Cabinet of the Philippines

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The Cabinet of the Philippines (Filipino: Gabinete ng Pilipinas, usually referred to as the Cabinet or Filipino: Gabinete) consists of the heads of the largest part of the executive branch of the national government of the Philippines. Currently, it includes the secretaries of 20 executive departments and the heads of other several other minor agencies and offices that are subordinate to the President of the Philippines.

The Cabinet secretaries are tasked to advise the President on the different affairs of the state like agriculture, budget, finance, education, social welfare, national defence, foreign policy, and the like.

They are nominated by the President and then presented to the Commission on Appointments, a body of the Congress of the Philippines that confirms all appointments made by the head of state, for confirmation or rejection. If the presidential appointees are approved, they are sworn into office, receive the title "Secretary," and begin to fuènction their duties.

Constitutional and legal basis[edit]

Appointment[edit]

Article 7, Section 16 of the Constitution of the Philippines says that the President

Cabinet and Cabinet-level officials[edit]

The men and women listed below form the cabinet and are the heads of the executive departments of the Philippines.

Departments of the Philippine Government[edit]

All departments are listed by their present-day name with their English names on top and Filipino names at the bottom.

Department Acronym Office Incumbent in Office since
Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR).svg
Department of Agrarian Reform
Kagawaran ng Repormang Pansakahan
DAR (KRP) Secretary of Agrarian Reform
Kalihim ng Repormang Pansakahan
Rafael V. Mariano June 30, 2016
Department of Agriculture of the Philippines.svg
Department of Agriculture
Kagawaran ng Pagsasaka
DA (KPS) Secretary of Agriculture
Kalihim ng Pagsasaka
Emmanuel Piñol June 30, 2016
Department of Budget and Management Official Seal.png
Department of Budget and Management
Kagawaran ng Pagbabadyet at Pamamahala
DBM (KPP) Secretary of Budget and Management
Kalihim ng Pagbabadyet at Pamamahala
Benjamin Diokno June 30, 2016
Seal of the Department of Education of the Philippines.svg
Department of Education
Kagawaran ng Edukasyon
DepEd (KEd) Secretary of Education
Kalihim ng Edukasyon
Leonor Briones June 30, 2016
Seal of the Department of Energy (Philippines).svg
Department of Energy
Kagawaran ng Enerhiya
DOE (KEn) Secretary of Energy
Kalihim ng Enerhiya
Alfonso Cusi June 30, 2016
Seal of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources.svg
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Kagawaran ng Kapaligiran at Likas na Kayamanan
DENR (KKLK) Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources
Kalihim ng Kapaligiran at Likas na Kayamanan
Roy Cimatu May 8, 2017
Seal of the Department of Finance of the Philippines.png
Department of Finance
Kagawaran ng Pananalapi
DOF (KNP) Secretary of Finance
Kalihim ng Pananalapi
Carlos Dominguez III June 30, 2016
Seal of the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines.svg
Department of Foreign Affairs
Kagawaran ng Ugnayang Panlabas
DFA (KUP) Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Kalihim ng Ugnayang Panlabas
Alan Peter Cayetano May 18, 2017
Seal of the Department of Health of the Philippines.png
Department of Health
Kagawaran ng Kalusugan
DOH (KNKL) Secretary of Health
Kalihim ng Kalusugan
Paulyn Jean Russel-Ubial June 30, 2016
Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT).svg
Department of Information and Communications Technology
Kagawaran ng Teknolohiyang Pang-Impormasyon at Komunikasyon
DICT (KTIK) Secretary of Information and Communications Technology
Kalihim ng Teknolohiyang Pang-Impormasyon at Komunikasyon
Rodolfo Salalima[1] June 30, 2016
Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) Seal - Logo.svg
Department of the Interior and Local Government
Kagawaran ng Interyor at Pamahalaang Lokal
DILG (KIPL) Secretary of the Interior and Local Government
Kalihim ng Interyor at Pamahalaang Lokal
Catalino Cuy (OIC) April 5, 2017
Department of Justice (Philippines).png
Department of Justice
Kagawaran ng Katarungan
DOJ (KNKT) Secretary of Justice
Kalihim ng Katarungan
Vitaliano Aguirre II June 30, 2016
Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE).svg
Department of Labor and Employment
Kagawaran ng Paggawa at Empleyo
DOLE (KNPE) Secretary of Labor and Employment
Kalihim ng Paggawa at Empleyo
Silvestre Bello III June 30, 2016
Philippine Defense Department logo.png
Department of National Defense
Kagawaran ng Tanggulang Pambansa
DND (KTP) Secretary of National Defense
Kalihim ng Tanggulang Pambansa
Delfin Lorenzana June 30, 2016
Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH).svg
Department of Public Works and Highways
Kagawaran ng Pagawaing Bayan at Lansangan
DPWH (KPBL) Secretary of Public Works and Highways
Kalihim ng Pagawaing Bayan at Lansangan
Mark Villar August 1, 2016
DOST seal.svg
Department of Science and Technology
Kagawaran ng Agham at Teknolohiya
DOST (KNAT) Secretary of Science and Technology
Kalihim ng Agham at Teknolohiya
Fortunato de la Peña June 30, 2016
Seal of the Department of Social Welfare and Development.svg
Department of Social Welfare and Development
Kagawaran ng Kagalingang Panlipunan at Pagpapaunlad
DSWD (KKPP) Secretary of Social Welfare and Development
Kalihim ng Kagalingang Panlipunan at Pagpapaunlad
Judy Taguiwalo June 30, 2016
Department of Tourism (DOT).svg
Department of Tourism
Kagawaran ng Turismo
DOT (KNT) Secretary of Tourism
Kalihim ng Turismo
Wanda Corazon Teo June 30, 2016
Department of Trade and Industry (DTI).svg
Department of Trade and Industry
Kagawaran ng Kalakalan at Industriya
DTI (KKI) Secretary of Trade and Industry
Kalihim ng Kalakalan at Industriya
Ramón López June 30, 2016
Department of Transportation (Philippines).svg
Department of Transportation
Kagawaran ng Transportasyon
DOTr (KNTr) Secretary of Transportation
Kalihim ng Transportasyon
Arthur Tugade June 30, 2016

