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A cabbit is a fictional hybrid between a cat and a rabbit. They have appeared in fiction and fantasy stories including Japanese anime and manga, and have also been dubiously purported to have been observed in the wild. Most if not all observations are attributable to either misidentified Manx cats or outright hoaxes.
A cat-rabbit hybrid creature was first incorrectly documented by Joseph Train of Castle Douglas, Galloway, Scotland, in his "An Historical and Statistical Account of the Isle of Man", where he opined that the local Manx cat was such a hybrid: "My observations on the structure and habits of the specimen in my possession, leave little doubt on my mind of its being a mule, or cross between the female cat and the buck rabbit." Train also refers to the tufty tail on the posterior of the "Manks" cat as being a fud (Scots: fud), "or brush like that of a rabbit." Scientific study has determined that such a hybrid is genetically impossible.
The portmanteau term "cabbit" is used for such imagined hybrids. The exact year of coinage is uncertain. The term was used in 1977 to describe a specimen found in New Mexico and exhibited in Los Angeles. The specimen was showcased on the The Tonight Show and was later determined to be a cat with a deformed pelvis.
Manx cats and other cats with tailless or bobtailed mutations account for many alleged cabbit sightings. The mutation that causes taillessness can also cause skeletal and/or nerve abnormalities that result in the cat's using a hopping motion. This was once accepted by breeders as a feature of the Manx's look, but is now considered a serious fault in the show-ring and does not form part of the modern Manx standard of points. Modern breeders of the Manx are careful to breed only from cats that have normal locomotion. The relatively long hind legs of the Manx, combined with taillessness or a very short tail, give the impression of a rabbit.
In 1947, Grace Cox-Ife wrote: "There are several points about a Manx that make it anything but ordinary. The chief one is, of course, its taillessness; but this is not quite the whole story. Not only must a Manx have no tail but it should really be a further joint or more short on the spinal column; that is to say there should be a hollow where the tail would normally begin. Then there is the gait – a rabbity hop rather than a walk- which is caused by the height of the hindquarters: according to the Manx Cat Club these "cannot be too high, and the back cannot be too short, while there must be great depth of flank. The head should be round and large, but not of the snubby or Persian type.
Rose Tenent wrote: "No cat is more fascinating than the tailless Manx, with its rabbit-like hoppity gait [...] . The hind legs are considerably longer than the front ones, thus giving the cat its peculiar hopping gait; incidentally, also the reason for the reasonable theory held in some quarters that the Manx cat is the result of a cross-mating between a cat and a rabbit."
Occasionally the flap of loose skin from the belly to the haunches is absent, enhancing the visual similarity to a rabbit.
Cats with radial hypoplasia (abnormal short forelegs) may also adopt a rabbit-like gait.
The lionhead rabbit has often been mistakenly nicknamed a "cabbit" as it resembles a mixture of a rabbit and a cat. Many lionhead breeders spuriously call them "cabbits", contributing to the already significant misinformation concerning the "cabbit".
- Train 1845, volume 1, p.21n; By mule, Train means only figuratively of course, he's not suggesting the manx is a cross between horse and ass
- Sarah Hartwell. "Cabbits - Why Cats Can't Breed With Rabbits". 2005.
- Cabbits - What Are They
- Cox-Ife, Grace (1948). Questions Answered About Cats. London, England: Jordan & Sons.
- Tenent, Rose (1955). Pedigree Cats. London, England: Crosby Lockwood & Sons.
- Cabbits - What Are They Historically Documented Cases and Genetic Information.
- Soderbergh, P M; "Your Cat" (1951) (using 3rd edition; 1959)
- Soderbergh, P M; "Pedigree Cats, Their Varieties, Breeding and Exhibition" (1958)
- Train, Joseph (1845), An Historical and Statistical Account of the Isle of Man, from the Earliest Times to the Present Date; with a View of its Ancient Laws, Peculiar Customs, and Popular Superstitions 1, Douglas: Mary A.Quiggin, p. 21, archived from the original (google) on 2008-03-12