Canine vector-borne disease

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A canine vector-borne disease (CVBD) is one of "a group of globally distributed and rapidly spreading illnesses that are caused by a range of pathogens transmitted by arthropods including ticks, fleas, mosquitoes and phlebotomine sandflies."[1] CVBDs are important in the fields of veterinary medicine, animal welfare, and public health.[1] Some CVBDs are of zoonotic concern.[1]

Many CVBD infect humans as well as companion animals. Some CVBD are fatal; most can only be controlled, not cured. Therefore, infection should be avoided by preventing arthropod vectors from feeding on the blood of their preferred hosts. While it is well known that arthropods transmit bacteria and protozoa during blood feeds, viruses are also becoming recognized as another group of transmitted pathogens of both animals and humans.[2]

Some "canine vector-borne pathogens of major zoonotic concern" are distributed worldwide, while others are localized by continent.[1] Listed by vector, some such pathogens and their associated diseases are the the following:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Domenico Otranto, Filipe Dantas-Torres & Edward B. Breitschwerdt, Managing canine vector-borne diseases of zoonotic concern: part one, Trends in Parasitology Vol. 25, Issue 4, pp. 157–163 (April 2009).
  2. ^ "First Canine Vector-Borne Disease Symposium in Billesley, UK" (Press release). Bayer HealthCare. April 2006. Retrieved 2005-11-16.