Clube de Regatas do Flamengo

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Flamengo
An escutcheon with horizontal red and black stripes, with a monogram of the letters CRF in its upper-left part
Full name Clube de Regatas do Flamengo
Nickname(s) Mengão (Big Mengo)
Rubro-Negro (Scarlet-Black)
O mais querido do Brasil (The most beloved of Brazil)
Founded November 17, 1895; 121 years ago (1895-11-17)
Stadium Arena da Ilha
Maracanã Stadium
Stadium
capacity
20,113
78,838
President Eduardo Bandeira de Mello
Manager Zé Ricardo
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Carioca
2016
2016
Série A, 3rd
Carioca, 4th
Website Club home page
Current season

Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (English: Flamengo Rowing Club), commonly referred to as Flamengo (Portuguese pronunciation: [flɐˈmẽɡu]), is a Brazilian sports club based in Rio de Janeiro. Their most significant sporting outlet is the football team, which plays in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A,[1] being one of the only four clubs to have never been relegated, along with Santos, São Paulo and Cruzeiro.

The club was established in 1895, although it did not play its first official game until 1912. Flamengo is one of the most successful clubs in Brazilian football, having won five Campeonato Brasileiro Série A titles(1 Copa União 1987),[2][3] three Copa do Brasil titles, one Interclub World Championship, one Copa Libertadores and a record 33 Campeonato Carioca trophies. Due to its low capacity, Flamengo's home stadium, Gávea, hasn't been used in official matches since 1997 and the club usually opts for Maracanã, the biggest football stadium in Brazil, with a capacity of 78,838.

Its traditional playing colors are red and black hooped shirts with white shorts and red and black hooped socks. The team achieved the most prestigious accolade in South American football when they defeated Cobreloa 2–0 in the Estadio Centenario in Montevideo to become champions of South America. They subsequently became known as the Geração de Ouro, or the Golden Generation. That same year, Flamengo became world champions after defeating Liverpool 3–0 in Tokyo.

Flamengo is the most popular team in Brazil, with over 39.1 million supporters as of 2010,[4][5] and was voted by FIFA as one of the most successful football clubs of the 20th century. It is also one of Brazil's richest football clubs in terms of revenue, with an annual revenue of R$347.0 million ($130.06 million/€107.5 million) in 2014,[6] and the second most valuable club in South America, worth over R$855.4 million ($424.4 million/€327.9 million) in 2013.[7] The club has long-standing rivalries with nearby neighbors Fluminense, Botafogo and Vasco da Gama. There is also an interstate rivalry with Atlético Mineiro.

History[edit]

Foundation and first years (1895–1912)[edit]

Flamengo's shield, used when it was a rowing club exclusively.
The recently formed football team (wearing the squad jersey) before a match v. Paissandu in 1912.

Flamengo was founded on November 17, 1895 (although the club celebrates its founding every year on November 15, which is also a Brazilian national holiday) as a rowing club by José Agostinho Pereira da Cunha, Mário Spindola, Nestor de Barros, Augusto Lopes, José Félix da Cunha Meneses and Felisberto Laport.

The group used to gather at Café Lamas, in the Flamengo neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, and decided to form a rowing team. Rowing was the elite sport in Rio de Janeiro in the late 19th century. The young men hoped that forming a rowing club would make them popular with the young ladies of the city's high society.

They could only afford a used boat named "Pherusa", which had to be completely rebuilt before it could be used in competition. The team debuted on October 6, 1895 when they sailed off the Caju Point, from the Maria Angu beach, heading off to Flamengo beach. However, strong winds turned over the boat and the rowers nearly drowned. They were rescued by a fishing boat named Leal ("Loyal"). Afterwards, as the Pherusa was undergoing repairs, the boat was stolen and never again found. The group then had to save up money to buy a new boat, the "Etoile", renamed "Scyra".

The Flamengo team of 1914, when the club won its first Carioca championship.

On the night of November 17, the group, gathered at Nestor de Barros's manor on Flamengo beach, founded the Flamengo Rowing Group ("Grupo de Regatas do Flamengo", in Portuguese) and elected its first board and president (Domingos Marques de Azevedo). The name was changed a few weeks later to "Clube de Regatas do Flamengo" ("Flamengo Rowing Club"). The founders also decided that the anniversary of the club foundation should be celebrated on November 15, so as to coincide with the Day of the Republic, a national holiday.

Flamengo only embraced football when a group of dissatisfied players from Fluminense Football Club broke away from that club following a dispute with its board.[8] The players (Alberto Borgerth, Othon de Figueiredo Baena, Píndaro de Carvalho Rodrigues, Emmanuel Augusto Nery, Ernesto Amarante, Armando de Almeida, Orlando Sampaio Matos, Gustavo Adolpho de Carvalho, Lawrence Andrews and Arnaldo Machado Guimarães) decided to join Flamengo because Borgerth, the team's captain, was also a rower for Flamengo. Admittance of the new members was approved on November 8, 1911. A motion against the club taking part in football tournaments was defeated, and the members assembly officially created the football team on December 24, 1911.

The new team used to train on Russel beach, and gradually gained the support of the locals, who closely watched their practice games. The first official match was played on May 3, 1912 and is, to this day, the most spectacular victory of the club, as the team defeated Mangueira 16-2. The first intracity rivalry, the Flamengo vs. Fluminense aka Fla-Flu (which would eventually become one of the most famous football derbies in the world) was also played in that year on July 7 and was won by Fluminense, by 3–2.