Officials with Cabinet-level rank[edit]

Some officials have cabinet-level rank, but are not Secretaries of Executive Departments, meaning those people are permitted to attend Cabinet meetings for special purposes. They are the following:

Department Acronym Office Incumbent in Office since
Seal of the Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines.svg
Office of the Vice President
Tanggapan ng Pangalawang Pangulo
OVP (TPP) Vice President
Pangalawang Pangulo
H.E. Maria Leonor G. Robredo June 30, 2016
Office of the Executive Secretary.png
Executive Secretary
Tanggapan ng Kalihim Tagapagpaganap
ES (TKT) Executive Secretary
Kalihim Tagapagpaganap
Salvador Medialdea June 30, 2016
Office of the Cabinet Secretary.png
Office of the Cabinet Secretary
Tanggapan ng Kalihim ng Gabinete[2]
OCS (TKG) Cabinet Secretary
Kalihim ng Gabinete
Sec. Leoncio Evasco Jr. June 30, 2016
Ph seal office of presidential spokesperson (English).png
Office of the Presidential Spokesperson
Tanggapan ng Tagapagsalita ng Pangulo
OPS (TTP) Presidential Spokesperson
Tagapagsalita ng Pangulo
Ernesto Abella June 30, 2016
Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO).svg
Presidential Communications Operations Office
Pampanguluhang Operasyong Tanggapan ng Komunikasyon
PCOO (POTK) Secretary of the Presidential Communications Operations Office
Kalihim ng Pampanguluhang Tanggapan ng Komunikasyon
Martin Andanar June 30, 2016
National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA).svg
National Economic and Development Authority
Pambansang Pangasiwaan sa Kabuhayan at Pagpapaunlad
NEDA (PPKP) Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority
Direktor-Heneral ng Pambansang Pangasiwaan sa Kabuhayan at Pagpapaunlad
Sec. Ernesto Pernia June 30, 2016
Logo of the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council.svg
Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council
Sangguniang Pang-koordinasyon sa Pabahay at Pambayang Pagpapaunlad
HUDCC (SPPPP) Chairman of the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council
Tagapangulo ng Sangguniang Pang-koordinasyon sa Pabahay at Pambayang Pagpapaunlad
Sec. Leoncio Evasco Jr. December 5, 2016
National Security Council of the Philippines.svg
National Security Council
Pambansang Sangguniang Panseguridad
NSC (PSP) National Security Adviser
Tagapayo sa Pambansang Seguridad
Sec. Hermogenes Esperon June 30, 2016
Commission on Higher Education (CHEd).svg
Commission on Higher Education
Komisyon sa Lalong Mataas na Edukasyon
CHED (KLME) Chairperson of the Commission on Higher Education
Tagapangulo ng Komisyon sa Lalong Mataas na Edukasyon
Patricia Licuanan June 30, 2010
Office of the Chief Presidential Legal Counsel.svg
Office of the Chief Presidential Legal Counsel
Tanggapan ng Punong Tagapayo ng Pangulo sa Batas
OCPLC (TPTPB) Chief Presidential Legal Counsel
Punong Tagapayo ng Pangulo sa Batas
Sec. Salvador Panelo June 30, 2016
Presidential Management Staff (PMS).svg
