Cabinet of Indonesia

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The Cabinet of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Kabinet Republik Indonesia) is the council of ministers appointed by the president. Indonesia has seen dozens of cabinets since independence in 1945, although during the New Order most cabinets remained unchanged for five years at a time. Most cabinets are referred to by the names given them at the time of formation.

History of the Indonesian cabinet[edit]

The concept of a cabinet is not mentioned explicitly in the 1945 Constitution, so Indonesia's cabinets since 14 November 1945 are the result of administrative convention. There have been two types of cabinet in Indonesian history; presidential and parliamentary. In presidential cabinets, the president is responsible for government policy as head of state and government, while in parliamentary cabinets, the cabinet carries out government policy, and is responsible to the legislature.[1]

During the War of Independence from 1945-1949, the cabinet changed from a presidential to a parliamentary system, despite this not being the system intended by those who drew up the Constitution; however, at several critical periods, it reverted to a presidential system. During this period, the cabinet had between 16 and 37 ministers with 12-15 ministries.[2]

On 27 December 1949, the Netherlands recognised the sovereignty of the United States of Indonesia (RIS). Under the Federal Constitution of 1949, the RIS had a parliamentary cabinet as ministers were responsible for government policy. With the return to the unitary state of Indonesia in August 1950, the parliamentary cabinet system remained due to an agreement between the governments of the RIS and the Republic of Indonesia (a constituent of the RIS). Article 83 of the Provisional Constitution of 1950 stated that ministers had full responsibility for government policy. Over the following nine years there were seven cabinets with between 18 and 25 members.[3]

On 5 July 1959, President Sukarno issued a decree abrogating the 1950 Constitution and returning to the 1945 Constitution. The cabinet was also dissolved. A new presidential cabinet was formed shortly after and this system has continued to the present day. During the final years of Sukarno's presidency, cabinets were larger, peaking at 111 ministers.

During the New Order under President Suharto, cabinets were smaller, and from 1968 until 1998 lasted for the five-year presidential term. Following the fall of Suharto and the beginning of the Reformasi era, the presidential cabinet system has been retained.[4]

Until 2010, cabinet ministries were dubbed Departments following the United States model.

Current Cabinet[edit]

The present Indonesian cabinet, the Working Cabinet (Indonesian: Kabinet Kerja), was sworn in on October 27, 2014. The cabinet consists of 34 ministers.[5] On August 12, 2015, President Jokowi held the first reshuffle of his cabinet, replacing 6 ministers just 10 months after his inauguration. He further reshuffled his ministerial team on July 27, 2016[6][7]

Office Portfolio Minister Party In Office since Portrait
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Coordinating Ministry for Political, Legal,

and Security Affairs Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Politik, Hukum, dan Keamanan

Wiranto Hanura July 27, 2016
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Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs

Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Ekonomi

Darmin Nasution Independent August 12, 2015
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Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs

Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Kemaritiman

Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan Golkar July 27, 2016
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Coordinating Ministry for Human Development

and Culture Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Pembangunan Manusia dan Kebudayaan

Puan Maharani PDIP October 27, 2014
Portfolio Minister Party In Office since Portrait
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Ministry of State Secretariat

Kementerian Sekretariat Negara

Pratikno Independent October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Home Affairs

Kementerian Dalam Negeri

Tjahjo Kumolo PDIP October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Kementerian Luar Negeri

Retno Marsudi Independent October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Defense

Kementerian Pertahanan

Ryamizard Ryacudu Independent October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Law and Human Rights

Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia

Yasonna Laoly PDIP October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Finance

Kementerian Keuangan

Sri Mulyani Indrawati Independent July 27, 2016
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources.svg
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral

Archandra Tahar Independent July 27, 2016
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Ministry of Industry

Kementerian Perindustrian

Airlangga Hartanto Golkar October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Trade

Kementerian Perdagangan

Enggartiasto Lukita Nasdem Party July 27, 2016
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Ministry of Agriculture

Kementerian Pertanian

Amran Sulaiman Independent October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Environment and Forestry

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

Siti Nurbaya Bakar Nasdem October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Transportation

Kementerian Perhubungan

Budi Karya Sumadi Independent July 27, 2016
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Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan

Susi Pudjiastuti Independent October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Manpower

