Connecticut's 5th congressional district
|Connecticut's 5th congressional district|
|Current Representative||Elizabeth Esty (D–Cheshire)|
|Distribution||85.9% urban, 14.1% rural|
|Ethnicity||73.2% White, 5.9% Black, 3.1% Asian, 15.6% Hispanic, 0.1% Native American, 2.1% other|
Connecticut's 5th Congressional District is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Connecticut. Located in the northwestern part of the state, the district runs from Meriden and New Britain in central Connecticut, westward to Danbury and the surrounding Housatonic Valley. Encompased in between are the Farmington Valley, Naugatuck River Valley, and the Litchfield Hills.
Historically Republican, the Fifth Congressional District has been treading Democratic since 2004. John Kerry carried the district with 49.3% of the vote, a margin of 1,112 votes in the 2004 presidential election. Obama carried the district in 2008 with 56.3% of the vote and in 2012 with 53.5% of the vote.
The current 5th Congressional District was created in 2002 due to reapportionment following the 2000 U.S. Census. Due to slow population growth, Connecticut lost a seat and the district was merged with the previous Sixth Congressional District.
From 1964 to 1990 the 5th Congressional District included many towns in Fairfield County which are now located in the 4th Congressional District, such as Wilton, Monroe, Ridgefield, and Shelton. It also included the lower Naugatuck River Valley towns of Ansonia, Derby, Seymour, and Naugatuck which are now in the 3rd Congressional District.
In the early 20th century the 5th Congressional District included Waterbury, Litchfield County, and the Naugatuck Valley. It did not include any portion of Fairfield or Hartford counties and did not include the City of Meriden.
Towns in the district
The district includes the following towns:
Litchfield County - Bethlehem, Bridgewater, Canaan, Cornwall, Goshen, Harwinton, Kent, Litchfield, Morris, New Milford, Norfolk, North Canaan, Plymouth, Roxbury, Salisbury, Sharon, Thomaston, Torrington (part), Warren, Washington, Watertown, and Woodbury.
|Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 30, 2012|
|Party||Active voters||Inactive voters||Total voters||Percentage|
- 2012 - Obama - 53.53%, Romney - 45.30%, Third party - 1.17%
- 2008 - Obama - 56.34%, McCain - 42.40%, Third party - 1.26%
- 2004 - Kerry - 49.32%, Bush - 48.97%, Third party - 1.71%
- 2000 - Gore - 51.55%, Bush - 42.90%, Third party - 5.55%
- Performance Average - Democrat (52.69%), Republican (44.89%), Third party (2.42%)
The 2000 Election is based on the performance of the Fifth and former Sixth Congressional District. Following the 2000 Census, the Sixth Congressional District was eliminated and largely merged with the Fifth.
|Republican||Nancy Johnson (incumbent)||94,824||44%|
|Democratic gain from Republican||Swing|
|Democratic||Chris Murphy (incumbent)||178,377||59%|
|Democratic||Chris Murphy (incumbent)||122,879||54%|
|Democratic||Elizabeth Esty (incumbent)||113,564||53%|
|Democratic||Elizabeth Esty (incumbent)||179,252||58%|
List of representatives
|Representative||Party||Years of service||Hometown||Note|
|District organized from Connecticut's at-large congressional district in 1837|
|Lancelot Phelps||Democratic||March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1839||Colebrook||Retired|
|Truman Smith||Whig||March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1843||Litchfield||Retired|
|District eliminated after the 1840 Census|
|District organized from Connecticut's at-large congressional district in 1913|
|William Kennedy||Democratic||March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1915||Naugatuck||Lost re-election|
|James P. Glynn||Republican||March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1923||Winsted||Lost re-election|
|Patrick B. O'Sullivan||Democratic||March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1925||Derby||Lost re-election|
|James P. Glynn||Republican||March 4, 1925 – March 6, 1930||Winsted||Died|
|Vacant||March 6, 1930 – November 4, 1930|
|Edward W. Goss||Republican||November 4, 1930 – January 3, 1935||Waterbury||Lost re-election|
|J. Joseph Smith||Democratic||January 3, 1935 – November 4, 1941||Waterbury||Appointed US circuit judge|
|Vacant||November 4, 1941 – January 20, 1942|
|Joseph E. Talbot||Republican||January 20, 1942 – January 3, 1947||Naugatuck||Unsuccessful candidate for governor|
|James T. Patterson||Republican||January 3, 1947 – January 3, 1959||Naugatuck||Lost re-election|
|John S. Monagan||Democratic||January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1973||Waterbury||Lost re-election|
|Ronald A. Sarasin||Republican||January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1979||Beacon Falls||Unsuccessful candidate for governor|
|William R. Ratchford||Democratic||January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1985||Danbury||Lost re-election|
|John G. Rowland||Republican||January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1991||Waterbury||Unsuccessful candidate for governor|
|Gary Franks||Republican||January 3, 1991 – January 3, 1997||Waterbury||Lost re-election|
|James H. Maloney||Democratic||January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2003||Danbury||Lost re-election/District merged with 6th District|
|Nancy Johnson||Republican||January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007||New Britain||Lost re-election|
|Chris Murphy||Democratic||January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2013||Cheshire||Elected to US Senate|
|Elizabeth Esty||Democratic||January 3, 2013 -||Cheshire||Incumbent|
Living former Members
As of May 2015[update], five former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut's 5th congressional district are alive. The most recent representative to die was William R. Ratchford (1979-1985) on January 2, 2011.
|Representative||Term in office||Date of birth (and age)|
|Ronald A. Sarasin||1973-1979||December 31, 1934|
|John G. Rowland||1985–1991||May 24, 1957|
|Gary Franks||1991–1997||February 9, 1953|
|James H. Maloney||1997–2003||September 17, 1948|
|Nancy Johnson||2003–2007||January 5, 1935|
Historical district boundaries
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 30, 2012" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-01. Retrieved 2012-10-30.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
|United States House elections in Connecticut