CPA Canada

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Chartered Professional Accountants Canada
Logo of CPA French.English.jpg
Logo of CPA Canada
AbbreviationCPA Canada
MottoThe Canadian Ideal of Good Business
PredecessorCanadian Institute of Chartered Accountants, Certified General Accountants Association of Canada, Certified Management Accountants of Canada
FormationJanuary 1, 2013[1]
Legal statusCanada Not-for-profit Corporations Act
HeadquartersToronto, Canada
Coordinates43°38′40.4″N 79°23′28.86″W / 43.644556°N 79.3913500°W / 43.644556; -79.3913500
Region
Canada, Bermuda
Membership
210,000+[2]
Official language
English, French
President & CEO
Joy Thomas
Websitehttps://www.cpacanada.ca/en

Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada (CPA Canada) (French: Comptables professionnels agréés du Canada) is the national organization representing the Canadian accounting profession through the unification of the three largest accounting organizations: the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants (CICA), the Society of Management Accountants of Canada (CMA Canada) and Certified General Accountants of Canada (CGA-Canada), as well as the 40 national and provincial accounting bodies.[3] It is one of the largest organizations of its type in the world, with over 210,000 Chartered Professional Accountants in Canada and around the world.[4]

CPA Canada conducts research on business issues,[5] supports the setting of accounting, auditing and assurance standards for business, non-profits and government,[6] issues guidance and leadership connected to accounting, auditing, assurance and financial literacy,[7] and generally supports the profession of accounting in Canada.[8][9]

The Advanced Certificate in Accounting and Finance (ACAF) Program is also offered by CPA Canada aimed towards college students who require job-ready skills in the accounting profession, such as book-keeping or tax filing that are valued by employers. This 2-year program is less rigorous compared to the CPA and is a certification program, not a designation. The ACAF is a separate education program, designed for people seeking careers or currently working in intermediate level positions.[10] The ACAF has its own admission and assessment standards. ACAF students need to complete 11 courses, including 6 technical courses similar to a 2-year college accounting diploma program, and 5 applied courses enhancing the workplace skills. Students will have to pass the ACAF National Examination before receiving the certificate.[11]

History[edit]

Historically, Canada had three nationally recognized accounting classifications until 2013: Chartered Accountant (CA), Certified Management Accountant (CMA), and Certified General Accountant (CGA). The national CA and CGA designations were created by Acts of Parliament in 1902 (CA) and 1913 (CGA).[12] The Canada Corporations Act of 1920 established the CMA designation.[13]

In January 2012, after eight months of discussions between members and stakeholders, the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants (CICA), the Society of Management Accountants of Canada (CMA Canada) and Certified General Accountants of Canada (CGA-Canada) published A Framework for Uniting the Canadian Accounting Profession. The document proposed the unification of the separate organizations into one new designation: Canadian Chartered Professional Accountant-CPA.[14]

One year later, on January 1, 2013, under the Canada Not-For-Profit Corporation Act, Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada (CPA Canada) was established by CICA and CMA Canada.The Act supported provincial accounting bodies that were coming together under the CPA designation.[15] On October 1, 2014 CGA-Canada joined CPA-Canada, finishing the process of bringing all of Canada's professional accounting organizations together under the auspices of one nationally recognized organization.[16] Today all recognized provincial and national Canadian accounting organizations are unified under the CPA designation. There are over 210,000 members in Canada and internationally who hold the Canadian CPA designation.[17]

Economic and social development[edit]

One of CPA Canada's mandates is to improve the financial literacy of the citizens of Canada through providing education done through the organization's Financial Literacy Program.[18]

