Cabinet of Joe Biden

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Biden Cabinet

Cabinet of the United States
2021–present
Joe Biden
Cabinet of President Joe Biden in July 2021
Date formedJanuary 20, 2021 (2021-01-20)
People and organizations
PresidentJoe Biden
President's historyFormer U.S. Vice President
(2009–2017)
Former U.S. Senator from Delaware
(1973–2009)
Former New Castle County Councilman (1971–1973)
Vice PresidentKamala Harris
Total no. of members25 (incl. Cabinet-level members)
Member party  Democratic Party
Status in legislatureMajority government (2021–2023)
Divided government (2023–present)
Opposition party  Republican Party
History
Election(s)2020 United States presidential election
Legislature term(s)117th United States Congress
118th United States Congress
Budget(s)2021 budget
2022 budget
2023 budget
Advice and consentUnited States Senate
PredecessorCabinet of Donald Trump

Joe Biden assumed office as President of the United States on January 20, 2021. The president has the authority to nominate members of his Cabinet to the United States Senate for confirmation under the Appointments Clause of the United States Constitution.

Before confirmation and during congressional hearings, a high-level career member of an executive department heads this pre-confirmed cabinet on an acting basis. The Cabinet's creation was part of the transition of power following the 2020 United States presidential election.

In addition to the 15 heads of executive departments, there are 10 Cabinet-level officials. Biden altered his cabinet structure, elevating the chair of the Council of Economic Advisers,[1] director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy[2] and ambassador to the United Nations as Cabinet-level positions.[3] Biden initially removed the director of the Central Intelligence Agency from his Cabinet, but reversed the move in July 2023.[4][5]

Confirmations had occurred at the slowest pace of any presidential cabinet in modern history that resulted from delays in facilitating an orderly transition of power and passing the organizing resolution for governing an evenly split Senate following the 2020–2021 United States Senate runoff elections in Georgia; and the second impeachment of Donald Trump.[6] By March 2021, a pick-up in the first half of the month brought confirmations close to pace.[7] Biden is the first president since Ronald Reagan in 1981 to have all of his original Cabinet secretary nominees confirmed to their posts.[8]

This page documents the confirmation process for Cabinet nominees of Joe Biden's administration. They are listed according to the United States order of precedence.

Cabinet[edit]

All permanent members of the Cabinet of the United States as heads of executive departments require the advice and consent of the United States Senate following appointment by the president before taking office. The vice presidency is exceptional in that the position requires an election to office pursuant to the United States Constitution. The president may also designate heads of other agencies and non-Senate-confirmed members of the Executive Office of the President as Cabinet-level members of the Cabinet. The Cabinet meets with the president in the Cabinet Room, a room adjacent to the Oval Office.

The following have been named as Cabinet appointees by the president of the United States.[9]

Cabinet of President Joe Biden
  Elected to office – all other cabinet members serve at the pleasure of the president
  Yet to be confirmed by the Senate
  Serving in an acting capacity (one at present)
  No Senate consent needed
Office
Date announced / confirmed
Designee Office
Date announced / confirmed
Designee

Vice President of the United States
Announced August 11, 2020
Elected November 3, 2020
Assumed office January 20, 2021


Former U.S. Senator
Kamala Harris
from California

Secretary of State
Announced November 23, 2020
Assumed office January 26, 2021


Former Deputy Secretary
Antony Blinken
from New York

Secretary of the Treasury
Announced November 30, 2020
Assumed office January 26, 2021


Former Federal Reserve Chair
Janet Yellen
from California

Secretary of Defense
Announced December 8, 2020
Assumed office January 22, 2021


Former Commander of USCENTCOM
Lloyd Austin
from Georgia

Attorney General
Announced January 7, 2021
Assumed office March 11, 2021


Former Circuit Judge
Merrick Garland
from Maryland

Secretary of the Interior
Announced December 17, 2020
Assumed office March 16, 2021


Former U.S. Representative
Deb Haaland
from New Mexico

Secretary of Agriculture
Announced December 10, 2020
Assumed office February 24, 2021


Former Governor
Tom Vilsack
of Iowa

Secretary of Commerce
Announced January 7, 2021
Assumed office March 3, 2021


Former Governor
Gina Raimondo
of Rhode Island

Secretary of Labor
Announced February 28, 2023
Assumed Acting Office: March 11, 2023


Acting Secretary
Julie Su
of California

Secretary of Health and Human Services
Announced December 7, 2020
Assumed office March 19, 2021


Former State Attorney General
Xavier Becerra
of California

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Announced December 10, 2020
Assumed office March 10, 2021


Former U.S. Representative
Marcia Fudge
from Ohio

Secretary of Transportation
Announced December 15, 2020
Assumed office February 3, 2021


Former Mayor
Pete Buttigieg
from Indiana

Secretary of Energy
Announced December 17, 2020
Assumed office February 25, 2021


Former Governor
Jennifer Granholm
of Michigan

Secretary of Education
Announced December 22, 2020
Assumed office March 2, 2021


Former State Education Commissioner
Miguel Cardona
of Connecticut

Secretary of Veterans Affairs
Announced December 10, 2020
Assumed office February 9, 2021


Former White House Chief of Staff
Denis McDonough
from Maryland

Secretary of Homeland Security
Announced November 23, 2020
Assumed office February 2, 2021


Former Deputy Secretary
Alejandro Mayorkas
from the District of Columbia

Cabinet-level officials[edit]

Office

Date announced / confirmed

Designee Office

Date announced / confirmed

Designee

White House Chief of Staff
Announced January 22, 2023
Assumed office February 8, 2023


Former Counselor to the President
Jeff Zients
from the District of Columbia

Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency
Announced December 17, 2020
Assumed office March 11, 2021


Former State Secretary of Environmental Quality
Michael S. Regan
of North Carolina

Director of the Office of Management and Budget
Announced March 2, 2021 (acting director as deputy)
Assumed office March 24, 2021 (acting director as deputy)
Announced November 24, 2021 (director)
Assumed office March 17, 2022 (director)


Former Deputy Director
Shalanda Young
from Louisiana

Director of National Intelligence
Announced November 23, 2020
Assumed office January 21, 2021


Former Deputy National Security Advisor
Avril Haines
from New York

Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
Announced January 11, 2021
Assumed office March 19, 2021
Elevated July 21, 2023


Former Deputy Secretary of State
William J. Burns
from North Carolina

United States Trade Representative
Announced December 10, 2020
Assumed office March 18, 2021


Former Chief Trade Counsel of the House Ways and Means Committee
Katherine Tai
from the District of Columbia

United States Ambassador to the United Nations
Announced November 23, 2020
Assumed office February 25, 2021


