Map of Agusan del Norte showing the location of Cabadbaran City.
|Region||Caraga (Region XIII)|
|Province||Agusan del Norte|
|District||2nd District of Agusan del Norte|
|• Mayor||Dale B. Corvera (Lakas-Kampi CMD)|
|• Total||327.46 km2 (126.43 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 NSO Census)|
|• Density||210/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
Cabadbaran is the capital city in the province of Agusan del Norte, Philippines. It has a population of 69,241 according to the NSO Census of 2010. Founded in 1894, the city rose from its Spanish period beginnings to become the premier town of Agusan del Norte. Its rich cultural heritage is evident in its preserved colonial period houses and its archaeological collections. Following its recent declaration as a city, it is also the officially designated capital of the province per Republic Act 8811.
Cabadbaran is politically subdivided into 31 barangays.
- Antonio Luna
- Calamba-Old Calamba, New Calamba, Malico, Ampayon and Setio Calulutay
- Del Pilar
- La Union
- Poblacion 1 -Jose Rizal
- Poblacion 2 -Sampaguita
- Poblacion 3
- Poblacion 4 -Perpetual Succor
- Poblacion 5 -A. Bonifacio
- Poblacion 6
- Poblacion 7
- Poblacion 8 -Cadena de Amor
- Poblacion 9
- Poblacion 10 -Mango
- Poblacion 11
- Poblacion 12 -Sunflower
- Puting Bato
CABADBARAN, as a community, could trace its existence back to 1200A.D. Traces of the existence of 12th century villages could be found along ancient waterways dissecting the territory now called Cabadbaran. Along the old creeks of Caasinan, Cambuayon and Capudlusan, pre-Spanish Cabadbaranons once lived, worked and died during the 9th -12th centuries, contemporaneous with the old archaeological sites in Butuan City. Artifacts from these pre-Spanish villages could be found today at the Cabadbaran City Artifacts Gallery now temporarily housed at the City Library.
Archival records showed that Cabadbaran was first mentioned in history as a small village chosen by Spanish authorities to become a new reduction which they called “La Reunion de Cabarbaran” in 1867. Added to the existing small population at that time were the inhabitants of Bunawan, Talacogon & Solibao who were coerced by Spanish authorities to migrate to La Reunion. In 1879, La Reunion was disbanded. Those from upper Agusan went back to their places of origin and the remnant population were attached to the town of Tubay.
In 1880-1881, Fr. Saturnino Urios revived the reduction but named it Tolosa in honor of his hometown in Spain. This reduction increased in population with migrants settling in coming from the Visayas. In 1880, its leadership under Teniente del Barrio Don Eduardo Curato, petitioned the Spanish authorities to approve its application for township which was granted in January 31, 1894 as archival documents showed. Separated now from Tubay, the new pueblo, still named Tolosa, increased in population and its economy was propped up by agriculture (rice production) and commerce (abaca trading). This steady growth was disrupted by the events of 1896, the revolution against Spain. But even at that time, no significant turmoil occurred in Cabadbaran until the coming of the American occupation forces in 1901.
Forced by the superiority in arms of the enemy, Filipino forces in Agusan, including those in Cabadbaran under Capt. Andres Atega were forced to surrender. Under American rule and tutelage, Tolosa which was now called again as Cabadbaran (due to Don Andres Atega’s proposal), became a center of growth in Northern Agusan.
Public education system was established in 1903 with George Bohner as the first American teacher. With the appointment of Dr. Pedro Malbas as Public Health Officer in the 1920s, public health was improved upon construction of sanitary toilets, deep wells & drainage canals. The American authorities also embarked in public construction of roads & bridges. Early local leaders who led the struggle but eventually surrendered to the Americans were appointed/elected to different government positions. Don Andres, for one, became Treasurer, Juez de Paz, Inspector of Public Schools and Member of the Provincial Board at one time or another.
Apolonio “Oyok” Curato, a son of Eduardo became a lawyer and represented Agusan in the 1935 Constitutional Convention. He became Governor and Congressman of the undivided province of Agusan.
