CSNY 1974

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CSNY 1974
CSNY 1974 (cover art).jpg
Live album by
ReleasedJuly 8, 2014
RecordedAugust 14, 15, 19, 20, 21, 27, 28, 29, September 14, December 14, 1974
GenreRock, folk rock
Length196:15 (full version)
78:16 (single disc sampler)
LabelRhino Records
ProducerGraham Nash, Joel Bernstein
Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young chronology
CSN 2012
(2012)
CSNY 1974
(2014)
Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
SourceRating
Metacritic87/100[1]
Review scores
SourceRating
Blurt Magazine5/5 stars[2]
AllMusic4/5 stars[3]
Rolling Stone4.5/5 stars[4]
Drowned in Sound(8/10)[5]

CSNY 1974 is the nineteenth album by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, their seventh in the quartet configuration, and their fifth live album, the third as a foursome. Issued on Rhino Records in 2014, it consists of concert material recorded in 1974 on the band's tour during the summer of that year. It was issued in several formats: a standard compact disc box set consisting of three audio discs and a standard DVD; as one pure audio Blu-ray disc and a Blu-ray DVD; and a more expensively packaged limited deluxe edition consisting of the material on six vinyl records along with the Blu-ray discs and a coffee table book. Two single disc samplers were also issued, one of the acoustic material exclusively available at Starbucks in the United States and Canada, and another at normal retail outlets. Each of the non-sampler sets also contained a 188-page booklet, and all formats were released the same day. The three-disc and DVD package peaked at #17 on the Billboard 200, while the Starbucks sampler peaked at #37 and the selections sampler at #81.[6]

Background[edit]

After the split of CSNY in the summer of 1970, through 1971 David Crosby, Graham Nash, and Neil Young released solo albums, while Stephen Stills issued two. All were gold records, as were the three issued in early 1972 by the quartet: Harvest; Graham Nash David Crosby; and Manassas; proving the group to be appealing commercially apart as well as together.[7] Indicative of this commercial clout, only the separated Beatles as a group also achieved gold records with regularity during the same time period, reinforcing the notion of CSNY as the American Beatles.[8] The foursome showed little interest in regrouping given their individual success, but with the real Beatles defunct and Bob Dylan not touring, public enthusiasm remained unabated for CSNY as the new counterculture leaders to record and/or do concerts together, acknowledged by manager Elliot Roberts with his 'pissing in the wind' quote.[9]

Young toured solo in late 1970 and early 1971, Stills undertook his first solo headlining tour with a new band in the summer of 1971, about the same time that Crosby and Nash toured 'unplugged', for the first time as a duo.[10] Crosby and Nash toured by themselves again in 1972, while Stills assembled his Manassas band to tour after their album.[11] There had been sporadic reunions, with Young showing up to Crosby and Nash shows, Young recording a one-off single "War Song" with Nash, and CSN in three different pairs providing backing vocals on Young's Harvest album.[10][12]

In 1973, their individual fortunes began to falter. Stills toured again with Manassas, but their second album did not do as well in the marketplace. Young undertook two tours colored by the death of Crazy Horse guitarist Danny Whitten; the album from the first tour (with Crosby and Nash on a couple of tracks) Time Fades Away falling well short of the previous year's Harvest sales-wise. Crosby's reunion with the Byrds and Nash's second solo album also did not do very well critically or commercially.[13] An attempt to make the second CSNY studio album in the summer of 1973 after a reunion in Hawaii fell apart.[14]

Crosby and Nash put together their first electric band tour in late 1973, and Stills continued to tour with Manassas late into 1973, but the seed had been planted.[15] In January and February 1974, impresario Bill Graham successfully directed the return of Bob Dylan to the concert stage with a winter tour of basketball and hockey arenas. Manager Roberts proposed to CSNY something more ambitious: a summer tour of baseball and football stadiums.[16][17] Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young agreed, Graham signed on as tour director, and the tour was set to begin in July. Rehearsals took place at Young's ranch in La Honda in May and June.[18]

Tour[edit]

Besides the four principals on guitars and keyboards, supporting musicians had previously worked with different members. Tim Drummond had been the bassist for Young's Stray Gators band and had recently played on Wild Tales by Nash and On the Beach by Young. Drummer Russ Kunkel appeared on the debut album by Crosby & Nash, and percussionist Joe Lala was a member of Manassas.

