Caba, La Union

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Municipality of Caba
Caba town center along the National Highway
Caba town center along the National Highway
Official seal of Caba
Map of La Union with Caba highlighted
Map of La Union with Caba highlighted
Caba is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°26′N 120°21′E / 16.43°N 120.35°E / 16.43; 120.35Coordinates: 16°26′N 120°21′E / 16.43°N 120.35°E / 16.43; 120.35
Country Philippines
RegionIlocos Region (Region I)
ProvinceLa Union
District2nd District
Barangays17 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorPhilip Caesar Patacsil Crispino
 • Electorate15,062 voters (2016)
 • Total46.31 km2 (17.88 sq mi)
(2015 census)[3]
 • Total22,039
 • Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)72
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Income class4th municipal income class
Revenue (₱)107,404,007.66 (2016)
Native languagesIlocano

Caba (Ilokano: Ili ti Caba; Pangasinan: Baley na Caba), officially the Municipality of Caba, is a 4th class municipality in the province of La Union, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 22,039 people.[3]

Caba was a part of the municipality of Aringay until the late-19th century when it was permanently separated to form its own entity. It has a land area of 4,631 hectares (11,440 acres).[2]

Caba is 248 kilometres (154 mi) from Metro Manila and 21 kilometres (13 mi) from San Fernando, the provincial capital.


History records show that this municipality used three names interchangeably: Caba, Cava and Caua. According to a local historian Pedro Manongdo, two tales have persisted on how the town got his name. One group referred to an incident when a Spaniard asked an inhabitant the name of the place. The youth mistook the question as an inquiry to the name of the animal he was herding and answered “Cava.” The repetition of the name ended with Cava and later Caba.

Another story sustained that Caba was the name given by a group of immigrants from barrio Caba, San Carlos, Pangasinan who settled in the community in the later years of the 16th century. In memory of the place where they came from, they named the new settlement CABA.

Caba was founded as a settlement in 1598 by Augustinian Fathers with Don Agustin dela Cruz as the “first man to rule.” The settlement developed into barangay in 1692 with don Luis Manongdo as the cabeza de barangay. It became a town in 1783 with Don Domingo Aragon as gobernadorcillo.

Two other historians however, have claimed different dates on the founding of Caba as a town. On one hand, Father Jose Braganza, SVD claims that Caba was founded in 1745 along with Aringay. On the other hand, Julian Martin clains that Caba was founded in 1844.

Diego Silang monument in downtown Caba

In 1903, the Philippine commission reorganized the administrative and territorial set-up of municipalities in the country. Due to meager population of financial difficulties, some smaller municipalities were integrated. Caba was integrated with Aringay while Santo tomas to Agoo.

In 1907, Executive Order no. 41 was issued which provided that Caba be separated from Aringay. The order took effect on January 1, 1908, thus Caba again became a regular municipality with Francisco Sobredillo as Chief Executive.

Caba is the birthplace of Diego Silang, the inspiration and the leader of the Ilocos Revolt of 1762-1763. During the Spanish period, Silang established an independent rebel government in Northern Luzon and agitated for reforms in and out of the government. However, Spanish authorities resorted to assassinate him with the help of one of his followers who betrayed him with a shot in his back on May 28, 1763. The assassin's bullet did not however smother the flame of Silang rebellion. His wife Gabriella took the torch of leadership and by her own right, continued the rebellion heroically. Four months later, she was captured by Spanish forces and was executed publicly in Vigan on September 20, 1763, thus ended not only the heroic adventure of the “Ilocandia’s Joan of Arc” but also Silang’s revolt.[4] A predominant Roman Catholic municipality. In 1997 the Roman Catholic Church Celebrated its 400 years of Christianity basing from church's documents


Population census of Caba
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 3,967—    
1918 5,860+2.64%
1939 6,873+0.76%
1948 7,320+0.70%
1960 9,517+2.21%
1970 11,719+2.10%
1975 13,029+2.15%
1980 14,114+1.61%
1990 16,620+1.65%
1995 18,234+1.75%
2000 19,565+1.52%
2007 20,927+0.93%
2010 21,244+0.55%
2015 22,039+0.70%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of Caba, La Union, was 22,039 people,[3] with a density of 480 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,200 inhabitants per square mile.

Local government[edit]

Just as the national government, the municipal government of Caba, is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judiciary. The judicial branch is administered solely by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The LGUs have control of the executive and legislative branch.

The executive branch is composed of the mayor and the barangay captain for the barangays.Local Government Code of the Philippines, Book III, Department of Interior and Local Government official website.

