|Created by||CSI: Crime Scene Investigation|
Anthony E. Zuiker
CSI: Miami, CSI: NY and CSI: Cyber
Anthony E. Zuiker
|Original work||CSI: Crime Scene Investigation|
|Films and television|
|Television series||CSI: Crime Scene Investigation|
|Traditional||CSI: Crime Scene Investigation: The Board Game|
CSI: Crime Game Booster Pack
CSI: Senses: The Game
CSI: Miami: The Board Game
CSI: Board Game
|Video game(s)||CSI: Crime Scene Investigation|
CSI: Dark Motives
CSI: 3 Dimensions of Murder
CSI: Hard Evidence
CSI: Deadly Intent
CSI: Crime City
CSI: Fatal Conspiracy
|Toy(s)||CSI: Forensics Lab|
CSI: DNA Laboratory
CSI: Forensic Facial
|Exhibition||CSI: The Experience|
CSI was a media franchise of American television programs created by Anthony E. Zuiker. The first three CSI series follow the work of forensic scientists as they unveil the circumstances behind mysterious deaths, while the fourth series, CSI: Cyber, emphasizes behavioral psychology and how it can be applied to cyber forensics.
CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, began on October 6, 2000, and ran for fifteen full seasons. Starring William Petersen, Ted Danson, Marg Helgenberger, Elisabeth Shue, and Laurence Fishburne, the series concluded its run with a two-hour finale entitled "Immortality" on September 27, 2015. The series original lead characters, Gil Grissom and Catherine Willows, were based upon LVMPD Crime Scene Analysts Daniel Holstein and Yolanda McClary. CSI's first spin-off and the second series within the franchise is CSI: Miami, which ran for ten seasons between 2002 and 2012 and was canceled on May 13, 2012. Miami stars David Caruso and Emily Procter, with its lead character, Horatio Caine, based upon LAPD bomb squad technician Detective John Haynes.
In 2004, CSI: Miami spun off CSI: NY, the third series in the franchise and the only indirect spin-off of CSI. It was canceled after nine seasons on May 10, 2013. The series starred Gary Sinise, Melina Kanakaredes, and Sela Ward. In 2014, CSI spun off CSI: Cyber, its second direct spin-off and the fourth series in the franchise. Cyber premiered in 2015, and starred Patricia Arquette and franchise alum Ted Danson – the only actor to appear as a series regular in more than one CSI series. The lead character, Avery Ryan, was inspired by cyber-psychologist Mary Aiken who was attached to the series as a producer. The final series, CSI: Cyber, was canceled on May 12, 2016.
A total of 797 episodes of the CSI franchise have aired.
The CSI franchise is available in 200 territories with an audience of two billion people. Various spin-offs have been developed to cater for the market including novels, comic books, and computer games.
The franchise has had a large cultural impact. It has spawned what has been called the "CSI effect," in which juries often have unreasonable expectations of real-life forensics because of what they have seen on CSI. Equally, the new-found popularity of forensics dramas on television has led to an increase in applications for courses dealing with forensic science or archaeological science—in the United Kingdom applications are up by 30%. The franchise is so influential that fellow CBS show How I Met Your Mother advertised itself as "not a Crime Scene Investigation show". In some ways the franchise may also fill a cultural need:
"We started in 2000 and it was a success, but our ratings really shot up after the September 11 attacks," Zuiker says in a documentary about the CSI phenomenon to be aired at Christmas . "People were rushing to us for their comfort food. There was a sense of justice in CSI: Crime Scene Investigation – it helped to know that there were people like our characters out there helping to solve crimes. And, of course, 9/11 was the world's largest crime scene."
However, the "CSI effect" also has a negative side, as criminals are frequently covering up evidence that could be used to trace them using techniques learned by watching CSI and other shows in the same genre.
CSI:Miami and CSI:Cyber spun off from CSI, and CSI:NY spun off from CSI:Miami, all via backdoor-pilot episodes.
|CSI: Crime Scene Investigation||1||2||3||4||5||6||7||8||9||10||11||12||13||14||15||Finale||2000–15|
Differences between series
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The Las Vegas team are scientists foremost and follow the evidence.
The crimes the Las Vegas CSI team face (other than the standard murders, attempted murders, kidnappings, and rapes) include casino robberies, bodies buried in the Nevada desert, and murders during different conventions at casinos.
The Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department Crime Lab is a modern crime lab and shares a lot (but not a building) with the Las Vegas Police Department. It reports to the sheriff's office. In early episodes of season one the lab is frequently referred to as the number-two crime lab in the United States, solving cases believed unsolvable. The lab consists of specialist laboratories, a Supervisor's office, an Assistant Supervisor's office, a locker room, a break-room, and stairs leading to a second floor, believed to house the offices of the Day-shift and Swing-shift supervisors.
- Laboratory Directors: D.B. Russell (12.01–16.02), Sara Sidle (16.02)
- Night Shift Supervisors: Jim Brass (1.01), Gil Grissom (1.02–9.10), Catherine Willows (9.11–11.22), D.B. Russell (12.01–16.02)
- Night Shift Assistant Supervisors: Gil Grissom (1.01), Catherine Willows (1.02–5.08, 6.01–9.10, 12.01–12.12), Nick Stokes (10.01–11.22), Julie Finlay (12.14–15.18)
- Day Shift Supervisors: Sofia Curtis (Acting) (5.07–5.08),
- Swing Shift Supervisors: Catherine Willows (5.09–5.25)
- Assistant Swing Shift Supervisors: Sofia Curtis (5.09–5.25)
The Miami team are detectives foremost and mainly use theories to solve crimes.
The crimes the Miami CSI team face (other than the standard murders, attempted murders, kidnappings, and rapes) include drug running, murdered refugees from Cuba, bodies found washed up on the beach and dumped in the everglades, and crimes involving the rich and famous who have secrets to hide in their mansions and beach front properties.
First stationed out of a broom-closet next to the MDPD's bull-pen in the backdoor pilot, the Miami CSI's were eventually given their own building prior to the start of the first season. Originally dark and technical the building housed Horatio's office, Megan's office, specialist labs, and a locker room. During the fourth season a government grant meant that slanted glass walls, multiple modern labs, an interrogation room, and a new locker room were all constructed. Horatio's office has not been seen since the lab's reconstruction although a state-of-the-art ballistics suite was added, acting as Calleigh's office. The lab has reinforced windows and shutters to protect against hurricanes and tsunamis.
- Laboratory Director & Day Shift Supervisor: Horatio Caine (Backdoor pilot–10.19)
- Assistant Day Shift Supervisors: Megan Donner (1.01–1.10), Calleigh Duquesne (1.11–10.19)
The New York team are equally scientists and detectives and frequently use criminal profiling (as well as evidence and theories) to solve cases.
The crimes the New York CSI team face (other than the standard murders, attempted murders, kidnappings, and rapes) include organised crime activity involving the Italian Mafia, street-gang violence, and ethnic, cultural, and ability differences.
During the first season the NYPD CSI lab was in an old underground building with rustic brick walls. The lab housed Mac's office, a locker room, the autopsy suite, and specialist forensic laboratories. As of the second season the lab is on the 35th floor of a high-rise building in Manhattan. Equipped with glass walls and state-of-the-art equipment this lab consists of Mac's office, specialist laboratories, an observation walkway, a break-room and kitchen, a locker room, an office belonging to the Assistant Supervisor and Lindsay, and an office belonging to Danny and Hawkes. Part of this second lab was blown up in the season three finale, "Snow Day", but was restored by the beginning of season four.
- Laboratory Director & Day Shift Supervisor: Mac Taylor (Backdoor pilot–9.17)
- Assistant Day Shift Supervisors: Stella Bonasera (Backdoor pilot–6.23), Jo Danville (7.01–9.17)
The Cyber team focuses on the technical aspect of crimes, with NextGen forensics providing it with a real-world crime scene investigative counterpart.
The FBI Cyber Crime Division investigates cyber-based terrorism, internet-related murders, espionage, computer intrusions, major cyber-fraud, cyber-theft, hacking, sex offenses, blackmail, and any other crime deemed to be cyber-related within the FBI's jurisdiction.
— Cyber Crime Division
The FBI Cyber Crime Division operates out of Washington, D.C. and is housed in the Cyber Threat Operations Center. The CTOC consists of Ryan's office, Russell's office, a communications bullpen housing the desks of Krumitz, Nelson, and Ramirez, a cyber lab, a glass walkway, and a 'tear-down room'. Due to their nomadic nature the team are often seen interviewing suspects at various FBI field offices and police departments.
