Caboolture, Queensland

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Caboolture CBD.JPG
Caboolture CBD
Caboolture is located in Queensland
Coordinates27°04′S 152°58′E / 27.067°S 152.967°E / -27.067; 152.967Coordinates: 27°04′S 152°58′E / 27.067°S 152.967°E / -27.067; 152.967
Population67,460 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density704.2/km2 (1,823.8/sq mi)
Area95.8 km2 (37.0 sq mi)
Location50 km (31 mi) north of Brisbane CBD
LGA(s)Moreton Bay Region
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)Longman

Caboolture /kəˈbʊlər/[2] is a town and suburb in Moreton Bay Region, Queensland, Australia.[3][4] At the 2016 census, the town of Caboolture had an estimated population of 67,460.[1] It is located on the north side of the Caboolture River, which separates the town from Morayfield and Caboolture South.


Caboolture is an urban centre or satellite city approximately 44 kilometres (27 mi) north of Brisbane, the state capital of Queensland. Caboolture is considered to be the northernmost urban area of the greater Brisbane metropolitan region within South East Queensland, and it marks the end of the Brisbane suburban commuter railway service along the North Coast railway line.

The urban extent of the town of Caboolture is not formally defined but is generally regarded as including the following suburbs:


Indigenous history[edit]

The Kabi indigenous people are the traditional custodians of the area now known as Caboolture. The name Kabultur is derived from the Yugarabul dialect meaning "place of the carpet snake".[5] The Kabi people harvested bush food, fresh water mussels, oysters, fish, and some game animals, moving around the land to take best advantage of seasonally-available produce.

Each year in March, the Kabi people would hold Bunya Festivals to feast on the plentiful and nutritious annual nuts of the Bunya Pine. These huge trees provided a food source which could sustain large numbers of people. Neighbouring clans were invited to the festivals, where singing, dancing story-telling, trading and arranging of marriages took place.[citation needed]

19th century[edit]

The Caboolture area was colonised by European people in 1842 when the land around the Moreton Bay penal colony was opened up to free settlers.[6]

By the mid-1860s the local pastoralists were experimenting with sugar cane and cotton. In 1867, a tiny settlement was established as a supply and trading centre for the settlers in the area and to service the needs of miners trekking from Brisbane to the goldfields near Gympie The local shire was constituted in 1879 and in 1888 the railway line from Brisbane was opened.[6]

Caboolture Post Office opened on 1 September 1869.[7]

Settlement in Caboolture was accelerated with the discovery of gold at Gympie. In 1868, the town was used as a stop-over point by the Cobb and Co coach service connecting Brisbane, Gympie and Maryborough. This function continued with the rail link established in 1888.[citation needed]

Recent history[edit]

The Australia sign by Ken Done at Expo 88

Formerly a small dairy town, the location of Caboolture on the corridor between Brisbane and the Sunshine Coast resulted in an influx of residents in the 1970s and 1980s.[citation needed] The three main factors in this expansion were the electrification of the railway line to Brisbane, enabling travel to the Brisbane CBD in less than an hour, the development of the Bruce Highway to freeway (motorway) standard, and the availability of cheap land.[citation needed]

Australia sign from Expo 88, on display near the Bruce Highway at Deception Bay, 2008

The Caboolture Library opened in 2011.[8]

As part of the 30th Anniversary of Expo 88 celebration, on 26 October 2018, artist Ken Done unveiled the restoration of his iconic signs made for the Australia pavilion at Expo 88. It had spent the intervening years in a cow paddock beside the Bruce Highway at Deception Bay. The restoration was undertaken by the Caboolture Historical Village where they will remain on display.[9]

Heritage listings[edit]

Caboolture has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Population and demographics[edit]

Caboolture demographics 2011
Year Population Notes
1933 1,215
1947 1,423
1954 1,947
1961 2,466
1966 2,960
1971 3,830
1976 5,588
1981 7,934
1986 11,220
1991 22,178
1996 30,702
2001 33,230
2006 37,085
2011 59,052 [11]
2016 67,460 [1]

According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 67,460 people in Caboolture

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 4.8% of the population.
  • 75.7% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 4.6%, England 3.5%, Philippines 0.9%, Taiwan 0.6% and South Korea 0.5%.
  • 85.8% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 0.8%, Samoan 0.6%, Tagalog 0.4%, Korean 0.4% and Cantonese 0.3%.
  • The most common responses for religion were No Religion 33.2%, Catholic 19.0% and Anglican 15.7%.[1]


Caboolture is a regional transport hub. With its connections across the Great Dividing Range via the D'Aguilar Highway, easy highway access to Brisbane and the Sunshine Coast via the Bruce Highway, and the Bribie Island Road to Bribie Island, it is a focal point for road traffic.

