Cacaopera language

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Native toEl Salvador
RegionMorazán Department
EthnicityCacaopera people
Extinct20th century[citation needed]
Language codes
ISO 639-3ccr
Map of El Salvador's Native American civilizations and their kingdoms:
  Kingdom of the Lenca people
  Kingdom of the Cacaopera people
  Kingdom of the Xinca people
  Kingdom Maya Poqomam people
  Kingdom of Maya Ch'orti' people
  Kingdom of the Alaguilac people
  Kingdom of the Mixe people
  Kingdom of the Mangue language
  Kingdom of the Pipil people

Cacaopera is an extinct language belonging to the Misumalpan family, formerly spoken in the department of Morazán in El Salvador. It was closely related to Matagalpa, and slightly more distantly to Sumo, but was geographically separated from other Misumalpan languages.

The last semi-speakers of Cacaopera lived in the 1970s.[2] All native speakers had died before this time.



Misumalpan consonant phonemes
Labial Coronal Dorsal
Nasal voiceless ŋ̥
voiced m n ŋ
Plosive voiceless p t k
voiced b d
Fricative s x
Lateral Fricative ɬ
Liquid voiceless
voiced r
Lateral l
Semivowel w ɥ


Misumalpan vowel phonemes
Front Back
short long short long
Close i ɯ ɯː
Open a


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Cacaopera". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Campbell, Lyle (1973). "MesoAmerican Languages Collection of Lyle Campbell". Archive of the Indigenous Language of Latin America. University of Texas at Austin. Archived from the original on July 1, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2016.

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