- FBI Directors: FBI Director Marcus Silver, FBI Assistant Deputy Director Simon Sifter (1.01–1.13), FBI Deputy Director Colin Vickner (1.01–2.04), FBI Deputy Director Avery Ryan (2.06–2.18)
- Special Agent in Charge: Avery Ryan (Backdoor pilot–2.05)
— Next Generation Cyber Forensics Division
The Next Generation Cyber Forensics Division is a lab-based facility within the Cyber Crime Division used for the processing of evidence in cyber-related cases.
- Laboratory Director: D.B. Russell (2.01–2.18)
The opening themes for all four series are remixes of songs performed by The Who.
|CSI: Crime Scene Investigation||"Who Are You"|
|CSI: Miami||"Won't Get Fooled Again"|
|CSI: NY||"Baba O'Riley"|
|CSI: Cyber||"I Can See for Miles"|
Crossovers are possible between CSI series as well as with other programs within the same creative stable. Between the series the baton is passed to the new CSI series via a crossover/pilot where cases are overlapped and personnel are shared. Many actors have appeared in two of the series. Four actors have appeared in three: David Caruso, Laurence Fishburne, and Gary Sinise all appeared in CSI, CSI: Miami, and CSI: NY, while Ted Danson appeared as a guest star on CSI: NY and a series regular on both CSI and CSI: Cyber, making him the first actor to be a main character in more than one CSI series. Crossovers have also, on occasion, taken place between a CSI series and a series outside the franchise.
Within the franchise
|Crossover between||Episode||Type||Actors crossing over||Date aired|
|Series A||Series B||Series C|
|CSI||CSI: Miami||N/A||"Cross Jurisdictions"
|Backdoor pilot||Series A: David Caruso, Emily Procter, Adam Rodríguez, Rory Cochrane, Khandi Alexander||May 9, 2002|
|Catherine and Warrick team up with Horatio Caine to investigate the murder of Las Vegas' former chief and the kidnapping of his wife and daughter following a wild party.|
|CSI: Miami||CSI: NY||N/A||"MIA/NYC NonStop"
(CSI: Miami 2.23)
|Backdoor pilot||Series A: Gary Sinise, Melina Kanakaredes, Carmine Giovinazzo, Vanessa Ferlito, Hill Harper||May 17, 2004|
|Horatio travels to New York believing it to be the residence of someone who committed a double homicide. He is assisted by Mac Taylor who suspects that the crimes in Miami might be connected to the murder of an undercover New York cop.|
|CSI: NY||CSI||N/A||"Grand Master"
(CSI: NY 1.04)
|Character appearance||Series A: Ricky Harris||October 27, 2004|
|CSI consultant Disco Placid (first seen in "Anonymous") consults on the audio aspects of a murder that takes place during a turntable competition.|
|CSI: Miami||CSI: NY||N/A||"Felony Flight"
(CSI: Miami 4.07)
(CSI: NY 2.07)
|Two-night event||Series A: Gary Sinise
Series B: David Caruso
|Nov. 7, 2005|
Nov. 9, 2005
|A convicted serial killer, Henry Darius, sabotages and escapes an airplane that was flying him from New York to Miami, where he supposedly buried a body. After fleeing the crash site he goes on a killing spree and abducts a college student. Since Darius was originally arrested in New York, Mac Taylor arrives in Miami to help Horatio track the killer down. Darius murders a group of teens in a luxury apartment where he tries to rob a security vault.|
|CSI: Miami||CSI: NY||CSI||"Bone Voyage"
(CSI: Miami 8.07)
(CSI: NY 6.07)
"The Lost Girls"
|CSI: Trilogy||Series A & B: Laurence Fishburne||Nov. 9, 2009|
Nov. 11, 2009
Nov. 12, 2009
|Ray Langston arrives in Miami to investigate a severed leg found in the Everglades that belonged to a girl who disappeared in Las Vegas a week before. He discovers a human-trafficking ring that specializes in black-market organ harvesting that leads him to New York where he assists Mac in attempting to free a hostage. Ray returns to Las Vegas to find a missing girl who's been taken by the human traffickers and may be part of a prostitution ring.|
|CSI||CSI: NY||N/A||"In Vino Veritas"
"Seth and Apep"
(CSI: NY 9.15)
|Two-night event||Series A: Gary Sinise
Series B: Ted Danson
|Feb. 6, 2013|
Feb. 8, 2013
