China Railways CRH1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from CRH1)
Jump to: navigation, search
China Railways CRH1 EMU
CRH1 at Guangshen Railway.jpg
CRH1 high-speed train
In service 2007 - Present
Manufacturer Bombardier Sifang (Qingdao) Transportation Ltd.
(Bombardier Transportation and CSR Sifang)
Family name Regina
Number built CRH1A: 186 trainsets (1488 cars)
CRH1B: 20 trainsets (320 cars)
CRH1E: 20 trainsets (320 cars)
CRH380D: 70 trainsets (560 cars)
CRH380DL: 0 trainsets (Order converted to 50 D units)
Formation CRH1A: 8 cars per trainset (5M3T)
CRH1B/E: 16 cars per trainset (10M6T)
CRH380D: 8 cars per trainset (4M4T)
CRH380DL: 16 cars per trainset (8M8T)
Capacity CRH1A:668 or 611 or 645
CRH1B:1299
CRH1E:618 or 642
CRH380D: 495
CRH380DL: 1013
Operator(s) Chinese Ministry of Railways
- Guangzhou Railway Group Co.,Ltd.
- Shanghai Railway Bureau
- Nanchang Railway Bureau
- Chengdu Railway Bureau
Line(s) served Guangshen Railway,
Hukun Railway, Jinghu Railway, Hainan Eastern Ring High-Speed Railway
Specifications
Car body construction Stainless Steel
Train length CRH1A: 213.5 m (700 ft 6 in)
CRH1B: 426.3 m (1,398 ft 7 in)
CRH1E: 428.9 m (1,407 ft 2 in)
CRH380D: 215.3 m (706 ft 4 in)
CRH380DL: 428.1 m (1,404 ft 6 in)
Width 3,328 mm (10 ft 11.0 in)
Height 4,040 mm (13 ft 3 in)
Platform height 500–1,200 mm (1 ft 7.7 in–3 ft 11.2 in)
Maximum speed CRH1A: 180–200 km/h (112–124 mph)
(initial 40 trainsets)
CRH1B/E:250 km/h (155 mph)
CRH380D/DL:380 km/h (236 mph)
Weight CRH1A: 435 t (428 long tons; 480 short tons)
CRH1B: 850 t (840 long tons; 940 short tons)
CRH1E: 890 t (880 long tons; 980 short tons)
CRH380D: 450 t (440 long tons; 500 short tons)
CRH380DL: 900 t (890 long tons; 990 short tons)
Traction system IGBT VVVF inverter control
(Bombardier MITRAC 1000)[1][2]
Power output CRH1A: 5.3 MW (7,100 hp)
CRH1B/E: 11 MW (15,000 hp)
CRH380D: 10 MW (13,000 hp)
CRH380DL: 20 MW (27,000 hp)
Transmission AC-DC-AC
Acceleration CRH1A/B/E: Maximum
0.6 m/s2 (2.2 km/(h⋅s))
CRH380D/DL: 0.48 m/s2 (1.7 km/(h⋅s))
Deceleration CRH1A: Emergency 1.2 m/s2 (4.3 km/(h⋅s)), General 0.8 m/s2 (2.9 km/(h⋅s))
Power supply Overhead catenary
Electric system(s) 25 kV 50 Hz AC
Current collection method Pantograph
Braking system(s) Regenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

The CRH1 EMU is a high-speed train operated by China Railways and built by a joint venture between Bombardier Transportation and Sifang at Bombardier Sifang Power Transportation factory in Qingdao, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

At the same time as ordering the Shinkansen-based CRH2A and the Pendolino-based CRH5A, the Chinese Ministry of Railways ordered Bombardier-based CRH1, specifically 20 CRH1A trainsets in June 2007 and an additional 20 CRH1A trains, each with 8 cars that have total standard capacity of 670 people. The total value of the order is €560 million.[3] In July 2010, a further 40 CRH1A eight-car trains were ordered.[4]

Most CRH1 trains were allocated to Guangshen Railway for replacing all locomotive-hauled trains between Guangzhou and Shenzhen in Guangdong province.[citation needed] Some are also used on the line Shanghai – Nanjing.