From the first match to the end of amateur era (1912–1933)[edit]

On Praia do Russell had happened the first trainings and on May 3, 1912, already affiliated to the Liga Metropolitana de Desportos Terrestres (Metropolitan League of Land Sports), the club had its first match. Was in the field of América (RJ) and Flamengo won Mangueira by 16–2, Belfort Duarte was the referee. The starters for that historic match were Baena, Pindar, Nery, Coriol, Gilberto, Galo, Baiano, Arnaldo, Amarante, Gustavo and Borgerth.[9]

Already in 1912, Flamengo finished as runners-up at the Campeonato Carioca, the Rio de Janeiro State Championship. The first uniform, at that time, was called "papagaio vintém", due to the similarity with a certain type of kite called by the same name. In 1914 the club won the Campeonato Carioca for the first time adopting the striped shirt in white, red and black colors nicknamed "cobra coral" (coral snake), as reminded the snake's skin, and which only lasted until 1916. Flamengo won the Campeonato Carioca once again in 1915, 1920 and 1921.

In 1925, the club won Campeonato Carioca and five other different tournaments with the football team, a record until then. In 1927, Flamengo was voted "most beloved club in Brazil" after winning Vasco da Gama at Salutaris Cup, a contest held by Jornal do Brasil, one of the most important newspapers in Brazil. In 1933 the team made its first tour outside Brazil and on 14 May of the same year made its last game as an amateur team, winning River by 16–2. Since then the club's football department became professional.

Beginning of the professional era (1934–1955)[edit]

With the election of President José Bastos Padilha in 1934, the club was able to improve the social part and grew in popularity. In 1936, great players like Domingos da Guia and Leônidas da Silva (which would first leading scorer in the 1938 FIFA World Cup already as a Flamengo player) came to the club. 1937 was a year with plenty novelty of news for Flamengo football team, the signing of Hungarian coach Izidor "Dori" Kürschner, which implemented a new game plan known as WM and training without a ball. Another innovation was the inclusion of the second uniform in order to facilitate the vision of the players in night games since the lighting was not ideal. In the same year came the unification of the Carioca championship with the creation of the Carioca Football League, every club had already deployed professionalism. In 1939, after 12 years without any title, Flamengo came back to win the state championship with a team that became the basis for state championship triple in the 40s.

In 1941, the group played its first international competition, the Hexagonal Tournament of Argentina. In 1942 was founded the first organized supporters group of Brazil, Charanga Rubro-Negra, and in 1944, Flamengo won his first Rio de Janeiro State League triple (winning the 1942,1943 and 1944 titles in a row). The main event in 1946 was Zizinho's injury (broken leg), one of the Brazilian football major superstars of that era and revealed by Flamengo, sidelined for six months, a huge club loss for that time. Zizinho transferred to Bangu in 1950, this was considered one of the worst deals in Flamengo's history. In 1955, Flamengo, once again, won the Rio de Janeiro State League triple.

Golden years on the eve of glory (1956–1973)[edit]

Despite the achievements of this period Fla is further restricting the regional level, the club had in its cast players like Dida, Carlinhos, Paulo Cézar Caju, Gérson, Antônio Rondinelli, Horácio Doval, Fio Maravilha, Evaristo de Macedo, Francisco Reyes, among others, that strengthened the teams assembled in the period.[10]

In 1961, the team became champion of the Rio-São Paulo Tournament, which at the time was a title that was worth much more than a simple rivalry between São Paulo and Rio. After winning the state championship for the third time in a row in 1955, the headline was only conquered in 1963 and later in 1965 in late 1968, Garrincha was hired and has started to play for Flamengo, but the expectation that he could play the entire following season failed. He made his last appearance for Flamengo on April 12, 1969, with 20 games and 4 goals scored.[11]

The greatest legacy of the club in the 1970s was to reveal to the world the most successful football team in the club's history. During that time players like Zico, Júnior, Leandro and others as important, have risen to the club's professional team. In 1970, the club won its first Guanabara Cup (1st round of the state tournament). In the first half of 1971, Flamengo's situation was not good, under the command of Yustrich, only won 8 of 28 matches. In 1972 again won the Guanabara Cup and Campeonato Carioca, in 1973 also won the first round of the state championship.

The Zico era in the Golden Age (1974–1983)[edit]

Zico played for Flamengo in 1971–83 and 1985–89, achieving a large amount of records with the club.

In 1978 a scarlet-black golden age began when Flamengo won the Rio de Janeiro State Championship. The five following years would be years of glory. Stars such as Júnior, Carpegiani, Adílio, Cláudio Adão and Tita were led by Zico to become State Champions three times in a row. The level of sustained excellence pushed Flamengo towards its first Brazilian Championship in 1980. Then, as national champions, the club qualified to play the South American continental tournament – the Libertadores Cup.

1981 is a benchmark year in Flamengo's history.[12] After beating Chilean Cobreloa in three matches, the club became South American Champions. The next goal was clear: the Intercontinental Cup, a single match to be played in Tokyo's Olympic Stadium, Japan, against European Champions' Cup winner Liverpool FC.

