Cabot family

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Current regionUnited States
Place of originIsle of Jersey
Connected familiesLowell
Estate(s)John Cabot House
Eleanor Cabot Bradley Estate
Lewis Cabot Estate

The Cabot family was part of the Boston Brahmin, also known as the "first families of Boston."


Family origin[edit]

The Boston Brahmin Cabot family descended from John Cabot (b. 1680 in Jersey, one of the Channel Islands), who emigrated from his birthplace to Salem, Massachusetts in 1700.[1]

The Cabot family emigrated from Jersey, where the family name can be traced back to at least 1274. In Jersey, historian the Rev George Balleine records that the Cabot is a small fish that seems all head (It gets its name from the Latin word, caput, a head).[2]

Claims that the Cabot family of Massachusetts descend from the Italian explorers John Cabot (c. 1450c. 1500) and his son Sebastian Cabot (c. 1474 – 1557) are mistaken. John and Sebastian were both born in Italy, where their surname 'Caboto' meant 'Coastal Sailor'. They joined a community of Italian sailors based in the important English port of Bristol. John was the first explorer sent by the English to explore the North American coast, and Sebastian captained later voyages of exploration, but neither of them immigrated to America.

Rise to prominence[edit]

George Cabot, one of John Cabot's grandsons

John Cabot (b. 1680 Isle of Jersey)[1] and his son, Joseph Cabot (b. 1720 in Salem),[3] became highly successful merchants, operating a fleet of privateers carrying opium,[4] rum, and slaves.[5] Shipping during the eighteenth century was the lifeblood of most of Boston's first families. Joseph's sons, Joseph Cabot Jr. (b. 1746 in Salem),[6] George Cabot (b. 1752 in Salem),[7] and Samuel Cabot (b. 1758 in Salem),[8] left Harvard to work their way through shipping, furthering the family fortune[5] and becoming extraordinarily wealthy. Two of the earliest U.S. Supreme Court cases, Bingham v. Cabot (1795) and Bingham v. Cabot (1798) involved family shipping disputes. In 1784, Samuel Cabot relocated to Boston.[8]

George Cabot[edit]

George Cabot and his descendants went into politics. George Cabot became a U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, and was appointed but declined to be first Secretary of the Navy. His great-grandson, Henry Cabot Lodge (b. 1850 in Boston)[9] was also a U.S. Senator from Massachusetts from 1893 until his death in 1924. In the 1916 election, Henry Cabot Lodge defeated John F. Fitzgerald, former mayor of Boston and the maternal grandfather of John, Robert and Edward Kennedy. George's great-great-great grandson, Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (b. 1902 in Nahant)[10] was also U.S. Senator from Massachusetts from 1937 to 1943 and from 1946 to 1953, when he lost to John F. Kennedy in the 1952 Senate election. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. went on to be the U.S. Ambassador to United Nations under President Eisenhower and ambassador to South Vietnam under President Kennedy. He was 1960 vice presidential candidate for Richard Nixon against Kennedy-Lyndon B. Johnson. George's other great-great-great grandson, John Davis Lodge (b. 1903 in Washington, DC)[11] was the 64th Governor of Connecticut. George's great-great-great-great grandson, George Cabot Lodge II (b. 1927, son of Henry Cabot Lodge) ran against the successful Edward M. Kennedy in the United States Senate special election in Massachusetts, 1962.

Samuel Cabot[edit]

Godfrey Lowell Cabot, one of John Cabot's great-great-great grandsons

From John Cabot's grandson, Samuel Cabot's side, Samuel Cabot Jr. (b. 1784 in Boston)[12] furthered the family fortune by combining the first family staples of working in shipping and marrying money. In 1812,[12] he married Eliza Perkins, daughter of merchant king Colonel Thomas Perkins. Samuel Cabot III (b. 1815 in Boston)[13] was an eminent surgeon, whose daughter, Lilla Cabot Perry, was a noted Impressionist artist,[14] and son, Godfrey Lowell Cabot (b. 1861 in Boston)[15] founded Cabot Corporation,[16] the largest carbon black producer in the country, used for inks and paints. Godfrey's son, John Moors Cabot (b. 1901 in Cambridge),[17] a great-great-grandson of Samuel, was a U.S. Ambassador to Sweden, Colombia, Brazil, and Poland during the Eisenhower and Kennedy administration. Another great-great grandson, Paul Codman Cabot[18] (b. 1898[19] in Brookline),[20] was cofounder of America's first mutual fund[20] and "Harvard's [Endowment] Midas."[21]