|Mac Taylor visits Las Vegas to surprise his girlfriend, Christine, who is missing upon his arrival. It turns out she was kidnapped in New York before the trip and a look-alike took her place. D.B Russell insists on accompanying Mac back to New York to help find her.|
|Backdoor pilot||Series A: Patricia Arquette||Apr. 30, 2014|
|Avery Ryan, a Special Agent attached to the FBI Cyber Crime Division, travels to Las Vegas when the murder of a casino mogul's wife is linked to an UnSub she has been tracking who commits crimes on the internet that play out in the real world.|
|CSI||CSI: Cyber||N/A||"The Twin Paradox"
|Guest appearance||Series A: Patricia Arquette||Nov. 16, 2014|
|Finlay leads the CSI team in a hunt for Seattle's notorious Gig Harbor Killer, while Russell meets with colleague Avery Ryan for advice on how to catch a mentally unstable serial killer.|
With other series
|Crossover between||Episode||Type||Actors crossing over||Date aired|
|Series A||Series B|
|CSI: NY||Cold Case||"Cold Reveal"
(CSI: NY 3.22)
|Guest appearance||Series A: Danny Pino||May 2, 2007|
|When Stella Bonasera's DNA matches evidence found during a Cold Case investigation in Philadelphia, Detective Scotty Valens visits the New York Crime Lab in order to rule her out as a homicide suspect.|
|CSI||Without a Trace||"Who and What"
"Where and Why"
(Without a Trace 6.06)
|Two-hour event||Series A: Anthony LaPaglia
Series B: William Petersen
|Nov. 8, 2007|
|Jack Malone joins forces with Grissom to track a serial killer since a boy who was kidnapped in New York six years before matches the profile of a Las Vegas murder victim. The two of them establish the killer's pattern of behavior to track him down.|
|Two and a Half Men||CSI||"Fish in a Drawer"
(Two and a Half Men 5.17)
"Two and a Half Deaths"
|Writer exchange||Series A: George Eads
Series B: Charlie Sheen, Jon Cryer, Angus T. Jones
|May 5, 2008|
May 8, 2008
|The two shows' writers swapped roles. George Eads appears in "Fish in a Drawer" as a wedding guest when a man is found dead, possibly murdered. In "Two and a Half Deaths" Grissom investigates the death of a sitcom diva who was filming in Las Vegas. Sheen, Cryer, and Jones appear as themselves wearing the same clothes from "Fish in a Drawer".|
|CSI||MythBusters||"Theory of Everything"
"Fireball Stun Gun"
|Cameo appearance||Series A: Jamie Hyneman, Adam Savage||May 1, 2008|
June 2, 2010
|The team investigates an abundance of cases that turn out to be related, including the death of a man who may have spontaneously combusted in police custody due to the combination of two supposedly nonlethal weapons: pepper spray and a stun gun. Hyneman and Savage appear in "Theory of Everything" as lab technicians watching Nick test the idea and then later on MythBusters test it themselves in earnest and find it plausible.|
UK TV movies
In the UK, Channel 5 edited together related episodes to make one whole feature. These include:
|Series||Title||Episodes edited together||Runtime|
|CSI: Crime Scene Investigation||The CSI Pilot Movie||"Pilot" / "Cool Change"|
|The CSI Movie: Grave Danger||"Grave Danger (Part 1)" / "Grave Danger (Part 2)"|
|The CSI Movie: Bullet||"A Bullet Runs Through It (Part 1)" /
"A Bullet Runs Through It (Part 2)"
|The CSI Movie: Bang-Bang||"Bang-Bang" / "Way to Go"||110 mins|
|The CSI Movie: Built to Kill||"Built to Kill (Part 1)" / "Built to Kill (Part 2)"||110 mins|
|The CSI Movie: Dr Who & Mr Jekyll||"Doctor Who" / "Meat Jekyll"||105 mins|
|The CSI Movie: Immortality||"Immortality Part I" / "Immortality Part II"||87 mins|
|CSI: Miami||The CSI Movie: Crisis||"No Man's Land" / "Man Down"||105 mins|
|The CSI Movie: Fallen||'"All Fall Down" / "Fallen"||105 mins|
|CSI: NY||The CSI Movie: Revenge||"Nothing for Something" / "Life Sentence"||100 mins|
Also Channel 5 will sometimes group episodes with similar themes together such as:
- Psychopaths called "CSI: Psycho Season" – episodes involve characters such as Paul Millander, Nate Haskell (The Dick & Jane Killer), and Charlie DiMasa (Dr. Jekyll) from CSI; Antonio Riaz, Walter Resden, and Clavo Cruz from CSI: Miami; and Shane Casey, Clay Dobson, Hollis Eckhart (The Compass Killer), and The Cabbie Killer from CSI: NY.