On December 13, 1981, Raul, Leandro, Marinho, Mozer, Júnior, Andrade, Adílio, Zico, Tita, Nunes and Lico took the field for the most important match in club history. Two goals by Nunes and another one by Adílio (all during first half) along with a brilliant performance by Zico were more than enough to crown Flamengo the first Brazilian World Champions club since Pelé's Santos, shutting out Liverpool 3–0.[13]

The next two years would also be great. Another Rio's State Championship in 1981 and two Brazilian Championships – 1982 and 1983 – closed the Golden Age in a fantastic way.[14]

Departure and the return of Zico (1984–1994)[edit]

Two years later, Zico returned to the club in 1986 and won its last state championship.[citation needed] This year he participated in a few games, since a game in 1985 against the State he was the victim of a violent player input Márcio Nunes, running out of play for a long time due to the long period of recovery from surgery.[citation needed] However, in the opening match of the following State, scored three of the four goals in Flamengo's 4–1 victory over Fluminense.[citation needed]

In 1987, was a major contributor to the achievement of the first edition of the Copa União (called by the Brazilian Football Confederation green module), considered at the time by much of the press[citation needed] and at the 13 Club as the national tetracampeonato Flamengo .[citation needed] highlights are the victories in the semi-finals matches against oea final against, which was won with a goal from Bebeto.[citation needed] the Club of 13, and consequently the Flemish and international, have not accepted the intersection established by the CBF between the first two modules of green and yellow, losing their games by forfeit[citation needed] the CBF then officiated as the Brazilian champion and 1987 runner-up that year.[citation needed] on February 21, 2011, by Resolution No. 02/2011 presidency of CBF, officiated as Brazilian champion Flamengo 1987 Sport side of the door.[citation needed] However, in June 2011, had to withdraw following the decision of the Court of the 10th Federal Court of First Instance of the Judicial Section of Pernambuco, returning to the Sport acknowledge as the only Brazilian champion of professional football in 1987[citation needed] on June 28, 2012, in manual, CBF recognized the title of the Brazilian Flamengo 1987.[citation needed] Then she backtracked and said that in the manual, there was a "huge mistake" which she sent to an outdated graphical material where Flamengo was considered champion 1987 side of the Sport. On April 8, 2014 the Superior Court of Justice (STJ) confirmed Sport as the only Brazilian champion Flamengo in 1987 after contesting the decision in the lower court.[citation needed] The entity recognizes Sport Recife as champion of 1987, although it understands that the recognition of the title of national champion of 1987 also to Flamengo would not go against the limits of the decision of the justice, with CBF demonstrating thus that it did not agree with The judicial decision only for the obligation to comply with the order stipulated by the STJ, because according to CBF, both were considered champions.[citation needed]

Throughout his career at Flamengo, Zico scored 508 goals and was the top scorer in club history.[15] In 1990, before a packed Maracanã, Zico would make his farewell match with Flamengo.[citation needed]

Even without its biggest star, the early years of the post-Zico era have been successful for Flamengo. The first national victory was the second edition of the Brazil Cup in 1990 against Goiás in the finals.[citation needed] Between the end of 1990 and throughout 1991 Flamengo, now led by Júnior, won five matches in a row against the Vasco da Gama, and winning the 1991 State championship.[citation needed]

The year 1992 was marked by winning another national title, beating Botafogo in the final of the Championship that year, which had the first game won by Flamengo a 3–0 and the second ta 2-2 draw. The team highlight player was again Júnior, with 38 years old.[citation needed]

Centennial and the risk of relegation (1995–2005)[edit]

After the Brazilian League title in 1992, the club started to face a major financial crisis and the achievements in domestic e and international competitions have become less frequent, although in general the team continued to win some regional championships on a regular basis, one of the few Brazilian clubs who have never suffered a considerable title drought. In 1995, the year of its centenary, the radio sports broadcaster Kléber Leite became chairman of the club and signed striker Romário, then the world's best player, who was on Barcelona.[16] He joined Sávio and later Edmundo to become, as the supporters called, "the attack of dreams".[17] Even with Romário (who battled against Túlio this year and Renato Gaúcho the "title" King of Rio) and other superstars, the centennial year was not victorious. Flamengo only won the Taça Guanabara, the first phase of the Rio de Janeiro State League, and lost the tournament in the finals against Fluminense.[18] The supporters of rivals club started mocking the attacking trio as "the attack of nightmare".[19]

In 1996, Flamengo was unbeaten in the Rio de Janeiro State League, conquering the Taça Guanabara and Taça Rio and winning the tournament in advance. Romário was the top scorer of the tournament. Sávio and the highlight player in the Copa de Oro campaign, Flamengo won the cup after many years without international success. This was the third official international title of Flamengo.[20]

In 1999, Edmundo dos Santos Silva was elected the club president, and with it came a millionaire contract with sports marketing company ISL.[21] Despite bad campaigns in the Brazilian League, Flamengo won the 1999 Copa Mercosur, the South America second tier cup, and continued to be successful at regional level, winning the triple state championship (1999-2000-2001) and Copa dos Campeões in 2001. Also in 2001, the Flamengo avoided being relegated to Brazilian Série B in winning against Palmeiras the final match of the tournament[22] and began a series of bad campaigns in the National League in the following years.

ISL went bankrupt in 2002, for reasons unrelated to the contract with Flamengo, and the club was left without its millionaire partner. No money to keep the great team assembled, has begun a bad phase in red and black football. In the same year, Edmundo Santos Silva was removed from the presidency accused, among other things, administrative impropriety, in a very troubled and controversial vote (there are reports that there was no quorum in the Statute of the Club). Until today, it was proven the veracity of these allegations unless the evasion of taxes, which were assumed by the former president.[citation needed] No money for big signings, Flamengo failed to form competitive teams and narrowly missed demoted in Brazilian championship in 2002,[citation needed] 2004[citation needed] and 2005.[citation needed]

In 2003 and 2004, yet managed to reach the final of the Brazil Cup. In the first year, lost to Cruzeiro The second time, lost to Santo André.

In 2004, Flamengo won their 28th state title, upon rival Vasco da Gama.[citation needed] In 2005, Flamengo played one of the worst years in its history. Earlier this year they did not win the Cup International Finta,[citation needed] and in the Brazilian Championship fought until the later rounds to get away from relegation, which was achieved only after the arrival of coach Joel Santana when in nine games played under his command, the team managed six wins and three draws, thus preventing the dispute from the Second Division in 2006.[citation needed]

The beginning of a new era and the Pentacampeonato (2006–2013)[edit]

Adriano celebrating a goal for Flamengo in 2009, he finished the league with 19 goals scored.

