CSS framework

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A CSS framework is a library allowing for easier, more standards-compliant web design using the Cascading Style Sheets language. Most of these frameworks contain at least a grid. More functional frameworks also come with more features and additional JavaScript based functions, but are mostly design oriented and focused around interactive UI patterns. This detail differentiates CSS frameworks from other JavaScript frameworks.

Two notable and widely used examples are Bootstrap and Foundation.

CSS frameworks offer different modules and tools:

Bigger frameworks use a CSS interpreter like Less or Sass.

List of notable CSS frameworks[edit]

Name Latest release (date) License Grid Units Features No. of columns
Atomic CSS / Atomizer Atomizer 3.7.0 (Mar 31, 2020)[1] BSD License Any Any Dynamic 'Atomic CSS' Library Any
Blueprint 1.0.1 (May 14, 2011)[2] MIT License Typography, forms, print, plugins for buttons, tabs, and sprites.
Bootstrap 4.5.3 (October 13, 2020)[3] MIT License
(Apache License prior to 3.1.0)
fixed, fluid, responsive px, % Layout, typography, forms, buttons, navigation, media queries, .sass files, JavaScript libraries, RTL layout. Any, default 12[4]
Sematic UI Version 2.4.1 - Oct 13, 2018 Mit License Full Responsive Any Layouts, icon, button Any, Default
Foundation 6.6.3 (April 8, 2020) [5] MIT License fluid px, % Responsive layout, source ordering, typography, forms, buttons, navigation, media queries, and JavaScript libraries. Any, default 12[6]
YAML 4.1.2 (July 28, 2013)[7] CC-BY 2.0 fixed, elastic, fluid px, em, % Layout, grids, columns, forms, buttons, progressive linearization for responsive layouts, float handling, navigation, typography, accessibility, and add-ons. (accessible tabs, RTL-support, and microformats) Any
YUI CSS grids 3.18.1 (October 22, 2014)[8] BSD-3 fixed and fluid
Siimple CSS 3.3.1 (April 30, 2019)[9] MIT fixed, fluid, responsive px Typography (blockquote, code, headings, links, paragraph, small text), helpers (colors, display, float, sizing, spacing, text helpers), elements (buttons, rule, spinner, tag, tip), components (alert, breadcrumb, card, list, menu, table, tabs), layout (box, navbar, content, jumbotron, footer), form (fields, input, switch, checkbox, radio, select, textarea), grid and experiments (modal, progress bar and steps). Any, default 12
Yogurt 1.1.4-solidcore (March 14, 2021)[10] MIT flexbox, responsive, fixed, fluid Any (Yogurt Documentation) Accessibility, Animations, Backgrounds, Borders, Fluids, Effects, Filters, Patterns, Flexbox, Interactivity, Layouts, Patterns, Sizing, Spacing, SVG, Tables, Theme, Transforms, Transitions, Typography, (no javascript), (low-level styling manipulation without writing CSS) Any
MDBootstrap 3.4.0 (March 23, 2021)[11] MIT fixed, elastic, fluid px, em, % Cards, Carousel, Buttons, Input elements, Forms, Progress, Spinners, Alerts, Notes & typography, Button group, Collapse, Dropdowns, Modal, Toasts, Tooltips, Popovers, Navbars, Headers, Scrollspy, Footer, Breadcrumbs, Pagination, Pills, Tabs, Tables, Hover effects, Masks, Shadows Any

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Releases · acss-io/atomizer · GitHub". GitHub. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  2. ^ "Releases · joshuaclayton/blueprint-css · GitHub". GitHub. Retrieved 23 April 2020. This repository has been archived by the owner. It is now read-only.
  3. ^ "Releases · twbs/bootstrap · GitHub". GitHub. Retrieved October 31, 2020.
  4. ^ Bootstrap documentation - Customizing the grid
  5. ^ "Releases · foundation/foundation-sites · GitHub". GitHub. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  6. ^ Foundation documentation - The Grid
  7. ^ "Releases · yamlcss/yaml · GitHub". GitHub. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Releases · yui/yui3 · GitHub". GitHub. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Release v3.3.1 · siimple/siimple · GitHub". GitHub. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Release v1.1.4-solidcore · yogurt-foundation/yogurt-css · GitHub". GitHub. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Releases · mdbootstrap/mdb-ui-kit · GitHub". GitHub. Retrieved 29 March 2021.