Cabinet of Afghanistan
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politics and government of
The Cabinet of Afghanistan is made of the heads of all the government ministries. The president selects the members of cabinet with the approval of the National Assembly. Candidates for a ministerial position must be an Afghan citizen, be at least 35 years of age and have higher education. Ministers, unlike the president and vice presidents, can have citizenship of another country, but the Wolesi Jirga has in the past rejected ministers for the reason of having dual citizenship.
Current Cabinet of Ministers
National Unity Government
Karzai administration 2009–2014
After winning a second term, President Hamid Karzai nominated 23 ministers in December 2009 to be part of his new administration but only 7 were approved by the National Assembly. All the other candidates that Karzai initially selected were rejected by members of the National Assembly. Karzai presented a second list of 18 candidates to the Wolesi Jirga on 9 January 2010. A week later, the Wolesi Jirga again approved only seven of the candidates. Since then, part of the ministries have been governed by acting ministers who do not held approval of the Afghan legislature.
In June 2010, after the resignation of Interior Minister Hanif Atmar, President Karzai submitted 7 names for a third round of confirmation in the National Assembly. Five of them were approved by the National Assembly, leaving only six of the 25 ministries left with an 'acting minister.'  In the line chart below is the list of members of the current Afghan Cabinet (2009–2014).
|President||Hamid Karzai||2009-2014||Chosen by electorate|
|First Vice President||Mohammed Fahim||2009-2014||Chosen by electorate, died March 2014|
|Yunus Qanuni||2014-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Second Vice President||Karim Khalili||2009-2014||Chosen by electorate|
|Foreign Affairs Minister||Zalmai Rassoul||2010-2013||Resigned in 2013 to run for president|
|Zarar Ahmad Moqbel||2013-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Defense Minister||Abdul Rahim Wardak||2010-2012||Voted out of office by the National Assemblyin 2012|
|Bismillah Khan Mohammadi||2012-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Interior Minister||Mohammad Hanif Atmar||2010-2010||Resigned June 2010|
|Bismillah Khan Mohammadi||2010-2012||Approved by the National Assembly, voted out of office by the National Assembly in 2012|
|Ghulam Mujtaba Patang||2012-2013||Was voted out of office by the National Assembly in 2013|
|Mohammad Omar Daudzai||2013-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Finance Minister||Omar Zakhilwal||2010-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Economic Minister||Abdul Hadi Arghandiwal||2010-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Justice Minister||Habibullah Ghaleb||2010-2014||Approved by the National Assembly, died in March 2014|
|Information and Cultural Affairs Minister||Sayed Makhdum Raheen||2010-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Education Minister||Ghulam Farooq Wardak||2010-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Higher Education Minister||Sarwar Danish||2010-2012||Rejected by the National Assembly, served ad acting minister
|Obaidaullah Obaid||2012-2014||Rejected by the National Assembly in 2010, but in 2012 nominated again and approved|
|Trade and Commerce Minister||Ghulam Mohammad Eelaqi||2010-2010||Rejected by the National Assembly, served as acting minister|
|Anwar ul-Haq Ahady||2010-2013||Approved by the National Assembly, resigned in 2013 to run for president|
|Mohammad Shakir Kargar||2013-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Water and Energy Minister||Ismail Khan||2010-2013||Rejected by the National Assembly in 2010, served as acting minister, approved in 2012. Resigned in 2013 to become running mate of Abdurrab Rasul Sayaf.|
|Mohammad Arif Noorzai||2013-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Transportation and Aviation Minister||Mohammadulla Batash||2010-2010||Rejected by the National Assembly, served half a year as acting minister
|Daoud Ali Najafi||2010-2014||Rejected in 2010, served as acting minister, approved by the National Assemblyin 2012 |
|Public Works Minister||Sohrab Ali Safari||2010-2010||Never proposed to the National Assembly, acting minister until 2010|
|Abdul Qadus Hamidi||2010-2012||Approved by the National Assembly in 2010|
|Najibullah Aoudjan||2012-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Women's Affairs Minister||Husn Bano Ghazanfar||2010-2014||Rejected by the National Assembly in 2010, served as acting minister and approved in 2012|
|Haj and Islamic Affairs Minister||Mohammad Yousef Niazi||2010-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Public Health Minister||Suraya Dalil||2010-2014||Rejected by the National Assembly in 2010, served as Acting Minister, Approved in 2012|
|Agriculture Minister||Mohammad Asif Rahimi||2010-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Mines Minister||Waheedullah Sharani||2010-2013||Approved by the National Assembly, Resigned in 2013 to become running mate to Qayum Karzai.|
|Mohammad Akbar Barakzai||2013-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Ministry of Communications and Information Technology||Amirzai Sangin||2010-2014||Rejected by the National Assembly in 2010, served as Acting Minister, Approved in 2012|
|Rural Rehabilitation and Development Minister||Jarullah Mansouri||2010-2012||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Wais Ahmad Barmak||2012-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Work, Social Affairs, Martyred and Disabled Minister||Amina Afzali||2010-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Border Affairs and Tribal Affairs Minister||Arsala Jamal||2010-2010||Rejected by the National Assembly, served as acting minister|
|Assadullah Khalid||2010-2012||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Azizullah Din Mohammad||2012-2013||Rejected by the National Assembly, served as acting minister|
|Akram Khpalwak||2013-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Urban Development Minister||Sultan Hussain||2010-2012||Rejected by the National Assembly, served as acting minister|
|Hasan Abdullahai||2012-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Counter Narcotics Minister||Zarar Ahmad Moqbel Osmani||2010-2013||Approved by the National Assembly, resigned in 2013 to become Foreign Affairs Minister|
|Mobarez Rashidi||2014-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Refugees and Repatriation Minister||Abdul Rahim||2010-2010||Rejected by the National Assembly, served as acting minister|
|Jamahir Anwari||2010-2014||Approved by the National Assembly|
|Chief of the National Directorate of Security||Amrullah Saleh
|Resigned in 2010
Acting head since 2010
|National Security Advisor||Rangeen Dadfar Spanta|
Karzai administration 2004–2009
Afghan Transitional Administration
The Bonn conference of December 2001 had installed an interim government, the 2002 Loya Jirga subsequently elected a transitional administration. From July 2002 until the presidential elections in October 2004, the Transitional Administration governed Afghanistan.