Kementerian Ketenagakerjaan

Hanif Dhakiri PKB October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Villages, Disadvantaged Regions

and Transmigration Kementerian Desa, Pembangunan Daerah Tertinggal dan Transmigrasi

Eko Putro Sandjojo PKB July 27, 2016
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Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing

Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat

Basuki Hadimuljono Independent October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Health

Kementerian Kesehatan

Nila Moeloek Independent October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Education and Culture

Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan

Muhadjir Effendy Independent July 27, 2016
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Ministry of Research, Technology,

and Higher Education Kementerian Riset, Teknologi, dan Pendidikan TInggi

Muhammad Nasir Independent October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Social Affairs

Kementerian Sosial

Khofifah Indar Parawansa PKB October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Religious Affairs

Kementerian Agama

Lukman Hakim Saifuddin PPP October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Tourism

Kementerian Pariwisata

Arief Yahya Independent October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Communication and Informatics

Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika

Rudiantara Independent October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Cooperatives

and Small & Medium Enterprises

Kementerian Koperasi dan Usaha Kecil

dan Menengah

Anak Agung Gede Ngurah Puspayoga PDIP October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Female Empowerment

and Child Protection

Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan

dan Perlindungan Anak

Yohana Yembise Independent October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Administrative

and Bureaucratic Reform

Kementerian Pendayagunaan Aparatur

Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi

Asman Abnur PAN July 27, 2016
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Ministry of National Development Planning/

National Development Planning Agency

Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan

Nasional / Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional

Bambang Brodjonegoro Independent July 27, 2016
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Ministry of Land and Spatial Planning /

National Land Affairs Agency

Kementerian Agraria dan Tata Ruang / Badan

Pertanahan Nasional

Sofyan Djalil Independent July 27, 2016
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Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises

Kementerian Badan Usaha Milik Negara

Rini Soemarno Independent October 27, 2014
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Ministry of Youth and Sports Affairs

Kementerian Pemuda dan Olahraga

Imam Nahrawi PKB October 27, 2014

Cabinet-level Officials[edit]

Portfolio Incumbent Head In office since Portrait
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Attorney General's Office

Jaksa Agung

Muhammad Prasetyo November 20, 2014
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National Armed Forces

Panglima Tentara Nasional Indonesia

Gatot Nurmantyo July 8, 2015
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National Police

Kepala Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia

Tito Karnavian April 17, 2015
Cabinet Secretary

Sekretaris Kabinet

Pramono Anung August 12, 2015
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State Intelligence Agency

Kepala Badan Intelijen Negara

Sutiyoso July 8, 2015
Investment Coordinating Board

Kepala Badan Koordinasi Penanaman Modal

Thomas Lembong July 27, 2016
Presidential Staff Office

Kepala Staf Kepresidenan

Teten Masduki September 2, 2015

List of Indonesian Cabinets[edit]

Parliamentary cabinets were usually known by the name of the prime minister, but after 1959 they were named after their principal tasking.[8] The complete list of cabinets follows:[9][10]

Name of Cabinet Head of Cabinet Period of Office

War of Independence[edit]

Presidential Cabinet Sukarno 2 September 1945 – 23 November 1945
First Sjahrir Cabinet Sutan Sjahrir 23 November 1945 – 12 March 1946
Second Sjahrir Cabinet 12 March 1946 – 2 October 1946
Third Sjahrir Cabinet 2 October 1946 – 27 June 1947
First Amir Sjarifuddin Cabinet Amir Sjarifuddin 3 July 1947 – 11 November 1947
Second Amir Sjarifuddin Cabinet 11 November 1947 – 29 January 1948
First Hatta Cabinet Mohammad Hatta 29 January 1948 – 19 December 1949
Emergency Cabinet Sjafruddin Prawiranegara 22 December 1948 – 13 July 1949
First Hatta Cabinet Mohammad Hatta 13 July 1949 – 4 August 1949
Second Hatta Cabinet 4 August – 14 December 1949

United States of Indonesia[edit]

RUSI Cabinet Mohammad Hatta 20 December 1949 – 7 September 1950
Susanto Cabinet Susanto Tirtoprodjo 27 December 1949 – 21 January 1950
Halim Cabinet Abdul Halim 21 January 1950 – 7 September 1950