In economy, Cabadbaran continued producing abaca but started abaca production from the extensive coconut plantations established at the start of the American occupation. Rice remained as staple crop grown in the ricefields of present day areas of Calibunan and Mabini. The Agusan-Surigao road became serviceable in the 1930s. Several Bus lines, among the MASTRANCO, started public service along this route, thus catapulting economic growth. The advent of WWII again disrupted not only the growth of Cabadbaran but the whole province as well. With the entry of Japanese forces in 1944 and the defeat of the fledgling Phil. Army and U.S. forces, it didn’t take long for anti-Japanese forces to get organized. Fil-Am Guerilla forces started resistance first in Buenavista then followed by actions in Cabadbaran. Foremost among these guerilla organizers were Judge Jose Villanueva, Capt. Benjamin Famador, Capt. Plenio Atega, etc. (see “Red Sun Over Agusan” by Florante Mori). These dark years under Japan were years when heroes, villains and traitors made their marks in the annals of history not only in Cabadbaran but the whole of Agusan and Surigao as well.
In July 4, 1946 after liberation, Philippine independence was formally granted by America. In spite of this hindering factor, economic growth continued to advance with gains in agriculture and technology. In Cabadbaran, copra, abaca, rice and corn remain as staple crops. But new sources of wealth were now derived from the forests and mountains of Agusan.
Although small-scale gold mining had already began earlier, the entry of Manila Mining Corp. in the 1960s in the rich gold lode in Pirada, Del Pilar brought in jobs and income to many people of Cabadbaran and even until today gold is still a fabulous source of wealth to many who have gambled their lives and fortune to seek this metal. Logging, a bane to the environment but a boon to those who invested in this industry became also a rich source of income to Cabadbaranons in the 1960s until the 1970s.
Together with economic growth, strides were also made in the field of education as attested by the establishment of different high schools and lately, colleges in Cabadbaran. In politics, the rise and fall of presidents of the republic flow side by side with the rise and fall of political forces in Agusan, most of which are family centered. Among others, the Curatos, the Ategas, the Rosaleses, the Aquinos, the Calos, the Plazas have indelibly left their marks in the administration of the province one of which is the division of the lone province of Agusan into two: Agusan del Sur and Agusan del Norte. In June 16, 1967, under R.A. 4979, Agusan became two provinces. But lately, the political forces that coalesced under the strong leadership of the Amantes contributed a great bearing on the current status of Cabadbaran. For under the strong leadership of the Amantes, Cabadbaran became a city by virtue of R.A. 9434, implemented last July 28, 2007 and the man at the helm of this refurbished strip is the dynamic leader, Mayor Dale B. Corvera who in a matter of months rid the city of its street trash, streamlined the bureaucracy, brought the services of the local government directly to the barangays, and renovated the city hall. Under Mayor Corvera’s leadership, the new city has high hopes of attaining higher levels of progress in the years to come.
The city has also a booming economy based on agro industry, commerce and trade, source of several export and industrial products; it has also varied ecotourism destinations ranging from Caraga's highest peak, mile long tunnels to adventure tourism sites.
Easily accessible from the cities of Surigao and Butuan, the City has modern transport, communications, banking and accommodation facilities that could provide all the convenience a modern traveler needs.
Festivals and Celebrations
- Charter Day Celebration - held annually every July 28 to commemorate the cityhood of Cabadbaran.
- Dagkot Festival - It is the sole important event during the fiesta celebration of Cabadbaran City. The weeklong festivity features socio-civic activities, sporting events, trade fairs and capped by a grand street dancing parade and competition to celebrate the historic past and the bright future that awaits the city also in honor of Nuestra Seniora de Candelaria.