On March 9, 2007, Flamengo earned a commemorative date in Rio de Janeiro state's official calendar. On that day, State Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho signed Law 4998, declaring November 17 (the day the club was founded) "Flamengo Day".

In the 2007 Brazilian Football Championship, Flamengo won many games at home, leaving the relegation zone and reaching the second place and then being defeated the last match in Recife, Pernambuco by Náutico 1–0. After this match, Flamengo finished the League in third place, climbing from second worst to third best.

Flamengo started 2008 by winning the Rio de Janeiro State Championship over archrival Botafogo. However a couple of days later, in the Round of 16 of the Libertadores Cup, the team was beaten at home by Club América from Mexico 0–3 meaning they were eliminated 4–5 on aggregate.

In the 2009 season after finishing the 1st half of the Brazilian League in 10th place, Flamengo won the Brazilian Série A. With this victory Flamengo became a six-time Brazilian League Champion.[23]

Stadiums[edit]

Gávea Stadium[edit]

Estádio da Gávea

Flamengo's home stadium is nominally the Estádio José Bastos Padilha (commonly known as Estádio da Gávea), which was inaugurated on September 4, 1938, and has a capacity for 4,000 people. The stadium is named after José Bastos Padilha, Flamengo's president at the time of the stadium's construction. He was president from 1933 to 1937. However, Flamengo does not play first team matches any more at Estádio da Gávea. Since the 1990s, the stadium is now used almost exclusively for the club's youth and women's teams matches, and also sometimes as the first team's training ground. Most first team games are played at the Maracanã Stadium, considered by supporters as the real Flamengo home ground.[24] During the 2014 FIFA World Cup, the Dutch National Team used the Estádio da Gávea and all of its facilities as their training ground in preparation for the competition.[25]

Maracanã[edit]

Inside view of Maracanã

The Maracanã Stadium was vital in the incredible 2007 Brazilian Série A Flamengo comeback, with the team winning almost all the matches played in the stadium. These victories helped the club rise from the relegation zone to finish in third place, securing a place in the 2008 Copa Libertadores. The stadium held the 2007 Brazilian Série A attendance records, with 87,895 fans against Atlético Paranaense and an average attendance of 44,719 fans per match, which was ahead of all of the other teams in the Brazilian Série A that year. In 2008, Flamengo was once again the leader of Brazilian Série A average attendance with 43.731 fans per match.[26] The club also had the biggest attendance of the season with 81.317 fans in the 0–3 loss to Atlético Mineiro on October 11, 2008.[27]

Arena da Ilha[edit]

In 2017, Flamengo will play at Arena da Ilha, where they will renovate the facility to fit 20,500 spectators. Flamengo is expected to start playing at the Arena in March.[28]

Supporters[edit]

Flamengo supporters at Maracanã stadium.

Flamengo is the most popular team in Brazil and one of the most popular teams in the world. Surveys show that there are over 32 million Flamengo supporters across Brazil.[29] There are also supporters in Europe, Middle East, Japan, China, Australia, United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Chile and Africa.[citation needed] Flamengo supporters are known as Nação Rubro-Negra (Scarlet-Black Nation), since there are more supporters of Flamengo than the population of many countries. Flamengo supporters are also known for their fanaticism. They hold several records in the Brazilian league like having the best average attendance (12 times, the second one is Atlético Mineiro with 9). Flamengo played against Santos in Maracanã to 155,523 supporters in the 1983 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A final, however some say that the official numbers are wrong and that there were more than 160,000 people in Maracanã.

Flamengo's match with the greatest number of attendants was Flamengo versus Fluminense in 1963, this match has the greatest numbers of attendants between two football clubs in history with 194,603 spectators. Flamengo has taken more than 150,000 people in the stadium in official matches 13 times. Flamengo supporters were listed as heritage of the people by the Mayor Office of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2007.[30]

Usually, in Brazil, each team has their own torcidas organizadas (like Europeans Ultras). Flamengo, like any other Brazilian team has groups of organized supporters, most notably Torcida Jovem-Fla, Charanga Rubro-Negra, Urubuzada, Flamanguaça and Raça Rubro-Negra.

Rivalries[edit]

Clássico dos Milhões[edit]

Clássico dos Milhões (meaning "Derby of Millions"), is the classic Brazilian derby between Flamengo and Vasco da Gama, both from Rio de Janeiro city, considered the greatest derby in Brazilian football and one of the biggest in football worldwide, in terms of rivalry, popularity, and history. Since its beginnings in the 1920s, it is named after the two largest fanbases of Rio de Janeiro (state).[31]

Fla-Flu[edit]

The rivalry between these two clubs began in October 1911, when a group of dissatisfied players from Fluminense left the club, and went to Flamengo, which at the time had no football department. The first Fla–Flu ever was played the following year, on July 7, 1912 at Laranjeiras stadium. Fluminense won this match 3–2, with 800 people in attendance.[32]

Flamengo-Atlético[edit]

Flamengo has a rivalry with Atlético Mineiro of Minas Gerais, developed in the 1980s from numerous controversial encounters between the two clubs in that decade's Brasileirão and Copa Libertadores editions. It remained through the following years, and is considered the biggest interstate rivalry in Brazilian football.[33][34] The head-to-head record between Atlético Mineiro and Flamengo is 41 victories for Flamengo, 34 victories for Atlético, and 30 draws.[35]