Design[edit]

Regina in Sweden. The Regina trains in Sweden are wider than the CRH1 since they are built to make full use of the wider loading gauge used in Sweden.
China railways CRH1A

CRH1A[edit]

CRH1A and CRH1B are based on Bombardier's Regina family.[5] The train was designed by Sifang and Bombardier jointly in Västerås, Sweden and originally named C2008.[3][5]

Each CRH1A set consists of 8 cars, the first batch (CRH1-001A~CRH1-040A)including 2 first class coaches (ZY), 5 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 second class coach/dining car (ZEC).the second batch (CRH1-081A~CRH1-120A) including 2 first class coaches (ZY), 1 first class/second class coaches (ZYE), 4 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 second class coach/dining car (ZEC). The potential maximum speed of CRH1A is 250 km/h (155 mph), but in fact the maximum speed of the initial 40 sets in operation is always restricted by the software of computer control system, so the maximum speed in service is 220 km/h (137 mph).

The first units (CRH1-001A) were delivered on August 30, 2006,[6] the CRH1A sets started service from February 1, 2007 at the Guangzhou -Shenzhen Railway.

In July 2010, the Chinese MOR ordered additional 40 sets of CRH1A, The designed top operating speed increased to 250 km/h, On September 2010, during test run at Qinshen PDL, top speed of CRH1-081A reach 278 km/h (173 mph).,[7]

In September 2012, The MOR issued a revision in the Zefiro contract, which calls for the order of an additional 106 eight car Zefiro 250 (46 sets) and Zefiro 250NG (60 sets) train sets in lieu of the cancellation of the 16 car Zefiro 380 sets. The NG variant is a new model, which will use new materials in order to achieve weight reductions and more efficient operation.[8]

CRH1B[edit]

CRH1-043B at Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station 20110101

On October 31, 2007, the Chinese MOR ordered 20 sets of CRH1B trains (CRH1-041B~CRH1-060B). CRH1B is a fleet-extended CRH1A. Each CRH1B consists of 16 cars, including 3 first class coaches (ZY), 12 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 dining car (CA). CRH1B, however, have not such restriction on the operational speed, the maximum speed is still 250 km/h (155 mph).CRH1B first come into commercial use on April, 2009, between Shanghai-Nanjing & Shanghai-Hangzhou.

On July 23, 2011, CRH1-046B was hit on ZY104600 car by CRH2-139E in Yongtaiwen PFL accident.

CRH1E[edit]

On October 31, 2007, the Chinese MOR ordered 20 sets of CRH1E trains (CRH1-061E~CRH1-080E).The CRH1E is the first high-speed 16-car sleeper train (10M6T) in the world which is based on Bombardier's ZEFIRO 250 km/h (155 mph) design. The train was designed by Bombardier and Zagato. Each train set consists of 1 luxury sleeper (WG), 12 soft sleepers (WR), 2 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 dining car (CA).the first CRH1E trainset delivered at October 2009,first come into service on November 4, 2009 between Beijing-Shanghai.

CRH380D[edit]

The CRH380D is also derived from the Bombardier Zefiro family (Zefiro 380) of very high speed EMUs and are not direct derivatives of the Regina type trains from which the CRH1A and CRH1B classes are derived.[9] Top speed is advertised at 380 km/h (236 mph). The 8-car version is designated CRH380D, series number CRH380D-1501 ~ CRH380D-1570.[8] As of April 4, the first two sets have been delivered, with the first undergoing testing.[10]

Formation[edit]

Power Destination

  • M - Motor car
  • T - Trailer car
  • C - Driver cabin
  • P - Pantograph

Coach Type

  • ZY - First Class Coach
  • ZE - Second Class Coach
  • ZYE - First Class/Second Class Coach
  • ZEC - Second Class Coach/Dining Car
  • ZYT - First Class/Premier Coach
  • ZET - Second Class/Premier Coach
  • ZYS - First Class/Business Coach
  • ZES - Second Class/Business Coach
  • CA - Buffet Car
  • WR - Soft Sleeper Car
  • WG - Luxury Sleeper Car

CRH1A / CRH1A-A[edit]

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Type134 ZY ZE ZEC ZE ZY
Type2 ZY ZE ZEC ZYE ZE ZY
Type (CRH1A-A)5 ZY ZE ZEC ZE
Power Configuration MC TP M T M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3
Capacity3 72 101 101 101 24 101 101 72
Capacity4 64 92 92 92 24 92 92 64
Capacity2 64 92 92 24 77 92 92 64
Capacity5 40 90 90 77 63 90 90 65
  • ^1 Train No.1001~1040, 1167, 1168
  • ^2 Train No.1081~1166
  • ^3 Train No.1001~1021, 1167, 1168
  • ^4 Train No.1022~1040
  • ^5 Train No.1169~1228, 1234~1244