Afghan interim administration
Following the ouster of the Taliban regime approximately two dozen leading Afghans met in Germany at the Bonn Conference to choose a leadership and set in place a timeline for the adoption of a new constitution for a new Afghan government, and the timeline for choosing an executive and legislature by democratic election. In the chart below is the list of members of the Interim Afghan authority. The Afghan Interim Administration (AIA) was the first administration of Afghanistan after the fall of the Taliban regime and was the highest authority of the country from 22 December 2001 until 13 July 2002.
|Chairman||Hamid Karzai||Independent Pashtun tribal leader in exile in Pakistan|
|Mohammed Fahim||Defense Minister of the United Islamic Front|
|Sima Samar||Founder of the Shuhada Organization and Shuhada Clinic in Quetta, Rome Group.|
|Mohammed Mohaqqeq||Warlord fighting against the Taliban for the People's Islamic Unity Party of Afghanistan in the United Islamic Front|
Water and Energy Minister
|Ahmed Shakar Karkar||United Islamic Front|
|Hedayat Amin Arsala||Foreign Minister of the Islamic State of Afghanistan in the 90s. Rome group.|
|Foreign Minister||Abdullah Abdullah||Foreign Minister of the United Islamic Front|
|Interior Minister||Yunus Qanuni||Interior Minister of the United Islamic Front|
|Communications Minister||Abdul Rahim||United Islamic Front|
|Borders Minister||Amanullah Zadran||Taliban leader, who defected after the American invasion, Rome Group|
|Refugees Minister||Intayatullah Nazeri||United Islamic Front|
|Small Industries Minister||Aref Noozari||United Islamic Front|
|Mines and Industry Minister||Mohammed Alim Razm||United Islamic Front|
|Health Minister||Sohaila Siddiqi||Has been in the governments of king Mohammed Zahir Shah and the communist regime of the 1970s and 1980s. Independent|
|Commerce Minister||Sayed Mustafa Kasemi||Spokesmen and leader of United National Front|
|Agriculture Minister||Sayed Hussain Anwari||Chief military commander of the Harakat-e Islami in the United National Front|
|Justice Minister||Abbas Karimi||United Islamic Front|
|Information and Culture Minister||Saeed Makhdoom Rahim||Poet and writer, Rome group|
|Reconstruction Minister||Mohammed Fahim Farhang||Rome Group|
|Haj and Mosques Minister||Mohammad Hanif Balkhi||Independent|
|Urban Affairs Minister||Abdul Qadir||Leader in the United National Front for the Hezb-e Islami Khalis faction|
|Public Works Minister||Abdul Khaliq Fazal||Rome group|
|Irrigation Minister||Mangal Hussein||Previously warlord for the Hezbi Islami Gulbuddin, Peshawar group|
|Martyrs and Disabled Minister||Abdullah Wardak||Leader in the United National Front for the Islamic Union for the Liberation of Afghanistan|
|Higher Education Minister||Sharif Faez||United Islamic Front|
|Civil Aviation & Tourism Minister||Abdul Rahman||Member of United Islamic Front, but he threw his support to former king Zahir Shah and became a member of the Rome Group|
|Labor and Social Affairs||Mirwais Saddiq||Son of Ismail Khan, United Islamic Front|
|Transportation Minister||Sultan Hamid Sultan|
|Education Minister||Abdul Rassoul Amin||Member of the National Islamic Front and the Rome group.|
|Rural Development Minister||Abdul Malik Anwar||United Islamic Front|
- "Executive Power and Ministries – Afghanistan Language and Culture Program". larc.sdsu.edu. Retrieved 2017-05-21.
- "Wolesi Jirga unanimously rejected ministers with dual citizenship - Ariana News". Ariana News. Retrieved 2017-05-21.
- Rubin, Alissa J. (4 January 2010). "Standoff Builds Over Afghan Cabinet". The New York Times. Afghanistan. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- "Afghan parliament approves 7 new ministers". News.xinhuanet.com. 16 January 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- "Afghanistan Online: Cabinet of ministers". Afghan-web.com. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- "Members of President Hamid Karzai's Cabinet". Afghan-web.com. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- Press release by the Government Media & Information Center of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, 6 March 2012, 11:10 h
- "Afghanistan Online: Members of President Hamid Karzai's Cabinet". Afghan-web.com. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments Archived 26 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine. CIA World Leaders, 30 March 2009
- "Cabinet Biographies". Afghanembassyjp.com. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- "Short Biographies of Afghanistan new Cabinet members". Mashreqi.net. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- Short biography of the Minister Professor Anwar-ul-Haq Ahadi Archived 3 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- "President Hamid Karzai's new cabinet". Institute-for-afghan-studies.org. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- Thomas H. Johnson (February 2006). "The Prospects for Post-Conflict Afghanistan: A Call of the Sirens to the Country’s Troubled Past" (PDF). V (2). Strategic Insights. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-15. Retrieved 2009-06-29.