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Component City
City of Cabadbaran
Official seal of Cabadbaran
Map of Agusan del Norte showing the location of Cabadbaran City
Map of Agusan del Norte showing the location of Cabadbaran City
Cabadbaran is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°07′N 125°32′E / 9.12°N 125.53°E / 9.12; 125.53Coordinates: 9°07′N 125°32′E / 9.12°N 125.53°E / 9.12; 125.53
Country Philippines
Region Caraga (Region XIII)
Province Agusan del Norte
District 2nd District of Agusan del Norte
Incorporated 1894 (town)
Cityhood 2007
Barangays 31
 • Mayor Katrina Marie Mortola (Nacionalista)
 • Vice Mayor Rey Jamboy (Liberal)
 • Total 214.44 km2 (82.80 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 73,639
 • Density 340/km2 (890/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 8605
Dialing code 85
Income class 6th class
Website ‹See Tfm›

Cabadbaran is a third income class city and the provincial capital of Agusan del Norte, Mindanao, Philippines. It has a population of 73,639 according to the 2015 census.[3] In the 2016 elections, it had 43,153 voters.[4]

Founded in 1894, the city rose from its Spanish period beginnings to become the premier town of Agusan del Norte. Its rich cultural heritage is evident in its preserved colonial period houses and its archaeological collections. Following its recent declaration as a city, it is also the officially designated capital of the province per Republic Act 8811.[5]


Cabadbaran lies 9 degrees north latitude and 125 degrees and 30 minutes east longitude in the northeastern part of Mindanao. Its boundaries are Tubay and Santiago to the north, Butuan Bay to the west, Magallanes and R. T. Romualdez to the south, and Sibagat, Agusan del Sur to the east. It is 29 kilometres (18 mi) from Butuan City. It is generally flat with rolling hills and swamplands in its western part. The highest of all mountains in the Caraga Region, Mount Hilong-Hilong (with an altitude of 2,012 metres (6,601 ft) above sea level), rises in this city.


Cabadbaran is politically subdivided into 31 barangays.[6]

Barangay map of Cabadbaran City
  • Antonio Luna (1,208)
  • Bay-ang (1,368)
  • Bayabas (1,329)
  • Caasinan (1,543)
  • Cabinet (1,965)
  • Calamba (2,684)
  • Calibunan (3,919)
  • Comagascas (3,907)
  • Concepcion (1,114)
  • Del Pilar (5,967)
  • Katugasan (1,508)
  • Kauswagan (2,902)
  • La Union (6,530)
  • Mabini (5,875)
  • Mahaba (1,450)
  • Poblacion 1 - Jose Rizal (872)
  • Poblacion 2 - Sampaguita (599)
  • Poblacion 3 - Snra. Candelaria (2,124)
  • Poblacion 4 - Perpetual Succor (1,731)
  • Poblacion 5 - A. Bonifacio (911)
  • Poblacion 6 (1,368)
  • Poblacion 7 (2,301)
  • Poblacion 8 - Cadena de Amor (385)
  • Poblacion 9 (3,841)
  • Poblacion 10 - Mango (364)
  • Poblacion 11 (561)
  • Poblacion 12 - Sunflower (2,263)
  • Puting Bato (2,710)
  • Sanghan (2,926)
  • Soriano (1,979)
  • Tolosa (5,435)


The city belongs to the Second Climatic Type of the Corona Classification. No definite dry season in the place and maximum rainfall occurs from October to January. The average rainfall is 171.29 millimetres (6.744 in) per month, average annual temperature 28 °C (82 °F).


Spanish period[edit]

Traces of 12th century villages can be found near the waterways that pass through the territory of Cabadbaran. No records are found before the Spanish colonization except for a site in Sanghan where Chinese ceramics from 15th to 16th century were found.

Cabadbaran was first mentioned by the Spanish as a small village chosen by the Spanish authorities to be turned into a reduction called "La Reunion de Cabarbaran" in 1867. The reduction was mostly populated by people from Southern Agusan. Then in 1879, the reduction was disbanded. The inhabitants of the reduction went back to their places of origin while the remaining migrated to Tubay.

