CS gas (data page)

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CS gas (data page)
CS gas structure.png
CS-gas-3D-vdW.png
Names
IUPAC name
2-Chlorobenzalmalononitrile
Other names
Tear gas
ortho-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile
Propanedinitrile, [(2-chlorophenyl)methylene]
Malononitrile, (o-chlorobenzylidene)
β,β-Dicyano-o-chlorostyrene
(o-Chlorobenzal)malononitrile
(o-Chlorobenzylidene)malononitrile
2-Chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile
(o-Chlorobenzylidene)malonitrile
o-Chlorobenzylidenemalonic nitrile
NCI-C55118
USAF KF-11
2-Chloro BMN
b, b-Dicyano-O-chlorostyrene
2-Chlorobenzylidenemaloninitrile
Propanedinitrile, 2-2-chlorobenzylidene
2-(2-Chlorobenzylidene)malononitrile
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
Properties
C10H5Cl N2[1]
Molar mass 188.6 g/mol[2]
Appearance White crystalline powder
Colourless gas when burned
Density 1.04 g/cm3
Melting point 93 °C (199 °F; 366 K)
Boiling point 310 °C (590 °F; 583 K)[3]
no
Solubility in MiBK
hexane
benzene
methylene chloride
acetone
dioxane
ethyl acetate
pyridine
yes
Vapor pressure 3.4 × 10−5 mmHg at 20 °C
Hazards
NFPA 704
Flammability code 1: Must be pre-heated before ignition can occur. Flash point over 93 °C (200 °F). E.g., canola oil Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Related compounds
Related compounds
SDBS

5-chloro-2-quinolinecarbonitrile
6-chloro-2-quinolinecarbonitrile
7-chloro-2-quinolinecarbonitrile

Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Data on CS gas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine Detailed Facts About Tear Agent O-Chlorobenzylidene Malononitrile (CS) (pdf)09 March 2006)
  2. ^ Study by Uwe Heinrich Documents the chemistry of CS and its effects on the body. 9 March 2006)
  3. ^ www.wombles.org.uk Article on pepper spray and tear gas.09 March 2006)