Liberal Democracy[edit]

Natsir Cabinet Muhammad Natsir 7 September 1950 – 27 April 1951
Sukiman Cabinet Sukiman Wirjosandjojo 27 April 1951 – 3 April 1952
Wilopo Cabinet Wilopo 3 April 1952 – 30 July 1953
First Ali Sastroamidjojo Cabinet Ali Sastroamidjojo 30 July 1953 – 1 August 1955
Burhanuddin Harahap Cabinet Burhanuddin Harahap 1 August 1955 – 24 March 1956
Second Ali Sastroamidjojo Cabinet Ali Sastroamidjojo 26 March 1956 – 9 April 1957
Djuanda Cabinet Djuanda Kartawidjaja 10 April 1957 – 10 July 1959

Guided Democracy[edit]

First Working Cabinet Sukarno 10 July 1959 – 18 February 1960
Second Working Cabinet 18 February 1960 – 8 March 1962
Third Working Cabinet 8 March 1962 – 23 November 1963
Fourth Working Cabinet 23 November 1963 – 2 September 1964
Dwikora Cabinet 2 September 1964 – 24 February 1966
Revised Dwikora Cabinet 24 February 1966 – 30 March 1966
Second Revised Dwikora Cabinet 30 March – 25 July 1966
Ampera Cabinet Sukarno (until March 1967, then Suharto) 28 July 1966 – 14 October 1967
Revised Ampera Cabinet Suharto 14 October 1967 – 10 June 1968

New Order[edit]

First Development Cabinet Suharto 10 June 1968 – 28 March 1973
Second Development Cabinet 28 March 1973 – 31 March 1978
Third Development Cabinet 31 March 1978 – 19 March 1983
Fourth Development Cabinet 19 March 1983 – 23 March 1988
Fifth Development Cabinet 23 March 1988 – 19 March 1993
Sixth Development Cabinet 19 March 1993 – 16 March 1998
Seventh Development Cabinet 16 March 1998 – 23 May 1998

Reform Era[edit]

Development Reform Cabinet Jusuf Habibie 23 May 1998 – 29 October 1999
National Unity Cabinet Abdurrahman Wahid 29 October 1999 – 9 August 2001
Mutual Assistance Cabinet Megawati Sukarnoputri 10 August 2001 – 20 October 2004
United Indonesia Cabinet Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 21 October 2004 – 22 October 2009
Second United Indonesia Cabinet Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 22 October 2009 – 20 October 2014
Working Cabinet Joko Widodo 27 October 2014 – present[11]
Source: Simanjuntak 2003

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Daniel Dhaidae & H. Witdarmono (Eds) (2000)Wajah Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Republic Indonesia Pemilihan Umum 1999 (Faces of the Republic of Indonesia People's Representative Council 1999 General Election) Harian Kompas, Jakarta, ISBN 979-9251-43-5
  • Feith, Herbert (2007) The Decline of Constitutional Democracy in Indonesia Equinox Publishing (Asia) Pte Ltd, ISBN 9793780452
  • Simanjuntak, P. N. H. (2003). Kabinet-Kabinet Republik Indonesia: Dari Awal Kemerdekaan Sampai Reformasi (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Djambatan. ISBN 979-428-499-8. 
  • Yayasan API (2001),Panduan Parlemen Indonesia (Indonesian Parliamentary Guide), ISBN 979-96532-1-5

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) p1
  2. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) p2
  3. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) pp. 3-4
  4. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) pp. 5-6
  5. ^ "Jokowi's Cabinet announced, here is the lineup". The Jakarta Globe. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Presiden Jokowi lantik enam menteri baru". BBC.com. August 12, 2015. 
  7. ^ Ayomi Amindoni (27 July 2016), "Jokowi's new Cabinet announced", The Jakarta Post, retrieved 5 August 2016 
  8. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) p66
  9. ^ Simanjuntak (2003)
  10. ^ Feith (2007)
  11. ^ "Cabinet Announcement Still Elusive but State Palace Targets Monday Inauguration". http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/news/cabinet-announcement-still-elusive-state-palace-targets-monday-inauguration/. Jakarta Globe.  External link in |website= (help)

External links[edit]