C with bar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Capital and lowercase barred C

The C with bar (majuscule: , minuscule: ), also known as barred C, is a modified letter of the Latin alphabet, formed from C with the addition of a bar. It was used in the orthography of Kildin Sami in the 1930s. It is also used in the orthography of Nanai.[1] Its Unicode codepoints are U+A792 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C WITH BAR and U+A793 LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH BAR.

The United States Federal Geographic Data Committee uses the capital barred C to represent the Cambrian Period in geologic history.[2] In phonetic transcription, the lowercase barred C may denote a voiceless palatal fricative (IPA: [ç]), and in 1963 it was proposed as a symbol for a voiceless flat postalveolar fricative [ɻ̊˔] by William A. Smalley.[3] In 19th-century American English dictionaries such as those by Noah Webster and William Holmes McGuffey, the letter was used to denote ⟨c⟩ pronounced as /k/.[1]

Computer encoding[edit]

Character
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C WITH BAR LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH BAR
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 42898 U+A792 42899 U+A793
UTF-8 234 158 146 EA 9E 92 234 158 147 EA 9E 93
Numeric character reference Ꞓ Ꞓ ꞓ ꞓ

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Priest, Lorna A.; Iancu, Laurentiu; Everson, Michael (14 October 2010). "Proposal to encode C WITH BAR" (PDF). Unicode.org. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  2. ^ Federal Geographic Data Committee, ed. (August 2006). FGDC Digital Cartographic Standard for Geologic Map Symbolization FGDC-STD-013-2006 (PDF). U.S. Geological Survey for the Federal Geographic Data Committee. p. A-32-1.
  3. ^ Pullum, Geoffrey K.; Ladusaw, William A. (1996). Phonetic Symbol Guide. University of Chicago Press. pp. 28–9. ISBN 0-226-68536-5.