- Cabadbaran South Central Elementary School (CASOCES)
- Bishop Haden Institute (Offers Tertiary Education)(BHI)
- Northern Cabadbaran Elementary School(NORCACES)
- Tolosa Central Elementary School (TCES)
- Cabadbaran Christian Foundation Academy (CCFA)
- Candelaria Institute of Cabadbaran, Inc. (CANDELARIA INSTITUTE)
- Mindanao Institute (MI)
- Cabadbaran City National High School (CCNHS)
- Caraga State University - Cabadbaran Campus
- Northern Mindanao Colleges
- Bishop Haden Institute
- Candelaria Institute of Cabadbaran, Inc. (CANDELARIA INSTITUTE)
Department Stores, Supermarkets
- Villahermosa Supermarket and Grocery
- Cabadbaran City Supermarket
- Prince Warehouse[u/c]
- A & C Pharmacy
- Rose Bakeshop
- Western Union
- Orlyn's Marketing
- Orlyn's Food Net
- Rose Pharmacy
Cabadbaran lies 9 degrees north latitude and 125 degrees and 30 minutes east longitude on the northeastern part of Mindanao. Its boundaries are Tubay to the north, Butuan Bay to the west, Magallanes to the south, Madrid, Surigao del Sur to the east. It is 29 kilometers away from Butuan City. It is generally flat with rolling hills and swamplands in its western part. The highest of all mountains in the Caraga Region, Mt. Hilong-hilong (located 2,012 meters above sea level), rises in this city.
Provincial Seat of Government
After the Provincial Government of Agusan del Norte attain the reclassification of their land conducted by the Dept. of Agriculture (DA) in Brgy. Sanghan, Cabadbaran City where the new Capitol building will be constructed, the land conversion by the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) will soon follow. According to Gov. Amante, the budget for the construction is ready. It will feature a modern design with lots of new things to look forward to.The Governor added that there will be an employees village at the back of the new building intended for the provincial employees. For the old capitol building located in Capitol Compound, Butuan City, there are options on what to make out of it. It could be turned into a school, heritage hotel or a government office. But according to Gov. Amante, the Guingona’s, who donated the lot to the province, expressed their desire and prefer to see the old capitol building be turned into a good decent school instead of the other options to maintain its perpetual relevance and contribute to the improvement of education in the whole region.
The city belongs to the Second Climatic Type of the Corona Classification. No definite dry season in the place and maximum rainfall occurs from October to January. The average annual rainfall is 171.29 mm, average annual temperature 27.5 degrees.
Cabadbaran city is accessible by bus from Bachelor Express or Surigao Bus via Butuan-Surigao routes or vice versa. There are also Vans, Jeep, and multi-cabs that have routes coming also from both Surigao and Butuan City.
By Air and Sea
Currently the city has no sea and airports. Cabadbaran can be reached by air from Manila and Cebu via Butuan City which is 30 kilometers away. From the Visayas, it can be accessed via the Nasipit International Sea Port in Nasipit, Agusan del Norte (60 km) or via the Lipata Port in Surigao del Norte (79 km) through the Maharlika Highway
Recently Cabadbaran lost its cityhood, along with 15 other cities, after the Supreme Court of the Philippines granted a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines, and declared the cityhood law (RA 9434) which allowed the town to acquire its city status, unconstitutional. The said cities, the court ruled, did not meet the requirements for cityhood. More than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on the appeal of the so-called "League of 16 Cities" (of which Cabadbaran is a part of), the Supreme Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators." As such, the cityhood status of Cabadbaran is effectively restored.
A previous law required towns aspiring to become cities to earn at least P100 million annually, which none of the 16 did.
Voting 7-6, with two justices not taking part, the SC reinstated its Nov. 18, 2008 decision declaring as unconstitutional the Republic Acts (RAs) converting 16 municipalities into cities again.
On February 15, 2011, the supreme court upheld for the 3rd time the cityhood of Cabadbaran and 15 other towns in the Philippines. Cabadbaran is a city again.
- Butuan City
- Bayugan City
- Surigao City
- Bislig City
- Tandag City
- Agusan del Norte
- Agusan del Sur
- Surigao del Norte
- Surigao del Sur
- Dinagat Island
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Cabadbaranon Network
- Cabadbaran Today
- Philippine Information Agency