Former Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs
Linda Thomas-Greenfield
from Louisiana

Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers
Announced February 14, 2023
Assumed office July 10, 2023


Former Member of the Council of Economic Advisers
Jared Bernstein
from Virginia

Administrator of the Small Business Administration
Announced January 7, 2021
Assumed office March 17, 2021


Former Director of the State Office of Small Business Advocate
Isabel Guzman
of California

Science Advisor to the President
Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy
Announced June 21, 2022
Assumed office October 3, 2022


Former Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)
Arati Prabhakar
from California

Cabinet of President Joe Biden in July 2021
The Biden cabinet
OfficeNameTerm
PresidentJoe Biden2021–
Vice PresidentKamala Harris2021–
Secretary of StateAntony Blinken2021–
Secretary of the TreasuryJanet Yellen2021–
Secretary of DefenseLloyd Austin2021–
Attorney GeneralMerrick Garland2021–
Secretary of the InteriorDeb Haaland2021–
Secretary of AgricultureTom Vilsack2021–
Secretary of Commerce and LaborGina Raimondo2021–
Secretary of LaborMarty Walsh2021–2023
TBD2023–
Secretary of Health and
Human Services
Xavier Becerra2021–
Secretary of Housing and
Urban Development
Marcia Fudge2021–
Secretary of TransportationPete Buttigieg2021–
Secretary of EnergyJennifer Granholm2021–
Secretary of EducationMiguel Cardona2021–
Secretary of Veterans AffairsDenis McDonough2021–
Secretary of Homeland SecurityAlejandro Mayorkas2021–
Administrator of the
Environmental Protection Agency
Michael Regan2021–
Director of the Office of
Management and Budget
Shalanda Young2022–
Director of National IntelligenceAvril Haines2021–
Director of the
Central Intelligence Agency
William Burns2021–
United States Trade RepresentativeKatherine Tai2021–
Ambassador to the United NationsLinda Thomas-Greenfield2021–
Chair of the
Council of Economic Advisers
Cecilia Rouse2021–2023
Jared Bernstein2023–
Administrator of the
Small Business Administration
Isabel Guzman2021–
Director of the Office of
Science and Technology Policy
Eric Lander2021–2022
Arati Prabhakar2022–
Chief of StaffRon Klain2021–2023
Jeff Zients2023–

Confirmation process[edit]

Below is a list of confirmations for Cabinet positions, Cabinet-level positions, and other significant positions that were approved through the Senate from January 2021 onwards, by a recorded roll-call vote, rather than by a voice vote.

Arati PrabhakarEric LanderIsabel GuzmanCecilia RouseLinda Thomas-GreenfieldKatherine TaiAvril HainesShalanda YoungNeera TandenMichael S. ReganAlejandro MayorkasDenis McDonoughMiguel CardonaJennifer GranholmPete ButtigiegMarcia FudgeXavier BecerraJulie SuMarty WalshGina RaimondoTom VilsackDeb HaalandMerrick GarlandLloyd AustinJanet YellenAntony Blinken

Confirmation votes[edit]

Senate confirmation votes of President Joe Biden's cabinet
State Senator Party Jan 20, 2021

Avril
Haines

Intelligence
84–10
Jan 22, 2021

Lloyd
Austin

Defense
93–2
Jan 25, 2021

Janet
Yellen

Treasury
84–15
Jan 26, 2021

Antony
Blinken

State
78–22
Feb 2, 2021

Pete
Buttigieg

Transport
86–13
Feb 2, 2021

Alejandro
Mayorkas

Homeland
56–43
Feb 8, 2021

Denis
McDonough

Veterans
87–7
Feb 23, 2021

Linda Thomas-
Greenfield

UN
78–20
Alabama Richard Shelby R Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay
Alabama Tommy Tuberville R Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay
Alaska Lisa Murkowski R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Alaska Dan Sullivan R Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Arizona Kyrsten Sinema D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Arizona Mark Kelly D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Arkansas John Boozman R Yea Yea Nay Nay Yea Nay Yea Yea
Arkansas Tom Cotton R Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay
California Dianne Feinstein D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
California Alex Padilla D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Colorado Michael Bennet D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Colorado John Hickenlooper D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Connecticut Richard Blumenthal D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Connecticut Chris Murphy D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Delaware Tom Carper D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Delaware Chris Coons D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Florida Marco Rubio R Yea Yea No vote Yea Nay Nay Yea Nay
Florida Rick Scott R Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay
Georgia Jon Ossoff D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Georgia Raphael Warnock D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Hawaii Brian Schatz D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Hawaii Mazie Hirono D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Idaho Mike Crapo R No vote Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
Idaho Jim Risch R Nay Yea Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
Illinois Dick Durbin D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Illinois Tammy Duckworth D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Indiana Todd Young R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
Indiana Mike Braun R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay Yea Nay
Iowa Chuck Grassley R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay
Iowa Joni Ernst R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay Nay Nay
Kansas Jerry Moran R Yea No vote Yea Yea Yea Nay No vote Yea
Kansas Roger Marshall R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay
Kentucky Mitch McConnell R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
Kentucky Rand Paul R Nay Yea Nay Nay Yea Nay No vote No vote
Louisiana Bill Cassidy R Yea Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay Yea Yea
Louisiana John Kennedy R Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay Yea Yea
Maine Susan Collins R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Maine Angus King I-D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Maryland Ben Cardin D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Maryland Chris Van Hollen D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Massachusetts Elizabeth Warren D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Massachusetts Ed Markey D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Michigan Debbie Stabenow D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Michigan Gary Peters D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Minnesota Amy Klobuchar D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Minnesota Tina Smith D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Mississippi Roger Wicker R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
Mississippi Cindy Hyde-Smith R Yea No vote Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
Missouri Roy Blunt R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
Missouri Josh Hawley R Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay
Montana Jon Tester D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Montana Steve Daines R Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay Yea Nay
Nebraska Deb Fischer R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
Nebraska Ben Sasse R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay
Nevada Catherine Cortez Masto D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Nevada Jacky Rosen D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New Hampshire Jeanne Shaheen D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New Hampshire Maggie Hassan D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New Jersey Bob Menendez D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New Jersey Cory Booker D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New Mexico Martin Heinrich D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New Mexico Ben Ray Luján D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New York Chuck Schumer D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New York Kirsten Gillibrand D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
North Carolina Richard Burr R Yea No vote Yea Yea Yea Nay No vote Yea
North Carolina Thom Tillis R No vote No vote Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
North Dakota John Hoeven R Yea Yea Nay Nay Yea Nay Yea Nay
North Dakota Kevin Cramer R Yea Yea Nay Nay Yea Nay Yea Nay
Ohio Sherrod Brown D No vote Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Ohio Rob Portman R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Oklahoma Jim Inhofe R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay No vote Yea
Oklahoma James Lankford R Yea Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay
Oregon Ron Wyden D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Oregon Jeff Merkley D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Pennsylvania Bob Casey Jr. D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Pennsylvania Pat Toomey R No vote Yea Yea Yea No vote No vote No vote No vote
Rhode Island Jack Reed D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Rhode Island Sheldon Whitehouse D No vote Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
South Carolina Lindsey Graham R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
South Carolina Tim Scott R No vote Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay
South Dakota John Thune R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
South Dakota Mike Rounds R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
Tennessee Marsha Blackburn R Nay Yea Nay Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay
Tennessee Bill Hagerty R Nay Yea Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay Nay
Texas John Cornyn R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
Texas Ted Cruz R Nay Yea Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay
Utah Mike Lee R Nay Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay Yea Yea
Utah Mitt Romney R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Vermont Patrick Leahy D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Vermont Bernie Sanders I-D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Virginia Mark Warner D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Virginia Tim Kaine D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Washington Patty Murray D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Washington Maria Cantwell D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
West Virginia Joe Manchin D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
West Virginia Shelley Moore Capito R Yea No vote Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Wisconsin Ron Johnson R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
Wisconsin Tammy Baldwin D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Wyoming John Barrasso R Yea Yea Nay Nay Yea Nay No vote Nay
Wyoming Cynthia Lummis R Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay Yea Yea
State Senator Party Feb 23, 2021