Boston Toast[edit]

The widely known[1][4][22][23][24] "Boston Toast" by Holy Cross alumnus John Collins Bossidy features the Cabot family:

"And this is good old Boston,
The home of the bean and the cod,
Where the Lowells talk only to Cabots,
And the Cabots talk only to God."[25]

Kabotchnik v. Cabot[edit]

In 1923, Harry H. Kabotchnik and his wife Myrtle petitioned to have his family name changed to Cabot.[26]

Some prominent Cabots of Boston (Judge Cabot of the Boston Juvenile Court; Stephen Cabot, Headmaster of St. George's School, Middletown, R. I.; Dr. Hugh Cabot, Dean of Michigan University Medical School[27]) along with the Pennsylvania branch of the Order of Founder and Patriots, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania counter-sued to prevent the change.[28]

Judge Charles Young Audenried eventually ruled for the Kabotchniks,[29] as there was "nothing in the law to prevent it."[30]

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Briggs, L. Vernon. "History and Genealogy of the Cabot Family, 1475–1927". C.E. Goodspeed & Company. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  2. ^ "Cabot - Origin". Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Person Sheet: Joseph Cabot". Cyberancestors, Wooden Ships. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Thomas Cabot, 98, Capitalist And Philanthropist, Is Dead". The New York Times. June 10, 1995. Retrieved July 26, 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Cabot Family: Article from theEncyclopædia Britannica". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Rebecca Orne (Mrs. Joseph Cabot), 1757". Worcester Art Museum. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  7. ^ a b "CABOT, George, (1752–1823)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c Aronson, Julie (2006). Perfect Likeness: European and American Portrait Miniatures from the Cincinnati Art Museum. Cincinnati Art Museum. Retrieved January 14, 2012. Pg. 192
  9. ^ a b c "Henry Cabot Lodge Photographs ca. 1860–1945: Guide to the Photograph Collection". Massachusetts Historical Society. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  10. ^ a b "LODGE, Henry Cabot, Jr., (1902–1985)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  11. ^ a b "LODGE, John Davis, (1903–1985)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
  12. ^ a b c "Samuel Cabot, Jr. Ledger, 1814–1821". Harvard Business School Library. Archived from the original on March 7, 2001. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  13. ^ a b "JSTOR: Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 21 (May, 1885 – May, 1886), pp. 517–520: REPORT OF THE COUNCIL, RESIDENT FOLLOWS": 517–520. JSTOR 25129836. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  14. ^ Noah Sheloa (September 2012). "Lilla Cabot Perry". Boston Athenæum. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
  15. ^ a b "Godfrey Lowell Cabot Papers 1870–1962: Guide to the Collection". Massachusetts Historical Society. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  16. ^ "The History of Cabot Corporation". Cabot Corporation. Retrieved July 26, 2011.
  17. ^ a b "John Moore (sic) Cabot is dead at 79; U.S. Ambassador to 5 countries". The New York Times. February 25, 1981. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  18. ^ a b Who's Who in New England: A Biographical Dictionary of Leading Living Men and Women of the States of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut. A.N. Marquis & Company. 1916. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  19. ^ Passion for Reality: Paul Cabot and The Boston Mutual Fund. Xlibris Corporation. 2006. Retrieved August 13, 2011.Pg. 21–23
  20. ^ a b c "Paul C. Cabot, 95, Financial Strategist; Began Mutual Funds". The New York Times. September 4, 1994. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  21. ^ "Universities: Harvard's Midas". TIME Magazine. April 16, 1965. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  22. ^ Sora, Steven (2003). Secret Societies of America's Elite: From the Knights Templar to Skull and Bones. Destiny Books. Retrieved September 6, 2011. Pg. 281–283
  23. ^ "Miscellany: Aug. 27, 1923". TIME. August 27, 1923. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