Kit manufacturer and shirt sponsors[edit]

List of Flamengo's sponsors and kit manufacturers.[36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44]


Period Kit manufacturer Main sponsor Secondary sponsor Minor sponsors
1980–84 Adidas none none none
1984–92 Petrobras
1993–00 Umbro
2000–09 Nike
2009 Olympikus Olympikus Bozzano
Ale
2010–11 Batavo Banco BMG
2011 Procter & Gamble Tim
Brasil Brokers
2012 none Banco BMG
Mobil
Tim
Triunfo Logística
Brazil Foodservice Group (BFG)
2013 Tim
2013 Adidas Caixa
Peugeot
none
2014 Guaravita
2015 Caixa
Guaravita
Guaraviton
Jeep
2016 Caixa
MRV
iFood
2017 Carabao
2018–2022 Carabao
  • Main sponsor – Front of the shirt and back of the shirt over the numbers.
  • Secondary sponsor – Sleeves and back of the shirt under the numbers.
  • Minor sponsors – Shoulders, shorts and inside the numbers.

The club has a variety of other sponsors and official partners, which include Estácio de Sá, Cimento Mauá, Eletrobras Furnas, Brahma beer, iFood, Uber, Gatorade, Euro Colchões, Orthopride and Unicef.

Players[edit]

First team squad[edit]

As of May 9, 2017 [45][46]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
2 Brazil DF Rodinei
4 Brazil DF Juan
5 Brazil MF Willian Arão
6 Brazil DF Renê
8 Brazil MF Márcio Araújo
9 Peru FW Paolo Guerrero
10 Brazil MF Ederson
11 Argentina MF Federico Mancuello
15 Brazil DF Réver (on loan from Internacional)
13 Peru DF Miguel Trauco
17 Brazil MF Gabriel
18 Brazil FW Leandro Damião (on loan from Santos)
19 Argentina MF Darío Conca (on loan from Shanghai SIPG)
20 Brazil FW Vinícius Jr.
21 Brazil DF Pará
22 Brazil MF Éverton
25 Argentina DF Alejandro Donatti
No. Position Player
26 Colombia MF Gustavo Cuéllar
27 Brazil MF Rômulo
28 Colombia FW Orlando Berrío
33 Brazil DF Rafael Vaz
35 Brazil MF Diego
36 Brazil MF Cafú
37 Brazil MF Adryan
38 Brazil GK Alex Muralha
39 Brazil MF Lucas Paquetá
40 Brazil FW Thiago Santos
41 Brazil MF Ronaldo
42 Brazil FW Matheus Sávio
43 Brazil DF Léo Duarte
44 Brazil GK Thiago
45 Brazil GK Gabriel Batista
47 Brazil FW Felipe Vizeu
49 Brazil GK César

Out of team[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Paulo Victor (on loan to Gaziantepspor)
Brazil GK Daniel (on loan to Maccabi Tel Aviv)
Brazil DF Léo (on loan to Coritiba)
Brazil DF Rafael Dumas (on loan to Luverdense)
Brazil DF Thiago Ennes (on loan to União da Madeira)
Brazil MF Jonas (on loan to Coritiba)
Argentina MF Héctor Canteros (on loan to Vélez Sarsfield)
Brazil MF Luiz Antônio (on loan to Chapecoense)
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Matheus Trindade (on loan to Ceará)
Brazil FW Rafinha (on loan to Thai Honda)
Brazil FW Douglas Baggio (on loan to Ceará)
Brazil FW Nixon (on loan to Red Bull Brasil)
Brazil FW Paulinho (on loan to Vitória)
Brazil FW Gabriel Ramos (on loan to Cuiabá)
Brazil FW Daniel dos Anjos (on loan to Atlético Goianiense)
Brazil FW Marcelo Cirino (on loan to Internacional)

For recent transfers, see List of Flamengo transfers 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013.

Retired numbers[edit]

12Brazil Club Supporters (the 12th Man) – Number dedicated to the rubro-negro fans (*).

(*) In spite of having its number "12" retired, Flamengo has to re-issue it for CONMEBOL competitions such as Copa Libertadores, where rosters must be numbered from 1 to 30 consecutively.[47]

Football honors[edit]

The trophies won by Flamengo, exhibited at the club.

Domestic competitions[edit]

League[edit]

Winners (5):[2] 1980, 1982, 1983, 1992, 2009
Runners-up: 1964

Cup[edit]

Winners (3): 1990, 2006, 2013
Runners-up (3): 1997, 2003, 2004
Winners (1): 2001

State and regional competitions[edit]

Winners (34): 1914, 1915, 1920, 1921, 1925, 1927, 1939, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1963, 1965, 1972, 1974, 1978, 1979 (C), 1979 (S), 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2014, 2017
Runners-up (31): 1912, 1919, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1932, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1952, 1958, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1969, 1973, 1977, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2010, 2013
Winners (1): 1961
Runners-up (2): 1958, 1997

South American competitions[edit]

Winners (1): 1981
Runners-up (2): 1993, 1995
Winners (1): 1999
Runners-up (1): 2001
Winners (1): 1996

Worldwide competitions[edit]

Winners: 1981

Records[edit]

For details, see Clube de Regatas do Flamengo records and statistics.