Tom
Vilsack

Agriculture
92–7
Feb 25, 2021
Secretary Jennifer Granholm
Jennifer
Granholm

Energy
64–35
Mar 1, 2021

Miguel
Cardona

Education
64–33
Mar 2, 2021

Gina
Raimondo

Commerce
84–15
Mar 2, 2021

Cecilia
Rouse

CEA
95–4
Mar 10, 2021

Marcia
Fudge

HUD
66–34
Mar 10, 2021

Merrick
Garland

Justice
70–30
Mar 10, 2021

Michael
Regan

EPA
66–34
Alabama Richard Shelby R Yea Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay Nay
Alabama Tommy Tuberville R Yea Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay
Alaska Lisa Murkowski R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Alaska Dan Sullivan R Nay No vote Nay Yea Yea Yea Nay Nay
Arizona Kyrsten Sinema D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Arizona Mark Kelly D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Arkansas John Boozman R Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay
Arkansas Tom Cotton R Yea Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay
California Dianne Feinstein D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
California Alex Padilla D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Colorado Michael Bennet D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Colorado John Hickenlooper D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Connecticut Richard Blumenthal D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Connecticut Chris Murphy D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Delaware Tom Carper D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Delaware Chris Coons D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Florida Marco Rubio R Nay Nay Yea Nay Yea Nay Nay Yea
Florida Rick Scott R Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay Nay
Georgia Jon Ossoff D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Georgia Raphael Warnock D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Hawaii Brian Schatz D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Hawaii Mazie Hirono D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Idaho Mike Crapo R Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay
Idaho Jim Risch R Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay
Illinois Dick Durbin D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Illinois Tammy Duckworth D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Indiana Todd Young R Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea Yea Nay Nay
Indiana Mike Braun R Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay Yea
Iowa Chuck Grassley R Yea Nay Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Iowa Joni Ernst R Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay
Kansas Jerry Moran R Yea Nay No vote Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay
Kansas Roger Marshall R Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay
Kentucky Mitch McConnell R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay
Kentucky Rand Paul R Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay Nay Nay
Louisiana Bill Cassidy R Yea Nay Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay
Louisiana John Kennedy R Yea Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay Nay
Maine Susan Collins R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Maine Angus King I-D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Maryland Ben Cardin D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Maryland Chris Van Hollen D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Massachusetts Elizabeth Warren D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Massachusetts Ed Markey D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Michigan Debbie Stabenow D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Michigan Gary Peters D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Minnesota Amy Klobuchar D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Minnesota Tina Smith D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Mississippi Roger Wicker R Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay Yea
Mississippi Cindy Hyde-Smith R Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay Yea
Missouri Roy Blunt R Yea Nay No vote Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay
Missouri Josh Hawley R Nay Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay Nay
Montana Jon Tester D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Montana Steve Daines R Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay
Nebraska Deb Fischer R Yea Nay Yea Yea Yea Nay Nay Yea
Nebraska Ben Sasse R Yea Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay Nay
Nevada Catherine Cortez Masto D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Nevada Jacky Rosen D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New Hampshire Jeanne Shaheen D No vote Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New Hampshire Maggie Hassan D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New Jersey Bob Menendez D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New Jersey Cory Booker D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New Mexico Martin Heinrich D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New Mexico Ben Ray Luján D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New York Chuck Schumer D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
New York Kirsten Gillibrand D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
North Carolina Richard Burr R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
North Carolina Thom Tillis R Yea Nay Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea
North Dakota John Hoeven R Yea Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay
North Dakota Kevin Cramer R Yea Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea
Ohio Sherrod Brown D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Ohio Rob Portman R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Oklahoma Jim Inhofe R Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay
Oklahoma James Lankford R Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay
Oregon Ron Wyden D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Oregon Jeff Merkley D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Pennsylvania Bob Casey Jr. D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Pennsylvania Pat Toomey R Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay Nay
Rhode Island Jack Reed D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Rhode Island Sheldon Whitehouse D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
South Carolina Lindsey Graham R Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
South Carolina Tim Scott R Yea Nay Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay
South Dakota John Thune R Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay
South Dakota Mike Rounds R Yea Yea Nay Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Tennessee Marsha Blackburn R Yea Nay No vote No vote No vote Nay Nay Nay
Tennessee Bill Hagerty R Yea Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay Nay
Texas John Cornyn R Yea Nay Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay
Texas Ted Cruz R Nay Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay Nay
Utah Mike Lee R Yea Nay Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay Yea
Utah Mitt Romney R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Vermont Patrick Leahy D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Vermont Bernie Sanders I-D Nay Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Virginia Mark Warner D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Virginia Tim Kaine D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Washington Patty Murray D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Washington Maria Cantwell D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
West Virginia Joe Manchin D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
West Virginia Shelley Moore Capito R Yea Nay Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay
Wisconsin Ron Johnson R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea Nay
Wisconsin Tammy Baldwin D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea
Wyoming John Barrasso R Yea Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay Nay
Wyoming Cynthia Lummis R Yea Nay Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay Nay
State Senator Party Mar 15, 2021