Presidential Management Staff
Pamunuan ng Pampanguluhang Pamamahala
PMS (PNPP) Head of the Presidential Management Staff
Pinuno ng Pampanguluhang Pamamahala
Sec. Christopher Go June 30, 2016
Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA).svg
Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
Pangasiwaan sa Pagpapaunlad ng Kalakhang Maynila
MMDA (PPKM) Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
Tagapangulo ng Pangasiwaan sa Pagpapaunlad ng Kalakhang Maynila
Sec. Danilo Lim May 22, 2017
National Commission on Muslim Filipinos.png
National Commission on Muslim Filipinos
Pambansang Komisyon sa mga Pilipinong Muslim
NCMF(PKLK) Secretary of the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos
Tagapangulo ng Pambansang Komisyon sa mga Pilipinong Muslim
Sec. Yasmin Busran-Lao
Commission on Filipinos Overseas.svg
Commission on Filipinos Overseas
Komisyon para sa mga Filipino sa Ibayong Dagat
CFO(KPID) Chairperson of the Commission on Filipinos Overseas
Tagapangulo ng Komisyon para sa mga Filipino sa Ibayong Dagat
Usec. Maria Regina G. Galias (OIC)
Mindanao Development Authority (MinDA).PNG
Mindanao Development Authority
Pangasiwaan sa Pagpapaunlad ng Mindanao
MinDA (PPM) Chairman of the Mindanao Development Authority
Tagapangulo ng Pangasiwaan sa Pagpapaunlad ng Mindanao
Sec. Datu Abul Khayr Alonto September 12, 2016
Seal of the National Anti-Poverty Commission Philippines.svg
National Anti-Poverty Commission
Pambansang Komisyon Laban sa Kahirapan
NAPC (PKLK) Lead Convenor of the National Anti-Poverty Commission
Punong Tagapagtanghal ng Pambansang Komisyon Laban sa Kahirapan
Sec. Liza Maza[1] June 30, 2016
Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process (OPAPP) in the Philippines.svg
Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process
Tanggapan ng Tagapayo ng Pangulo para sa Prosesong Pangkapayapaan
OPAPP (TTPPP) Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process
Tagapayo ng Pangulo para sa Prosesong Pangkapayapaan
Sec. Jesus Dureza June 30, 2016
Presidential Legislative Liason Office (PLLO).svg
Presidential Legislative Liaison Office
Tanggapan ng Tagapamagitan ng Pangulo sa Lehislatura
PLLO (TTPL) Head of the Presidential Legislative Liaison Office
Pinuno ng Tanggapan ng Tagapamagitan ng Pangulo sa Lehislatura
Sec. Adelino B. Sitoy September 12, 2016
Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg

Office of the Political Adviser
Tanggapan ng Tagapayong Pulitikal
OPA (TTP) Political Adviser
Tagapayong Pulitikal

History[edit]

The foundation date of various departments vary, depending on whether their origin can be traced to the First Republic or during the American era. The listing of cabinet officials is particularly complicated during World War II, when there were two governments, the Commonwealth of the Philippines first in unoccupied areas and then in exile, and the various governments established by the Japanese.