- Home Invasion Murders – episodes include "Blood Drops" and "Gum Drops" from CSI, "Slaughterhouse" from CSI: Miami, and "Damned If You Do" and "Who's There?" from CSI: NY.
- Cop killings called "CSI: Cops in Crisis" – episodes include "Cop Killer" from CSI: Miami as well as the episodes where regular CSI characters are killed such as Warrick Brown, Tim Speedle, Aiden Burn, and Jessica Angell.
- Domestic murders between couples called "CSI: Murder and Matrimony" – episodes include "Just Murdered" and "Divorce Party" from CSI: Miami.
- Guest celebrities called "CSI: Celeb" including the episodes featuring Justin Bieber, Taylor Swift and Kim Kardashian among others.
- Christmas themed episodes called "A CSI Christmas" – episodes include "The Lost Reindeer" from CSI and "Silent Night", "Forbidden Fruit", "Second Chances" and "Shop Till You Drop" from CSI: NY. Also Channel 5 might include Christmas themed episodes from other crime dramas such as the NCIS franchise and Castle.
The CSI franchise has spawned 11 computer games published by Ubisoft across the three shows.
Gameloft has also published a series of mobile games based on the CSI series including CSI: The Mobile Game (Vegas) and CSI: Miami.
In addition, several board games and puzzles based on all three series have seen release, all published by Canadian game manufacturer Specialty Board Games, Inc. In 2011, the CSI Board Game was released by another Canadian company, GDC–GameDevCo Ltd. It is the first game to include all three CSI shows.
Chicago's Museum of Science & Industry opened an exhibit in CSI's honor on May 25, 2007 called: "CSI: The Experience". In October 2011 it was at Discovery Times Square in New York City. There is also a game on the website where you are trained in forensic biology, weapons and tool mark analyses, toxicology and the autopsy.
Various novelizations have appeared based on the series. Authors include Max Allan Collins (CSI: Crime Scene Investigation), Donn Cortez (CSI: Miami), Stuart M. Kaminsky (CSI: NY), and Keith R.A. DeCandido (CSI: NY).
Titan Magazines published 11 issues of CSI Magazine starting in November 2007. They contained a mixture of features and interviews looking into the world of the three CSIs and the people who help create it. They were available in the UK and US.
A range of toys have been developed. These include:
- "CSI: Forensics Lab"
- "CSI: DNA Laboratory"
- "CSI: Forensic Facial"
However, they have been the source of some controversy. The Parents Television Council, who have complained about CSI in general, in 2004 released a statement specifically aimed at the toys. The PTC e-mailed letters to their supporters, telling them the content of the games were entirely inappropriate for children to be exposed to "because the CSI franchise often displays graphic images, including close-ups of corpses with gunshot wounds and other bloody injuries." The letter went on to say "The PTC doesn't think the recreation of blood, guts and gore should be under a child's Christmas tree this year," PTC concluded. "This so-called 'toy' is a blatant attempt to market CSI and its adult-oriented content directly to children."
In urging members to file a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission, PTC said CBS parent company Viacom needed to hear from parents who are concerned about the "graphic scenes of blood, violence, and sex" in their product. They also asked their supporters to contact Target and Toys "R" Us.
Producers announced intentions to break the Guinness World Record for largest ever TV simulcast drama on March 4, 2015, with the episode "Kitty" airing in 150 countries in addition to digital streaming. They succeeded in breaking the record by airing CSI: Cyber's backdoor pilot in 171 countries.