The tour commenced on July 9 at the Seattle Center Coliseum and played 30 dates in 23 locations, ending the North American tour proper at the Roosevelt Raceway in Westbury, New York on September 8.[19] A 31st and final show took place on September 14 at Wembley Stadium, with opening acts including The Band and Joni Mitchell.[20] The Beach Boys, Santana, Joe Walsh, and Jesse Colin Young also appeared as support acts during the tour.[21]

Cass Elliot died in London during the tour on July 29. Nash relayed the news to Kunkel, who was married to her sister Leah. Kunkel said, "She had a big role in their lives. She introduced Graham to Stephen. It was a very difficult day for us when she died. Thank God we were in the middle of doing something we couldn’t stop. The show that night is probably what got us all through it."[17]

Although large multiple-bill festivals such as Miami Pop, Woodstock, and Watkins Glen had taken place, and CSNY, the Rolling Stones, and others had played infrequent stadium shows, no band except for the Beatles had ever attempted a tour of this magnitude.[22] Whereas the Beatles had done a series of stadium dates over two weeks in 1966, the scope of this tour and its logistics were unprecedented; the tour visited indoor sports arenas, race tracks, and smaller college stadia, including Chicago Stadium, Nassau Coliseum, Boston Garden, the Capital Centre, Jeppesen Stadium at the University of Houston, and the St. Paul Civic Center.[22][23]

Production and box set content[edit]

Nash and Joel Bernstein, who had assembled the three individual box sets Voyage, Reflections, and Carry On for Crosby, Nash, and Stills respectively, collaborated again to produce this set. Nash stated that he became the group's archivist both because of his interest in preserving their history[24] and because "I just think I'm the only one with the patience for it."[25] Nash had also produced the 1991 box set for CSN, and Bernstein was the photographer for the 1974 tour. Nash and Bernstein selected the best take for each song from the dozen or so performances available. Nash claimed there were absolutely no overdubs: "If something was out of tune, I would either tune or I'd find it from another show – I'd find something at roughly the same tempo and I'd put it on."[25] The commitment to not overdubbing any tracks led to his decision to not include one of Stills' best known songs, "Carry On", as he could not get a good take even by splicing songs together. Fortunately, Stills was not upset.[26]

Recording locations during the tour as per the dates below were the Nassau Coliseum in Uniondale, New York; the Capital Centre in Landover, Maryland; Chicago Stadium in Chicago, Illinois; and Wembley Stadium in London, England.[27] Additional recording after the tour took place at a benefit for the United Farm Workers Union on December 14 at the San Francisco Civic Auditorium.[28] The concerts in Landover and London were filmed and provide the video footage for the DVD.

While the set list consisted of material taken from both group and solo projects, many songs performed on the tour and included in this box set had not been issued before the tour. Some of these tracks may have been intended for the aborted Human Highway CSNY project of the previous summer.[a] "Carry Me" and "Time After Time" by Crosby would show up respectively on the Crosby & Nash albums Wind on the Water and Whistling Down the Wire. "Myth of Sisyphus" and "My Angel" by Stills would appear on his next solo album. "Fieldworker" by Nash would also be included on Wind on the Water. "Mellow My Mind" by Young would be released on Tonight's the Night, and "Long May You Run" would be the title track for the album Young would record in tandem with Stills. "On the Beach" and "Revolution Blues" would be released during the tour via Young's On the Beach. CSN's cover of "Blackbird" had been recorded in the studio in early 1969, but would not be issued until the 1991 box set. Five songs by Young – "Traces", "Goodbye Dick", "Love Art Blues", "Hawaiian Sunrise", and "Pushed It Over the End" – had appeared on bootlegs and imports but never on an officially sanctioned release before.

The box set presents an idealized concert from the template of the shows themselves: discs one and three full-band electric sets flanking a middle second set of acoustic songs in solo, duo, trio, and quartet configurations. The 188-page booklet contains photographs, an essay, quotes, and song information compiled by Bernstein, including which model instruments were used on each song. Crosby had wanted to title the set What Could Possibly Go Wrong?, but that was nixed by the others.[17]

Legacy[edit]

Crosby dubbed this "the Doom Tour," in reference to both the difficulties in playing such large venues and the collateral excesses.[31] In order to have something in the stores coinciding with the tour, Atlantic Records compiled So Far from two studio albums and both sides of the stand-alone "Ohio" single. Nash found this absurd; nevertheless the album topped the Billboard 200, and its cover drawing by Joni Mitchell would indulgently appear on everything from dinner plates to pillowcases as part of the group's travel accessories.[31][32] Cocaine was also another of the tour's accessories, and tales of the group's behavior have been well chronicled.[17] The tour gross was approximately $11 million (56 million in 2015 dollars); however, with a tour staff of 86 and the various extravagances, Crosby maintains that the four principals took home a surprisingly small percentage of the proceeds.[33]