The legislative branch is composed of the Sangguniang Bayan (town assembly), Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council), and the Sangguniang Kabataan for the youth sector.

The seat of Government is vested upon the Mayor and other elected officers who hold office at the Caba Town Hall. The Sanguniang Bayan is the center of legislation, stationed in Caba Legislative Building.


The 17 barangays of the Municipality of Caba[8]
Rank Barangay Population Rank Barangay Population
1 Gana 2,327 10 Santiago Norte 1,128
2 San Jose 2,295 11 San Fermin 1,111
3 Santiago Sur 1,910 12 Bautista 1,071
4 San Cornelio 1,373 13 San Gregorio 996
5 San Carlos 1,361 14 Poblacion Sur 957
6 Poblacion Norte 1,291 15 Juan Cartas 741
7 Sobredillo 1,279 16 Urayong 658
8 Las-ud 1,231 17 Wenceslao 360
9 Liquicia 1,155 Caba Total 21,244

Churches and denominations[edit]

  • Assemblies of God (Poblacion Norte)
  • Assemblies of God (San Jose)
  • Assemblies of the First Born (Gana)
  • Assemblies of the First Born (Juan Cartas)
  • Assemblies of the First Born (Liquicia)
  • Assemblies of the First Born (San Cornelio)
  • Assemblies of the First Born (San Jose)
  • Assemblies of the First Born (Sobredillo)
  • Assemblies of the First Born (Urayong)
  • Christ Centered Fellowship (Juan Cartas)
  • Faith Gospel Mission Church/Yes for Jesus Crusaders International (Poblacion Norte)
  • Iglesia Filipina Independiente (Poblacion Norte)
  • Iglesia Ni Cristo (Gana)
  • Jesus Christ The Glorious Savior International Ministry JCGSIM LU [Full Gospel Christian Church] (Poblacion Norte)[9]
  • Messengers of the Cross Bible College/Assemblies of the First Born Full Gospel Church (Poblacion Norte)
  • Shinil Caba Christian Fellowship (Poblacion Norte)
  • The Lord's Vineyard Baptist Church (Las-ud)
  • United Church of Christ in the Philippines (Poblacion Norte)
  • Words of Life Christian Ministries (Santiago Norte)

Health Services[edit]

  • Caba Medicare Community Hospital
  • Caba Municipal Health Center

Educational institutions[edit]

Caba Elementary School


Silang Monument and the Caba covered court, Auditorium
  • Diego Silang's monument is erected in the middle of the Town Plaza.
  • President Elpidio Quirino's stone monument on the other hand was placed at Barangay Gana highway. Quirino taught in Caba as elementary public school teacher.
  • Ripe and green mangoes, Bagoong, Padas and Alamang are the town's products that are sold in stall along the Gana roads.
  • Bamboo furniture is one of the prime business of the residents.
  • Mt. Kimmallugong is the town's hiking and camping site.
  • Sobredillo barrio: one can find the 56 Mortar (weapon) (bombs, 81 millimeter each of Japanese soldiers, World War II), were unearthed near Mayor Clyde Crispino's house in Barangay Sobredillo including a 1-high old jar, for serving offerings in religious rites.[10]

Caba holds the records in the "Search for Cleanest and Greenest Municipality in La Union" (4th-5th Class Municipality Category in 2006, 2007 and 2008). It also claimed the Regional Level and National Finalist trophies, for Seal of Good Housekeeping trophies in 2010, including the 2010 Provincial Championship medal in the Search for Best Performing LGU Local Governance Performance Measurement System). Caba celebrates on April 15 to 18, the town fiesta and on June 24, the Feast of Saint John the Baptist.

  • Caba holds its Paskua Ti Umili every December.[9]

Caba beach[edit]

Caba prime beaches are located along the Lingayen Gulf in La Union.

  • Caba's prime tourist spot is Villa Navarro Beach Resort and Restaurant (along Lingayen Gulf in Caba, 247 kilometers north of Manila and 10 km north of Agoo, La Union).[11]
  • Sea of Dreams Spa Resort (San Carlos).[12]
  • Paiko Blue Waters Beach Resort and Spa is another Caba's[13]
Panorama of Caba's beach



  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: La Union". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-20. Retrieved 2012-12-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of La Union". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority, April 4, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  9. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2012-12-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2012-12-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-03-03. Retrieved 2012-12-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ [2] Archived 2012-11-12 at the Wayback Machine. prime beach front at San Carlos.

External links[edit]