CRH1B[edit]

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Type ZE CA ZE ZY
Power Configuration MC TP M TP M T M T M TP M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6
Capacity1 79 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 72 72 64
Capacity2 68 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 79 75 54
  • ^1 Train No.1041~1060
  • ^2 Train No.1076~1080

CRH1E[edit]

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Type1 ZE WR CA WG WR ZE
Type2 ZE WR ZEC WR ZE
Type (CRH1E-250)3 ZE WR WRC WR ZE
Power Configuration MC TP M TP M T M T M TP M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6
Capacity1 61 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 16 40 40 40 40 40 61
Capacity2 61 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 61
Capacity3 55 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 12 40 40 40 40 40 40 55
  • ^1 Train No.1061~1072
  • ^2 Train No.1073~1075
  • ^3 Train No.1229~1233

CRH380D[edit]

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Type1 (OAU Car) ZYT ZE ZEC ZE ZET
Type2 (System Model) ZYS ZE ZEC ZE ZES
Power Configuration MC TP M T M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3
Capacity1 6 + 32 84 84 45 84 81 84 4 + 50
Capacity2 5 + 28 85 85 75 63 85 85 5 + 40
  • ^1 Train No.1501~1510
  • ^2 Train No.1511~1585

Distribution[edit]

As of August 2017, there are 244 CRH1 series EMU and 85 CRH380D series EMU in service

Operator Quantity Serial number Depot Lines serving Notes
CRH1A
Guangzhou Railway Group 22 1001~1020、1167、1168 Guangzhou East Guangzhou–Shenzhen RailwayGuangdong Through TrainHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
31 1086~1090、1094~1104、1106~1109、1117~1119、1123﹑1124﹑1141~1143、1154、1165、1166 Shenzhen North Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayGuangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail LinkGuangzhou–Shenzhen_Railway
Nanchang Railway Bureau 35 1121、1122、1125~1140、1147~1153、1155~1164 Fuzhou Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayLongyan–Xiamen Railway
17 1081~1085、1091~1093、1105、1110~1116、1120 Fuzhou South Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayLongyan–Xiamen Railway
Chengdu Railway Bureau 23 1021~1040、1144~1146 Chengdu East Chengdu–Dujiangyan Intercity RailwayDazhou–Chengdu RailwayShanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed RailwayChongqing–Lanzhou RailwayXi'an–Chengdu High-Speed RailwayChengdu–Guiyang High-Speed Railway
CRH1A-A
Guangzhou Railway Group 5 1174、1234~1237 Guangzhou East Guangzhou–Shenzhen_RailwayHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
18 1169~1173、1175、1176、1217、1218、1225、1226、1238~1244 Shenzhen North Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
16 1177~1184、1209~1216 Sanya Hainan Eastern Ring High-Speed RailwayHainan Western Ring High-Speed Railway
8 1219~1224、1227、1228 Foshan Guiyang–Guangzhou High-Speed RailwayNanning–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway
Nanchang Railway Bureau 24 1185~1208 Fuzhou South Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayLongyan–Xiamen RailwayHefei–Fuzhou High-Speed Railway
CRH1B
Shanghai Railway Bureau 13 1052~1059、1076~1080 Nanxiang Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed RailwayBeijing–Shanghai Railway
11 1041~1045、1047~1051、1060 Hangzhou Genshanmen Nanjing–Hangzhou Passenger RailwayShanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed RailwayHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
China Railways 1 1046 Retired Written off after Wenzhou train collision, Cars 1-12 are used as a training train whereas Cars 13-16 were scrapped due to derailment.
CRH1E
Shanghai Railway Bureau 20 1061~1075、1229~1233 Nanxiang Shanghai–Kunming RailwayHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayGuangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail LinkNanning–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway
CRH380D
Chengdu Railway Bureau 14 1537~1545、1550、1552、1553、1555、1557 Chongqing North Chengdu–Chongqing Intercity Railway
23 1546~1549、1551、1554、1556、1558~1560、1563、1564、1567、1568、1571、1572、1578~1584 Chengdu East Chengdu–Chongqing Intercity Railway
Shanghai Railway Bureau 48 1501~1536、1561、1562、1565、1566、1569、1570、1573~1577、1585 Shanghai Nanxiang Nanjing–Hangzhou Passenger RailwayShanghai–Nanjing Intercity RailwayHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayShanghai–Kunming High-Speed Railway

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]