Average attendances per season[edit]

Average attendances at Maracanã including friendly matches and other competitions.[56][57]

Supporters celebrating a goal
Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att.
1961 * 1971 35,130 1981 45,145 1991 35,541 2001 * 2011 19,5464[58]
1962 46,427 1972 46,408 1982 57,156 1992 53,958 2002 * 2012 13,9564[59]
1963 54,475 1973 42,269 1983 44,046 1993 19,198 2003 * 2013 26,3504[60]
1964 49,854 1974 37,931 1984 37,956 1994 28,290 2004 9,7071 2014 28,2214[61]
1965 47,572 1975 40,758 1985 34,657 1995 42,335 2005 13,6572 2015 31,5024[62]
1966 37,894 1976 54,015 1986 42,689 1996 42,153 2006 15,711 2016 25,4624[63]
1967 33,931 1977 45,584 1987 44,715 1997 26,465 2007 42,015 2017
1968 54,676 1978 38,226 1988 28,547 1998 18,127 2008 43,736 2018
1969 61,157 1979 54,606 1989 28,898 1999 37,141 2009 40,0744 2019
1970 47,980 1980 54,268 1990 33,617 2000 29,329 2010 18,94534 2020

(*) Information not available.

Average attendances at Brazilian League[edit]

Regularly thousands of supporters show the strength of the scarlet-black nation, having the biggest number of highest average attendances per season between all the Brazilian clubs. Out of 38 editions of the Brasileirão, Flamengo held the average attendance record on 12 occasions. Atlético Mineiro are the closest followers, having the biggest average attendances nine times. From 1971 to 2006, Flamengo took an average 25.989 supporters per match to the Maracanã. Strong campaigns in the Copa Libertadores and a national championship title in 2009 brought crowds averaging 40,000 per season, but the temporary closing of the Maracanã due to the 2014 FIFA World Cup forced the club to hold matches in smaller stadiums and even outside the state of Rio de Janeiro, bringing the average attendance down between the years of 2010 and 2012. A modernized but smaller Maracanã, more expensive tickets, disagreements between the club and administrators of the venue, and lackluster league campaigns brought crowds of around 30,000 in the 2013 and 2014 seasons, although multiple sellouts were observed.

Personnel[edit]

Technical staff[edit]

Position Name
Head coach Zé Ricardo
Assistant coach Jayme de Almeida
Cassiano de Jesus
Goalkeeping coach Wagner Miranda
Fitness coaches Rodrigo Poletto
Marcelo Martorelli
Daniel Félix
Medical staff manager Marcio Tannure
Doctors Marcelo Soares
Luiz Claudio Baldi
Serafim Borges
Guilherme Runco
Physiotherapists Fabiano Bastos
Mario Peixoto
Physiologist Claudio Pavanelli
Dietitians Leonardo Acro
Sílvia Ferreira
Massage Therapists Adenir Silva
Esmar Russo
Jorginho
Director of football Rodrigo Caetano
The field manager Mozer

Management[edit]

Office Name
President Eduardo Bandeira de Mello
Vice-President and Vice-President of Heritage Walter D'Agostino
Vice-President of Administration Rafael Strauch
Vice-President of Finance Cláudio Pracownik
Vice-President of Marketing José Rodrigo Sabino
Vice-President of Communications Antonio Tabet
Vice-President of Olympic Sports Alexandre Póvoa
Vice-President of Fla-Gávea Humberto Mota
Vice-President of the Presidential Cabinet Plínio Serpa Pinto
Vice-President of the Prosecutor General's Office Flávio de Araújo Willeman
Vice-President of Rowing and Vice-President of Football Flávio Godinho
Vice-President of the General Secretary's Office Pedro Iootty
Vice-President of Information Technology Pedro Almeida
Vice-President of External Relations Marcelo Haddad
Vice-President of Planning Flávio Godinho
Vice-President of Equity Alexandre Wrobel
As of October 29, 2015 [64]

Presidents[edit]

Below is the presidential history of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo.[65] The club had dozens of presidents, with variable permanence time. From 1895 to 1932, the terms lasted one year, from 1933 to 1956 two years, from 1957 to 1968 three years, from 1969 to 2000 was again two years and starting from 2001 again three years.

Tenures
# Name From To Notes
1 Domingos Marques de Azevedo November 17, 1895 1897
2 Augusto Lopes da Silveira 1898 1898
3 Júlio Gonçalves de A. Furtado 1899 1899
4 Antônio Ferreira Viana Filho 1900 1900 resigned
5 Jacintho Pinto de Lima Júnior 1900 1900
6 Fidelcino da Silva Leitão 1901 1901
7 Virgílio Leite de Oliveira e Silva 1902
1907
1913
1915
1902
1911
1913
1915


resigned
resigned
8 Arthur John Lawrence Gibbons 1903 1903
9 Mário Espínola 1904 1904 resigned
10 José Agostinho Pereira da Cunha 1905 1905
11 Manuel Alves de Cruz Rios 1905 1905
12 Francis Hamilton Wálter 1906 1906
13 Edmundo de Azurém Furtado 1912
1914
1915
1912
1914
1915
14 José Pimenta de Melo Filho 1913 1913
15 Raul Ferreira Serpa 1916 1916
16 Carlos Leclerc Castelo Branco 1917 1917
17 Alberto Burle Figueiredo 1918
1922
1920
1922
18 Faustino Esposel 1921
1924
1921
1927

resigned
19 Júlio Benedito Otoni 1923 1924 resigned
20 Alberto Borgerth 1927 1927
21 Nillor Rollin Pinheiro 1927 1927
22 Osvaldo dos Santos Jacinto 1928 1929 resigned
23 Carlos Eduardo Façanha Mamede 1929
1931
1929
1931

