Cabazitaxel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cabazitaxel
Cabazitaxel.png
Clinical data
Trade namesJevtana
Other namesXRP-6258
AHFS/Drugs.comMonograph
MedlinePlusa611009
License data
Pregnancy
category
  • AU: D
Routes of
administration
Intravenous
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • AU: S4 (Prescription only)
  • UK: POM (Prescription only)
  • US: ℞-only [1]
  • EU: Rx-only
Identifiers
  • (1S,2S,3R,4S,7R,9S,10S,12R,15S)-4-(Acetyloxy)-15-{[(2R,3S)-3-{[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]amino}-2-hydroxy-3-phenylpropanoyl]oxy}-1-hydroxy-9,12-dimethoxy-10,14,17,17-tetramethyl-11-oxo-6-oxatetracyclo[11.3.1.03,10.04,7]heptadec-13-en-2-yl benzoate
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.205.741 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC45H57NO14
Molar mass835.944 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • CO[C@H]1C[C@H]2OC[C@@]2(OC(C)=O)[C@H]2[C@H](OC(=O)c3ccccc3)[C@]3(O)C[C@H](OC(=O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](NC(=O)OC(C)(C)C)c4ccccc4)C(C)=C([C@@H](OC)C(=O)[C@]12C)C3(C)C
  • InChI=1S/C45H57NO14/c1-24-28(57-39(51)33(48)32(26-17-13-11-14-18-26)46-40(52)60-41(3,4)5)22-45(53)37(58-38(50)27-19-15-12-16-20-27)35-43(8,36(49)34(55-10)31(24)42(45,6)7)29(54-9)21-30-44(35,23-56-30)59-25(2)47/h11-20,28-30,32-35,37,48,53H,21-23H2,1-10H3,(H,46,52)/t28-,29-,30+,32-,33+,34+,35-,37-,43+,44-,45+/m0/s1 ☒N
  • Key:BMQGVNUXMIRLCK-OAGWZNDDSA-N checkY
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Cabazitaxel, sold under the brand name Jevtana, is a semi-synthetic derivative of a natural taxoid.[2] It is a microtubule inhibitor,[1] and the fourth taxane to be approved as a cancer therapy.[citation needed]

Cabazitaxel was developed by Sanofi-Aventis and was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of hormone-refractory prostate cancer in June 2010.[3][4][5] It is available as a generic medication.[6][7]

Medical uses[edit]

Cabazitaxel is indicated in combination with prednisone for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer following docetaxel-based treatment.[1]

Mechanism of action[edit]

Taxanes enhance microtubule stabilization and inhibit cellular mitosis and division.[8] Moreover, taxanes prevent androgen receptor (AR) signaling by binding cellular microtubules and the microtubule-associated motor protein dynein, thus averting AR nuclear translocation.[9]

Clinical trials[edit]

In patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), overall survival (OS) is markedly enhanced with cabazitaxel versus mitoxantrone after prior docetaxel treatment. FIRSTANA (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01308567) assessed whether cabazitaxel 20 mg/m2 (C20) or 25 mg/m2 (C25) is superior to docetaxel 75 mg/m2 (D75) in terms of OS in patients with chemotherapy-naïve mCRPC. However, C20 and C25 did not demonstrate superiority for OS versus D75 in patients with chemotherapy-naïve mCRPC. Cabazitaxel and docetaxel demonstrated different toxicity profiles, and C20 showed the overall lowest toxicity.[10] In a phase III trial with 755 men for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer, median survival was 15.1 months for patients receiving cabazitaxel versus 12.7 months for patients receiving mitoxantrone. Cabazitaxel was associated with more grade 3–4 neutropenia (81.7%) than mitoxantrone (58%).[11] Common adverse effects with cabazitaxel include neutropenia (including febrile neutropenia) and GIT side effects appeared mainly in diarrhea, whereas, neuropathy was rarely detected.[12]

Pharmacokinetics[edit]

Cabazitaxel administration causes a decrease in plasma concentrations showing triphasic kinetics: a mean half life (t1/2) of 2.6 min in the first phase, a mean t1/2 of 1.3 h in the second phase, and a mean t1/2 of 77.3 h in the third phase.[13]

Metabolism[edit]

Cabazitaxel is basically metabolized in the liver by [cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4/5 > CYP2C8], which result in seven plasma metabolites and excreted 20 metabolites. During 14 days after administration, 80% of cabazitaxel is excreted: 76% in the feces and 3.7% as a renal excretion.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Jevtana- cabazitaxel kit". DailyMed. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
  2. ^ "Cabazitaxel". NCI Drug Dictionary. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute. February 2, 2011.
  3. ^ "Drug Approval Package: Jevtana (Cabazitaxel) NDA #201023". U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). July 8, 2013. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
  4. ^ "Jevtana (cabazitaxel) Injection Approved by U.S. FDA After Priority Review" (Press release). Sanofi Aventis. June 17, 2010. Retrieved December 30, 2021 – via PR Newswire.
  5. ^ "Jevtana (cabazitaxel) Injection Approved by U.S. FDA After Priority Review - Jun 17, 2010" (Press release). Sanofi. June 17, 2010. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
  6. ^ "Cabazitaxel: FDA-Approved Drugs". U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Retrieved December 30, 2021.
  7. ^ "First Generic Drug Approvals". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. October 17, 2022. Retrieved November 28, 2022.
  8. ^ Jordan MA, Wilson L (April 2004). "Microtubules as a target for anticancer drugs". Nature Reviews. Cancer. 4 (4): 253–65. doi:10.1038/nrc1317. PMID 15057285. S2CID 10228718.
  9. ^ Darshan MS, Loftus MS, Thadani-Mulero M, Levy BP, Escuin D, Zhou XK, et al. (September 2011). "Taxane-induced blockade to nuclear accumulation of the androgen receptor predicts clinical responses in metastatic prostate cancer". Cancer Research. 71 (18): 6019–29. doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-11-1417. PMC 3354631. PMID 21799031.
  10. ^ Oudard S, Fizazi K, Sengeløv L, Daugaard G, Saad F, Hansen S, et al. (October 2017). "Cabazitaxel Versus Docetaxel As First-Line Therapy for Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: A Randomized Phase III Trial-FIRSTANA". Journal of Clinical Oncology. 35 (28): 3189–3197. doi:10.1200/JCO.2016.72.1068. PMID 28753384.
  11. ^ "Cabazitaxel Effective for Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer After Failure of Taxotere".[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Paller CJ, Antonarakis ES (March 2011). "Cabazitaxel: a novel second-line treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer". Drug Design, Development and Therapy. 5: 117–24. doi:10.2147/DDDT.S13029. PMC 3063116. PMID 21448449.
  13. ^ Mita AC, Denis LJ, Rowinsky EK, Debono JS, Goetz AD, Ochoa L, et al. (January 2009). "Phase I and pharmacokinetic study of XRP6258 (RPR 116258A), a novel taxane, administered as a 1-hour infusion every 3 weeks in patients with advanced solid tumors". Clinical Cancer Research. 15 (2): 723–30. doi:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-0596. PMID 19147780.
  14. ^ Tsao CK, Cutting E, Martin J, Oh WK (June 2014). "The role of cabazitaxel in the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer". Therapeutic Advances in Urology. 6 (3): 97–104. doi:10.1177/1756287214528557. PMC 4003844. PMID 24883107.

External links[edit]