Caboolture railway station is the terminus for QR Citytrain's Caboolture railway line, as well as being a major stop on the North Coast railway line. Citytrain operates regular services to Brisbane, in addition to interurban services to Nambour and Gympie, with significant expansion of services north of Caboolture planned over the next decade. The area is serviced by two bus companies, Caboolture Bus Lines and the larger Kangaroo Bus Lines.

Caboolture also contains its own airfield, which primarily services general and recreational aviation. Visiting aircraft are able to operate into the Caboolture airstrip, which is under the operational control of the Caboolture Aero Club Inc. Additionally the airport is home to a number of aviation enterprises and attractions - amongst them, the Caboolture Warplane Museum (with operational P-51 Mustang, CAC Wirraway and CAC Winjeel aircraft), skydiving club, and the Beaufort Restoration group (a group of volunteers restorating an Australian-built DAP Beaufort Mark VII Bomber).


Caboolture's senior sporting teams predominantly play in the respective Sunshine Coast competitions. The suburbs cricket club are reigning Sunshine Coast Cricket Association first division premiers. The rugby union club have rejoined the Sunshine Coast Rugby Union competition after a few years in Queensland Suburban rugby's Barber Cup.[12]

The town also has a Little Athletics club,[13]


Schools in Caboolture include Caboolture State School [14] near the CBD, Minimbah State School,[15] Tullawong State School,[16] Caboolture East Primary School,[17] Saint Paul's Lutheran Primary School [18] and Australian Christian College - Moreton. High Schools include Caboolture State High School,[19] Morayfield State High School,[20] St Columban's College, Caboolture, Tullawong State High School [21] and Caboolture Montessori School [22] to name a few.[23]


The Moreton Bay Regional Council operates a public library at 4 Hasking Street.[24]

The Caboolture branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at 10 George Street. It is one of the oldest in Queensland, having commenced in 1929.[25]


Moreton Bay Regional Council chambers

Caboolture was for most of its history the council seat of the Shire of Caboolture, however, the Shire merged into the Moreton Bay Region following statewide local government reforms in March 2008. Caboolture is divided between the electoral districts of Pumicestone and Morayfield in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland, and forms the main part of the Division of Longman in the Australian House of Representatives


Caboolture hosts an annual country music festival and a ute muster each year, called the Urban Country Music Festival.[26]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Caboolture (SA3)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata CC-BY icon.svg Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ "Caboolture - town (entry 5642)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Caboolture - suburb (entry 49600)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  5. ^ South East Queensland - Place Names Archived 21 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine 2 January 2006
  6. ^ a b History of our towns | Caboolture Shire Council Archived 16 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  8. ^ "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 14. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Join us live for the unveiling of Expo 88's stacked Australia sign". ABC Radio Brisbane. 12 October 2018. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Lagoon Creek Railway Water Supply Facility and Pump Station (entry 602236)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  11. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Caboolture (SA3)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 October 2015. Edit this at Wikidata
  12. ^ "Gympie in Rugby A Grade 2020, Coolum get first 2A win". Around the Grounds. Sunshine Coast. November 12, 2018. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
  13. ^ "Caboolture Little Athletics". Caboolture Little Athletics. Archived from the original on 13 March 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  14. ^ "Caboolture SS". Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  15. ^ "Minimbah SS". Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  16. ^ "Tullawong SS". Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  17. ^ "Caboolture East SS". Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  18. ^ "Saint Paul's Lutheran Primary School". Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  19. ^ "Caboolture SHS". Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  20. ^ "Morayfield SHS". Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  21. ^ "Tullawong SHS". Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  22. ^ "Caboolture Montessori School". Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  23. ^ "Schools opening dates". Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  24. ^ "Caboolture Library". Moreton Bay Regional Council. Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  25. ^ "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  26. ^ Archived 18 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]