Cable lacing is a method for tying wiring harnesses and cable looms, traditionally used in telecommunication, naval, and aerospace applications. This old cable management technique, taught to generations of lineworkers, is still used in some modern applications since it does not create obstructions along the length of the cable, avoiding the handling problems of cables groomed by plastic or hook-and-loop cable ties.
Cable lacing uses a thin cord, which is traditionally made of waxed linen, to bind together a group of cables using a series of running lockstitches. Flat lacing tapes made of modern materials such as nylon, polyester, Teflon, fiberglass, and Nomex are also available with a variety of coatings to improve knot holding.
The lacing begins and ends with a whipping or other knot to secure the free ends. Wraps are spaced relative to the overall harness diameter to maintain the wiring in a tight, neat bundle, and the ends are then neatly trimmed. In addition to continuous or running lacing, there are a variety of lacing patterns used in different circumstances. In some cases stand-alone knots called spot ties are also used. For lashing large cables and cable bundles to support structures in telecommunications applications, there are two named cable lacing styles: the "Chicago stitch" and "Kansas City stitch".
Traditional waxed cord lacing made with a series of running lockstitches based on the figure-eight knot
Notes and references
- "Cable Sewing Knots", Popular Mechanics, Hearst Magazines, 7 (5): 550, May 1905, ISSN 0032-4558,
Every lineman should know how to sew these knots.
- Gudebrod, Inc. "Braid Lacing Tape". Archived from the original on December 1, 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
- Matisoff, Bernard S. (1987). Wiring and Cable Designer's Handbook. Summit, PA: TAB Books. pp. 93–106. ISBN 0-8306-2720-0.
- Qwest Corporation. "Qwest Corporation Technical Publication - Telecommunications Equipment Installation Guidelines" (PDF). pp. 5–19–5–24. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
- See "External Links" section for these documents.
- "Cable and Harness - General Requirements". NASA. 5 April 2002.
- NASA Technical Standard NASA-STD-8739.4 on Crimping, Interconnecting Cables, Harnesses, and Wiring
- "Workmanship Standards Pictorial Reference for NASA-STD-8739". NASA. Archived from the original on 2009-07-12.
- Online excerpt from Electronic Installation Practices Manual (1951), "Chapter 9, Cabling"
- Online excerpt from Workmanship and Design Practices for Electronic Equipment (1962)
- Cable lacing tutorial using modern lacing tape
- History, tools, and techniques
- FAA Advisory Circular 43.13-1B paragraph 11-158