Because of the popularity of the CSI franchise in the United Kingdom, Channel 5 created two documentaries about CSI. The first one called The Real CSI follows real crime scene investigators as they work on crime scene. The second documentary, True CSI, features true tales of how forensic science has helped solve some of the world's best known crimes. True CSI had actors re-enacting the crime as well as interviews with people involved in the solving of the crimes themselves. Cases featured included the Sam Sheppard case.
In early 2007, British channel ITV1 broadcast a special of its flagship documentary Tonight with Trevor McDonald discussing the ramifications of the "CSI effect", highlighting the effect not only of the franchise but of several other British and American TV police procedurals.
- Staff (December 5, 2000). "Meet the Real C.S.I.". KLAS-TV. Retrieved March 16. 2015.
- Scheiber, Dave (January 1, 2004). "Crossing the line". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- Goldberg, Lesley (May 10, 2013). "CBS Cancels CSI: NY After Nine Seasons". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 10, 2013.
- Hibberd, James (March 5, 2014). "Patricia Arquette to star in CSI spinoff". Entertainment Weekly.
- Ausiello, Michael (May 12, 2016). "CSI: Cyber Cancelled at CBS". TVLine. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- Gilbert, Gerard (December 19, 2006). "CSI: The cop show that conquered the world". The Independent. Retrieved April 22, 2007.
- Hackett, Paul (March 28, 2007). "Want a career in forensics? Here's some hard evidence". The Guardian. Retrieved April 22, 2007.
- CBS (August 20, 2007). "How I Met Your Mother -- CSI: Style". YouTube. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- Rowlands, Ted (February 15, 2006). "'CSI effect' cuts both ways: Experts say crime shows help law enforcement and criminals". CNN. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- "The CSI Movie: Bullet". TVCatchup. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- "The CSI Movie: Bang-Bang". TVCatchup. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- "The CSI Movie: Built to Kill". TVCatchup. Archived from the original on September 12, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- "The CSI Movie: Dr Who & Mr Jekyll". TVCatchup. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- "The CSI Movie: Crisis". TVCatchup. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- "The CSI Movie: Fallen". TVCatchup. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- "The CSI Movie: Revenge". TVCatchup. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- "CSI Board Game". GDC–GameDevCo. Retrieved December 8, 2011.
- "CSI: Crime Scene Investigation". Stern Pinball. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- Moore, Laura (May 24, 2007). "CSI Stars Spend a Night at the Museum". TV Guide. Retrieved May 24, 2007.
- "Tickets on Sale Now for CSI: The Experience at New York's Discovery Times Square". (September 15, 2011). PR Newswire. Retrieved September 30, 2011.
- Trongo, Rachel (October 30, 2007). "The Official CSI Magazine Hits Newsstands". CSI Files. Retrieved November 4, 2007.
- "The Official CSI Magazine". CBS Store.com. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- Moore, Jimmy (November 17, 2004). "Pro-Family Group Outraged Over CSI 'Toy'". Men's News Daily. Retrieved October 14, 2006.
- Easton, Ann (March 2, 2015). "The Power of Patricia Arquette: CSI: Cyber Aims to Break a Guinness World Record". The New York Observer. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- Wagmeister, Elizabeth (March 10, 2015). "CSI Breaks Guinness World Record for Largest TV Drama Simulcast of All Time". Variety. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- "The Real CSI". (April 17, 2012). Frontline. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
- Further reading
As well as fictional books based on the franchise there have also been a number of guides published:
- Flaherty, Mike, and Corinne Marrinan (September 2004). CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Companion. Pocket Books, ISBN 0-7434-6741-8.
- Marrinan, Corinne, and Steve Parker (October 2006). Ultimate CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. Dorling Kindersley, ISBN 1-4053-1672-1.
- Cortez, Donn, and Leah Wilson, eds. (December 2006). Investigating CSI: An Unauthorized Look Inside the Crime Labs of Las Vegas, Miami, and New York. Smart Pop series, BenBella Books, ISBN 1-932100-93-8.
- Allen, Michael (August 2007). Reading CSI: Crime TV Under the Microscope. I.B. Tauris, ISBN 1-84511-428-0.
- Cohan, Steven (December 2008). CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. BFI TV Classics, BFI Publishing, ISBN 1-84457-255-2.