Deb
Haaland

Interior
51–40
Mar 16, 2021

Isabel
Guzman

SBA
81–17
Mar 17, 2021

Katherine
Tai

Trade
98–0
Mar 18, 2021

Xavier
Becerra

Health
50–49
Mar 22, 2021

Marty
Walsh

Labor
68–29
May 28, 2021

Eric
Lander

OSTP
Voice vote
Mar 15, 2022

Shalanda
Young

OMB
61–36
Sep 22, 2022

Arati
Prabhakar

OSTP
56–40
Summary
of votes
cast by
senators
Yea Did not
vote
Nay
Alabama Richard Shelby R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Yea Nay 8 1 15
Alabama Tommy Tuberville R Nay Nay Yea Nay Yea No vote Nay Nay 6 1 17
Alaska Lisa Murkowski R Yea Yea Yea Nay No vote No vote Yea Yea 21 2 1
Alaska Dan Sullivan R Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Yea Nay 15 2 7
Arizona Kyrsten Sinema D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Arizona Mark Kelly D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Arkansas John Boozman R Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 9 1 14
Arkansas Tom Cotton R Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 4 1 19
California Dianne Feinstein D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote No vote Yea 22 2 0
California Alex Padilla D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Colorado Michael Bennet D No vote Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 22 2 0
Colorado John Hickenlooper D No vote Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 22 2 0
Connecticut Richard Blumenthal D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Connecticut Chris Murphy D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Delaware Tom Carper D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Delaware Chris Coons D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Florida Marco Rubio R No vote Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 8 3 13
Florida Rick Scott R Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 3 1 20
Georgia Jon Ossoff D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Georgia Raphael Warnock D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Hawaii Brian Schatz D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Hawaii Mazie Hirono D No vote No vote No vote No vote Yea No vote Yea Yea 19 5 0
Idaho Mike Crapo R Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay No vote 11 3 10
Idaho Jim Risch R Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 10 1 13
Illinois Dick Durbin D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Illinois Tammy Duckworth D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote No vote Yea 22 2 0
Indiana Todd Young R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 14 1 9
Indiana Mike Braun R Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 9 1 14
Iowa Chuck Grassley R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Yea Nay 17 1 6
Iowa Joni Ernst R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 9 1 14
Kansas Jerry Moran R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Yea 13 4 7
Kansas Roger Marshall R No vote Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Nay Nay 8 2 14
Kentucky Mitch McConnell R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 16 1 7
Kentucky Rand Paul R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 5 3 16
Louisiana Bill Cassidy R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Yea Yea 15 1 8
Louisiana John Kennedy R Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Yea Nay 10 1 13
Maine Susan Collins R Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Maine Angus King I-D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Maryland Ben Cardin D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Maryland Chris Van Hollen D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Massachusetts Elizabeth Warren D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Massachusetts Ed Markey D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Michigan Debbie Stabenow D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Michigan Gary Peters D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Minnesota Amy Klobuchar D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Minnesota Tina Smith D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Mississippi Roger Wicker R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Yea Nay 14 1 9
Mississippi Cindy Hyde-Smith R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Yea Nay 13 2 9
Missouri Roy Blunt R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Yea Yea 17 2 5
Missouri Josh Hawley R Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 2 1 21
Montana Jon Tester D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Montana Steve Daines R Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 10 1 13
Nebraska Deb Fischer R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Nay Nay 15 1 8
Nebraska Ben Sasse R Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 9 1 14
Nevada Catherine Cortez Masto D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Nevada Jacky Rosen D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
New Hampshire Jeanne Shaheen D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote No vote Yea 21 3 0
New Hampshire Maggie Hassan D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
New Jersey Bob Menendez D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
New Jersey Cory Booker D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
New Mexico Martin Heinrich D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea No vote 22 2 0
New Mexico Ben Ray Luján D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
New York Chuck Schumer D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
New York Kirsten Gillibrand D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
North Carolina Richard Burr R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Yea Yea 17 3 4
North Carolina Thom Tillis R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Nay Yea 15 3 6
North Dakota John Hoeven R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Yea Nay 12 1 11
North Dakota Kevin Cramer R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Yea Nay 13 1 10
Ohio Sherrod Brown D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 22 2 0
Ohio Rob Portman R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Nay Yea 20 1 3
Oklahoma Jim Inhofe R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 12 2 10
Oklahoma James Lankford R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 10 1 13
Oregon Ron Wyden D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Oregon Jeff Merkley D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Pennsylvania Bob Casey Jr. D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Pennsylvania Pat Toomey R No vote Yea Yea Nay No vote No vote Nay Nay 8 7 9
Rhode Island Jack Reed D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Rhode Island Sheldon Whitehouse D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 22 2 0
South Carolina Lindsey Graham R Yea Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Yea Nay 18 1 5
South Carolina Tim Scott R Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 7 2 15
South Dakota John Thune R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 13 1 10
South Dakota Mike Rounds R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Yea 17 1 6
Tennessee Marsha Blackburn R Nay Nay Yea Nay No vote No vote Nay Nay 4 5 15
Tennessee Bill Hagerty R No vote Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 6 2 16
Texas John Cornyn R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Nay Nay 15 1 8
Texas Ted Cruz R Nay Nay Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 3 1 20
Utah Mike Lee R Nay Nay Yea Nay Yea No vote Nay Nay 9 1 14
Utah Mitt Romney R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Nay Nay 19 1 4
Vermont Patrick Leahy D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Vermont Bernie Sanders I-D Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 21 2 1
Virginia Mark Warner D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Virginia Tim Kaine D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
Washington Patty Murray D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea No vote 22 2 0
Washington Maria Cantwell D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Yea 23 1 0
West Virginia Joe Manchin D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea Nay 22 1 1
West Virginia Shelley Moore Capito R Nay Yea Yea Nay Yea No vote Nay Nay 16 2 6
Wisconsin Ron Johnson R Nay Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 15 1 8
Wisconsin Tammy Baldwin D Yea Yea Yea Yea Yea No vote Yea No vote 22 2 0
Wyoming John Barrasso R No vote Yea Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Nay 7 3 14
Wyoming Cynthia Lummis R No vote No vote Yea Nay Nay No vote Nay Yea 10 3 11

Affiliation: D denotes Democratic, R denotes Republican, and I-D denotes an independent who caucuses with Democrats.

