Cabinda (city)

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Cidade de Cabinda
Municipality and city
The Chapel of Rainha do Mundo in the City of Cabinda
The Chapel of Rainha do Mundo in the City of Cabinda
Official seal of Cabinda
Cabinda is located in Angola
Location in Angola
Coordinates: 5°33′36″S 12°11′24″E / 5.56000°S 12.19000°E / -5.56000; 12.19000Coordinates: 5°33′36″S 12°11′24″E / 5.56000°S 12.19000°E / -5.56000; 12.19000
Country Flag of Angola.svg Angola
Admin. division Cabinda province
Founded 1883
City Status 1956
 • Total 1,823 km2 (704 sq mi)
Elevation 24 m (79 ft)
Population (2014 Census)
 • Total 598,210
 • Density 330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Climate Aw

Cabinda (Kongo: Tsiowa) is a city located in the Cabinda Province, an exclave of Angola. Angolan sovereignty over Cabinda is disputed by the secessionist Republic of Cabinda. The municipality of Cabinda covered 1,823 square kilometres (704 square miles) and contained 598,210 inhabitants in 2014. The residents of the city are known as Cabindas or Fiotes. Cabinda, due to its proximity to rich oil reserves, serves as one of Angola's main oil ports.[1][2]


The city was founded by the Portuguese in 1883 after the signing of the Treaty of Simulambuco in 1983 the same period that occurred the Berlin Conference.

There are considerable offshore oil reserves nearby.


Cabinda is located on the Atlantic Ocean coast in the south of Cabinda Province, and sits on the right bank of the Bele River.[1] It is 56 kilometres (35 mi) north of Moanda (DR Congo), 70 kilometres (43 mi) north of Congo River estuary and 137 kilometres (85 mi) south of Pointe-Noire (Rep. Congo).[3]


The city of Cabinda is divided into three districts, or comuna:

  • Cabinda, the city seat, with 88.6% of the population the city
  • Malembo, with 3.1%
  • Tando-Zinze, with 8.3%[4]




Ibinda, a Bantu language, is the primary language of both the city and province of Cabinda.[2] Portuguese, the official language of Angola, is also spoken, though mostly as an administrative role. Since Cabinda was colonized relatively later (late nineteenth century) by Portugal compared to most of Angola, Portuguese isn't as widely spoken, though language speakers are rapidly growing in number.


In 2012, a proposed railway connection to the main Angolan system has to cross territory of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Cabinda". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-21.
  2. ^ a b "Cabinda" (in Portuguese). Luanda, Angola: Info-Angola. 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-21.
  3. ^ Google. "Cabinda (city)" (Map). Google Maps. Google.
  4. ^ "Region 1: Cabinda". Postcode Query. 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-21.


  • Esteves Pereira; Guilherme Rodrigues, eds. (1906). "Cabinda". Portugal: Diccionario Historico... (in Portuguese). 2. Lisbon: Joao Romano Torres. OCLC 865826167.

External links[edit]