The first stadium tour, CSNY in 1974 set the precedent for every similar outing to follow.[34][35] Bill Graham would work in the same capacity for the Rolling Stones on their American tours of 1975, 1978, and 1981, adding more stadium dates with each subsequent excursion. As lucrative stadium tours with their large attendances became more feasible during the 1970s, so documents of the tour such as Frampton Comes Alive! and Kiss Alive II became equally more lucrative. The promotion business of rock and popular music has not looked back since.

In the autumn after the tour, another attempt to record a new CSNY studio album in Sausalito came to naught.[33] There would be yet another aborted attempt during the sessions for Long May You Run, but it would also end in acrimony.[36] The next time they completed a group album, it would be the trio and not the quartet for CSN in 1977.

Track listing[edit]

Disc one[edit]

No.TitleWriter(s)Studio sourceLength
1."Love the One You're With"Stephen StillsStephen Stills6:05
2."Wooden Ships"David Crosby, Paul Kantner, Stephen StillsCrosby Stills & Nash6:36
3."Immigration Man"Graham NashGraham Nash David Crosby3:47
4."Helpless"Neil YoungDéjà Vu4:45
5."Carry Me"David CrosbyWind on the Water in 19754:41
6."Johnny's Garden"Stephen StillsManassas5:20
7."Traces"Neil Youngpreviously unreleased3:17
8."Grave Concern"Graham NashWild Tales3:11
9."On the Beach"Neil YoungOn the Beach7:40
10."Black Queen"Stephen StillsStephen Stills8:25
11."Almost Cut My Hair"David CrosbyDéjà Vu7:07

Disc two[edit]

No.TitleWriter(s)Studio sourceLength
1."Change Partners"Stephen StillsStephen Stills 23:51
2."The Lee Shore"David Crosby4 Way Street live album; CSN (box set) in 19914:48
3."Only Love Can Break Your Heart"Neil YoungAfter the Gold Rush3:28
4."Our House"Graham NashDéjà Vu3:38
5."Fieldworker"Graham NashWind on the Water in 19753:07
6."Guinevere"David CrosbyCrosby Stills & Nash6:14
7."Time After Time"David CrosbyWhistling Down the Wire in 19763:48
8."Prison Song"Graham NashWild Tales4:02
9."Long May You Run"Neil YoungLong May You Run in 19764:13
10."Goodbye Dick"Neil Youngpreviously unreleased1:40
11."Mellow My Mind"Neil YoungTonight's the Night in 19752:33
12."Old Man"Neil YoungHarvest4:23
13."Word Game"Stephen StillsStephen Stills 26:16
14."Myth of Sisyphus"Stephen Stills, Kenny PassarelliStills in 19754:44
15."Blackbird"John Lennon, Paul McCartneyAllies live album in 1983; CSN (box set) in 19912:48
16."Love Art Blues"Neil Youngpreviously unreleased2:57
17."Hawaiian Sunrise"Neil Youngpreviously unreleased2:56
18."Teach Your Children"Graham NashDéjà Vu3:16
19."Suite: Judy Blue Eyes"Stephen StillsCrosby Stills & Nash9:25

Disc three[edit]

No.TitleWriter(s)Studio sourceLength
1."Déjà Vu"David CrosbyDéjà Vu8:29
2."My Angel"Stephen StillsStills in 19754:35
3."Pre-Road Downs"Graham NashCrosby Stills & Nash3:30
4."Don't Be Denied"Neil YoungTime Fades Away live album6:40
5."Revolution Blues"Neil YoungOn the Beach4:21
6."Military Madness"Graham NashSongs for Beginners5:04
7."Long Time Gone"David CrosbyCrosby Stills & Nash6:05
8."Pushed It Over the End"Neil Youngpreviously unreleased7:52
9."Chicago"Graham NashSongs for Beginners4:43
10."Ohio"Neil Young1970 single6:00

DVD[edit]

No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Only Love Can Break Your Heart"Neil Young 
2."Almost Cut My Hair"David Crosby 
3."Grave Concern"Graham Nash 
4."Old Man"Neil Young 
5."Johnny's Garden"Stephen Stills 
6."Our House"Graham Nash 
7."Déjà Vu"David Crosby 
8."Pushed It Over the End"Neil Young 

Single disc sampler[edit]

Audience noise was trimmed from tracks to ensure that they all fit on a single compact disc.

