Government of the Republic of Abkhazia

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The Government of the Republic of Abkhazia (/æbˈkɑːziə/) governs the partially recognised Republic of Abkhazia.

Executive branch[edit]

The Republic of Abkhazia is headed by the President, a post held since 25 September 2014 by Raul Khajimba, who is supported by the Vice President (Vitali Gabnia, inaugurated together with Khajimba). They are served by a cabinet of ministers, headed by a Prime Minister, a post currently held by Artur Mikvabia.

Current cabinet[edit]

Office Incumbent Since
Prime Minister Artur Mikvabia 20 March 2015
First Vice Premier Shamil Adzynba 15 October 2014
Vice Premier Dmitri Serikov 8 April 2015
Chief of the Cabinet Staff Diana Pilia 26 May 2015
Minister for Internal Affairs Beslan Khagba 14 May 2015
Minister for Health Andzor Goov 28 October 2014
Minister for Foreign Affairs Daur Kove 4 October 2016
Minister for Culture and the Preservation of Historical and Cultural Heritage Elvira Arsalia 15 October 2014
Minister for Defence Mirab Kishmaria 10 May 2007
Minister for Education and Science Adgur Kakoba 15 October 2014
Minister for Agriculture Timur Eshba 8 April 2015
Minister for Labour, Employment and Social Security Suren Kerselyan 15 October 2014
Minister for Finance Amra Kvarandzia 17 October 2014
Minister for Economy Adgur Ardzinba 8 April 2015
Minister for Justice Marina Pilia 17 October 2014
Minister for Emergency Situations Lev Kvitsinia 21 July 2014
Minister for Resorts and Tourism Avtandil Gartskia 13 March 2015
Minister for Taxes and Duties Rauf Tsimtsba 8 April 2015
Chairman of the State Committee for Repatriation Vadim Kharazia 11 April 2015
Chairman of the State Committee for Ecology and the Environment Saveli Chitanava 21 October 2014
Chairman of the State Committee for Standards, Consumer and Technical Supervision Erik Rshtuni 23 October 2014
Chairman of the State Customs Committee Daur Kobakhia 21 October 2014
Chairman of the State Committee for Management of State Property and Privatization Konstantin Katsia 3 April 2007
Chairman of the State Committee for Youth Policy Alias Avidzba 11 April 2015
Chairman of the State Committee for Physical Culture and Sports Bagrat Khutaba 11 April 2015

Legislative branch[edit]

The People's Assembly is the parliament of the Republic of Abkhazia.

Judicial branch[edit]

Military Court[edit]

The Military Procuracy and Military Court were founded in March 1993. On 11 July 1993, the Military Court was turned into the Military Tribunal, but it was changed back on 1 July 1998.[1]

Prosecutor General[edit]

The Prosecutor's Office was founded on 15 April 1994. The first Prosecutor General was Anri Jergenia. After Jergenia became Prime Minister in 2001, he was succeeded by Rauf Korua.[2]

Following the October 2004 presidential election, lost by the pro-government candidate, outgoing Prime Minister Raul Khajimba, outgoing President Vladislav Ardzinba dismissed Korua on 17 October, for unspecified public statements and for failing to act against supposed violations during the elections. It was reported that Korua's dismissal was motivated by his support for opposition candidate Sergei Bagapsh, and for starting an investigation against Khajimba. The People's Assembly, controlled by supporters of Bagapsh, subsequently restored Korua to office. On 17 December, Ardzinba again suspended Korua and appointed his deputy Omiani Logua as acting Prosecutor General, this time following complaints by Abkhazian Railways head Rita Lolua.[3] People's Assembly Speaker Nugzar Ashuba again rejected Ardzinba's decision and called upon Korua to continue his work.[4]

In February 2007, Saferbei Mikanba was appointed as Prosecutor General.[2]

Following the May 2014 Revolution, on 5 June the People's Assembly voted to dismiss Mikanba as Prosecutor General.[5] The following day, acting President Valeri Bganba appointed Deputy Prosecutor General Zurab Agumava as Acting Prosecutor General.[6] On 9 September, Bganba extended Agumava's temporary appointment until 7 October 2014.[7] That day, the People's Assembly elected Deputy Minister for Internal Affairs Aleksei Lomia to become the new Prosecutor General with 26 votes in favour, 3 against and 1 abstention.[8]

Lomia resigned on 26 July 2016, coinciding with the resignation of Prime Minister Artur Mikvabia, and his resignation was accepted on the following day by the People's Assembly.[9] Lomia's successor, Nuri Tania, was only appointed on 28 September, after Summer recess.[10] Tania was elected as Constitutional Court judge and released from the office of Prosecutor General less than four months later, on 18 January 2017, following an agreement between the government and the opposition whereby the opposition could nominate a new Prosecutor General.[11] That same day, it elected with 23 votes in favour and 3 abstentions the opposition's nominee to succeed Tania, Zurab Achba, who had served as prosecutor in Gagra District until 2014.[12]