CPA Canada and AFOA Canada signed a Memorandum of Understanding in February 2016 which included a provision for CPA Canada to integrate some course material from its ACAF program into the program which trains Certified Aboriginal Financial Managers, (CAFM). This proposal allows CAFM students to obtain an ACAF more quickly.[19] In 2008 the Martin Family Initiative (first knows as the Martin Aboriginal Education Initiative (MAEI)) asked CPA Canada to create a mentoring program which would enhance the chances for educational changes for indigenous youth.[20] The program expanded in 2015 to include the McCarthy Tetrault law firm and the Accounting and Legal Mentorship Program (ALMP) found in 29 schools. The program has succeeded in increasing graduation rates, motivated students to stay in school beyond the secondary level, and helped them find jobs, especially in the legal and accounting industries.[21]

Public policy and government[edit]

The organization helps develop public policy through its involvement in the process. CPA Canada contributes its expertise on many issues relating to tax and fiscal policy, financial literacy, skills development, climate adaptation, immigration, trade, ethics, good governance and accountability. They are also called on to opine on budget prioritization, tax reform and responsible budgeting. Goals include the strengthening of financial literacy and supporting infrastructure projects that stimulate productivity.[22]

Thought leadership[edit]

The organization offers guidance on accounting and business issues to its members and others through its publications, webinars, videos, blogs and other types of media. Among the subjects addressed are sustainability, tax, management and the future of financial reporting.[23]

Education[edit]

Before CPA candidates can acquire certification they must complete a certification program which is developed by CPA Canada. The program is made up of education, a period of time in which candidates must meet relevant experience requirements, and at the end of the process they must take and pass the Common Final Examination. The program meets or surpasses all International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) standards for practical experience and education plus it meets the requirements of the main international accounting certification bodies.[24]

Exemptions[edit]

CPA Canada recognizes many post-secondary institutions (PSIs) and accredit them to deliver part or all of its educations requirements from preparatory courses and Professional Education Program (PEP) in the undergrad and graduate levels. These accredited programs feature courses provided through a combination of undergraduate and graduate programs that result in either a graduate diploma or master's degree,[25] such as University of Waterloo School of Accounting and Finance and Brock University's Goodman School of Business offer the Master of Accounting (MAcc) program that waive all the modules and education requirements up until the Common Final Evaluation.

CEO and president[edit]

Joy Thomas, FCPA, FCMA became president and CEO of CPA Canada on April 1, 2016. Thomas had held the position of executive vice president until then. She was a participant in the process that united Canada's accounting profession under one designation.[26] Thomas was appointed to the National Steering Committee on Financial Literacy in February 2017.[27] She is a board director and a member of the governance committee of the International Federation of Accountants. Thomas was also on the board and Chair of the Audit Committee of the Financial Planning Standards Board Ltd.[28]

International representation[edit]

CPA Canada fulfills one of its mandates to represent Canadian accountants internationally through its membership in the following organizations:

  • A4S Accounting Bodies Network[29]
  • A4S CFO Leadership Network[30]
  • AICPA/CPA Canada Cross-border Tax Committee[31]
  • Association of Chartered Accountants in the United States[32]
  • Confederation of Asian and Pacific Accountants (CAPA)[33]
  • Fédération Internationale Des Experts comptables et commissaires aux comptes Francophones (FIDEF)[34]
  • Global Accounting Alliance[35]
  • International Corporate Governance Network[36]
  • International Federation of Accountants[37]
  • International Innovation Network[38]
  • International Integrated Reporting Council[39]
  • OECD Business and Industry Advisory Committee (with the Canadian Chamber of Commerce)[40]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada". CPA Canada. CPA Canada. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  2. ^ "About Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada". CPA Canada. CPA Canada. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Economic optimism climbs sharply: CPA Canada Business Monitor". www.newswire.ca. Retrieved 2017-09-13.
  4. ^ GmbH, finanzen.net. "New Board Chair and Vice Chair for CPA Canada". markets.businessinsider.com. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  5. ^ "Fewer Canadians concerned about identity theft, says CPA Canada". Canadian Manufacturing. 27 March 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  6. ^ "Memorandum of Understanding between Canadian CPA bodies and the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan". www.newswire.ca. Retrieved 2017-09-13.
  7. ^ "CPA Canada's Joy Thomas Appointed to National Steering Committee on Financial Literacy". www.newswire.ca. Retrieved 2017-09-13.
  8. ^ "Change as a constant theme in new CPA Canada ad campaign". The Drum. Retrieved 2017-09-13.
  9. ^ "CPA Canada - Complete profile - Canadian Company Capabilities - Industries and Business - Industry Canada". www.ic.gc.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  10. ^ "The Advanced Certificate in Accounting and Finance (ACAF): Frequently asked questions". CPA Canada. CPA Canada. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  11. ^ "CPA Canada Advanced Certificate in Accounting and Finance (ACAF)". CPA Canada. CPA Canada. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  12. ^ "History of Accounting". Retrieved 2017-10-03.
  13. ^ Marsh, James H. (1999). The Canadian Encyclopedia. The Canadian Encyclopedia. ISBN 9780771020995.
  14. ^ "Canada's three legacy accounting bodies issue Unification Framework". www.cpacanada.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
  15. ^ "National CPA Canada organization established". www.cpacanada.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
  16. ^ "It's official! 190,000 PROS, one designation". www.cpacanada.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
  17. ^ "Uniting the Canadian accounting profession". www.cpacanada.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
  18. ^ "CPA Canada Financial Literacy Free Workshops". Dytuco Financial Services. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  19. ^ "CPA Canada and AFOA Canada strengthen ties". www.bizjournals.com. 19 February 2016. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  20. ^ IshYoBoy.com. "The Martin Aboriginal Education Initiative - Philanthropic Foundations Canada". Philanthropic Foundations Canada. Retrieved 2017-10-18.
  21. ^ "Mentorship Programs | MFI / IFM". themfi.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-18.
  22. ^ "Committee Report No. 11 - FINA (42-1) - House of Commons of Canada" (PDF). www.parl.gc.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-18.
  23. ^ "CPA Canada - Complete profile - Canadian Company Capabilities - Industries and Business - Industry Canada". www.ic.gc.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  24. ^ "The evaluation components of the Canadian CPA certification program". www.cpacanada.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-18.
  25. ^ "Post-secondary institutions (PSIs) offering CPA-accredited programs". CPA Canada. CPA Canada. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  26. ^ "Joy Thomas, MBA, FCPA, FCMA, C. Dir". www.cpacanada.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  27. ^ "News Details - CPA Canada president appointed to the National Steering Committee on Financial Literacy". www.theaccountant-online.com. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  28. ^ Canada, Financial Consumer Agency of. "National Steering Committee on Financial Literacy — Member biographies - Canada.ca". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-18.
  29. ^ "Accounting Bodies Network (ABN) - The Prince's Accounting for Sustainability Project". www.accountingforsustainability.org. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  30. ^ "Canadian Chapter of the CFO Leadership Network - The Prince's Accounting for Sustainability Project". www.accountingforsustainability.org. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  31. ^ "AICPA/CPA Canada cross-border tax committee". www.cpacanada.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  32. ^ "Our Home Institutes - Association of Chartered Accountants in US". www.acaus.org. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  33. ^ "Membership : CAPA". www.capa.com.my. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  34. ^ "Canada (Monarchie parlementaire) -" (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  35. ^ "GAA Alliance Members | Global Accounting Alliance". www.globalaccountingalliance.com. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  36. ^ "Members of other bodies a z | ICAEW". www.icaew.com. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  37. ^ "Member Organizations and Country Profiles | IFAC". www.ifac.org. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  38. ^ "Members of other bodies a z | ICAEW". www.icaew.com. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  39. ^ "Integrated Reporting". integratedreporting.org. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  40. ^ Government of Canada, Foreign Affairs Trade and Development Canada (2011-12-16). "Canadian participation in the work of the OECD". GAC. Retrieved 2017-10-23.