A cabriolet is a light horse-drawn vehicle, with two wheels and a single horse. The carriage has a folding hood that can cover its two occupants, one of whom is the driver. It has a large rigid apron, upward-curving shafts, and usually a rear platform between the C springs for a groom. The design was developed in France in the eighteenth century and quickly replaced the heavier hackney carriage as the vehicle for hire of choice in Paris and London.
Other horse-drawn cabs include:
- Araba or aroba: used in Turkey and neighboring countries
- Araña: Mexican, two-wheeled
- Bounder: four-wheeled
- Gharry or gharri: used especially in India
- Kalesa or calesa (sometimes called a karitela): used in the Philippines
- Dorożka in eastern Europe
- Minibus: light carriage, usually with a rear door and seats for four passengers; formerly used as a cab
- Two-wheeler: two-wheeled cab or hansom
One who drives a horse-drawn cab for hire is a cabdriver.
- "At about ten o'clock in the evening I drove with Mr Eastlake, in a cab (the usual name given here to a cabriolet), to the British Institution..." (Gustav Waagen, Works of Art and Artists in England vol. I , extract in Frank Herrmann, The English as Collectors 1972, p. 227).
- Cabdriver. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000.