No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Love the One You're With"Stephen Stills6:02
2."Wooden Ships"David Crosby, Paul Kantner, Stephen Stills6:20
3."Immigration Man"Graham Nash3:45
4."Helpless"Neil Young4:33
5."Johnny's Garden"Stephen Stills5:09
6."The Lee Shore"David Crosby4:47
7."Change Partners"Stephen Stills3:24
8."Only Love Can Break Your Heart"Neil Young3:28
9."Our House"Graham Nash3:20
10."Guinevere"David Crosby5:51
11."Old Man"Neil Young3:57
12."Teach Your Children"Graham Nash3:09
13."Suite: Judy Blue Eyes"Stephen Stills8:33
14."Long Time Gone"David Crosby5:44
15."Chicago"Graham Nash4:46
16."Ohio"Neil Young5:37

Starbucks sampler[edit]

No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Only Love Can Break Your Heart"Neil Young3:28
2."Change Partners"Stephen Stills3:51
3."The Lee Shore"David Crosby4:48
4."Johnny's Garden"Stephen Stills5:20
5."Guinevere"David Crosby6:14
6."Our House"Graham Nash3:38
7."Prison Song"Graham Nash4:02
8."Old Man"Neil Young4:23
9."Blackbird"John Lennon, Paul McCartney2:48
10."Hawaiian Sunrise"Neil Young2:56
11."Teach Your Children"Graham Nash3:16
12."Suite: Judy Blue Eyes"Stephen Stills9:25

Recording dates and locations[edit]

Personnel[edit]

Production personnel[edit]

Tour personnel[edit]

  • Bill Graham — tour director
  • Elliot Roberts, Leslie Morris, Michael John Bowen — artist management
  • Chris O'Dell — tour manager
  • Tim Mulligan — house sound engineer
  • Barry Imhoff — head of production
  • Frank Barsalona — booking agent
  • Joel Bernstein — tour photographer
  • Patrick Stansfield — stage manager
  • Steven Cohen — lighting director
  • Steve Gagne — chief audio engineer
  • Jay Jones, Fred Meyers, Mark Morris, Steve Neal, Craig Reynolds — audio technicians
  • Guillermo Giachetti, Glenn Goodwin, John Talbot — equipment managers
  • Ben Lesko — guitar technician

Charts[edit]

Charts (2014) Peak
position
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[37] 73
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[38] 75
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[39] 59
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[40] 11
Italian Albums (FIMI)[41] 51
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)[42] 13
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[43] 41
UK Albums (OCC)[44] 37
US Billboard 200[45] 17
US Folk Albums (Billboard)[46] 1
US Top Rock Albums (Billboard)[47] 4

Tour dates[edit]

Date City Country Venue Attendance[16]
Tour[19]
9 July 1974 Seattle United States Seattle Center Coliseum
10 July 1974 Vancouver Canada Pacific National Exhibition Coliseum
13 July 1974 Oakland, California United States Oakland Alameda County Coliseum 90,000
14 July 1974
16 July 1974 Tempe, Arizona Tempe Stadium
19 July 1974 Kansas City, Missouri Royals Stadium
21 July 1974 Milwaukee County Stadium 52,000
22 July 1974 St. Paul, Minnesota Civic Center Arena
25 July 1974 Denver Mile High Stadium 60,000
28 July 1974 Houston Jeppesen Stadium 40,000
31 July 1974 Irving, Texas Texas Stadium 60,000
5 August 1974 Boston Boston Garden
6 August 1974
8 August 1974 Jersey City, New Jersey Roosevelt Stadium
9 August 1974 Atlantic City, New Jersey Atlantic City Race Course 70,000
11 August 1974 Buffalo, New York Rich Stadium
14 August 1974 Uniondale, New York Nassau Coliseum
15 August 1974
17 August 1974 Norfolk, Virginia Foreman Field Stadium 32,000
19 August 1974 Landover, Maryland Capital Centre
20 August 1974
21 August 1974
23 August 1974 Tampa, Florida Tampa Stadium 42,000
25 August 1974 Memphis, Tennessee Memorial Stadium
27 August 1974 Chicago Chicago Stadium
28 August 1974
29 August 1974
31 August 1974 Cleveland Municipal Stadium 82,000
2 September 1974 Toronto Canada Varsity Stadium
8 September 1974 Westbury, New York United States Roosevelt Raceway 77,000
14 September 1974 London England Wembley Stadium

