CUMYL-4CN-BINACA (also known as CUMYL-CYBINACA or SGT-78) is an indazole-3-carboxamide based synthetic cannabinoid that has been sold online as a designer drug. While the in vitro activity of this compound is not disclosed in the associated patent, anecdotal reports suggest it is a potent cannabinoid agonist with an active dose of around 0.1 mg.
^Yeter O (November 2017). "Identification of the Synthetic Cannabinoid 1-(4-cyanobutyl)-N-(2-phenylpropan-2-yl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (CUMYL-4CN-BINACA) in Plant Material and Quantification in Post-Mortem Blood Samples". Journal of Analytical Toxicology. 41 (9): 720–728. doi:10.1002/dta.2248. PMID28977413.
^Staeheli SN, Poetzsch M, Veloso VP, Bovens M, Bissig C, Steuer AE, Kraemer T (January 2018). "In vitro metabolism of the synthetic cannabinoids CUMYL-PINACA, 5F-CUMYL-PINACA, CUMYL-4CN-BINACA, 5F-CUMYL-P7AICA and CUMYL-4CN-B7AICA". Drug Testing and Analysis. 10 (1): 148–157. doi:10.1002/dta.2298. PMID28885775.
^Ölmez, Nevin Arıkan; Kapucu, Hicran; Altun, Neslihan Çallı; Eren, Bülent (January 2018). "Identification of the synthetic cannabinoid N-(2-phenyl-propan-2-yl)-1-(4-cyanobutyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (CUMYL-4CN-BINACA) in a herbal mixture product". Forensic Toxicology. 36 (1): 192–199. doi:10.1007/s11419-017-0372-y. ISSN1860-8965.
^ abÅstrand, Anna; Vikingsson, Svante; Lindstedt, Daniel; Thelander, Gunilla; Gréen, Henrik; Kronstrand, Robert; Wohlfarth, Ariane (2018). "Metabolism study for CUMYL-4CN-BINACA in human hepatocytes and authentic urine specimens: Free cyanide is formed during the main metabolic pathway". Drug Testing and Analysis. 10 (8): 1270–1279. doi:10.1002/dta.2373. ISSN1942-7611. PMID29577658.
^El Zahran, Tharwat (August 2018). "A novel synthetic cannabinoid (Cumyl-4-cyano-BINACA) resulting in hyperthermia, rhabdomyolysis, and renal failure in a 29-year-old patient: it's not meningitis". Clinical Toxicology: 1–2. doi:10.1080/15563650.2018.1534241. PMID30442067.