In 1880-1881, the reduction was revived by Father Saturnino Urios, but was named Tolosa to honor Father Urios' hometown in Spain. In 1880, Tolosa was headed by the Teniente del Barrio Don Eduardo Curato. He petitioned to the Spanish authorities for the township application of Tolosa to be approved. In January 31, 1894, the petition was approved. The population and the economy grew, which was driven by agriculture and commerce. But the growth suddenly came to a halt when the revolution against Spain started. No significant turmoil affected the city until the coming of the American forces in 1901.[7]

American period[edit]

When the Americans arrived, Spanish forces were forced to surrender. Included with them was Capt. Andres Atega. Under the Americans, the town was called again as Cabadbaran (according to Don Andres Atega's proposal).

In 1903, the public education system was established with George Bohner as the first American teacher. Public health also improved when Dr. Pedro Malbas was appointed as the Public Health Officer in the 1920s and constructed sanitary toilets, deep wells and drainage canals. Public infrastructure was also improved by the Americans.

Then in the 1935 Constitutional Convention, Apolonio "Oyok" Curato, a lawyer, represented Agusan. He then became the Governor and Congressman of the province of Agusan.

The local economy grew when it started producing abaca from coconut plantations established by the Americans. Rice was also grown and remained as staple crop grown in the fields up to this day. The Agusan-Surigao road opened in the 1930s and several bus lines started public service along this route.[7]

World War II[edit]

Cabadbaran had been occupied at one time by those resisting the Japanese occupation of Mindanao.[8] Eventually the Japanese occupied it. On January 17, 1945, combined American and Filipino troops including recognized guerrillas fought a force of Japanese troops on the road between Cabadbaran and Butuan. The Japanese were in the process of reinforcing their garrison at Butuan. The guerrillas retreated when Japanese reinforcements arrived. The guerrillas also had depleted their ammunition.[9]

On March 31, 1945, Major Juan Rivera and a guerrilla detachment attacked the Japanese at Cabadbaran; the Japanese abandoned the post after an hour-long battle.[10]

The general headquarters of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary was active on 1945 to 1946 in Cabadbaran during and aftermath of World War II.



Population census of Cabadbaran
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 46,370 —    
1995 51,905 +2.28%
2000 55,006 +1.17%
2007 61,564 +1.62%
2010 69,241 +3.99%
2015 73,639 +1.24%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6]


Cabadbaran produces several agricultural crops such as:

  • Rice
  • Corn
  • Coconut
  • Abaca
  • Banana
  • Mango

Cabadbaran has the biggest area planted with coconuts in Agusan del Norte with 18.46% of the total land area planted with the crop.

The city also has a booming economy based on agro industry, commerce and trade, source of several export and industrial products; it has also varied ecotourism destinations ranging from Caraga's highest peak, mile long tunnels to adventure tourism sites.

Easily accessible from the cities of Surigao and Butuan, the city has modern transport, communications, banking and accommodation facilities.

Festivals and celebrations[edit]

  • Charter Day Celebration - held annually every July 28 to commemorate the cityhood of Cabadbaran.
  • Dagkot Festival - It is the sole important event during the fiesta celebration of Cabadbaran City. The weeklong festivity features socio-civic activities, sporting events, trade fairs and capped by a grand street dancing parade and competition to celebrate the historic past and the bright future that awaits the city also in honor of Nuestra Seniora de Candelaria.
  • Musikainan Food and Music Festival - It is a celebrational tribute to the city's "culture and history as well as the local's cooking tradition".[18]


Provincial Seat of Government[edit]

After the Provincial Government of Agusan del Norte attain the reclassification of their land conducted by the Dept. of Agriculture (DA) in Brgy. Sanghan, Cabadbaran City where the new Capitol building will be constructed, the land conversion by the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) will soon follow. It will feature a modern design, including an employees village at the back of the new building intended for the provincial employees.

List of mayors[edit]

The list of mayors that took office in Cabadbaran starting in 1896.[19]

Name Year of Term
Eduardo M. Curato* 1896-1902
Luis L. Cabrera 1904-1905
Mariano Alaan 1906-1908
Antonio C. Dagani 1908-1909
Adolfo C. Mortola 1910-1911
Fabian B. Monteroso 1912-1913
Angel M. Manlapaz 1917-1919
Saturnino D. Curato 1919-1924
Fidel C. Dagani 1925-1928
Fabian D. Mora 1928-1931;1938-1940
Jose Baylin 1932-1934
Servano S. Jongko 1935-1936
Regino J. Batitang 1936-1938
Felixberto C. Dagani 1941-1951;1963-1985
Alejo P. Rabuya 1946
Leonardo R. Corvera 1951
Tiofilo D. Curato 1952-1959
Julio Carlon 1959-1960
Basilisa Atega-Kittilstvedt 1960-1963
Bienvenido C. Milan 1963
Alan M. Famador 1985-1986
Abelardo M. Carloto 1986-1992
Enie M. Ceniza 1987
Rosario M. Amante 1992-2001
Herman M. Libarnes 2001-2007
Dale B. Covera** 2007-2016
Katrina Marie Mortola 2016-present
*The first municipal mayor.