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ There have been many attempts at reconstructing that album but, as no one from the band has ever confirmed a song list, these are all informed speculation.[29][30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Album review". Metacritic.com. Retrieved 2014-09-07.
  2. ^ Zimmermann, Lee. "Album review". Blurtonline.com. Retrieved 2014-09-07.
  3. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (July 2014). "Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young: CSNY 1974". Allmusic. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
  4. ^ Browne, David (July 8, 2014). "Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young: CSNY 1974". Rolling Stone Magazine. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  5. ^ Lavery, Aaron (2014-07-02). "Album review". Drownedinsound.com. Retrieved 2014-09-07.
  6. ^ CrosHal Entertainment Group website retrieved 19 July 2015
  7. ^ "Gold & Platinum". RIAA.
  8. ^ Zimmer (2000), pp. 127–128
  9. ^ Carr (2004), p. 129
  10. ^ a b "HyperRust: Chronology - The Seventies". hyperrust.org.
  11. ^ Zimmer (2000), pp. 154–157
  12. ^ Zimmer (2000), pp. 157–158
  13. ^ Zimmer (2000), pp. 161–163, 169
  14. ^ Zimmer (2000), pp. 165–166
  15. ^ Zimmer (2000), pp. 167–168
  16. ^ a b Long, Pete (2014), p. 14
  17. ^ a b c d Greene, Andy; Greene, Andy (June 19, 2014). "The Oral History of CSNY's Infamous 'Doom Tour'".
  18. ^ Zimmer (2000), pp. 171–173
  19. ^ a b Long, Pete (2014), p. 90
  20. ^ Long, Pete (2014), p. 73
  21. ^ Long, Pete (2014), p. 43
  22. ^ a b Anonymous (2014), p. 30
  23. ^ "Sugar Mountain". www.sugarmtn.org.
  24. ^ Daily Record website retrieved unknown
  25. ^ a b Guitars, Joe Bosso 2014-07-03T07:00:00 183Z. "Graham Nash discusses the CSNY 1974 live box set". MusicRadar.
  26. ^ Digital Trends website retrieved unknown
  27. ^ Long, Pete (2014), p. 178
  28. ^ "Crosby Stills & Nash 1974 Concerts". www.geocities.ws.
  29. ^ "Albums That Never Were: Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young - Human Highway". December 4, 2013.
  30. ^ "Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young-"Human Highway" The Unreleased LP - A Rock Room Reconstruction".
  31. ^ a b Zimmer (2000), p. 176
  32. ^ Long, Pete (2014), p. 32
  33. ^ a b Zimmer (2000), p. 177
  34. ^ Myers, Marc (June 24, 2014). "The First Big Stadium Tour" – via www.wsj.com.
  35. ^ "CSNY 74: Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young's Epic Tour Revisited :". library.creativecow.net.
  36. ^ Crowe (2004), p. 183
  37. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – CSNY 1974" (in German). Hung Medien.
  38. ^ "Ultratop.be – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – CSNY 1974" (in Dutch). Hung Medien.
  39. ^ "Ultratop.be – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – CSNY 1974" (in French). Hung Medien.
  40. ^ "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH.
  41. ^ "Artisti – Classifica settimanale WK 28 (dal 07-07-2014 al 13-07-2014)" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Archived from the original on 2014-07-25. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  42. ^ "Charts.nz – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – CSNY 1974". Hung Medien.
  43. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – CSNY 1974". Hung Medien.
  44. ^ "Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart.
  45. ^ "Crosby, Stills & Nash Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard.
  46. ^ "Crosby, Stills & Nash Chart History (Top Americana/Folk Albums)". Billboard.
  47. ^ "Crosby, Stills & Nash Chart History (Top Rock Albums)". Billboard.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Long, Pete (2014). CSNY 1974: liner notes. Rhino. R2-541729.
  • Carr, Roy (2004) [August 31, 1974]. "Crosby, Stills, Nash, Young and Bert". In Dave Zimmer (ed.). Four Way Street: The Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young Reader. Da Capo Press. pp. 125–138. ISBN 0-306-81277-0.
  • Crowe, Cameron (2004) [June 2, 1977]. "The actual honest-to-God reunion of Crosby, Stills & Nash". In Dave Zimmer (ed.). Four Way Street: The Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young Reader. Da Capo Press. pp. 177–196. ISBN 0-306-81277-0.
  • Zimmer, Dave (2000). Crosby, Stills & Nash: The Biography. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-80974-5.