Committee process[edit]

Office Nominee State Announced Committee Hearing date(s) Committee vote result Committee vote date Cloture vote result Cloture vote date Floor vote result Floor vote date Assumed office
Secretary of State Antony Blinken NY November 23, 2020 Foreign Relations January 19, 2021 15–3 January 25, 2021 N/A N/A 78–22 January 26, 2021 January 26, 2021
Secretary of the Treasury Janet Yellen CA November 30, 2020 Finance January 19, 2021 Unanimous January 22, 2021 N/A N/A 84–15 January 25, 2021 January 26, 2021
Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin GA December 8, 2020 Armed Services (House)
Waiver
January 21, 2021 Unanimous January 21, 2021 N/A N/A 326–78 January 21, 2021 January 22, 2021
Armed Services (Senate)
Waiver
January 21, 2021 Unanimous January 21, 2021 69–27 January 21, 2021[a]
Armed Services
Confirmation
January 19, 2021 Unanimous January 21, 2021 93–2 January 22, 2021
Attorney General Merrick Garland MD January 7, 2021 Judiciary February 22, 2021
February 23, 2021
15–7 March 1, 2021 70–29 March 9, 2021 70–30 March 10, 2021 March 11, 2021
Secretary of the Interior Deb Haaland NM December 17, 2020 Energy and Natural Resources February 23, 2021 11–9 March 4, 2021 54–42 March 11, 2021 51–40 March 15, 2021 March 16, 2021
Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack IA December 10, 2020 Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry February 2, 2021 Unanimous February 2, 2021 N/A N/A 92–7 February 23, 2021 February 24, 2021
Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo RI January 7, 2021 Commerce, Science and Transportation January 26, 2021 21–3 February 3, 2021 84–15 March 1, 2021 84–15 March 2, 2021 March 3, 2021
Secretary of Labor Marty Walsh MA January 7, 2021 Health, Education, Labor and Pensions February 4, 2021 18–4 February 11, 2021 68–30 March 18, 2021 68–29 March 22, 2021 March 23, 2021
Julie Su CA February 28, 2023 Health, Education, Labor and Pensions April 20, 2023 11–10 April 26, 2023 N/A N/A Expired N/A TBD
N/A 11–10 February 27, 2024 TBD TBD Pending TBD
Secretary of Health and Human Services Xavier Becerra CA December 7, 2020 Health, Education, Labor and Pensions February 23, 2021 Consultative N/A 50–49 March 17, 2021 50–49 March 18, 2021 March 19, 2021
Finance February 24, 2021 14–14[b] March 3, 2021
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Marcia Fudge OH December 10, 2020 Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs January 28, 2021 17–7 February 4, 2021 69–30 March 9, 2021 66–34 March 10, 2021 March 10, 2021
Secretary of Transportation Pete Buttigieg IN December 15, 2020 Commerce, Science and Transportation January 21, 2021 21–3 January 27, 2021 N/A N/A 86–13 February 2, 2021 February 3, 2021
Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm MI December 17, 2020 Energy and Natural Resources January 27, 2021 13–4 February 3, 2021 67–32 February 24, 2021 64–35 February 25, 2021 February 25, 2021
Secretary of Education Miguel Cardona CT December 22, 2020 Health, Education, Labor and Pensions February 3, 2021 17–5 February 11, 2021 66–32 February 25, 2021 64–33 March 1, 2021 March 2, 2021
Secretary of Veterans Affairs Denis McDonough MD December 10, 2020 Veterans' Affairs January 27, 2021 Unanimous February 2, 2021 N/A N/A 87–7 February 8, 2021 February 9, 2021
Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro Mayorkas DC November 23, 2020 Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs January 19, 2021 7–4 January 26, 2021 55–42 January 28, 2021 56–43 February 2, 2021 February 2, 2021
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency Michael Regan NC December 17, 2020 Environment and Public Works February 3, 2021 14–6 February 9, 2021 65–35 March 10, 2021 66–34 March 10, 2021 March 11, 2021
Director of the Office of Management and Budget Neera Tanden MA November 30, 2020 Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs February 9, 2021 Withdrawal announced March 2, 2021, officially submitted on March 25, 2021[c]
Budget February 10, 2021
Shalanda Young LA November 24, 2021 Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs February 1, 2022 8–6 February 9, 2022 53–31 March 14, 2022 61–36 March 15, 2022 March 17, 2022
Budget February 1, 2022 15–6 February 9, 2022
Director of National Intelligence Avril Haines NY November 23, 2020 Intelligence January 19, 2021 Unanimous January 20, 2021 N/A N/A 84–10 January 20, 2021 January 21, 2021
Trade Representative Katherine Tai DC December 10, 2020 Finance February 25, 2021 Unanimous March 3, 2021 98–0 March 16, 2021 98–0 March 17, 2021 March 18, 2021
Ambassador to the United Nations Linda Thomas-
Greenfield
LA November 23, 2020 Foreign Relations January 27, 2021 18–4 February 4, 2021 75–20 February 22, 2021 78–20 February 23, 2021 February 25, 2021
Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers Cecilia Rouse NJ November 30, 2020 Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs January 28, 2021 Unanimous February 4, 2021 94–5 March 2, 2021 95–4 March 2, 2021 March 12, 2021
Jared Bernstein VA February 14, 2023 Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs April 18, 2023 12–11 May 11, 2023 50–49 June 13, 2023 50–49 June 13, 2023 July 10, 2023
Administrator of the Small Business Administration Isabel Guzman CA January 7, 2021 Small Business and Entrepreneurship February 3, 2021 15–5 February 24, 2021 80–18 March 16, 2021 81–17 March 16, 2021 March 17, 2021
Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy Eric Lander MA January 15, 2021 Commerce, Science and Transportation April 29, 2021 22–6 May 20, 2021 N/A N/A Unanimous May 28, 2021 June 2, 2021
Arati Prabhakar CA June 21, 2022 July 20, 2022 15–13 July 27, 2022 58–38 September 21, 2022 56–40 September 22, 2022 October 3, 2022
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency William Burns[d] MD January 11, 2021 Intelligence February 24, 2021 Unanimous March 2, 2021 N/A N/A Unanimous March 18, 2021 March 19, 2021

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ After final passage, Austin's waiver to serve as Secretary of Defense was signed into law by President Biden on January 22, 2021.
  2. ^ Due to the tied vote in committee, a discharge petition was required to bring Becerra's nomination to the floor, which passed 51–48 on March 11, 2021.
  3. ^ Committee votes scheduled for February 24, 2021, were cancelled that day, prior to withdrawal.
  4. ^ Burns was elevated to the Cabinet on July 21, 2023.[10]

Elected officials[edit]

President[edit]

On November 7, 2020, it was announced that Democrat Joe Biden defeated the incumbent president, Donald Trump, in the 2020 presidential election. Joe Biden received 306 electoral votes compared to Trump's 232 electoral votes, with 270 needed to win the presidency. He assumed office on January 20, 2021.