**The first city mayor.


By land[edit]

Cabadbaran city is accessible by bus from Bachelor Express or Surigao Bus via Butuan-Surigao routes or vice versa. There are also vans, jeep and multi-cabs that have routes towards both Surigao City and Butuan City which are stationed in the City Transport Terminal.

By air and sea[edit]

Currently the city has no sea and airports. Cabadbaran can be reached by air from Manila and Cebu via Butuan City which is 30 kilometers away. From the Visayas, it can be accessed via the Nasipit Municipal Port in Nasipit, Agusan del Norte (60 km) or via the Lipata Port and Verano International Port both in Surigao City (79 km) through the Maharlika Highway


Public Schools[edit]

  • Alfonso B. Dagani Elementary School (formerly Mabini Elementary School)
  • Antonio Luna Elementary School
  • Bay-ang Elementary School
  • Bayabas Elementary School
  • Caasinan Elementary School
  • Cabinet Elementary School
  • Calamba Elementary School
  • Calamba National High School
  • Calibunan Elementary School
  • Comagascas Elementary School
  • Concepcion Elementary School
  • Del Pilar Elementary School
  • Del Pilar National High School (Calamba NHS Annex)
  • Katugasan Elementary School
  • Kauswagan Elementary School
  • La Union Elementary School
  • Lusong Elementary School
  • Mahaba Elementary School
  • North Cabadbaran Central Elementary School
  • Pirada Elementary School
  • Puting Bato Elementary School
  • Sanghan Elementary School
  • Soriano Elementary School
  • South Cabadbaran Central Elementary School
  • Antonio C. Dagani Central Elementary School
  • Cabadbaran National High School
  • La Union National High School (Calamba NHS Annex)
  • NORCACES Integrated School (Evening Opportunity High School)

Private Schools and SUCs[edit]

Sister cities[edit]


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Province: AGUSAN DEL NORTE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "CARAGA". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b "Total Population by City, Municipality and Barangay: as of August 1, 2015". Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "History of Cabadbaran". Retrieved 2016-06-10. 
  8. ^ Virginia Hansen Holmes, Guerrilla Daughter (Kent, Ohio: Kent State U. Press, 2009), p. 73.
  9. ^ Kent Holmes, Wendell Fertig and His Guerrilla Forces in the Philippines: Fighting the Japanese Occupation, 1942-1945 (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2015), pp. 116-7.
  10. ^ Kent Holmes, p. 119.
  11. ^ Republic Act No. 9434 of 12 April 2007 Charter of the City of Cabadbaran
  12. ^ G.R. No. 176951 et al. (First appeal) of 18 November 2008 Consolidated petitions for prohibition assailing the constitutionality of the subject Cityhood Laws and enjoining the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) and respondent municipalities from conducting plebiscites pursuant to the Cityhood Laws.
  13. ^ Napallacan, Jhunex (2008-11-21). "Cities' demotion worries DepEd execs". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  14. ^ G.R. No. 176951 et al. (First reversal) of 21 December 2009
  15. ^ a b Republic Act No. 9009 of 24 February 2001 An Act amending section 450 of Republic Act no. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991, by increasing the average annual income requirement for a municipality or cluster of barangays to be converted into a component city.
  16. ^ a b G.R. No. 176951 et al. (Second appeal) of 15 February 2011 League of Cities of the Philippines v. COMELEC
  17. ^ G.R. No. 176951 et al. (Final Resolution) of 28 June 2011 Supreme Court has directed the Clerk of Court to forthwith issue the Entry of Judgment
  18. ^ "Musikainan". Retrieved 2016-06-10. 
  19. ^ "Cabadbaran Mayors". Retrieved 2016-06-10. 

External links[edit]