Cabo Delgado Province

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Coordinates: 12°45′S 39°30′E / 12.750°S 39.500°E / -12.750; 39.500

Cabo Delgado
Bridge over Rio Lurio EN1 road (3911465523).jpg
Cabo Delgado, Province of Mozambique
Cabo Delgado, Province of Mozambique
 • Total82,625 km2 (31,902 sq mi)
 • Total2,320,261
 • Density28/km2 (73/sq mi)
Postal code
Area code(s)(+258) 278
HDI (2017)0.374[1]
low · 11th of 11

Cabo Delgado is the northernmost province of Mozambique. It has an area of 82,625 km² and a population of 2,320,261 (2017).[2] As well as bordering the neighboring country of Tanzania, it borders the provinces of Nampula and Niassa. The region is an ethnic stronghold of the Makonde tribe, with the Makua and Mwani as leading ethnic minorities.

Pemba is the capital of the province; other important cities include Montepuez and Mocimboa da Praia.


Provincial map

On 25 September 1964, Frelimo guerrillas arrived from Tanzania and, with help from some individuals of the surrounding population, attacked a Portuguese administrative post in the province. This raid marked the beginning of the Portuguese Colonial War, the armed struggle between the Portuguese colonial authorities in the then-Portuguese Overseas Province of Mozambique and the independence movement. This province was the focus of Operation Gordian Knot, where the Portuguese colonials attempted to wipe out the guerrilla bases in the province.[citation needed]

Since 2017, the province has seen fighting between the Mozambique Defence Armed Forces and Islamist militants as part of the Insurgency in Cabo Delgado, with many civilians displaced by the fighting.[3] In September 2020, ISIL insurgents captured Vamizi Island in the Indian Ocean.[4]

The province is named after Cape Delgado (Portuguese: Cabo Delgado), a coastal headland on the border between Mozambique and Tanzania, which forms the northernmost point in Mozambique.[citation needed]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.


Cabo Delgado Province is divided into the 16 districts of:

and the municipalities of:


  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ "Mozambique at GeoHive". Archived from the original on 2014-09-24. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
  3. ^ "'Jihadists behead' Mozambique villagers". BBC News. 2018-05-29. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018.
  4. ^ "ISIS take over luxury islands popular among A-list celebrities". 18 September 2020.
  5. ^ Cameroon: Administrative Division population statistics

External links[edit]