Sarah Baartman District Municipality

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Sarah Baartman
Cacadu
District municipality
Official seal of Sarah Baartman
Seal
Location in the Eastern Cape
Location in the Eastern Cape
Coordinates: 33°57′S 25°36′E / 33.950°S 25.600°E / -33.950; 25.600Coordinates: 33°57′S 25°36′E / 33.950°S 25.600°E / -33.950; 25.600
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Sarah Baartman District Municipality
Seat Port Elizabeth
Local municipalities
Government[1]
 • Type Municipal council
 • Mayor Khunjuzwa Eunice Kekana (ANC)
Area
 • Total 58,194 km2 (22,469 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 450,584
 • Density 7.7/km2 (20/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[2]
 • Black African 53.3%
 • Coloured 34.9%
 • Indian/Asian 0.3%
 • White 10.9%
First languages (2011)[3]
 • Xhosa 45.4%
 • Afrikaans 45.1%
 • English 6.5%
 • Other 3%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Municipal code DC10

Sarah Baartman District Municipality (formerly Cacadu District Municipality) is situated in the western portion of the Eastern Cape province, covering an area of 58 242 square kilometres. The area of the district municipality includes nine local municipalities. The seat of Sarah Baartman is the city of Port Elizabeth, although Port Elizabeth is not itself in the district (it is in the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality). The largest languages among the 388,201 people are Xhosa and Afrikaans. (2001 Census). The district code is DC10.

The municipality is a new, multi-ethnic administration, formed by the ANC government through the merging of the predominantly Afrikaans-speaking western part of the Eastern Cape, together with Xhosa areas near the Fish river, and the English district of Albany (with its own distinctive local culture, dating back to the 1820 settlers).

In 2015, Cacadu District was renamed for Saartjie "Sarah" Baartman (1789–1815), a Khoikhoi woman who was brought to London to perform at freak shows and after death her body parts were exhibited until 1974. The renaming is part of an effort to redress marginalisation of the Khoikhoi people.[4]

Government[edit]

The Executive Mayor of Sarah Baartman District Municipality is Khunjuzwa Eunice Kekana, and the Municipal Manager is Ted Pillay.

Geography[edit]

Entering Sarah Baartman District from Chris Hani District on the R61 between Cradock and Graaff-Reinet on an unusually snowy winters day in 2012.

The Sarah Baartman district covers an area of 58,243 square kilometres (22,488 sq mi) in the southwestern part of the Eastern Cape province. It extends to the Great Fish River in the east and the Sneeuberge in the north. The metropolitan area around Port Elizabeth is excluded from the district, forming the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality.

The southwestern part of the district (west of Port Elizabeth) is marked by several ranges of mountains that run parallel to the sea, including the Baviaanskloof Mountains, the Kouga Mountains and the Tsitsikamma Mountains. In the southeastern part (east of Port Elizabeth) is the Albany region around the city of Grahamstown. The northern interior of the district is the southeastern end of the Karoo.

To the west the district borders on the Eden and Central Karoo districts of the Western Cape; to the north it borders on the Pixley ka Seme district of the Northern Cape; and to the east it borders on the Chris Hani and Amathole districts of the Eastern Cape.

Sarah Baartman district is divided into nine local municipalities, described in the following table.

Name Seat Population
(2011)
Area
(km2)
Density
(inhabitants/km2)
Blue Crane Route Local Municipality Somerset East 36,002 11,068 3.3
Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality Graaff-Reinet 79,291 28,653 2.8
Makana Local Municipality Grahamstown 80,390 4,376 18.4
Ndlambe Local Municipality Port Alfred 61,176 1,841 33.2
Sundays River Valley Local Municipality Kirkwood 54,504 5,994 9.1
Kouga Local Municipality Jeffreys Bay 98,558 2,670 36.9
Kou-Kamma Local Municipality Kareedouw 40,663 3,642 11.2
Total 450,584 58,243 7.7

After the municipal elections on 3 August 2016, the Camdeboo, Ikwezi and Baviaans municipalities were merged to form the new Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality, with its headoffices in Graaff-Reinet. This merger resulted in there being 7 local municipalities within the Sarah Baartman District.

Demographics[edit]

The following statistics are from the 2001 census.

Language Population %
Xhosa 190,003 48.94%
Afrikaans 174,917 45.06%
English 20 806 5.36%
Sotho 744 0.19%
Zulu 596 0.15%
Other 451 0.12%
Ndebele 192 0.05%
Swati 172 0.04%
Tswana 127 0.03%
Northern Sotho 87 0.02%
Tsonga 80 0.02%
Venda 46 0.01%

Gender[edit]

Gender Population %
Female 202,295 52.11%
Male 185,906 47.89%

Ethnic group[edit]

Ethnic group Population %
Black African 202,289 52.11%
Coloured 141,083 36.34%
White 44 110 11.36%
Indian/Asian 719 0.19%

Age[edit]

Age Population %
000–004 33 178 8.55%
005–009 36 745 9.47%
010–014 40 809 10.51%
015–019 41 052 10.57%
020–024 33 222 8.56%
025–029 32 096 8.27%
030–034 29 929 7.71%
035–039 27 840 7.17%
040–044 24 208 6.24%
045–049 20 483 5.28%
050–054 16 494 4.25%
055–059 13 289 3.42%
060–064 12 928 3.33%
065–069 9 218 2.37%
070–074 6 764 1.74%
075–079 4 447 1.15%
080–084 3 276 0.84%
085–089 1 325 0.34%
090–094 680 0.18%
095–099 154 0.04%
100 plus 64 0.02%

Politics[edit]

Election results[edit]

Election results for Cacadu in the South African general election, 2004.

  • Population 18 and over: 252,570 [65.06% of total population]
  • Total votes: 161,399 [41.58% of total population]
  • Voting % estimate: 63.90% votes as a % of population 18 and over
Party Votes %
African National Congress 116,320 72.07%
Democratic Alliance 27 615 17.11%
Independent Democrats 3 768 2.33%
New National Party 3 694 2.29%
African Christian Democratic Party 2 755 1.71%
United Democratic Movement 2 416 1.50%
Freedom Front Plus 1 687 1.05%
Pan African Congress 999 0.62%
Azanian People's Organisation 492 0.30%
Inkhata Freedom Party 277 0.17%
United Christian Democratic Party 222 0.14%
NA 201 0.12%
Socialist Party of Azania 168 0.10%
EMSA 160 0.10%
Christian Democratic Party 144 0.09%
Peace and Justice Congress 113 0.07%
UF 99 0.06%
TOP 82 0.05%
Keep It Straight and Simple Party 75 0.05%
New Labour Party 69 0.04%
Minority Front 43 0.03%
Total 161,399 100.00%

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  4. ^ "E Cape municipality named after Sarah Baartman". SABC. 24 September 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2016. 

External links[edit]