President of the United States
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Joe Biden November 20, 1942
(age 81)
[11]

Vice President[edit]

Senator Kamala Harris (D-CA) was elected vice president of the United States, receiving 306 electoral votes, compared to the incumbent vice president, Mike Pence, who received 232 electoral votes. An elected vice president does not require Senate confirmation, and the vice president does not serve at the president's pleasure.

Having assumed office on January 20, 2021, she is the first female vice president of the United States as well as the first African American and Asian American to hold the second-highest office.

Vice President of the United States
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Kamala Harris October 20, 1964
(age 59)
[12]

Nominated candidates for Cabinet positions[edit]

The following cabinet positions are listed in order of their creation (also used as the basis for the United States presidential line of succession).

Secretary of State[edit]

A nomination for Secretary of State is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Foreign Relations Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.

  • Foreign Relations Committee hearing held on January 19, 2021, and approved 15–3 on January 25, 2021. Confirmed 78–22 and sworn in on January 26, 2021.[13]
Secretary of State
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Antony Blinken April 16, 1962
(age 61)
[14]

Secretary of the Treasury[edit]

A nomination for Secretary of the Treasury is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Finance Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.

  • Finance Committee hearing held on January 19, 2021, and approved by unanimous consent on January 22, 2021. Confirmed 84–15 on January 25, 2021, and sworn in on January 26, 2021.[15]
Secretary of the Treasury
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Janet Yellen August 13, 1946
(age 77)
[16]

Secretary of Defense[edit]

A nomination for Secretary of Defense is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Armed Services Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote. Biden's announced nominee, retired Gen. Lloyd Austin, required a congressional waiver to be granted under the National Security Act of 1947 before he was confirmed.[17]

Waiver process:

  • House Armed Services Committee closed-door briefing held and approved without objection on January 21, 2021. Floor vote passed 326–78 on January 21, 2021.
  • Senate Armed Services Committee hearing held and approved by voice vote on January 21, 2021. Floor vote passed 69–27 on January 21, 2021.
  • Signed into law on January 22, 2021.[18]

Confirmation process:

  • Armed Services Committee hearing held on January 19, 2021, and approved by unanimous consent on January 21, 2021. Confirmed 93–2 and sworn in on January 22, 2021.[19]
Secretary of Defense
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Lloyd Austin August 8, 1953
(age 70)
[20]

Attorney General[edit]

A nomination for Attorney General is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Judiciary Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.

  • Judiciary Committee hearings held on February 22–23, 2021, and approved 15–7 on March 1, 2021. Cloture invoked 70–29 on March 9, 2021. Confirmed 70–30 on March 10, 2021, and sworn in on March 11, 2021.[21]
Attorney General
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Merrick Garland November 13, 1952
(age 71)
[22]

Secretary of the Interior[edit]

A nomination for Secretary of the Interior is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Energy and Natural Resources Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote. Biden reportedly offered the position to Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham of New Mexico, but she turned it down.[23]

  • Energy and Natural Resources Committee hearing held on February 23, 2021, and approved 11–9 on March 4, 2021. Cloture invoked 54–42 on March 11, 2021. Confirmed 51–40 on March 15, 2021, and sworn in on March 16, 2021.[24]
Secretary of the Interior
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Deb Haaland December 2, 1960
(age 63)
[25]

Secretary of Agriculture[edit]

A nomination for Secretary of Agriculture is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.

Secretary of Agriculture
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Tom Vilsack December 13, 1950
(age 73)
[27]

Secretary of Commerce[edit]

A nomination for Secretary of Commerce is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.

Secretary of Commerce
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Gina Raimondo May 17, 1971
(age 52)
[29]

Secretary of Labor[edit]

A nomination for Secretary of Labor is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.

Marty Walsh[edit]

Secretary of Labor
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Marty Walsh April 10, 1967
(age 56)
[31]

Julie Su[edit]

On February 7, 2023, it was reported that Walsh would be resigning in the coming days in order to become President of the National Hockey League Players' Association. Walsh will be the second member of the presidential cabinet to resign, after Eric Lander, who resigned as Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy in early 2022. After pressure from the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus, Biden nominated Deputy Secretary Julie Su to the position.[32]

Secretary of Labor
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Julie Su February 19, 1969 (age 55) [34]

Secretary of Health and Human Services[edit]

Although historically the nominee also holds meetings with the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee, officially a nomination for Secretary of Health and Human Services is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the United States Senate Committee on Finance, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.

  • Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee consultative hearing held on February 23, 2021.[35]
  • Finance Committee hearing held on February 24, 2021, and tied 14–14 on March 3, 2021. Motion to discharge to the floor passed 51–48 on March 11, 2021. Cloture invoked 50–49 on March 17, 2021. Confirmed 50–49 on March 18, 2021, and sworn in on March 19, 2021.[36]
Secretary of Health and Human Services
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Xavier Becerra January 26, 1958
(age 66)
[14]

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development[edit]

A nomination for Secretary of Housing and Urban Development is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Marcia Fudge October 29, 1952
(age 71)
[38]

Secretary of Transportation[edit]

A nomination for Secretary of Transportation is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.

Secretary of Transportation
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Pete Buttigieg January 19, 1982
(age 42)
[41]

Secretary of Energy[edit]

The nomination of a secretary-designate is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Energy and Natural Resources Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.

  • Energy and Natural Resources Committee hearing held on January 27, 2021, and approved 13–4 on February 3, 2021. Cloture invoked 67–32 on February 24, 2021. Confirmed 64–35 and sworn in on February 25, 2021.[42]
Secretary of Energy
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Jennifer Granholm February 5, 1959
(age 65)
[43]

Secretary of Education[edit]

A nomination for Secretary of Education is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.

Secretary of Education
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Miguel Cardona July 11, 1975
(age 48)
[45]

Secretary of Veterans Affairs[edit]

A nomination for Secretary of Veterans Affairs is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Veterans' Affairs Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.

  • Veterans' Affairs Committee hearing held on January 27, 2021, and approved by unanimous consent on February 2, 2021. Confirmed 87–7 on February 8, 2021, and sworn in on February 9, 2021.[46]
Secretary of Veterans Affairs
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Denis McDonough December 2, 1969
(age 54)
[47]

Secretary of Homeland Security[edit]

A nomination for Secretary of Homeland Security is reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, then presented to the full Senate for a vote.