resigned
24 Alfredo Dolabella Portela 1930 1930 resigned
25 Manuel Joaquim de Almeida 1930 1930 resigned
26 Rubens de Campos Farrula 1931 1931
27 José de Oliveira Santos 1931
1933
1931
1933
28 Artur Lobo da Silva 1932 1932
29 Pascoal Segreto Sobrinho 1933 1933 resigned
30 José Bastos Padilha 1933 1938 resigned
31 Raul Dias Gonçalves 1938 1938
32 Gustavo Adolpho de Carvalho 1939 1942
33 Dario de Mello Pinto 1943
1949
1944
1950
34 Marino Machado de Oliveira 1945 1946 resigned
35 Hilton Gonçalves dos Santos 1946
1958
1946
1959
36 Orsini de Araujo Coriolano 1947 1948
37 Gilberto Ferreira Cardoso 1951 November 16, 1955 deceased
38 Antenor Coelho November 17, 1955 1955
39 José Alves Morais 1956 1957
40 George da Silva Fernandes 1960 1960 resigned
41 Oswaldo Gudolle Aranha 1961 1961
42 Fadel Fadel 1962 1965
43 Luiz Roberto Veiga Brito 1966
1971
1968
1971
44 André Gustavo Richer 1969
1972
1970
1973
45 Hélio Maurício Rodrigues de Souza 1974 1976
46 Márcio Braga 1977
1987
1991
2004
July 2009
1980
1988
1992
January 2009
September 2009



sick leave
resigned
47 Antônio Augusto D. de Abranches 1981 1983 resigned
48 Eduardo Fernando de M. Motta 1983 1983
49 George Helal 1984 1986
50 Gilberto Cardoso Filho 1989
July 8, 2002
1990
October 6, 2002
51 Luiz Augusto Veloso 1993 1994
52 Kléber Leite 1995 1998
53 Edmundo dos Santos Silva 1999 July 7, 2002 impeached
54 Hélio Paulo Ferraz October 7, 2002 2003
55 Delair Dumbrosck February 2009
October 2009
June 2009
December 21, 2009
56 Patricia Amorim December 22, 2009 December 26, 2012
57 Eduardo Bandeira de Mello December 27, 2012 2018

Other sports[edit]

One of the firsts rowing teams of the club, in 1896.

Besides rowing and football, Clube de Regatas do Flamengo also plays an active role in several Olympic sports, such as: gymnastics, basketball (see Flamengo Basketball), judo, swimming, volleyball and water polo.

Honors[edit]

Basketball[edit]

Rowing[edit]

  • International
    • Taça Sul-América (South-America Thophy) 1905
  • National
    • Troféu Brasil (Brazil's National Championship) (10): 1978, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1991, 1995–97
  • Regional
    • State Championship (42): 1916, 1917, 1920, 1933, 1940–43, 1963, 1965–69, 1971–81, 1983–97, 2003–04
    • Carioca League: 1935–37

Swimming[edit]

  • National
    • Brazilian Championship (12): 1968, 1980–87, 1989, 1991, 2002
    • José Finkel Trophy (12): 1977, 1980–87, 1990, 2001, 2002
  • Regional
    • State Championship (31): 1928, 1930, 1938–40, 1968, 1973, 1976, 1979–98, 2002–04

Volleyball (men's)[edit]

  • National
    • Brazilian Championship: 2003
    • Troféu dos Campeões Brasileiros (Brazilian Champion's Trophy) 1952
  • Regional
    • Copa Sudeste (Southeast Cup) 1993
    • Inter-Regional Championship 1995
    • State Championship (17): 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1959–61, 1977, 1987–89, 1991–96, 2005
    • State Championship (B Series): 1940, 1953
    • Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1953, 1956, 1959–61
  • Local
    • Municipal Championship: 1992, 1993, 1996

Volleyball (women's)[edit]

  • International
    • South American Championship: 1981
    • National
    • National Championship (8): 1948–52, 1978, 1980, 2001
    • Rio de Janeiro Tournament 1950
  • Regional
    • State Championship (11): 1938, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1984, 1999, 2000
    • Torneio Início (Inicio Tournament) 1961
    • State Championship – B Series 1953
    • Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1952, 1956–57, 1960
  • Local
    • Municipal Championship: 1996

Noted athletes[edit]

 

Noted coaches[edit]

  • Volleyball (women)
    • Isabel Salgado
  • Rowing
    • Guilherme Augusto Silva "Buck"

