 562 27799 9 1116 19593 7090 520306 [298]
June 19, 2020 283 5 2 15 42 4 3 5 124 76 2 2 4 6 7 661 28459 14 1130 19951 7378 534106 [299]
June 20, 2020 269 3 3 14 35 2 2 11 444 4 4 1 1 7 4 943 29400 20 1150 20600 7650 547373 [300]
June 21, 2020 245 2 16 57 1 2 1 266 2 2 4 11 653 30052 19 1169 20990 7893 558163 [301]
June 22, 2020 176 1 1 1 12 64 3 6 257 12 1 5 1 1 630 30682 8 1177 21362 8143 568604 [302]
June 23, 2020 406 3 20 68 2 3 11 320 1 2 3 27 2 2 12 1150 31825 9 1186 22197 8442 580560 [303]
June 24, 2020 217 3 8 21 1 1 9 145 3 3 1 2 470 32295 18 1204 22435 8656 596058 [304]
June 25, 2020 470 2 3 12 53 1 3 8 106 1 12 1 1 1 34 778 33069 8 1212 22947 8910 610052 [305]
June 26, 2020 396 6 5 18 88 1 1 36 258 6 2 1 15 2 24 2 1006 34073 12 1224 23667 9182 622549 [306]
June 27, 2020 333 2 5 22 45 8 5 2 207 26 6 2 10 1 1 738 34803 12 1236 24137 9430 636291 [307]
June 28, 2020 311 1 4 5 8 32 1 2 6 131 1 11 10 5 3 653 35455 8 1244 24525 9686 653656 [308]
June 29, 2020 523 2 4 24 76 9 12 135 6 12 2 1 1 2 985 36438 11 1255 25227 9956 666678 [309]
June 30, 2020 366 1 1 13 37 2 8 16 468 2 2 4 19 1 18 1080 37514 11 1266 26015 10233 681667 [310]
July 1, 2020 368 17 64 4 34 232 8 14 10 6 2 1 999 38511 4 1270 26803 10438 704549 [311]
July 2, 2020 107 2 1 1 7 27 1 1 1 9 1 294 38805 4 1274 26858 10673 720918 [312]
July 3, 2020 641 1 14 49 102 4 3 301 20 19 8 1 1531 40336 6 1280 27983 11073 738502 [313]
July 4, 2020 655 5 8 2 32 150 13 18 66 236 67 30 22 56 6 26 16 1494 41830 10 1290 29087 11453 765528 [314]
July 5, 2020 1144 5 2 74 132 9 28 602 2434 44254 7 1297 31015 11942 783358 [315]
July 6, 2020 997 1 7 13 35 144 5 14 466 2099 46333 6 1303 32845 12185 797585 [316]
July 7, 2020 798 6 7 14 32 86 3 5 15 174 2 23 9 18 11 0 19 1540 47873 6 1309 34178 12386 822098 [317]
July 8, 2020 1264 2 6 7 50 87 6 11 8 443 16 13 12 4 6 1 17 2539 50359 5 1314 36457 12588 846420 [318]
July 9, 2020 444 3 4 5 22 81 3 22 2 290 6 10 20 26 5 15 1 1395 51754 4 1318 37627 12944 870162 [319]
July 10, 2020 596 2 2 6 29 113 6 10 23 58 19 14 12 14 2 2 8 1233 52914 42 1360 38324 13230 890781 [320]
July 11, 2020 673 1 2 14 37 80 5 9 22 74 3 1 46 11 33 1387 54222 12 1372 38813 14037 910924 [321]
July 12, 2020 1059 8 6 8 50 174 4 19 32 162 32 3 24 5 2124 56259 162 1534 38679 16046 927747 [322]
July 13, 2020 530 3 2 39 139 2 11 52 26 31 35 7 9 836 57006 65 1599 35036 20371 945146 [323]
July 14, 2020 360 1 4 9 31 111 4 5 32 21 6 21 18 2 1 2 634 57545 4 1603 35483 20459 965501 [324]
July 15, 2020 669 2 2 1 29 168 1 1 134 208 3 42 47 23 19 2 1392 58850 9 1614 36260 20976 987377 [325]
July 16, 2020 1849 3 6 3 28 153 18 6 42 202 35 42 24 49 17 2 10 2498 61266 29 1643 38183 21440 1014149 [326]
July 17, 2020 1044 2 6 10 21 170 4 64 261 8 11 44 25 16 1 60 1841 63001 17 1660 39593 21748 1039994 [327]
July 18, 2020 1775 3 1 13 54 235 8 6 26 54 6 20 48 36 12 4 2357 65304 113 1773 41464 22067 1087935 [328]
July 19, 2020 1617 6 7 18 70 299 9 15 28 63 17 8 12 35 24 2 1 2241 67456 58 1831 43160 22465 1088641 [329]
July 20, 2020 1228 2 2 8 29 160 2 13 5 6 1 8 1 29 10 12 1521 68898 4 1835 43991 23072 1108963 [330]
July 21, 2020 1448 13 25 1 49 201 7 8 32 93 3 11 6 28 4 2 1 1951 70764 2 1837 45646 23281 1109242 [331]
July 22, 2020 959 1 12 19 54 69 20 7 4 256 6 54 42 4 17 10 15 1594 72269 6 1843 46803 23623 1157991 [332]
July 23, 2020 1545 12 7 2 33 212 3 4 26 248 10 23 19 26 17 6 5 2200 74390 28 1871 48136 24383 1185340 [333]
July 24, 2020 1272 9 10 54 282 4 14 65 299 20 23 12 29 4 1 4 2103 76444 8 1879 50063 24502 1210561 [334]
July 25, 2020 1115 5 7 8 31 213 2 25 35 495 12 4 49 12 4 1 2019 78412 18 1897 50763 25752 1244033 [335]
July 26, 2020 1345 1 26 9 38 196 3 19 74 313 4 12 3 45 3 1 16 2110 80448 39 1932 52406 26110 1268813 [336]
July 27, 2020 1017 3 1 1 26 188 6 7 5 32 6 30 5 1657 82040 16 1945 53649 26446 1295332 [337]
July 28, 2020 698 12 8 5 17 475 1 5 24 108 33 10 4 39 3 16 15 1678 83673 4 1947 55109 26617 1327782 [338]
July 29, 2020 728 15 3 1 27 248 3 10 137 331 20 9 18 12 13 2 4 1813 85486 16 1962 56528 26996 1365717 [339]
July 30, 2020 1703 9 6 5 69 428 6 8 37 997 21 52 29 31 26 3 13 3954 89374 23 1983 22327 65064 1398744 [340]
July 31, 2020 2267 28 20 13 96 500 17 11 107 672 10 50 20 57 18 3 15 4063 93354 40 2023 26153 65178 1433544 [341]
August 1, 2020 2661 36 31 17 189 1095 15 60 60 369 55 15 23 55 27 16 2 4963 98232 16 2039 30928 65265 [342]
August 2, 2020 2737 13 61 39 211 1155 7 18 81 465 29 5 39 56 12 14 2 5032 103185 20 2059 35569 65557
August 3, 2020 1541 17 17 14 105 539 5 17 59 513 13 36 21 60 20 16 5 3226 106330 46 2104 38405 65821
Cases 57246 301 435 332 2782 11528 280 530 1516 16724 874 816 663 1346 353 192 410 N/A 106330 N/A N/A 38405 65821 1433544 N/A N/A
Deaths 1036 4 17 1 64 171 6 7 18 680 2 17 11 46 3 2 5 N/A N/A N/A 2104 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Date NCR CAR I II III IV-A IV-B V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII BAR New Total New Total Total Total Total Ref. Notes
Regions Confirmed Deaths Active Recov. Tested
Source: Department of Health's COVID-19 Tracker