First Republic[edit]

Until the Tejeros Convention in 1897, government functions were conducted by the Katipunan. The convention decided to replace the Katipunan with a provisional revolutionary government. This was in turn replaced by the Biak na Bato Republic which in turn was disbanded because of the Pact of Biak na Bato. The Revolutionary movement was then led in exile by the Hong Kong Junta. The Revolution resumed in May, 1898 and resulted in what is officially considered the first actual (in contrast to provisional or preparatory) government, that of the First Republic. Constitution of the First Republic explicitly stated the government ministries to be formed.

Mabini Cabinet (January 21, 1899 - May 7, 1899)

  • Apolinario Mabini - Foreign Affairs, Prime Minister.
  • Mariano Trias - Finance
  • Teodoro Sandico - Interior
  • Baldomero Aguinaldo - National Defense
  • Gracio Gonzaga - Welfare

Paterno Cabinet (May 7, 1899 - November 13, 1899)

  • Pedro Paterno - Prime Minister
  • Leon Ma. Guerrero - Agriculture, Industry and Commerce
  • Hugo Ilagan - Finance
  • Felipe Buencamino - Foreign Affairs
  • Severino de las Alas - Interior
  • Aguedo Velarde - Public Instruction
  • Maximo Paterno - Public Works and Communications
  • Mariano Trias - National Defense

Philippine Islands[edit]

Under the Philippine Commission, and then after the Philippine Legislature established a bicameral legislature, the American colonial government established cabinet offices appointed by the Governor-General of the Philippines, that continued up to the Commonwealth of the Philippines. The Executive power was wielded by the Governor-General of the Philippines. Among cabinet officials, Filipinos and Americans held various posts, except for that of Secretary of Public Instruction, which was reserved for an American, specifically, the Vice Governor-General.

Commonwealth of the Philippines[edit]

With autonomy achieved, the President of the Philippines appointed the cabinet members.

Philippine Executive Commission[edit]

Established in response to a directive from the Imperial Japanese Army, the Philippine Executive Commission assumed administrative responsibility over government in Japanese-occupied areas of the country.

War Cabinet of the Commonwealth[edit]

The existence of war resulted in the consolidation of cabinet portfolios and the formation of a war cabinet. The war cabinet system was reorganized several sometimes.

Second Republic[edit]

The Second Republic replaced the Philippine Executive Commission. Cabinet officials gave up the title of commissioners and became known as ministers.

Restoration of the Commonwealth[edit]

The Commonwealth of the Philippines was restored on Philippine soil in October, 1944, and formally restored in terms of its authority in February, 1945.

Third Republic[edit]

After recognition of Philippine Independence in 1946 by the United States, the former Commonwealth now as a Republic under the 1935 Constitution continues its function stated therein until 1972 when Marcos declared Martial Law and wielded dictatorial rule.

Fourth Republic[edit]

In 1978, under the 1973 Constitution, the departments were renamed into ministries. The 1973 Constitution originally set up a Parliamentary Form of governance, but this was amended before its full implementation into a Semi-presidential Form of government under Marcos' dictatorial will. In 1981, Martial Law was lifted, the regular Parliament convenes with Cesar Virata being voted Prime Minister and as well as Finance Minister.

Fifth Republic[edit]

Under her revolutionary powers, President Corazon Aquino abolished the system of government ministries and restored the department system. With the ratification of the 1987 Constitution, this change became permanent.

List of Cabinet of the Presidents[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]