First Merkel cabinet
Merkel’s first cabinet was the government of Germany between 22 November 2005 and 27 October 2009, during the 16th Bundestag. Led by the Christian Democrat Angela Merkel (the first female chancellor in German history), it was supported by a grand coalition of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU), and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). It followed Schröder's second cabinet. It laid down its function after the formation of Merkel’s second cabinet, which was formed following the 2009 elections.
The federal cabinet consisted of the following ministers:
Formation of the grand coalition
Neither the coalitions of the CDU/CSU and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) nor the ruling SPD and Alliance '90/The Greens had the vote of a majority of members of the Bundestag following the 2005 federal election, so the CDU/CSU and SPD decided to form the second grand coalition in the history of the federal republic.
Both CDU/CSU and SPD achieved a similar percentage of votes at the election (35.2% and 34.2%, respectively), so they decided that each would receive eight cabinet seats (with six for the CDU and two for the CSU). On October 13 the SPD announced their future ministers and on October 17 the CDU/CSU announced theirs.
Edmund Stoiber (CSU) was to become the Federal Minister of Economics and Technology, but refused the post on November 1, followed by a conflict with Angela Merkel over the abilities of the minister to succeed him.
The coalition agreement (Koalitionsvertrag), titled Together for Germany. With courage and humanity, was signed and accepted by the congress of the CDU, CSU, and SPD on November 12, 13, and 14. Angela Merkel was elected Chancellor of Germany on November 22 by 397 votes to 217. From that date the cabinet was officially in power.
- Official English names of German ministers and ministries (German Foreign Office)
- (German) PDF (659 KiB), the agreement of the coalition of November 12, 2005 between the CDU, CSU and SPD.
- PDF (541 KiB), from the SPD official website.