By demographic[edit]

In the table below, the general lethality of COVID-19 in the Philippines is presently given around 2%, implying about 2 deaths and 98 potential survivors per 100 cases. To compare the three well-known coronavirus diseases, the case fatality rate of the 2002 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak was higher at 11%,[343] while that of the 2012 Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak was much higher at 36%.[344]

Progression charts[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Breakdown of confirmed cases is according to the COVID-19 Tracker of the Department of Health (DOH). Take note that the map may not reflect all affected localities. The methodology on how patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection are recorded in a particular locality in the tracker is unclear and may vary. Cases under validation including cases among repatriates may not reflect on the map.
    • Other independent cities's cases are grouped together with their geographically associated provinces (e.g Puerto Princesa with Palawan, Zamboanga City with non-contiguous Zamboanga del Sur).
    • Cotabato City's cases are still considered as cases under the Soccsksargen region despite being part of Bangsamoro since the city has not yet formally been turned over to the Bangsamoro regional government. For the purpose of the map, its cases are considered part of Maguindanao.
  2. ^ Breakdown of confirmed cases by region is according to the COVID-19 Case Tracker of the Department of Health (DOH). Cases in Cotabato City, a part of Bangsamoro, under the Soccsksargen region since the city has not yet formally been turned over to the Bangsamoro regional government.
  3. ^ a b c The first three cases were Chinese citizens without local residence(s) in the Philippines but was included on Central Visayas' data for statistical purposes.

See also[edit]

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