Cabinet of Zimbabwe

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The Cabinet of Zimbabwe is an executive body of appointed government ministers. Until 1987, the Cabinet was chaired by the Prime Minister; it is now headed by the President.

On 30 November 2017, Emmerson Mnangagwa, who succeeded ousted President Robert Mugabe, formed a new cabinet.[1] On 3 December 2017, Mnangagwa replaced two of his ministers amidst criticism by opposition parties.[2] On 7 September 2018, President Mnangagwa appointed a new cabinet after winning 2018 presidential elections. The new 20-member cabinet, along with 13 deputy ministers and nine provincial ministers, was sworn in on 11 September 2018.[3]

Composition of the first Mnangagwa Cabinet before 2018 elections[edit]

It consisted of two vice presidents, appointed ministers of government, and provincial affairs ministers.

Portfolio Minister
President Emmerson Mnangagwa
First Vice President Constantino Chiwenga
Second Vice President Kembo Mohadi
Minister of Home Affairs and Culture Obert Mpofu
Minister of Media, Information and Broadcasting Services Chris Mutsvangwa
Minister of Foreign Affairs Sibusiso Moyo
Minister for International Trade Sibusiso Moyo
Minister of Tourism and Hospitality Priscah Mupfumira
Minister of Defence, Security and War Veterans Constantino Chiwenga
Minister for Information and Communications Supa Mandiwanzira
Minister of Justice and Legal Affairs Ziyambi Ziyambi
Minister of Higher Education, Science and Technology Amon Murwira
Minister of Primary and Secondary Education Paul Mavima
Minister of Health and Child Welfare David Parirenyatwa
Minister of Labour and Social Welfare Petronella Kagonye
Minister of Mines and Mining Development Winston Chitando
Minister of Finance and Economic Planning Patrick Chinamasa
Minister of Lands and Rural Resettlement Perence Shiri
Minister of Industry and Commerce Michael Bimha
Minister of Agriculture Perence Shiri
Minister of State for Housing and Local Government July Moyo
Minister for Women and Equalities Sithembiso Nyoni
Minister of Youth Afairs Sithembiso Nyoni
Minister of Public Works July Moyo
Minister of Sport, Arts and Recreation Kazembe Kazembe
Minister of Transport and Infrastructural Development Joram Gumbo
Minister of Environment, Water and Climate Oppah Muchinguri
Minister of Energy and Power Development Simon Khaya-Moyo
Senior Advisor to the President Simbarashe Mumbengegwi
Minister of State for Constitutional Affairs Ziyambi Ziyambi
Minister of State for Government Scholarships Christopher Mushohwe
Provincial Governors
Provincial Governor of Mashonaland East David Musabayana
Provincial Governor of Mashonaland West Webster Shamu
Provincial Governor of Mashonaland Central Martin Tafara Dinha
Provincial Governor of Masvingo Josiah Dunira Hungwe
Provincial Governor of Matabeleland North Ndabazekaya Giyilitshe Cain Mathema
Provincial Governor of Matabeleland South Abednico Ncube
Provincial Governor of Manicaland Monica Mutsvangwa
Provincial Governor of Midlands Owen Ncube
Provincial Governor of Harare Miriam Rutendo Chikukwa
Provincial Governor of Bulawayo Angeline Masuku

Selection[edit]

The President appoints two vice Presidents, ministers, and deputy ministers; and may dismiss them.The President also assigns their powers and functions, including the administration of any Act of Parliament or of any Ministry or department, but the President may reserve to himself or herself the administration of an Act, Ministry or department. Ministers and Deputy Ministers are appointed from among Senators or Members of the National Assembly, but up to five, chosen for their professional skills and competence, may be appointed from outside Parliament.

Ministers and Deputy Ministers who are not Members of Parliament may sit and speak, but not vote, in the Senate or the National Assembly.

A member of the Cabinet is appointed by the President to be the leader of government business in the National Assembly.[4]


Composition of the Second Mnangagwa Cabinet after 2018 elections[edit]

Emmarson Dambudzo Mnagagwa was elected President for the first time in his own right in elections held on 30 July 2018 (after previously finishing the term of Robert Mugabe in July 2018). The election result was disputed and challenged before the Zimbabwean Constitutional court. The court ruled in Mnagagwa's favor and he was sworn in on 26 August 2018.[5]

On 31 August in accordance with the constitution, Mnagagwa appointed and swore in Constantine Chiwenga and Kembo Mohadi as first and second Vice President respectively. The 2013 Constitution provides that any presidential election within ten years after the first election (the first election being 2013 after the adoption of the 2013 Constitution) the two Vice Presidents are appointed and not elected with the president. From 2023 onward the President and the two vice Presidents will be elected on the same ticket and in the same election as the President.[6]

In making the announcement Mnangagwa stated his believe that he had chosen "the right team to head the ministries and is optimistic that they will deliver".[8]

Reactions to the appointment Second Mnangagwa Cabinet after the 2018 elections[edit]

Jonathan Moyo

Former Minister of Higher & Tertiary Education Jonathan Moyo reacted on Twitter saying "THREE LOSERS standout from Mnangagwa's newly appointed Cabinet:

1. DEVOLUTION has lost out; appointment of 10 provincial ministers violates s268 of the Constitution.

2. CHIWENGA sidelined; with his picks left out.

3. TRIBAL BALANCE compromised; as Mnangagwa's cronies dominate!"[9]

Jonathan Moyo also offered advice to the newly appointed Minister of Finance, Professor Mthuli Ncube warning him that as an outsider he will find it difficult to implement policies, and that "the Ministry of Finance does not have the high-end skills necessary for an economic ministry in a country with Zimbabwe's intractable socioeconomic problems; compounded by political malaise. There's no craft-competence from the permanent secretary, down to the shop floor".[10]

Lindie Whiz

On the online publication ZimLive.com journalist Lindie Whiz wrote in article in which she says "Zimbabwe's new Health Minister, Obadiah Moyo, is an academic fraud who does not have the qualification he claims to possess, according to the United States embassy." A medical doctor is quoted by the article casting doubt on Moyo's qualifications[11]

Moyo claims to be a pathologist but is not listed in the Medical and Dental Practitioners Council of Zimbabwe registry and has not practiced as such in Zimbabwe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mnangagwa announces new Cabinet". Zimbabwe Mail. November 30, 2017. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  2. ^ "Zimbabwe leader criticised over Cabinet appointments". Daily Nation. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  3. ^ https://www.newtimes.co.rw/africa/zimbabwe-cabinet-ministers-sworn
  4. ^ CONSTITUTION OF ZIMBABWE AMENDMENT (NO. 20) Section 104
  5. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/26/zimbabwe-emmerson-mnangagwa-sworn-in-as-president
  6. ^ Section 92 of CONSTITUTION OF ZIMBABWE AMENDMENT (NO. 20) read with Sixth schedule s14
  7. ^ https://www.herald.co.zw/breaking-news-president-announces-cabinet Retrieved September 7, 2018.
  8. ^ "BREAKING NEWS: President announces Cabinet". The Herald. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  9. ^ https://twitter.com/ProfJNMoyo/status/1038076997635854336
  10. ^ https://www.zimeye.net/2018/09/11/jonathan-moyo-warns-mthuli-ncube-against-zanu-pf/
  11. ^ https://www.zimlive.com/2018/09/exclusive-is-zimbabwe-new-health-minister-obadiah-moyo-a-fraud/