Secretary of Homeland Security
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Alejandro Mayorkas

November 24, 1959
(age 64)

[14]

Nominated candidates for Cabinet-level positions[edit]

Cabinet-level officials have positions that are considered to be of Cabinet level, but which are not heads of the executive departments. Which exact positions that are considered to be cabinet-level varies with each president. Biden has announced he will elevate three positions to Cabinet-level, while removing the director of the Central Intelligence Agency.[49]

Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency[edit]

  • Environment and Public Works Committee hearing held on February 3, 2021, and approved 14–6 on February 9, 2021. Cloture invoked 65–35 and confirmed 66–34 on March 10, 2021. Sworn in on March 11, 2021.[50]
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Michael S. Regan August 6, 1976
(age 47)
[51]

Director of the Office of Management and Budget[edit]

Neera Tanden[edit]

Director of the Office of Management and Budget
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Neera Tanden September 10, 1970
(age 53)
[14]

Shalanda Young[edit]

Director of the Office of Management and Budget
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Shalanda Young August 29, 1977
(age 46)
[14]

Director of National Intelligence[edit]

  • Intelligence Committee hearing held on January 19, 2021, and approved by unanimous consent on January 20, 2021. Confirmed 84–10 on January 20, 2021, and sworn in on January 21, 2021.[55]
Director of National Intelligence
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Avril Haines August 27, 1969
(age 54)
[14]

Trade Representative[edit]

The U.S. trade representative has been a Cabinet-level member since 1974, the beginning of Gerald Ford's presidency.

  • Finance Committee hearing held on February 25, 2021, and approved by unanimous consent on March 3, 2021. Cloture invoked 98–0 on March 16, 2021. Confirmed 98–0 on March 17, 2021, and sworn in on March 18, 2021.[56]
U.S. Trade Representative
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Katherine Tai (1974-03-18) March 18, 1974 (age 49) [14]

Ambassador to the United Nations[edit]

The UN ambassador was previously in the Cabinet from 1953 to 1989, 1993 to 2001, and 2009 to 2018.

U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Linda Thomas-Greenfield November 22, 1952
(age 71)
[14][58]

Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers[edit]

This position was previously in the Cabinet from 2009 to 2017.

Cecilia Rouse[edit]

Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Cecilia Rouse December 18, 1963
(age 60)
[14]

Jared Bernstein[edit]

Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Jared Bernstein 1955
(age 68–69)
[61][62]

Administrator of the Small Business Administration[edit]

Administrator of the Small Business Administration
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Isabel Guzman 1971
(age 52–53)
[64][65]

Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and Science Advisor to the President[edit]

Biden elevated this position to the Cabinet for the first time, emphasizing the importance of science in the administration.[66]

His staff role as Science Advisor to the President does not require Senate confirmation, and he began the role on January 25, 2021.[67]

Eric Lander[edit]

Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Eric Lander February 3, 1957
(age 67)
[66][70]

Arati Prabhakar[edit]

Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
Arati Prabhakar February 2, 1959
(age 65)

Director of the Central Intelligence Agency[edit]

This position was previously in the Cabinet from 2017 to 2021.

  • Nominated as a non-Cabinet level position. Intelligence Committee hearing held on February 24, 2021, and approved by unanimous consent on March 2, 2021. Confirmed by voice vote on March 18, 2021. Sworn in on March 19, 2021.[72]
  • Elevated to the Cabinet on July 21, 2023.
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
Portrait Name Date of birth Background Reference
William Burns April 4, 1956
(age 67)
[73][5]

White House Chief of Staff[edit]

The White House chief of staff has traditionally been the highest-ranking staff employee of the White House. The responsibilities of the chief of staff are both managerial and advisory over the president's official business. The chief of staff is appointed by and serves at the pleasure of the president; it does not require Senate confirmation. The first Cabinet or Cabinet-level position appointee announced by Biden was White House chief of staff Ron Klain.[74] He stepped down in February 2023, and he was succeeded by Jeff Zients.[75][76][77]

White House Chief of Staff
Portrait Name Date of birth Years Background Reference
Ron Klain August 8, 1961
(age 62)
January 20, 2021 –
February 7, 2023
[14]
Jeff Zients November 12, 1966
(age 57)
February 8, 2023 -
Present