Arbitration Court[edit]

On 16 July 2014, Parliament elected Fatima Kvitsinia Chairman of the Arbitration Court of Abkhazia.[13]

Supreme Court[edit]

On 1 June 2015, Supreme Court Chairman Roman Mushba announced his resignation, co-inciding with the end of his current mandate.[14] On 30 July, Parliament elected as new Chairman Zurab Agumava, who had previously served as Supreme Court Judge, Interior Minister, Security Service Head, Military Prosecutor and Acting Prosecutor General. In addition, it elected Oksana Pilia as Supreme Court Judge.[15]


On 3 March 2007, Gueorgui Otyrba was appointed as the first Commissioner for Human Rights (Ombudsman), serving under the President of Abkhazia, by President Sergei Bagapsh.[16]

On 11 February 2016, the People's Assembly adopted a law which instituted a new, independent office of Ombudsman. The Ombudsman is elected by the People's Assembly by a simple majority for a term of five years. Candidates may be nominated by a group measuring at least one third of the total number of deputies. The Ombudsman must be a citizen and a permanent resident of Abkhazia, between 35 and 65 years of age and having completed higher education, and may not have a criminal record. No person may fulfill more than two consecutive terms as Ombudsman.[17]

Accordingly, on 4 May Otyrba was released as Ombudsman by President Raul Khajimba[18] and on 22 November, the lawyer Dmitri Marshan was elected as the new Ombudsman by Parliament, with eighteen votes in favour, one against and one abstention, out of 28 deputies present, after having been nominated by a group of 26 deputies.[19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Органам военной юстиции Республики Абхазия исполнилось 20 лет". Apsnypress. 29 March 2013. Archived from the original on 1 April 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Генпрокуратура Абхазии отметила своё 19-летие". Apsnypress. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  3. ^ Sergeev, Konstantin (17 December 2004). "Президент Абхазии уволил генпрокурора". Good Morning Russia. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  4. ^ "ОБЗОР АПСНЫПРЕСС ЗА 27.12.2004". Apsnypress. 27 December 2004. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  5. ^ "Генеральный прокурор Сафарбей Миканба отстранен от должности". Apsnypress. 5 June 2014. Archived from the original on 13 July 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Зураб Агумава назначен исполняющим обязанности Генерального прокурора РА". Apsnypress. 6 June 2014. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  7. ^ "Исполнение Зурабом Агумава обязанностей генерального прокурора РА продлено до 7 октября". Apsnypress. 9 September 2014. Archived from the original on 13 October 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Алексей Ломия назначен Генеральным прокурором Республики Абхазия". Apsnypress. 7 October 2014. Archived from the original on 13 October 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
  9. ^ Poluyan, Elena (28 September 2016). "Парламент утвердил на должность генпрокурора Абхазии Нурия Тания". Apsnypress. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  10. ^ Poluyan, Elena (27 July 2016). "Утверждена отставка Генпрокурора Абхазии Алексея Ломия". Apsnypress. Retrieved 30 July 2016.
  11. ^ "НУРИЙ ТАНИЯ ИЗБРАН СУДЬЕЙ КОНСТИТУЦИОННОГО СУДА РЕСПУБЛИКИ АБХАЗИЯ". Abkhazia Inform. 18 January 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  12. ^ "ЗУРАБ АЧБА НАЗНАЧЕН ГЕНЕРАЛЬНЫМ ПРОКУРОРОМ". Abkhazia Inform. 18 January 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  13. ^ "Председателем Арбитражного суда РА избрана Фатима Квициния". Apsnypress. 16 July 2014. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  14. ^ "Роман Мушба объявил о своей отставке". Apsnypress. 1 June 2015. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  15. ^ "Зураб Агумаа избран на должность Председателя Верховного Суда Республики Абхазия". Apsnypress. 30 July 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  16. ^ "Необходимо разработать законодательство в области защиты прав человека — Полпред по правам человека при Президенте". Администрация Президента Республики Абхазия. 7 March 2007. Archived from the original on 16 February 2012. Retrieved 5 February 2009.
  18. ^ Jopua, Irena (7 April 2016). "Повторные выборы по 21 и 23 избирательным округам Сухума пройдут 29 мая". Apsnypress. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
  19. ^ "ЮРИСТ ДМИТРИЙ МАРШАН ИЗБРАН НА ДОЛЖНОСТЬ УПОЛНОМОЧЕННОГО ПО ПРАВАМ ЧЕЛОВЕКА В АБХАЗИИ". Abkhazia Inform. 22 November 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2016.