  24. ^ "Irish in America: Smiling-eyed Beauty sheila Finn". Life. March 17, 1961. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
  25. ^ Andrews, Robert, ed. (1996). Famous Lines: A Columbia Dictionary of Familiar Quotations. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-10218-6.
  26. ^ "Untitled". Santa Cruz News. Oct 3, 1923. Retrieved 2 January 2019 – via
  27. ^ "Miscellany: Aug. 27, 1923". TIME. 27 August 1923. Retrieved 2 January 2019 – via
  28. ^ Joseph Van Raalte (September 30, 1923). "AGAIN, WHAT'S IN A NAME If the Cabotos Could Become Cabots in Days Gone by, Why Can't the Kabotchnicks Do Likewise? They Can!". Pittsburgh Daily Post. p. 56. Retrieved 2 January 2019 – via
  29. ^ "Kabotchnick Becomes "Cabot"; Protest Fails". Lansing State Journal. August 15, 1923. p. 2. Retrieved 2 January 2019 – via
  30. ^ "Kabotchnik May Be Cabot, Judge is "constrained" to Rule". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 15 August 1923. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  31. ^ "Francis Cabot". Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved January 14, 2012.
  32. ^ "Francis Cabot Lowell (1775–1817) Papers: Guide to the Collection". Massachusetts Historical Society. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
  33. ^ Whipple, G.M. (1862). Historical collections of the Essex Institute, Volume IV. Essex Institute. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
  34. ^ Paine, Sarah Cushing (1912). Paine Ancestry: The Family of Robert Treat Paine, Signer of the Declaration of Independence. David Clapp & Son. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
  35. ^ Lodge, Henry Cabot (1878). Life and Letters of George Cabot. Little, Brown and Company. Retrieved January 11, 2012. Pg. 568
  36. ^ a b "Francis Cabot," RootsWeb. Accessed Jan. 7, 2016.
  37. ^ "Nathaniel Cabot Lee," RootsWeb. Accessed Aug. 15, 2018.
  38. ^ "John Clarke Lee," RootsWeb. Accessed Aug. 15, 2018.
  39. ^ "George Cabot Lee," RootsWeb. Accessed Aug. 15, 2018.
  40. ^ "Frederick Cabot," RootsWeb. Accessed Jan. 7, 2016.
  41. ^ a b "Francis Cabot," RootsWeb. Accessed Jan. 7, 2016.
  42. ^ a b Fox, Margalit. "Francis H. Cabot, 86, Dies; Created Notable Gardens," The New York Times (NOV. 27, 2011): "A son of the New York branch of one of Boston's storied families..."
  43. ^ "Almy family. Papers, 1649–1967 (inclusive), 1835–1967 (bulk): A Finding Aid". Harvard University Library, Radcliffe College. November 1976. Archived from the original on May 15, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  44. ^ Biographical History of Massachusetts: Biographies and Autobiographies of the Leading Men in the State, Volume II. Massachusetts Biographical Society. 1913. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  45. ^ "Senior trustee, Thomas D. Cabot, dies at 98". MIT News. June 21, 1995. Retrieved July 26, 2011.
  46. ^ "Mabel Brandon and Louis Cabot". The New York Times. June 1, 1997. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
  47. ^ "Linda Black Is Married". The New York Times. January 29, 1989. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
  48. ^ "WEDDINGS;Sara R. Snow and Timothy P. Cabot". The New York Times. February 11, 1996. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  49. ^ "Town & Country, Volumes 75–76". Town & Country. February 20, 1919. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  50. ^ Elizabeth Cabot Lee –
  51. ^
  52. ^ Engle, Kathy. "Internationally known Western artist Hugh Cabot dies at 75," Green Valley News (May 27, 2005): "Born in Boston, the son of a decidedly patrician family..."
  53. ^ "Cabot, Elizabeth Rogers Mason, 1834–1920. Diaries, 1859–1906: A Finding Aid". Harvard University Library. July 1985. Archived from the original on May 15, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  54. ^ "U.S. Passport Applications, 1795–1925: Passport Applications, January 2, 1906 – March 31, 1925 > 1922 > Roll 1953 – Certificates: 163726-164099, 08 May 1922-08 May 1922". National Archives. 2006. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  55. ^ "Elise Cabot Forbes Papers: 1875–1960 Offsite Storage Inventory". Massachusetts Historical Society. Retrieved August 19, 2011.