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Campeonato Brasileiro Série A" (in Portuguese). Confederação Brasileira de Futebol. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Fla sofre derrota na Justiça, e Sport é declarado único campeão de 1987". UOL. March 4, 2016. 
  3. ^ Flores, Manoel (2015), Guia do Campeonato Brasileiro 2015: Série A, Série B, Série C, Série D (PDF), Confederação Brasileira de Futebol, p. 10 
  4. ^ "Pesquisa IBOPE" (in Portuguese). 
  5. ^ "Pesquisa Datafolha". 
  6. ^ Márcio Mará. "Fla lidera ranking de receitas e é único dos grandes a reduzir dívida; veja lista". Globoesporte.globo.com. Retrieved January 31, 2016. 
  7. ^ seg, 13/05/13. "Teoria dos Jogos " O valor das marcas 2013 " Arquivo". Globoesporte.globo.com. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Fundado o Clube de Regatas do Flamengo". History Channel. Retrieved September 1, 2016. 
  9. ^ "ORIGEM DO MENGÃO". clerioborges.com.br. Retrieved August 24, 2016. 
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  11. ^ "Esquadrão Imortal – Flamengo 1953-1961". Imortais do futebol. March 2, 2013. Retrieved November 29, 2016. 
  12. ^ "When Flamengo and Zico ruled the world". WorldSoccer. July 14, 2013. Retrieved September 1, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Flamengo da era Zico é campeão do mundo ao vencer Liverpool em 1981". O Globo. August 26, 2013. Retrieved November 29, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Esquadrão Imortal – Flamengo 1980-1983". Imortais do futebol. April 21, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Players records". Flaestatística. Retrieved July 26, 2016. 
  16. ^ "Flamengo anuncia contratação de Romário". Folha de São Paulo. January 10, 1995. Retrieved January 10, 2017. 
  17. ^ "'Ataque dos sonhos' faz a estréia hoje no Flamengo". Folha de São Paulo. August 27, 1995. Retrieved January 10, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Campeonato Carioca 1995, Fase Final". futpédia. June 25, 1995. Retrieved January 10, 2017. 
  19. ^ "Sávio: o ataque dos sonhos do Fla "não podia dar certo"". band.com.br. February 19, 2016. Retrieved January 10, 2017. 
  20. ^ "Flamengo Campeão da Copa Ouro de 1996". Baú do Futebol. August 16, 1996. Retrieved January 10, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Flamengo e ISL assinam contrato". Diário de Cuiabá. Retrieved January 10, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Em 2001, Flamengo vence o Palmeiras em Juiz de Fora e escapa do rebaixamento". globoesporte.com. December 2, 2001. Retrieved January 10, 2017. 
  23. ^ "Títulos" (in Portuguese). NetFla.com.br. Retrieved August 18, 2015. 
  24. ^ Estádio da Gávea (in Portuguese). Flapédia.
  25. ^ "Orange crush: Netherlands and Flamengo fans rub shoulders as Dutch open training to public". Fox News Channel. June 7, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2016. 
  26. ^ Campeonato Brasileiro 2008 @Flapédia (Portuguese)
  27. ^ Jogos do Flamengo em 2008 @Flapédia (Portuguese)
  28. ^ "Alçapão do Fla terá setor sem cadeira e torcida a seis metros do campo". globoesporte.com. January 3, 2017. Retrieved February 14, 2017. 
  29. ^ "Brazil's Flamengo has most fans in world". SBS. February 27, 2008. Retrieved September 1, 2016. 
  30. ^ "Torcida do Flamengo é Patrimônio Cultural da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro | Diário do Rio de Janeiro". Diariodorio.com. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  31. ^ "The Vasco-Flamengo Rivalry". WorldSoccer. July 17, 2001. Retrieved September 1, 2016. 
  32. ^ "Tim Vickery's Notes from South America: brief history of the Flamengo-Fluminense derby". WorldSoccer. March 21, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2016. 
  33. ^ "Atlético e Flamengo revivem clássico dos anos 80". ESPN. November 18, 2014. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  34. ^ Leandro, Stein (October 29, 2014). "Como os timaços de Fla e Galo criaram a maior rivalidade interestadual do Brasil" [How Fla's and Galo's superteams created the biggest interstate rivalry in Brazil]. Trivela (in Portuguese). Retrieved October 11, 2015. 
  35. ^ "Clube Atlético Mineiro – Flapédia" (in Portuguese). Flapédia. September 29, 2015. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  36. ^ Flamengo's uniforms since 1980 (Portuguese)
  37. ^ Flamengo/Olympikus Hotsite (Portuguese)
  38. ^ Batavo é a nova patrocinadora do Flamengo (in Portuguese). Flamengo.com.br. January 26, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
  39. ^ Patrocínio é aprovado, e uniforme do Fla já estampará nova marca na quarta-feira (in Portuguese). Globoesporte.com. January 26, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
  40. ^ Conselho aprova Banco BMG como novo patrocinador do Flamengo (in Portuguese). Flamengo.com.br. February 12, 2010. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
  41. ^ Executiva diz que Fla deve agradecer a Ronaldo por novo patrocínio (in Portuguese). Globoesporte.com.br. August 12, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
  42. ^ Conselho aprova Banco BMG como novo patrocinador do Flamengo (in Portuguese). Flamengo.com.br. February 12, 2010. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
  43. ^ "Fla fecha patrocínio que renderá cerca de R$ 200 milhões ao clube em 6 anos". globoesporte.com. December 30, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016. 
  44. ^ "Flamengo's official website (bottom of the page)". Retrieved February 5, 2017. 
  45. ^ "Flamengo First Team". flamengo.com.br. Flamengo. Retrieved January 16, 2017. 
  46. ^ "Squad numbers". flamengo.com.br. Flamengo. Retrieved January 16, 2017. 
  47. ^ "Lista de Jugadores Copa Libertadores 2012" (Flamengo roster included) – CONMEBOL"
  48. ^ "Copa do Brasil since 1989". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  49. ^ "Rio de Janeiro State – List of Champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  50. ^ "Torneio Rio-São Paulo – List of Champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  51. ^ "Copa Libertadores de América". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  52. ^ "Supercopa Libertadores (Supercopa João Havelange)". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  53. ^ "Copa Mercosur". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  54. ^ "Copa de Oro 1996". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  55. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  56. ^ Médias de Público do Flamengo no Maracanã ano a ano@Flapédia (Portuguese)
  57. ^ Jogos do Flamengo em 2009 (Portuguese)
  58. ^ "Flamengo attendance in 2011" (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 29, 2016. 
  59. ^ "Flamengo attendance in 2012" (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 29, 2016. 
  60. ^ "Flamengo attendance in 2013" (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 29, 2016. 
  61. ^ "Flamengo attendance in 2014" (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 29, 2016. 
  62. ^ "Flamengo attendance in 2015" (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 29, 2016. 
  63. ^ "Flamengo attendance in 2016" (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 29, 2016. 
  64. ^ "Clube de Regatas do Flamengo -". flamengo.com.br. 
  65. ^ "Presidentes do Flamengo | Flapédia". Retrieved January 25, 2014. 

External links[edit]