Location in Washington County and the state of Vermont
|• Total||38.5 sq mi (99.8 km2)|
|• Land||37.3 sq mi (96.6 km2)|
|• Water||1.2 sq mi (3.2 km2)|
|Elevation||1,332 ft (406 m)|
|• Density||37/sq mi (14/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||802 Exchange: 563|
|GNIS feature ID||1462061|
Cabot is a New England town located in the northeast corner of Washington County, Vermont. The population was 1,547 at the 2010 census. It contains the unincorporated villages of Cabot Village, Cabot Plains, Cabot Factories, South Cabot, East Cabot, Molly's Pond (named after Molly, the wife of Indian Joe), and Lower Cabot. Cabot contains several ponds, and dairy farms. It is the headquarters of the Cabot Creamery, a producer and national distributor of dairy products including cheddar cheese.
The town was named by settler Lyman Hitchcock for his intended bride.
By actual count, three hundred men from Cabot were eligible to serve during the Civil War. One hundred forty-five (48%) volunteered. Most served in units mustering in St. Johnsbury: the 16th, 3rd and 4th Vermont Regiments. Forty-five were killed, for a fatality rate of 31%. Furthermore, it is likely that most of the rest suffered non-fatal casualties. Seventeen of these dead are honored by name on a war monument which stands in town; the others were not known to those who erected the monument.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,213 people, 452 households, and 319 families residing in the town. The population density was 32.5 people per square mile (12.6/km2). There were 634 housing units at an average density of 17.0 per square mile (6.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.96% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 3.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population.
There were 452 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the town the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $43,092, and the median income for a family was $49,205. Males had a median income of $31,544 versus $25,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,585. About 4.4% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
- Zerah Colburn, math prodigy
- Edward M. Doe, Arizona Territorial jurist
- Peter Gray, psychologist, professor, and textbook author
- Will Voigt, 2016 Nigerian Olympic basketball team coach 
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Cabot town, Washington County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
- Brown, E. Jane (September 1994). "Welcome to Joe's Pond Vermont". Originally published in The Caledonian Record. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Profile for Cabot, Vermont". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-10.
- Book, David (2007). It is Sweet and Honorable to Die for the Fatherland. Vermont Civil War Enterprises.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Vermont History Explorer". Retrieved August 7, 2015.
- National Public Radio, August 3, 2016