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Biden held the chairmanship from January 3 to January 20, then was succeeded by Jesse Helms until June 6, and thereafter held the position until 2003.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johnson, Martin (December 1, 2020). "Biden elevates Economic Advisers chair to Cabinet". The Hill.
  2. ^ Zimmer, Carl (January 16, 2021). "Biden to Elevate Science Adviser to His Cabinet". The New York Times.
  3. ^ Falk, Pamela (November 20, 2020). "Will Biden tap a U.N. ambassador to "reclaim America's leading position"?". CBS News.
  4. ^ Lee, Matthew (January 11, 2021). "Biden chooses veteran diplomat Burns as CIA director". Associated Press.
  5. ^ a b Merchant, Normaan (July 21, 2023). "Biden names CIA Director William Burns to his Cabinet". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 21, 2023.
  6. ^ Jaffe, Alexandra (March 2, 2021). "Biden's Cabinet half-empty after slow start in confirmations". Associated Press. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
  7. ^ Levine, Marianne. "Senate revs its confirmation engine to fill Biden's Cabinet". Politico. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  8. ^ Liptak, Kevin (March 23, 2021). "Biden first president in decades to have first-pick Cabinet secretaries confirmed". CNN. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  9. ^ Biden Cabinet – White House.gov
  10. ^ "Statement from President Joe Biden on Director Bill Burns". July 21, 2023.
  11. ^ "Joe Biden: The President-Elect". President-Elect Joe Biden. Retrieved December 19, 2020.
  12. ^ "Kamala Harris: The Vice President-Elect". President-Elect Joe Biden. Retrieved December 19, 2020.
  13. ^ PN78-3 – Antony John Blinken – Department of State
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "The Cabinet". President-Elect Joe Biden. Archived from the original on March 19, 2021. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
  15. ^ PN78-24 – Janet Louise Yellen – Department of the Treasury
  16. ^ Franck, Thomas (November 30, 2020). "Biden announces economic team, confirms Janet Yellen as Treasury nominee". CNBC. Retrieved November 30, 2020.
  17. ^ Foran, Clare (January 22, 2021). "Senate confirms Lloyd Austin to be first Black defense secretary". CNN. Retrieved January 22, 2021.
  18. ^ H.R.335 – To provide for an exception to a limitation against appointment of persons as Secretary of Defense within seven years of relief from active duty as a regular commissioned officer of the Armed Forces.
  19. ^ PN78-1 – Lloyd James Austin – Department of Defense
  20. ^ Seligman, Lara; Pager, Tyler; O'Brien, Connor; Bertrand, Natasha (December 7, 2020). "Biden picks retired general Lloyd Austin to run Pentagon". POLITICO. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
  21. ^ PN78-7 – Merrick Brian Garland – Department of Justice
  22. ^ "Biden to name Judge Merrick Garland as attorney general". AP NEWS. January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  23. ^ Alonso-zaldivar, Ricardo (December 4, 2020). "Sources: Lujan Grisham offered, turned down Interior post". Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  24. ^ PN78-11 – Debra Anne Haaland – Department of the Interior
  25. ^ Eilperin, Juliet; Grandoni, Dino. "Biden picks Rep. Deb Haaland (D-N.M.) to be first Native American interior secretary". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved December 17, 2020.
  26. ^ PN78-22 – Thomas J. Vilsack – Department of Agriculture
  27. ^ Nichols, Hans (December 8, 2020). "Biden to pick Vilsack for agriculture secretary, Fudge for HUD". Axios. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
  28. ^ PN78-15 – Gina Marie Raimondo – Department of Commerce
  29. ^ "Biden to nominate Rhode Island Governor Gina Raimondo to be commerce secretary". www.cbsnews.com. January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  30. ^ PN78-23 – Martin Joseph Walsh – Department of Labor
  31. ^ Conradis, Brandon (January 7, 2021). "Biden taps Boston Mayor Marty Walsh for Labor secretary: report". TheHill. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  32. ^ "CAPAC Endorses Julie Su as the Nation's Next Secretary of Labor | Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus (CAPAC)". capac-chu.house.gov. Retrieved March 4, 2023.
  33. ^ PN388 — Julie A. Su — Department of Labor
  34. ^ Scheiber, Noam (February 28, 2023). "Biden Nominates Julie Su as U.S. Labor Secretary". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 4, 2023.
  35. ^ Cole, Devan (February 16, 2021). "Senate committee to hold confirmation hearing for Biden's HHS nominee next week". CNN. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  36. ^ PN78-2 – Xavier Becerra – Department of Health and Human Services
  37. ^ PN78-6 – Marcia Louise Fudge – Department of Housing and Urban Development
  38. ^ "Biden to tap Marcia Fudge to lead housing agency". POLITICO. December 8, 2020. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
  39. ^ PN78-4 – Peter Paul Montgomery Buttigieg – Department of Transportation
  40. ^ Easley, Jonathan (May 5, 2019). "Documents provide glimpse into Buttigieg's military service". TheHill. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  41. ^ Nick Niedzwiadek (December 16, 2020). "Biden points to 'precedent-busting appointments' as he rolls out Buttigieg pick". Politico. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  42. ^ PN78-8 – Jennifer Mulhern Granholm – Department of Energy
  43. ^ "Biden to tap former Michigan Gov. Granholm to lead Energy Department". POLITICO. December 15, 2020. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  44. ^ PN78-5 – Miguel A. Cardona – Department of Education
  45. ^ Meckler, Laura; Strauss, Valerie; Viser, Matt (December 22, 2020). "Biden picks Miguel Cardona, Connecticut schools chief, as education secretary". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 23, 2020.
  46. ^ PN78-14 – Denis Richard McDonough – Department of Veterans Affairs
  47. ^ "Denis McDonough, Secretary of Veterans Affairs". President-Elect Joe Biden. Retrieved December 19, 2020.
  48. ^ PN78-13 – Alejandro Nicholas Mayorkas – Department of Homeland Security
  49. ^ "Biden taps longtime diplomat William Burns for CIA director". www.cbsnews.com. January 11, 2021. Retrieved January 17, 2021.
  50. ^ PN78-16 – Michael Stanley Regan – Environmental Protection Agency
  51. ^ Dennis, Brady; Mufson, Steven; Eilperin, Juliet. "Biden picks top North Carolina environmental official to run EPA". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved December 17, 2020.
  52. ^ PN78-19 – Neera Tanden – Executive Office of the President
  53. ^ Mattingly, Phil; Sullivan, Kate (March 2, 2021). "White House pulls Tanden nomination". CNN. Archived from the original on March 3, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  54. ^ PN1437 – Shalanda Young – Executive Office of the President
  55. ^ PN78-10 – Avril Danica Haines – Office of the Director of National Intelligence
  56. ^ PN78-18 – Katherine C. Tai – Executive Office of the President
  57. ^ PN78-20 – Linda Thomas-Greenfield – Department of State
  58. ^ Jakes, Lara; Crowley, Michael; Sanger, David E. (November 23, 2020). "Biden Chooses Antony Blinken, Defender of Global Alliances, as Secretary of State". The New York Times. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  59. ^ PN78-17 – Cecilia Elena Rouse – Executive Office of the President
  60. ^ PN383 — Jared Bernstein — Executive Office of the President
  61. ^ "Biden announces reshaped economic team, naming 2 new top advisers". CBS News. February 14, 2023. Retrieved February 14, 2023.
  62. ^ "Biden appoints Lael Brainard, Jared Bernstein to key economic jobs". Axios. Retrieved February 14, 2023.
  63. ^ PN78-9 – Isabella Casillas Guzman – Small Business Administration
  64. ^ Collins, Andrew Restuccia and Eliza (January 8, 2021). "Biden Taps Boston Mayor, Rhode Island Governor for Cabinet Positions". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  65. ^ "Isabel Guzman, Small Business Administrator". President-Elect Joe Biden. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  66. ^ a b Kaplan, Sarah. "Biden will elevate White House science office to cabinet-level". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  67. ^ Facher, Lev (February 1, 2021). "Eric Lander Is Brilliant, Connected, and Controversial. Now Joe Biden Wants Him to 'Reinvigorate' American Science". Stat. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  68. ^ PN78-12 – Eric S. Lander – Executive Office of the President
  69. ^ Sink, Justin. "Embattled Biden Science Adviser Eric Lander Resigns after Outcry". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on February 8, 2022. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  70. ^ "President-elect Biden Announces Key Members of his White House Science Team". President-Elect Joe Biden. January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  71. ^ PN2267 — Arati Prabhakar — Executive Office of the President
  72. ^ PN82 — William Joseph Burns — Central Intelligence Agency
  73. ^ "Statement from President Joe Biden on Director Bill Burns". The White House. July 21, 2023. Retrieved July 22, 2023.
  74. ^ Schrer, Michael (November 11, 2020). "Biden's choice of Ron Klain to run White House signals rejection of Trump-era chaos". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  75. ^ Tyler Pager; Yasmeen Abutaleb (January 22, 2023). "Jeff Zients to be Biden's next chief of staff". Washington Post. Retrieved January 22, 2023.
  76. ^ Phil Mattingly; Kaitlan Collins (January 22, 2023). "Jeff Zients to replace Ron Klain as White House chief of staff". CNN. Retrieved January 22, 2023.
  77. ^ Anders Hagstrom; Brooke Singman; Greg Wehner (January 22, 2023). "Biden to tap former COVID czar Jeff Zients as new chief of staff". Fox News. Retrieved January 22, 2023.

External links[edit]